Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2019 Population
109,970
1.04% 1-year decline
2019 Median Age
38.8
2.11% 1-year increase
2019 Poverty Rate
34.9%
1.12% 1-year decrease
2019 Median Household Income
$25,414
0.518% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$126,800
3.13% 1-year decline
2019 Employed Population
36,488
2.26% 1-year growth

About

In 2019, Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR had a population of 110k people with a median age of 38.8 and a median household income of $25,414. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR declined from 111,129 to 109,970, a −1.04% decrease and its median household income grew from $25,283 to $25,414, a 0.518% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR are White (Hispanic) (78%), Other (Hispanic) (8.96%), Black or African American (Hispanic) (8.13%), Two+ (Hispanic) (3.23%), and White (Non-Hispanic) (0.836%). 95.4% of the households in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR speak a non-English language at home as their primary language.

In 2019, the median property value in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR was $126,800, and the homeownership rate was 78.1%. Most people in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 39 minutes. The average car ownership in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR was 2 cars per household.

Diversity

In 2019, there were 8.71 times more White (Hispanic) residents (85.8k people) in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 9.86k Other (Hispanic) and 8.94k Black or African American (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common foreign languages spoken in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR are Spanish (100,141 speakers), Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (101 speakers), and Arabic (71 speakers).

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR
  1. White (Hispanic)
    85.8k ± 1.92k
  2. Other (Hispanic)
    9.86k ± 1.46k
  3. Black or African American (Hispanic)
    8.94k ± 1.02k
98.6%
Hispanic Population
108k people

In 2019, there were 8.71 times more White (Hispanic) residents (85.8k people) in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 9.86k Other (Hispanic) and 8.94k Black or African American (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

98.6% of the people in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR are hispanic (108k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages
  1. Spanish
    100,141 speakers (95.2%)
  2. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)
    101 speakers (0.096%)
  3. Arabic
    71 speakers (0.0675%)

95.4% of Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 22%.

In 2019, the most common non-English language spoken in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR was Spanish. 95.2% of the overall population of Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR are native Spanish speakers. 0.096% speak Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) and 0.0675% speak Arabic, the next two most common languages.

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Age by Nativity

39
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.5
49
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 3.9

In 2019, the median age of all people in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR was 38.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 49. But people in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR are getting getting older. In 2018, the average age of all Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR residents was 38.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Dominican Republic
    665 ± 631 people
  2. China
    200 ± 347 people
  3. Cuba
    123 ± 272 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR was Dominican Republic, the natal country of 665 Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR residents, followed by China with 200 and Cuba with 123.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    617 ± 166
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    355 ± 161
  3. Korea
    265 ± 108

Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.74 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR is $25,414. In 2019, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR was San Juan Municipio (Sur) PUMA, PR with a value of $35,737, followed by Guaynabo & Cataño Municipios PUMA, PR and Bayamón Municipio (OEste) PUMA, PR, with respective values of $33,765 and $29,109.

Males in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR have an average income that is 1.2 times higher than the average income of females, which is $31,240. The income inequality in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR (measured using the Gini index) is 0.43, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR employs 36.5k people. The largest industries in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR are Elementary & secondary schools (2,674 people), Restaurants & Food Services (2,324 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (2,125 people), and the highest paying industries are Computer Systems Design ($99,438), Pharmaceutical & medicine manufacturing ($64,440), and Telecommunications, except wired telecommunications carriers ($54,545).

Wages

Median Household Income

$25,414
2019 value
± $1,358
0.518%
1 Year Growth
± 7.12%

Households in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR have a median annual income of $25,414, which is less than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $25,283 in 2018, which represents a 0.518% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$37,337
Average Male Salary in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR
± $7,044
$31,240
Average Female Salary in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR
± $5,765

In 2019, full-time male employees in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR made 1.2 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR
  1. White
    $30,191 ± $4,474
  2. Two or More Races
    $29,926 ± $19,017
  3. Black
    $29,093 ± $19,700

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR workers was White. These workers were paid 1.01 times more than Two or More Races workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.43
2019 Wage GINI in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR
0.432
2018 Wage GINI in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR

In 2019, the income inequality in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR was 0.43 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.468% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity

In 2019, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR was San Juan Municipio (Sur) PUMA, PR with a value of $35,737, followed by Guaynabo & Cataño Municipios PUMA, PR and Bayamón Municipio (OEste) PUMA, PR, with respective values of $33,765 and $29,109.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

34.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR (38.1k out of 109k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. Hispanic
    37,339 ± 1,419
  2. White
    28,849 ± 1,300
  3. Other
    4,025 ± 565

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

36.5k
2019 Value
2.26%
1 Year growth
± 2.26%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR grew at a rate of 2.26%, from 35.7k employees to 36.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR, are Secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal, medical, and executive (2,046 people), Cashiers (1,724 people), and Retail salespersons (1,378 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR, by number of employees, are Secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal, medical, and executive (2,046 people), Cashiers (1,724 people), and Retail salespersons (1,378 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR has an unusually high number of residents working as Couriers & messengers (4.34 times higher than expected), Detectives & criminal investigators (4.19 times), and Security guards & gaming surveillance officers (3.14 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR, by average salary, are Project management specialists ($105,442), Medical & health services managers ($64,208), and Sales representatives, wholesale & manufacturing ($56,594).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

36.5k
2019 Value
2.26%
1 Year growth
± 2.26%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR grew at a rate of 2.26%, from 35.7k employees to 36.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR, are Elementary & secondary schools (2,674 people), Restaurants & Food Services (2,324 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (2,125 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR, though some of these residents may live in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR, by number of employees, are Elementary & secondary schools (2,674 people), Restaurants & Food Services (2,324 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (2,125 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR has an unusually high number of Pharmaceutical & medicine manufacturing (6.79 times higher than expected), Retail bakeries (5.2 times), and Water, steam, air-conditioning, & irrigation systems (4.42 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR, by average salary, are Computer Systems Design ($99,438), Pharmaceutical & medicine manufacturing ($64,440), and Telecommunications, except wired telecommunications carriers ($54,545).

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR was $126,800 in 2019, which is 0.527 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $130,900 to $126,800, a 3.13% decrease. The homeownership rate in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR is 78.1%, which is higher than the national average of 64.1%. People in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR have an average commute time of 39 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$126,800
2019 Median
± $3,641
$130,900
2018 Median
± $2,887

In 2019, the median property value in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR declined from to $126,800 from the previous year's value of $130,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR the largest share of households have a property value in the $125k - $150k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$25,414
Median Household Income
± $1,358
34.1k
Number of Households
± 1,381

In 2019, the median household income of the 34.1k households in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR grew to $25,414 from the previous year's value of $25,283.

The following chart displays the households in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

None
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR the largest share of households pay taxes in the None range.

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Rent vs Own

78.1%
2019 Homeownership
77.8%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 78.1% of the housing units in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 77.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

39 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR have a longer commute time (39 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 5.5% of the workforce in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (84.3%)
  2. Carpooled (9.3%)
  3. Worked At Home (2.03%)

In 2019, 84.3% of workers in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (9.3%) and those who worked at home (2.03%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

93.8% of the population of Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR has health coverage, with 33.1% on employee plans, 35.9% on Medicaid, 10.9% on Medicare, 13% on non-group plans, and 0.843% on military or VA plans.

Comparing across all counties in the state, undefined, undefined, and undefined have the highest prevalence of diabetes (N/A). Additionally, undefined, undefined, and undefined have the highest prevalence of adult obesity (N/A)

Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Coverage

6.2%
Uninsured
33.1%
Employer Coverage
35.9%
Medicaid
10.9%
Medicare
13%
Non-Group
0.843%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR declined by 1.01% from 6.27% to 6.2%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Toa Alta & Vega Alta Municipios PUMA, PR changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. N/A
    N/A
  2. N/A
    N/A
  3. N/A
    N/A

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The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in false by county over multiple years.

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