Thomas County, GA

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Population

44,909

0.151% decline

Median Age

39.6


Median Household Income

$41,336

8.09% growth

Poverty Rate

19.5%


Number of Employees

18,686

5.67% growth

Median Property Value

$131,400

3.87% growth

About

In 2017, Thomas County, GA had a population of 44.9k people with a median age of 39.6 and a median household income of $41,336. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Thomas County, GA declined from 44,977 to 44,909, a -0.151% decrease and its median household income grew from $38,241 to $41,336, a 8.09% increase.

The population of Thomas County, GA is 57.7% White Alone, 35.8% Black or African American Alone, and 3.5% Hispanic or Latino. 4.39% of the people in Thomas County, GA speak a non-English language, and 98.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Thomas County, GA are Southern Regional Technical College (1,945 degrees awarded in 2016) and Thomas University (358 degrees).

The median property value in Thomas County, GA is $131,400, and the homeownership rate is 64.4%. Most people in Thomas County, GA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Thomas County, GA is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Thomas County, GA employs 18.7k people. The largest industries in Thomas County, GA are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,169 people), Educational Services (2,050 people), and Manufacturing (1,972 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($45,769), Public Administration ($39,258), and Transportation & Warehousing ($37,118).

Median household income in Thomas County, GA is $41,336. Males in Thomas County, GA have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,261. The income inequality in Thomas County, GA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.478, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$41,336

2017 value

± $2,327

8.09%

1 Year Growth

± 9.02%

Households in Thomas County, GA have a median annual income of $41,336, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $38,241 in 2016, which represents a 8.09% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Thomas County, GA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Georgia.

$62,744

Average Male Salary

± $1,190

$46,261

Average Female Salary

± $830

In 2017, full-time male employees in Thomas County, GA made 1.36 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Thomas County, GA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Georgia.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $58,486 ± $3,787

  2. White

    $53,819 ± $950

  3. Two or More Races

    $43,415 ± $4,855

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Thomas County, GA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.09 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Thomas County, GA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Thomas County, GA is from Georgia.

0.478

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Georgia was 0.478 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.233% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Georgia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Georgia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Georgia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9610

  2. Census Tract 9606

  3. Census Tract 9605

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Thomas County, GA was Census Tract 9610 with a value of $49,844, followed by Census Tract 9606 and Census Tract 9605, with respective values of $44,929 and $43,033.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Thomas County, GA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

19.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Thomas County, GA (8.58k out of 44k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    4,945 ± 500

  2. White

    3,028 ± 366

  3. Hispanic

    408 ± 169

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Thomas County, GA is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

18.7k

2017 Value

± 997

5.67%

1 Year growth

± 7.16%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Thomas County, GA grew at a rate of 5.67%, from 17.7k employees to 18.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Thomas County, GA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,563 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,990 people), and Management Occupations (1,922 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Thomas County, GA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Thomas County, GA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,563 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,990 people), and Management Occupations (1,922 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Thomas County, GA has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.04 times higher than expected), Healthcare Support Occupations (1.78 times), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (1.43 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Thomas County, GA, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($60,245), Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors ($51,827), and Management Occupations ($51,504).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

18.7k

2017 Value

± 997

5.67%

1 Year growth

± 7.16%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Thomas County, GA grew at a rate of 5.67%, from 17.7k employees to 18.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Thomas County, GA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,169 people), Educational Services (2,050 people), and Manufacturing (1,972 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Thomas County, GA, though some of these residents may live in Thomas County, GA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Thomas County, GA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,169 people), Educational Services (2,050 people), and Manufacturing (1,972 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Thomas County, GA has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (2.8 times higher than expected), Public Administration (1.35 times), and Accommodation & Food Services (1.29 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Thomas County, GA, by median earnings, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($45,769), Public Administration ($39,258), and Transportation & Warehousing ($37,118).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Georgia to other states, or from other states to Georgia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $48.1B

  2. $38B

  3. $30.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Georgia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $48.1B, followed by Motorized vehicles with $38B and Electronics and $30.6B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Georgia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Georgia state.

$430B

2015 Value

$628B

Projected 2045 Value

46.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Georgia trade was $430B. This is expected to increase 46.1% to $628B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Georgia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Georgia to other states, or from other states to Georgia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $39.4B

  2. $25.3B

  3. $20.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Georgia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Florida with $39.4B, followed by South Carolina with $25.3B and North Carolina and $20.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Georgia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

84.1% of the population of Thomas County, GA has health coverage, with 36.5% on employee plans, 20.9% on Medicaid, 12.3% on Medicare, 11.4% on non-group plans, and 3.01% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Thomas County, GA was $6,587 in 2014. This is a 5.41% increase from the previous year ($6,249).

Primary care physicians in Thomas County, GA see 1099 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.71% increase from the previous year (1070 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2262 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 520 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Quitman County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18.2%). Additionally, Rockdale County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (38.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,099 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Thomas County, GA see an average of 1,099 patients per year. This represents a 2.71% increase from the previous year (1,070 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Thomas County, GA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Georgia.

$6,587

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,406

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,199

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,429

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Georgia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.41%, from $6,249 to $6,587.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

15.9%

Uninsured

36.5%

Employer Coverage

20.9%

Medicaid

12.3%

Medicare

11.4%

Non-Group

3.01%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Thomas County, GA declined by 6.25% from 16.9% to 15.9%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Thomas County, GA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 18.2% prevalence

  2. 17.3% prevalence

  3. 16.9% prevalence

Quitman County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Georgia, at 18.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Georgia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Thomas County, GA is home to a population of 44.9k people, from which 98.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.62% of Thomas County, GA residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Thomas County, GA is composed of 25.9k White Alone residents (57.7%), 16.1k Black or African American Alone residents (35.8%), 1.57k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.5%), 952 Two or More Races residents (2.12%), 353 Asian Alone residents (0.786%), 46 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.102%), 18 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0401%), and 9 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.02%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Thomas County, GA are Spanish or Spanish Creole (1,293 speakers), Chinese (208 speakers), and German (65 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

40

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.9

32

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 5.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Thomas County, GA was 39.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 32. But people in Thomas County, GA are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Thomas County, GA residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.62%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

2.79%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 2.62% of Thomas County, GA residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Thomas County, GA was 2.79%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Thomas County, GA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    264,376 ± 12,459 people

  2. India

    85,239 ± 7,138 people

  3. Korea

    45,011 ± 5,197 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Thomas County, GA was Mexico, the natal country of 264,376 Thomas County, GA residents, followed by India with 85,239 and Korea with 45,011.

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Citizenship

98.2%

2017 Citizenship

98.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.2% of Thomas County, GA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Thomas County, GA was 98.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Thomas County, GA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    25.9k ± 16

  2. Black or African American Alone

    16.1k ± 318

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    1.57k ± 293

In 2017, there were 1.61 times more White Alone residents (25.9k people) in Thomas County, GA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 16.1k Black or African American Alone and 1.57k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Thomas County, GA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    1,293 speakers (3.09%)

  2. Chinese

    208 speakers (0.497%)

  3. German

    65 speakers (0.155%)

4.39% of Thomas County, GA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Thomas County, GA was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 3.09% of the overall population of Thomas County, GA are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.497% speak Chinese and 0.155% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,188 ± 203

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    644 ± 219

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    330 ± 124

Thomas County, GA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.84 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Thomas County, GA awarded 2,303 degrees. The student population of Thomas County, GA is skewed towards women, with 1,662 male students and 3,015 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Thomas County, GA are White (1,363 and 59.8%), followed by Black or African American (608 and 26.7%), Hispanic or Latino (159 and 6.97%), and Unknown (122 and 5.35%).

The largest universities in Thomas County, GA by number of degrees awarded are Southern Regional Technical College (1,945 and 84.5%) and Thomas University (358 and 15.5%).

The most popular majors in Thomas County, GA are Early Childhood Education & Teaching (128 and 5.56%), General Cosmetology (128 and 5.56%), and General Business Administration & Management (110 and 4.78%).

The median tuition costs in Thomas County, GA are $15,940 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Thomas County, GA was Nursing Assistant & Patient Care Assistant with 108 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Thomas County, GA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,945 degrees awarded

  2. 358 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$15,940

Median Private

In 2016, the Thomas County, GA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Southern Regional Technical College with 1,945 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

860

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,443

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 860 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Thomas County, GA, which is 0.596 times less than the 1,443 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Thomas County, GA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,363 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    608 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    159 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Thomas County, GA were to White students. These 1,363 degrees mean that there were 2.24 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 608 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Thomas County, GA was $131,400 in 2017, which is 0.604 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $126,500 to $131,400, a 3.87% increase. The homeownership rate in Thomas County, GA is 64.4%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Thomas County, GA have an average commute time of 20.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Thomas County, GA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$41,336

Median Household Income

± $2,327

17.3k

Number of Households

± 881

In 2017, the median household income of the 17.3k households in Thomas County, GA grew to $41,336 from the previous year's value of $38,241.

The following chart displays the households in Thomas County, GA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$131,400

2017 Median

± $5,706

$126,500

2016 Median

± $7,770

In 2017, the median property value in Thomas County, GA grew to to $131,400 from the previous year's value of $126,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Thomas County, GA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Thomas County, GA the largest share of households have a property value in the $125k - $150k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Thomas County, GA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Thomas County, GA the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

64.4%

2017 Homeownership

60.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 64.4% of the housing units in Thomas County, GA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 60.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Thomas County, GA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Thomas County, GA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Thomas County, GA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

20.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Thomas County, GA have a shorter commute time (20.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.3% of the workforce in Thomas County, GA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Thomas County, GA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.7%

  2. Carpooled

    14.6%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.01%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Thomas County, GA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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