Schenectady City PUMA, NY

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Population

155,239

0.254% growth

Median Age

39.8


Median Household Income

$61,315

2.26% growth

Poverty Rate

12.4%


Number of Employees

69,721

1.68% decline

Median Property Value

$164,100

0.545% decline

About

In 2017, Schenectady City PUMA, NY had a population of 155k people with a median age of 39.8 and a median household income of $61,315. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Schenectady City PUMA, NY grew from 154,845 to 155,239, a 0.254% increase and its median household income grew from $59,959 to $61,315, a 2.26% increase.

The population of Schenectady City PUMA, NY is 73.8% White Alone, 9.61% Black or African American Alone, and 6.68% Hispanic or Latino. 10.2% of the people in Schenectady City PUMA, NY speak a non-English language, and 96.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Schenectady City PUMA, NY are Schenectady County Community College (654 degrees awarded in 2016), Union College (196866) (646 degrees), and Modern Welding School (103 degrees).

The median property value in Schenectady City PUMA, NY is $164,100, and the homeownership rate is 67.8%. Most people in Schenectady City PUMA, NY commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Schenectady City PUMA, NY is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Schenectady City PUMA, NY employs 69.7k people. The largest industries in Schenectady City PUMA, NY are Elementary & secondary schools (4,991 people), Restaurants & Food Services (4,030 people), and Hospitals (3,784 people), and the highest paying industries are Industrial & miscellaneous chemicals ($117,078), Management of companies & enterprises ($116,081), and Offices of physicians ($106,295).

Median household income in Schenectady City PUMA, NY is $61,315. Males in Schenectady City PUMA, NY have an average income that is 1.3 times higher than the average income of females, which is $47,609. The income inequality in Schenectady City PUMA, NY (measured using the Gini index) is 0.436, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$61,315

2017 value

± $1,710

2.26%

1 Year Growth

± 3.63%

Households in Schenectady City PUMA, NY have a median annual income of $61,315, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $59,959 in 2016, which represents a 2.26% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Schenectady City PUMA, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$62,099

Average Male Salary

± $8,241

$47,609

Average Female Salary

± $5,493

In 2017, full-time male employees in Schenectady City PUMA, NY made 1.3 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Schenectady City PUMA, NY by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $55,039 ± $27,572

  2. American Indian

    $50,552 ± $25,506

  3. White

    $49,449 ± $5,083

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Schenectady City PUMA, NY workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.09 times more than American Indian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Schenectady City PUMA, NY by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.436

2017 Wage GINI

0.444

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Schenectady City PUMA, NY was 0.436 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.81% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Schenectady City PUMA, NY was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Schenectady City PUMA, NY in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Schenectady City PUMA, NY across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Schenectady City PUMA, NY was Battery Park City, Greenwich Village & Soho PUMA, NY with a value of $144,878, followed by Hempstead Town (East Central) PUMA, NY and Westchester County (Northeast) PUMA, NY, with respective values of $137,183 and $135,118.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Schenectady City PUMA, NY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

12.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Schenectady City PUMA, NY (18.7k out of 151k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 45 - 54 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    11,158 ± 830

  2. Black

    4,679 ± 632

  3. Hispanic

    3,009 ± 442

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Schenectady City PUMA, NY is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

69.7k

2017 Value

-1.68%

1 Year decline

± -1.68%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Schenectady City PUMA, NY declined at a rate of -1.68%, from 70.9k employees to 69.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Schenectady City PUMA, NY, are Secretaries & administrative assistants (2,116 people), Customer service representatives (1,938 people), and Miscellaneous managers (1,739 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Schenectady City PUMA, NY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Schenectady City PUMA, NY, by number of employees, are Secretaries & administrative assistants (2,116 people), Customer service representatives (1,938 people), and Miscellaneous managers (1,739 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Schenectady City PUMA, NY has an unusually high number of residents working as Lifeguards & other recreational, & all other protective service workers (5.42 times higher than expected), Construction & building inspectors (5.27 times), and Tax preparers (3.92 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Schenectady City PUMA, NY, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($259,740), Firstline supervisors of police & detectives ($143,754), and Chief executives & legislators ($141,319).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

69.7k

2017 Value

-1.68%

1 Year decline

± -1.68%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Schenectady City PUMA, NY declined at a rate of -1.68%, from 70.9k employees to 69.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Schenectady City PUMA, NY, are Elementary & secondary schools (4,991 people), Restaurants & Food Services (4,030 people), and Hospitals (3,784 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Schenectady City PUMA, NY, though some of these residents may live in Schenectady City PUMA, NY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Schenectady City PUMA, NY, by number of employees, are Elementary & secondary schools (4,991 people), Restaurants & Food Services (4,030 people), and Hospitals (3,784 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Schenectady City PUMA, NY has an unusually high number of Engine, turbine, & power transmission equipment manufacturing (14.8 times higher than expected), Public finance activities (5.88 times), and Electronic & precision equipment repair and maintenance (5.22 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Schenectady City PUMA, NY, by average salary, are Industrial & miscellaneous chemicals ($117,078), Management of companies & enterprises ($116,081), and Offices of physicians ($106,295).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $67.6B

  2. $47.2B

  3. $45.3B

In 2015, the top outbound New York product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $67.6B, followed by Electronics ($47.2B) and Misc. mfg. prods. ($45.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New York products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New York state.

$570B

2015 Value

$854B

Projected 2045 Value

49.9% growth

In 2015, total outbound New York trade was $570B. This is expected to increase 49.9% to $854B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New York trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $34.6B

  2. $29.6B

  3. $18.8B

In 2015, the top outbound New York domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New Jersey with $34.6B, followed by Pennsylvania with $29.6B and Connecticut and $18.8B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New York shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.1% of the population of Schenectady City PUMA, NY has health coverage, with 51.9% on employee plans, 18.3% on Medicaid, 11.3% on Medicare, 11.5% on non-group plans, and 1.14% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Schenectady City PUMA, NY was $9,778 in 2014. This is a 4.57% increase from the previous year ($9,351).

Primary care physicians in Schenectady City PUMA, NY see 1202 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.25% increase from the previous year (1199 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1240 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 393 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.2%). Additionally, Chemung County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

1,202 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in New York see an average of 1,202 patients per year. This represents a 0.25% increase from the previous year (1,199 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in New York in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

$9,778

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,338

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,803

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,179

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New York (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.57%, from $9,351 to $9,778.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.88%

Uninsured

51.9%

Employer Coverage

18.3%

Medicaid

11.3%

Medicare

11.5%

Non-Group

1.14%

Military or VA

Between N/A and 2016, the percent of uninsured citizens in Schenectady City PUMA, NY stayed by NaNk% from N/A% to 5.88%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Schenectady City PUMA, NY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.2% prevalence

  2. 12.2% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in New York, at 12.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New York by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Schenectady City PUMA, NY is home to a population of 155k people, from which 96.4% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Schenectady City PUMA, NY residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Schenectady City PUMA, NY is composed of 115k White Alone residents (73.8%), 14.9k Black or African American Alone residents (9.61%), 10.4k Hispanic or Latino residents (6.68%), 7.11k Asian Alone residents (4.58%), 4.48k Two or More Races residents (2.88%), 3.35k Some Other Race Alone residents (2.16%), 343 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.221%), and 38 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0245%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Schenectady City PUMA, NY are Spanish (4,634 speakers), Italian (1,555 speakers), and Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (1,442 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Schenectady City PUMA, NY was 39.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Schenectady City PUMA, NY are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Schenectady City PUMA, NY residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

10.2%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

15.8k people

As of 2017, N/A% of Schenectady City PUMA, NY residents (N/A people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Schenectady City PUMA, NY was 10.2%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Schenectady City PUMA, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Guyana

    4,506 ± 1,624 people

  2. China

    1,302 ± 882 people

  3. India

    1,140 ± 826 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Schenectady City PUMA, NY was Guyana, the natal country of 4,506 Schenectady City PUMA, NY residents, followed by China with 1,302 and India with 1,140.

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Citizenship

96.4%

2017 Citizenship

96.4%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 96.4% of Schenectady City PUMA, NY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Schenectady City PUMA, NY was 96.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Schenectady City PUMA, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    115k ± 551

  2. Black or African American Alone

    14.9k ± 756

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    10.4k ± 956

In 2017, there were 7.68 times more White Alone residents (115k people) in Schenectady City PUMA, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 14.9k Black or African American Alone and 10.4k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Schenectady City PUMA, NY as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    4,634 speakers (3.17%)

  2. Italian

    1,555 speakers (1.06%)

  3. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    1,442 speakers (0.987%)

10.2% of Schenectady City PUMA, NY citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Schenectady City PUMA, NY was Spanish. 3.17% of the overall population of Schenectady City PUMA, NY are native Spanish speakers. 1.06% speak Italian and 0.987% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,704 ± 278

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,230 ± 262

  3. Korea

    1,015 ± 186

Schenectady City PUMA, NY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.2 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Schenectady City PUMA, NY awarded 1,542 degrees. The student population of Schenectady City PUMA, NY is skewed towards women, with 3,463 male students and 3,802 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Schenectady City PUMA, NY are White (1,200 and 80.6%), followed by Black or African American (99 and 6.65%), Asian (78 and 5.24%), and Hispanic or Latino (58 and 3.9%).

The largest universities in Schenectady City PUMA, NY by number of degrees awarded are Schenectady County Community College (654 and 42.4%), Union College (196866) (646 and 41.9%), and Modern Welding School (103 and 6.68%).

The most popular majors in Schenectady City PUMA, NY are Welding Technology (103 and 6.68%), General Economics (101 and 6.55%), and General Business Administration & Management (90 and 5.84%).

The median tuition costs in Schenectady City PUMA, NY are $51,225 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 101 degrees awarded

  2. 57 degrees awarded

  3. 56 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Schenectady City PUMA, NY was General Economics with 101 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Schenectady City PUMA, NY according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 654 degrees awarded

  2. 646 degrees awarded

  3. 103 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$51,225

Median Private

In 2016, the Schenectady City PUMA, NY institution with the largest number of graduating students was Schenectady County Community College with 654 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

734

Degrees Awarded to Men

808

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 734 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Schenectady City PUMA, NY, which is 0.908 times less than the 808 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Schenectady City PUMA, NY by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,200 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    99 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    78 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Schenectady City PUMA, NY were to White students. These 1,200 degrees mean that there were 12.1 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 99 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Schenectady City PUMA, NY was $164,100 in 2017, which is 0.754 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $165,000 to $164,100, a 0.545% decrease. The homeownership rate in Schenectady City PUMA, NY is 67.8%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Schenectady City PUMA, NY have an average commute time of 22.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Schenectady City PUMA, NY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$61,315

Median Household Income

± $1,710

53.8k

Number of Households

± 1,427

In 2017, the median household income of the 53.8k households in Schenectady City PUMA, NY grew to $61,315 from the previous year's value of $59,959.

The following chart displays the households in Schenectady City PUMA, NY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$164,100

2017 Median

± $1,939

$165,000

2016 Median

± $1,751

In 2017, the median property value in Schenectady City PUMA, NY declined from to $164,100 from the previous year's value of $165,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Schenectady City PUMA, NY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Schenectady City PUMA, NY the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Schenectady City PUMA, NY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Schenectady City PUMA, NY the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

67.8%

2017 Homeownership

67.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 67.8% of the housing units in Schenectady City PUMA, NY were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 67.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Schenectady City PUMA, NY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Schenectady City PUMA, NY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Schenectady City PUMA, NY have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

22.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Schenectady City PUMA, NY have a shorter commute time (22.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.19% of the workforce in Schenectady City PUMA, NY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Schenectady City PUMA, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81.4%

  2. Carpooled

    7.43%

  3. Public Transit

    3.89%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Schenectady City PUMA, NY was Drove Alone (81.4%), followed by those who Carpooled (7.43%) and those who Public Transit (3.89%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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