Sioux Falls, SD

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Population

250,564

1.31% growth

Median Age

35


Median Household Income

$62,047

4.07% growth

Poverty Rate

9.21%


Number of Employees

139,089

2.09% growth

Median Property Value

$171,000

3.95% growth

About

In 2017, Sioux Falls, SD had a population of 251k people with a median age of 35 and a median household income of $62,047. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Sioux Falls, SD grew from 247,315 to 250,564, a 1.31% increase and its median household income grew from $59,621 to $62,047, a 4.07% increase.

The population of Sioux Falls, SD is 86.4% White Alone, 3.95% Hispanic or Latino, and 3.73% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Sioux Falls, SD speak a non-English language, and 96.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Sioux Falls, SD are Southeast Technical Institute (888 degrees awarded in 2016), Augustana University (540 degrees), and University of Sioux Falls (424 degrees).

The median property value in Sioux Falls, SD is $171,000, and the homeownership rate is 67.3%. Most people in Sioux Falls, SD commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 17.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Sioux Falls, SD is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Train crossing over Sioux Falls in South Dakota

Economy

The economy of Sioux Falls, SD employs 139k people. The largest industries in Sioux Falls, SD are Health Care & Social Assistance (25,759 people), Retail Trade (17,133 people), and Finance & Insurance (14,144 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($70,536), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($67,614), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($53,644).

Median household income in Sioux Falls, SD is $62,047. Males in Sioux Falls, SD have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $39,572. The income inequality in Sioux Falls, SD (measured using the Gini index) is 0.435, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$62,047

2017 value

± $1,106

4.07%

1 Year Growth

± 2.76%

Households in Sioux Falls, SD have a median annual income of $62,047, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $59,621 in 2016, which represents a 4.07% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Sioux Falls, SD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.

$53,488

Average Male Salary

± $2,938

$39,572

Average Female Salary

± $2,295

In 2017, full-time male employees in South Dakota made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in South Dakota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $42,150 ± $1,819

  2. Asian

    $33,786 ± $14,642

  3. Black

    $29,266 ± $9,870

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of South Dakota workers was White. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in South Dakota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Sioux Falls, SD is from South Dakota.

0.435

2017 Wage GINI

0.433

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in South Dakota was 0.435 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.439% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for South Dakota was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in South Dakota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in South Dakota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. N/A

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Sioux Falls, SD was Minnehaha County, SD with a value of $61,083, followed by Pennington County, SD and N/A, with respective values of $54,836 and N/A.

The following map shows all of the counties in Sioux Falls, SD colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

9.21% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Sioux Falls, SD (22.5k out of 245k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    15,666 ± 880

  2. Black

    2,345 ± 389

  3. Native American

    1,999 ± 331

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Sioux Falls, SD is White, followed by Black and Native American.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

139k

2017 Value

± 2,339

2.09%

1 Year growth

± 2.33%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Sioux Falls, SD grew at a rate of 2.09%, from 136k employees to 139k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Sioux Falls, SD, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (20,849 people), Sales & Related Occupations (15,262 people), and Management Occupations (14,136 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Sioux Falls, SD.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Sioux Falls, SD, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (20,849 people), Sales & Related Occupations (15,262 people), and Management Occupations (14,136 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Sioux Falls, SD has an unusually high number of residents working as Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (1.38 times higher than expected), Health Technologists & Technicians (1.36 times), and Production Occupations (1.19 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Sioux Falls, SD, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($67,118), Management Occupations ($60,480), and Management, Business, & Financial Occupations ($55,995).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

139k

2017 Value

± 2,339

2.09%

1 Year growth

± 2.33%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Sioux Falls, SD grew at a rate of 2.09%, from 136k employees to 139k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Sioux Falls, SD, are Health Care & Social Assistance (25,759 people), Retail Trade (17,133 people), and Finance & Insurance (14,144 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Sioux Falls, SD, though some of these residents may live in Sioux Falls, SD and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Sioux Falls, SD, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (25,759 people), Retail Trade (17,133 people), and Finance & Insurance (14,144 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Sioux Falls, SD has an unusually high number of Finance & Insurance (2.17 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.64 times), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1.34 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Sioux Falls, SD, by median earnings, are Utilities ($70,536), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($67,614), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($53,644).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from South Dakota to other states, or from other states to South Dakota.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $11.7B

  2. $4.44B

  3. $4.29B

In 2015, the top outbound South Dakota product (by dollars) was Cereal grains with $11.7B, followed by Other ag prods. ($4.44B) and Live animals/fish ($4.29B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound South Dakota products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for South Dakota state.

$60.8B

2015 Value

$92.2B

Projected 2045 Value

51.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound South Dakota trade was $60.8B. This is expected to increase 51.7% to $92.2B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound South Dakota trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from South Dakota to other states, or from other states to South Dakota.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $7.37B

  2. $2.21B

  3. $1.95B

In 2015, the top outbound South Dakota domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Minnesota with $7.37B, followed by Iowa with $2.21B and Nebraska and $1.95B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that South Dakota shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.9% of the population of Sioux Falls, SD has health coverage, with 59.2% on employee plans, 9.11% on Medicaid, 9.05% on Medicare, 13.8% on non-group plans, and 1.68% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Sioux Falls, SD was $8,933 in 2014. This is a 4.52% increase from the previous year ($8,547).

Primary care physicians in Sioux Falls, SD see 1293 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.85% decrease from the previous year (1331 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1714 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 610 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Oglala Lakota County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.1%). Additionally, Ziebach County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.

1,293 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in South Dakota see an average of 1,293 patients per year. This represents a 2.85% decrease from the previous year (1,331 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in South Dakota in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.

$8,933

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,335

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,056

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,315

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in South Dakota (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.52%, from $8,547 to $8,933.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.14%

Uninsured

59.2%

Employer Coverage

9.11%

Medicaid

9.05%

Medicare

13.8%

Non-Group

1.68%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Sioux Falls, SD declined by 10.1% from 7.94% to 7.14%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Sioux Falls, SD changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.1% prevalence

  2. 16.6% prevalence

  3. 16.4% prevalence

Oglala Lakota County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in South Dakota, at 17.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in South Dakota by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Sioux Falls, SD is home to a population of 251k people, from which 96.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 5.35% of Sioux Falls, SD residents were born outside of the country (13.4k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Sioux Falls, SD is composed of 216k White Alone residents (86.4%), 9.9k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.95%), 9.35k Black or African American Alone residents (3.73%), 5.89k Two or More Races residents (2.35%), 4.62k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (1.84%), 4.09k Asian Alone residents (1.63%), 280 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.112%), and 62 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0247%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Sioux Falls, SD are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

35

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.1

35

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Sioux Falls, SD was 35. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 35. But people in Sioux Falls, SD are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Sioux Falls, SD residents was 35.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5.35%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

13.4k people

5.21%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

12.9k people

As of 2017, 5.35% of Sioux Falls, SD residents (13.4k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Sioux Falls, SD was 5.21%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Sioux Falls, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    3,093 ± 1,363 people

  2. Ethiopia

    2,119 ± 1,129 people

  3. China

    1,741 ± 1,023 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of South Dakota was Mexico, the natal country of 3,093 South Dakota residents, followed by Ethiopia with 2,119 and China with 1,741.

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Citizenship

96.8%

2017 Citizenship

96.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 96.8% of Sioux Falls, SD residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Sioux Falls, SD was 96.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Sioux Falls, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    216k ± 246

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    9.9k ± 1.04k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    9.35k ± 551

In 2017, there were 21.8 times more White Alone residents (216k people) in Sioux Falls, SD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 9.9k Hispanic or Latino and 9.35k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Sioux Falls, SD as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Sioux Falls, SD citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Sioux Falls, SD was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Sioux Falls, SD are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    4,904 ± 391

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    2,690 ± 278

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,722 ± 214

Sioux Falls, SD has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.82 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Sioux Falls, SD awarded 2,139 degrees. The student population of Sioux Falls, SD is skewed towards women, with 2,552 male students and 3,710 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Sioux Falls, SD are White (1,915 and 90.7%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (45 and 2.13%), Black or African American (41 and 1.94%), and Unknown (39 and 1.85%).

The largest universities in Sioux Falls, SD by number of degrees awarded are Southeast Technical Institute (888 and 41.5%), Augustana University (540 and 25.2%), and University of Sioux Falls (424 and 19.8%).

The most popular majors in Sioux Falls, SD are Registered Nursing (173 and 8.09%), General Business (140 and 6.55%), and General Business Administration & Management (127 and 5.94%).

The median tuition costs in Sioux Falls, SD are $28,807 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 149 degrees awarded

  2. 88 degrees awarded

  3. 52 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Sioux Falls, SD was Registered Nursing with 149 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Sioux Falls, SD according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 888 degrees awarded

  2. 540 degrees awarded

  3. 424 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$28,807

Median Private

In 2016, the Sioux Falls, SD institution with the largest number of graduating students was Southeast Technical Institute with 888 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

747

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,392

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 747 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Sioux Falls, SD, which is 0.537 times less than the 1,392 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Sioux Falls, SD by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,915 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    45 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    41 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Sioux Falls, SD were to White students. These 1,915 degrees mean that there were 42.6 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 45 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Sioux Falls, SD was $171,000 in 2017, which is 0.786 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $164,500 to $171,000, a 3.95% increase. The homeownership rate in Sioux Falls, SD is 67.3%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Sioux Falls, SD have an average commute time of 17.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Sioux Falls, SD is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$62,047

Median Household Income

± $1,106

98.2k

Number of Households

± 1,991

In 2017, the median household income of the 98.2k households in Sioux Falls, SD grew to $62,047 from the previous year's value of $59,621.

The following chart displays the households in Sioux Falls, SD distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$171,000

2017 Median

± $1,450

$164,500

2016 Median

± $1,326

In 2017, the median property value in Sioux Falls, SD grew to to $171,000 from the previous year's value of $164,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Sioux Falls, SD compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Sioux Falls, SD the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Sioux Falls, SD distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Sioux Falls, SD the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

67.3%

2017 Homeownership

67.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 67.3% of the housing units in Sioux Falls, SD were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 67.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Sioux Falls, SD compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Sioux Falls, SD distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Sioux Falls, SD have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

17.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Sioux Falls, SD have a shorter commute time (17.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.19% of the workforce in Sioux Falls, SD have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Sioux Falls, SD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    84.3%

  2. Carpooled

    8.09%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.77%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Sioux Falls, SD was Drove Alone (84.3%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.09%) and those who Worked At Home (3.77%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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