St. Joseph County, IN

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Population

270,771

0.125% growth

Poverty Rate

17.1%


Median Age

37


Median Household Income

$54,434

4.47% growth

Number of Employees

136,975

4.7% growth

Median Property Value

$136,500

7.82% growth

About

In 2018, St. Joseph County, IN had a population of 271k people with a median age of 37 and a median household income of $54,434. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of St. Joseph County, IN grew from 270,434 to 270,771, a 0.125% increase and its median household income grew from $52,106 to $54,434, a 4.47% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in St. Joseph County, IN are White (Non-Hispanic) (71.9%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (13%), White (Hispanic) (5.35%), Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (3.13%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (2.41%). N/A% of the people in St. Joseph County, IN speak a non-English language, and 96.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in St. Joseph County, IN are University of Notre Dame (4,254 degrees awarded in 2017), Indiana University-South Bend (971 degrees), and Bethel College-Indiana (449 degrees).

The median property value in St. Joseph County, IN is $136,500, and the homeownership rate is 67.3%. Most people in St. Joseph County, IN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.4 minutes. The average car ownership in St. Joseph County, IN is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Tippecanoe Place, South Bend, IN

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Indiana. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Indiana, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Indiana.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Indiana (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Indiana. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Indiana across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of St. Joseph County, IN employs 137k people. The largest industries in St. Joseph County, IN are Manufacturing (25,686 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (20,476 people), and Educational Services (17,521 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($60,222), Public Administration ($53,134), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($50,177).

Median household income in St. Joseph County, IN is $54,434. Males in St. Joseph County, IN have an average income that is 1.42 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,121. The income inequality in St. Joseph County, IN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.448, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$54,434

2018 value

± $4,100

4.47%

1 Year Growth

± 8%

Households in St. Joseph County, IN have a median annual income of $54,434, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $52,106 in 2017, which represents a 4.47% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in St. Joseph County, IN compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Indiana.

$62,589

Average Male Salary

± $1,261

$44,121

Average Female Salary

± $895

In 2018, full-time male employees in Indiana made 1.42 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Indiana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Indiana.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $54,624 ± $5,989

  2. White

    $48,199 ± $791

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $42,350 ± $18,800

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Indiana workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Indiana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for St. Joseph County, IN is from Indiana.

0.448

2018 Wage GINI

0.45

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Indiana was 0.448 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.449% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for Indiana was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Indiana in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Indiana across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 114.04

  2. Census Tract 113.04

  3. Census Tract 114.05

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in St. Joseph County, IN was Census Tract 114.04 with a value of $119,541, followed by Census Tract 113.04 and Census Tract 114.05, with respective values of $116,250 and $102,745.

The following map shows all of the tracts in St. Joseph County, IN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

17.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in St. Joseph County, IN (44k out of 257k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    26,329 ± 1,067

  2. Black

    12,145 ± 772

  3. Hispanic

    5,790 ± 490

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in St. Joseph County, IN is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

137k

2018 Value

± 5,729

4.7%

1 Year growth

± 5.68%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in St. Joseph County, IN grew at a rate of 4.7%, from 131k employees to 137k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in St. Joseph County, IN, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (15,901 people), Production Occupations (13,984 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (13,464 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of St. Joseph County, IN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of St. Joseph County, IN, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (15,901 people), Production Occupations (13,984 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (13,464 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, St. Joseph County, IN has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (1.87 times higher than expected), Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (1.26 times), and Community & Social Service Occupations (1.18 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of St. Joseph County, IN, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($77,404), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($70,406), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($67,298).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

137k

2018 Value

± 5,729

4.7%

1 Year growth

± 5.68%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in St. Joseph County, IN grew at a rate of 4.7%, from 131k employees to 137k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in St. Joseph County, IN, are Manufacturing (25,686 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (20,476 people), and Educational Services (17,521 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of St. Joseph County, IN, though some of these residents may live in St. Joseph County, IN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in St. Joseph County, IN, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (25,686 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (20,476 people), and Educational Services (17,521 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, St. Joseph County, IN has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (1.93 times higher than expected), Educational Services (1.39 times), and Other Services, Except Public Administration (1.16 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in St. Joseph County, IN, by median earnings, are Utilities ($60,222), Public Administration ($53,134), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($50,177).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Indiana to other states, or from other states to Indiana.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $73.5B

  2. $45.8B

  3. $42.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Indiana product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $73.5B, followed by Base metals ($45.8B) and Mixed freight ($42.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Indiana products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Indiana state.

$487B

2020 Value

$698B

Projected 2045 Value

43.3% growth

In 2020, total outbound Indiana trade was $487B. This is expected to increase 43.3% to $698B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Indiana trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Indiana to other states, or from other states to Indiana.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $44.4B

  2. $36.8B

  3. $34.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Indiana domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $44.4B, followed by Michigan with $36.8B and Illinois and $34.9B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Indiana shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.7% of the population of St. Joseph County, IN has health coverage, with 53.1% on employee plans, 16.2% on Medicaid, 11.6% on Medicare, 9.82% on non-group plans, and 1.03% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of St. Joseph County, IN was $8,300 in 2014. This is a 4.76% increase from the previous year ($7,923).

Primary care physicians in St. Joseph County, IN see 1045 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.6% decrease from the previous year (1062 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1771 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 484 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Jay County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.4%). Additionally, Grant County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.1%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,045 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in St. Joseph County, IN see an average of 1,045 patients per year. This represents a 1.6% decrease from the previous year (1,062 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in St. Joseph County, IN in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Indiana.

$8,300

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,078

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,285

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,714

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Indiana (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.76%, from $7,923 to $8,300.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.32%

Uninsured

53.1%

Employer Coverage

16.2%

Medicaid

11.6%

Medicare

9.82%

Non-Group

1.03%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in St. Joseph County, IN declined by 3.67% from 8.64% to 8.32%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in St. Joseph County, IN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.4% prevalence

  2. 15.1% prevalence

  3. 15% prevalence

Jay County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Indiana, at 15.4%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Indiana by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

St. Joseph County, IN is home to a population of 271k people, from which 96.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 6.31% of St. Joseph County, IN residents were born outside of the country (17.1k people).

In 2018, there were 5.55 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (195k people) in St. Joseph County, IN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 35.1k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 14.5k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

37

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

41

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.9

In 2018, the median age of all people in St. Joseph County, IN was 37. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 37, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in St. Joseph County, IN are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all St. Joseph County, IN residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

6.31%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

17.1k people

6.28%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

16.9k people

As of 2017, 6.31% of St. Joseph County, IN residents (17.1k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in St. Joseph County, IN was 6.28%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in St. Joseph County, IN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Indiana.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    108,445 ± 8,019 people

  2. India

    31,299 ± 4,333 people

  3. China

    24,613 ± 3,845 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Indiana was Mexico, the natal country of 108,445 Indiana residents, followed by India with 31,299 and China with 24,613.

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Citizenship

96.5%

2018 Citizenship

95.7%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 96.5% of St. Joseph County, IN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in St. Joseph County, IN was 95.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in St. Joseph County, IN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in St. Joseph County, IN

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    195k ± 666

  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    35.1k ± 1.88k

  3. White (Hispanic)

    14.5k ± 1.93k

In 2018, there were 5.55 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (195k people) in St. Joseph County, IN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 35.1k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 14.5k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in St. Joseph County, IN as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,937 ± 787

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,631 ± 653

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,420 ± 452

St. Joseph County, IN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.41 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in St. Joseph County, IN awarded 6,519 degrees. The student population of St. Joseph County, IN is skewed towards women, with 9,761 male students and 12,141 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in St. Joseph County, IN are White (4,480 and 74.6%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (604 and 10.1%), Black or African American (322 and 5.36%), and Two or More Races (264 and 4.4%).

The largest universities in St. Joseph County, IN by number of degrees awarded are University of Notre Dame (4,254 and 65.3%), Indiana University-South Bend (971 and 14.9%), and Bethel College-Indiana (449 and 6.89%).

The most popular majors in St. Joseph County, IN are General Business Administration & Management (384 and 5.89%), General Business (380 and 5.83%), and General Finance (328 and 5.03%).

The median tuition costs in St. Joseph County, IN are $34,382 for private four year colleges, and $6,601 and $18,432 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 285 degrees awarded

  2. 216 degrees awarded

  3. 289 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in St. Joseph County, IN was General Finance with 285 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in St. Joseph County, IN according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 4,254 degrees awarded

  2. 971 degrees awarded

  3. 449 degrees awarded

$6,601

Median In-State Public

$34,382

Median Private

In 2017, the St. Joseph County, IN institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Notre Dame with 4,254 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,931

Degrees Awarded to Men

3,588

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 2,931 men were awarded degrees from institutions in St. Joseph County, IN, which is 0.817 times less than the 3,588 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in St. Joseph County, IN by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    4,480 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    604 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    322 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in St. Joseph County, IN were to White students. These 4,480 degrees mean that there were 7.42 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 604 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in St. Joseph County, IN was $136,500 in 2018, which is 0.594 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $126,600 to $136,500, a 7.82% increase. The homeownership rate in St. Joseph County, IN is 67.3%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in St. Joseph County, IN have an average commute time of 20.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in St. Joseph County, IN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$136,500

2018 Median

± $6,499

$126,600

2017 Median

± $5,510

In 2018, the median property value in St. Joseph County, IN grew to to $136,500 from the previous year's value of $126,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in St. Joseph County, IN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In St. Joseph County, IN the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$54,434

Median Household Income

± $4,100

108k

Number of Households

± 4,935

In 2018, the median household income of the 108k households in St. Joseph County, IN grew to $54,434 from the previous year's value of $52,106.

The following chart displays the households in St. Joseph County, IN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in St. Joseph County, IN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In St. Joseph County, IN the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

67.3%

2018 Homeownership

68%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 67.3% of the housing units in St. Joseph County, IN were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 68%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in St. Joseph County, IN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

20.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in St. Joseph County, IN have a shorter commute time (20.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.16% of the workforce in St. Joseph County, IN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in St. Joseph County, IN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    83%

  2. Carpooled

    7.89%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.64%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in St. Joseph County, IN was Drove Alone (83%), followed by those who Carpooled (7.89%) and those who Worked At Home (3.64%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in St. Joseph County, IN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in St. Joseph County, IN have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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