Springfield, IL

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Population

210,550

0.315% decline

Median Age

40.2


Median Household Income

$58,956

3.53% growth

Poverty Rate

15.4%


Number of Employees

101,508

0.362% decline

Median Property Value

$135,900

1.95% growth

About

In 2017, Springfield, IL had a population of 211k people with a median age of 40.2 and a median household income of $58,956. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Springfield, IL declined from 211,215 to 210,550, a -0.315% decrease and its median household income grew from $56,947 to $58,956, a 3.53% increase.

The population of Springfield, IL is 81.7% White Alone, 11.9% Black or African American Alone, and 2.16% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Springfield, IL speak a non-English language, and 98.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Springfield, IL are Lincoln Land Community College (2,027 degrees awarded in 2016), University of Illinois at Springfield (1,755 degrees), and Midwest Technical Institute-Springfield (373 degrees).

The median property value in Springfield, IL is $135,900, and the homeownership rate is 69.8%. Most people in Springfield, IL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 19.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Springfield, IL is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Springfield, IL employs 102k people. The largest industries in Springfield, IL are Health Care & Social Assistance (17,563 people), Public Administration (13,283 people), and Retail Trade (11,265 people), and the highest paying industries are Public Administration ($66,437), Utilities ($64,841), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($60,500).

Median household income in Springfield, IL is $58,956. Males in Springfield, IL have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,403. The income inequality in Springfield, IL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.483, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$58,956

2017 value

± $1,159

3.53%

1 Year Growth

± 2.69%

Households in Springfield, IL have a median annual income of $58,956, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $56,947 in 2016, which represents a 3.53% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Springfield, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

$71,579

Average Male Salary

± $1,160

$52,403

Average Female Salary

± $852

In 2017, full-time male employees in Illinois made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $65,613 ± $3,132

  2. White

    $56,297 ± $776

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $46,947 ± $14,340

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Illinois workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.17 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Springfield, IL is from Illinois.

0.483

2017 Wage GINI

0.481

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Illinois was 0.483 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.351% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Illinois was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Illinois in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Illinois across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Springfield, IL was Kendall County, IL with a value of $91,250, followed by DuPage County, IL and McHenry County, IL, with respective values of $89,521 and $86,348.

The following map shows all of the counties in Springfield, IL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Springfield, IL (31.7k out of 206k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    19,114 ± 904

  2. Black

    10,049 ± 650

  3. Two Or More

    1,360 ± 257

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Springfield, IL is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

102k

2017 Value

± 1,975

-0.362%

1 Year decline

± 2.74%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Springfield, IL declined at a rate of -0.362%, from 102k employees to 102k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Springfield, IL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (15,879 people), Management Occupations (10,417 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (9,559 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Springfield, IL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Springfield, IL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (15,879 people), Management Occupations (10,417 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (9,559 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Springfield, IL has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.5 times higher than expected), Legal Occupations (1.49 times), and Community & Social Service Occupations (1.36 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Springfield, IL, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($78,646), Management Occupations ($74,603), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($72,384).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

102k

2017 Value

± 1,975

-0.362%

1 Year decline

± 2.74%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Springfield, IL declined at a rate of -0.362%, from 102k employees to 102k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Springfield, IL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (17,563 people), Public Administration (13,283 people), and Retail Trade (11,265 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Springfield, IL, though some of these residents may live in Springfield, IL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Springfield, IL, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (17,563 people), Public Administration (13,283 people), and Retail Trade (11,265 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Springfield, IL has an unusually high number of Public Administration (2.8 times higher than expected), Finance & Insurance (1.41 times), and Utilities (1.4 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Springfield, IL, by median earnings, are Public Administration ($66,437), Utilities ($64,841), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($60,500).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $76.6B

  2. $75B

  3. $66.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $76.6B, followed by Gasoline ($75B) and Pharmaceuticals ($66.8B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Illinois products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Illinois state.

$871B

2015 Value

$1.31T

Projected 2045 Value

50.5% growth

In 2015, total outbound Illinois trade was $871B. This is expected to increase 50.5% to $1.31T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Illinois trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $63.2B

  2. $48.1B

  3. $32.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Indiana with $63.2B, followed by Wisconsin with $48.1B and Michigan and $32.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Illinois shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

95.1% of the population of Springfield, IL has health coverage, with 52.6% on employee plans, 17.9% on Medicaid, 12% on Medicare, 11.6% on non-group plans, and 0.925% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Springfield, IL was $8,262 in 2014. This is a 4.44% increase from the previous year ($7,911).

Primary care physicians in Springfield, IL see 1240 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.322% decrease from the previous year (1244 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1332 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 526 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.7%). Additionally, Stephenson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

1,240 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Illinois see an average of 1,240 patients per year. This represents a 0.322% decrease from the previous year (1,244 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Illinois in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

$8,262

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,875

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$4,959

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,116

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Illinois (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.44%, from $7,911 to $8,262.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.94%

Uninsured

52.6%

Employer Coverage

17.9%

Medicaid

12%

Medicare

11.6%

Non-Group

0.925%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Springfield, IL declined by 16% from 5.88% to 4.94%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Springfield, IL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.7% prevalence

  2. 12.7% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Illinois, at 12.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Illinois by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Springfield, IL is home to a population of 211k people, from which 98.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.91% of Springfield, IL residents were born outside of the country (6.14k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Springfield, IL is composed of 172k White Alone residents (81.7%), 25k Black or African American Alone residents (11.9%), 4.54k Hispanic or Latino residents (2.16%), 4.38k Two or More Races residents (2.08%), 3.78k Asian Alone residents (1.8%), 688 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.327%), 124 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0589%), and 114 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0541%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Springfield, IL are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

40

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

38

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.2

In 2017, the median age of all people in Springfield, IL was 40.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 38. But people in Springfield, IL are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Springfield, IL residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.91%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

6.14k people

2.91%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

6.15k people

As of 2017, 2.91% of Springfield, IL residents (6.14k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Springfield, IL was 2.91%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Springfield, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    669,904 ± 19,564 people

  2. India

    147,732 ± 9,382 people

  3. Poland

    136,910 ± 9,036 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Illinois was Mexico, the natal country of 669,904 Illinois residents, followed by India with 147,732 and Poland with 136,910.

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Citizenship

98.4%

2017 Citizenship

98.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.4% of Springfield, IL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Springfield, IL was 98.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Springfield, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    172k ± 273

  2. Black or African American Alone

    25k ± 483

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    4.54k ± 506

In 2017, there were 6.87 times more White Alone residents (172k people) in Springfield, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 25k Black or African American Alone and 4.54k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Springfield, IL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Springfield, IL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Springfield, IL was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Springfield, IL are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    5,236 ± 375

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    2,137 ± 272

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,848 ± 256

Springfield, IL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.45 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Springfield, IL awarded 4,428 degrees. The student population of Springfield, IL is skewed towards women, with 5,436 male students and 6,576 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Springfield, IL are White (3,063 and 79.9%), followed by Black or African American (405 and 10.6%), Hispanic or Latino (122 and 3.18%), and Unknown (94 and 2.45%).

The largest universities in Springfield, IL by number of degrees awarded are Lincoln Land Community College (2,027 and 45.8%), University of Illinois at Springfield (1,755 and 39.6%), and Midwest Technical Institute-Springfield (373 and 8.42%).

The most popular majors in Springfield, IL are Computer Science (543 and 12.3%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (380 and 8.58%), and Nursing Assistant & Patient Care Assistant (289 and 6.53%).

The median tuition costs in Springfield, IL are $18,624 for private four year colleges, and $9,493 and $16,180 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Springfield, IL was Truck, Bus, & Commercial Vehicle Operator & Instructor with 137 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Springfield, IL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 2,027 degrees awarded

  2. 1,755 degrees awarded

  3. 373 degrees awarded

$9,493

Median In-State Public

$18,624

Median Private

In 2016, the Springfield, IL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Lincoln Land Community College with 2,027 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,105

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,323

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 2,105 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Springfield, IL, which is 0.906 times less than the 2,323 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Springfield, IL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    3,063 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    405 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    122 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Springfield, IL were to White students. These 3,063 degrees mean that there were 7.56 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 405 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Springfield, IL was $135,900 in 2017, which is 0.625 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $133,300 to $135,900, a 1.95% increase. The homeownership rate in Springfield, IL is 69.8%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Springfield, IL have an average commute time of 19.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Springfield, IL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$58,956

Median Household Income

± $1,159

88.9k

Number of Households

± 1,719

In 2017, the median household income of the 88.9k households in Springfield, IL grew to $58,956 from the previous year's value of $56,947.

The following chart displays the households in Springfield, IL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$135,900

2017 Median

± $2,040

$133,300

2016 Median

± $2,300

In 2017, the median property value in Springfield, IL grew to to $135,900 from the previous year's value of $133,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Springfield, IL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Springfield, IL the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Springfield, IL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Springfield, IL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

69.8%

2017 Homeownership

70%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 69.8% of the housing units in Springfield, IL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 70%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Springfield, IL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Springfield, IL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Springfield, IL have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

19.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Springfield, IL have a shorter commute time (19.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.49% of the workforce in Springfield, IL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Springfield, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    83.3%

  2. Carpooled

    7.77%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.95%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Springfield, IL was Drove Alone (83.3%), followed by those who Carpooled (7.77%) and those who Worked At Home (3.95%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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