St. Joseph County, IN

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Population

270,434

0.48% growth

Median Age

36.9


Median Household Income

$52,106

7.75% growth

Poverty Rate

17.1%


Number of Employees

130,830

7.78% growth

Median Property Value

$126,600

0.236% decline

About

In 2017, St. Joseph County, IN had a population of 270k people with a median age of 36.9 and a median household income of $52,106. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of St. Joseph County, IN grew from 269,141 to 270,434, a 0.48% increase and its median household income grew from $48,358 to $52,106, a 7.75% increase.

The population of St. Joseph County, IN is 72.6% White Alone, 12.7% Black or African American Alone, and 8.78% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in St. Joseph County, IN speak a non-English language, and 95.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in St. Joseph County, IN are University of Notre Dame (4,210 degrees awarded in 2016), Indiana University-South Bend (967 degrees), and Bethel College-Indiana (475 degrees).

The median property value in St. Joseph County, IN is $126,600, and the homeownership rate is 68%. Most people in St. Joseph County, IN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 19.6 minutes. The average car ownership in St. Joseph County, IN is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Tippecanoe Place, South Bend, IN

Economy

The economy of St. Joseph County, IN employs 131k people. The largest industries in St. Joseph County, IN are Manufacturing (24,463 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (18,930 people), and Educational Services (18,559 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($61,563), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($55,775), and Transportation & Warehousing ($52,582).

Median household income in St. Joseph County, IN is $52,106. Males in St. Joseph County, IN have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,336. The income inequality in St. Joseph County, IN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.45, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$52,106

2017 value

± $1,884

7.75%

1 Year Growth

± 6.46%

Households in St. Joseph County, IN have a median annual income of $52,106, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $48,358 in 2016, which represents a 7.75% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in St. Joseph County, IN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Indiana.

$60,734

Average Male Salary

± $1,127

$44,336

Average Female Salary

± $939

In 2017, full-time male employees in St. Joseph County, IN made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in St. Joseph County, IN by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Indiana.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $59,125 ± $6,670

  2. White

    $46,930 ± $736

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $44,004 ± $13,534

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of St. Joseph County, IN workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.26 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in St. Joseph County, IN by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for St. Joseph County, IN is from Indiana.

0.45

2017 Wage GINI

0.458

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Indiana was 0.45 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.79% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Indiana was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Indiana in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Indiana across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 113.04

  2. Census Tract 114.04

  3. Census Tract 114.05

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in St. Joseph County, IN was Census Tract 113.04 with a value of $102,656, followed by Census Tract 114.04 and Census Tract 114.05, with respective values of $101,439 and $97,311.

The following map shows all of the tracts in St. Joseph County, IN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

17.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in St. Joseph County, IN (44k out of 257k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    26,329 ± 1,067

  2. Black

    12,145 ± 772

  3. Hispanic

    5,790 ± 490

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in St. Joseph County, IN is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

131k

2017 Value

± 5,746

7.78%

1 Year growth

± 5.77%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in St. Joseph County, IN grew at a rate of 7.78%, from 121k employees to 131k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in St. Joseph County, IN, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (6,865 people), Laborers & Material Movers, Hand (5,034 people), and Cooks & Food Preparation Workers (4,327 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of St. Joseph County, IN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of St. Joseph County, IN, by number of employees, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (6,865 people), Laborers & Material Movers, Hand (5,034 people), and Cooks & Food Preparation Workers (4,327 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, St. Joseph County, IN has an unusually high number of residents working as First-Line Supervisors of Fire Fighting & Prevention Workers (3.34 times higher than expected), Woodworkers (2.82 times), and Assemblers & Fabricators (2.78 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of St. Joseph County, IN, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($105,777), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($73,357), and Management Occupations ($61,679).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

131k

2017 Value

± 5,746

7.78%

1 Year growth

± 5.77%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in St. Joseph County, IN grew at a rate of 7.78%, from 121k employees to 131k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in St. Joseph County, IN, are Manufacturing (24,463 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (18,930 people), and Educational Services (18,559 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of St. Joseph County, IN, though some of these residents may live in St. Joseph County, IN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in St. Joseph County, IN, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (24,463 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (18,930 people), and Educational Services (18,559 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, St. Joseph County, IN has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (1.93 times higher than expected), Educational Services (1.55 times), and Wholesale Trade (1.33 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in St. Joseph County, IN, by median earnings, are Utilities ($61,563), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($55,775), and Transportation & Warehousing ($52,582).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Indiana to other states, or from other states to Indiana.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $69.1B

  2. $42.9B

  3. $39.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Indiana product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $69.1B, followed by Base metals with $42.9B and Mixed freight and $39.9B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Indiana products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Indiana state.

$446B

2015 Value

$698B

Projected 2045 Value

56.6% growth

In 2015, total outbound Indiana trade was $446B. This is expected to increase 56.6% to $698B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Indiana trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Indiana to other states, or from other states to Indiana.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $39.9B

  2. $32.7B

  3. $31.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Indiana domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $39.9B, followed by Michigan with $32.7B and Illinois and $31.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Indiana shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.7% of the population of St. Joseph County, IN has health coverage, with 53.1% on employee plans, 16.2% on Medicaid, 11.6% on Medicare, 9.82% on non-group plans, and 1.03% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of St. Joseph County, IN was $8,300 in 2014. This is a 4.76% increase from the previous year ($7,923).

Primary care physicians in St. Joseph County, IN see 1045 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.6% decrease from the previous year (1062 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1771 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 484 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Jay County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.4%). Additionally, Grant County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.1%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1045 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in St. Joseph County, IN see an average of 1045 patients per year. This represents a 1.6% decrease from the previous year (1062 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in St. Joseph County, IN in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Indiana.

$8,300

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,078

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,285

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,714

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Indiana (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.76%, from $7,923 to $8,300.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.32%

Uninsured

53.1%

Employer Coverage

16.2%

Medicaid

11.6%

Medicare

9.82%

Non-Group

1.03%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in St. Joseph County, IN declined by 3.67% from 8.64% to 8.32%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in St. Joseph County, IN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.4% prevalence

  2. 15.1% prevalence

  3. 15% prevalence

Jay County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Indiana, at 15.4%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Indiana by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

St. Joseph County, IN is home to a population of 270k people, from which 95.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 6.31% of St. Joseph County, IN residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of St. Joseph County, IN is composed of 196k White Alone residents (72.6%), 34.4k Black or African American Alone residents (12.7%), 23.8k Hispanic or Latino residents (8.78%), 8.62k Two or More Races residents (3.19%), 5.84k Asian Alone residents (2.16%), 675 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.25%), 395 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.146%), and 326 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.121%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in St. Joseph County, IN are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

37

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.2

In 2017, the median age of all people in St. Joseph County, IN was 36.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 37, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in St. Joseph County, IN are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all St. Joseph County, IN residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

6.31%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

6.28%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 6.31% of St. Joseph County, IN residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in St. Joseph County, IN was 6.28%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in St. Joseph County, IN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    101,437 ± 7,760 people

  2. India

    30,023 ± 4,244 people

  3. China

    22,969 ± 3,714 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of St. Joseph County, IN was Mexico, the natal country of 101,437 St. Joseph County, IN residents, followed by India with 30,023 and China with 22,969.

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Citizenship

95.7%

2017 Citizenship

96.4%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 95.7% of St. Joseph County, IN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in St. Joseph County, IN was 96.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in St. Joseph County, IN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    196k ± 351

  2. Black or African American Alone

    34.4k ± 1.73k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    23.8k ± 3.67k

In 2017, there were 5.71 times more White Alone residents (196k people) in St. Joseph County, IN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 34.4k Black or African American Alone and 23.8k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in St. Joseph County, IN as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of St. Joseph County, IN citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.5%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in St. Joseph County, IN was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of St. Joseph County, IN are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    4,563 ± 727

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,912 ± 658

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,813 ± 629

St. Joseph County, IN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.39 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in St. Joseph County, IN awarded 6,475 degrees. The student population of St. Joseph County, IN is skewed towards women, with 10,598 male students and 13,274 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in St. Joseph County, IN are White (4,450 and 74.1%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (559 and 9.31%), Black or African American (328 and 5.46%), and Asian (280 and 4.66%).

The largest universities in St. Joseph County, IN by number of degrees awarded are University of Notre Dame (4,210 and 65%), Indiana University-South Bend (967 and 14.9%), and Bethel College-Indiana (475 and 7.34%).

The most popular majors in St. Joseph County, IN are General Business Administration & Management (369 and 5.7%), General Business (338 and 5.22%), and General Finance (324 and 5%).

The median tuition costs in St. Joseph County, IN are $32,945 for private four year colleges, and $6,478 and $18,088 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 239 degrees awarded

  2. 285 degrees awarded

  3. 252 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in St. Joseph County, IN was General Business with 239 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in St. Joseph County, IN according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 4,210 degrees awarded

  2. 967 degrees awarded

  3. 475 degrees awarded

$6,478

Median In-State Public

$32,945

Median Private

In 2016, the St. Joseph County, IN institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Notre Dame with 4,210 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,860

Degrees Awarded to Men

3,615

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 2,860 men were awarded degrees from institutions in St. Joseph County, IN, which is 0.791 times less than the 3,615 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in St. Joseph County, IN by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    4,450 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    559 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    328 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in St. Joseph County, IN were to White students. These 4,450 degrees mean that there were 7.96 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 559 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in St. Joseph County, IN was $126,600 in 2017, which is 0.582 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $126,900 to $126,600, a 0.236% decrease. The homeownership rate in St. Joseph County, IN is 68%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in St. Joseph County, IN have an average commute time of 19.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in St. Joseph County, IN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$52,106

Median Household Income

± $1,884

98.7k

Number of Households

± 4,442

In 2017, the median household income of the 98.7k households in St. Joseph County, IN grew to $52,106 from the previous year's value of $48,358.

The following chart displays the households in St. Joseph County, IN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$126,600

2017 Median

± $5,510

$126,900

2016 Median

± $5,826

In 2017, the median property value in St. Joseph County, IN declined from to $126,600 from the previous year's value of $126,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in St. Joseph County, IN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In St. Joseph County, IN the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in St. Joseph County, IN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In St. Joseph County, IN the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

68%

2017 Homeownership

66.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 68% of the housing units in St. Joseph County, IN were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 66.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in St. Joseph County, IN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in St. Joseph County, IN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in St. Joseph County, IN have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

19.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in St. Joseph County, IN have a shorter commute time (19.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.43% of the workforce in St. Joseph County, IN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in St. Joseph County, IN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.5%

  2. Carpooled

    7.54%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.75%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in St. Joseph County, IN was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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