San Diego, CA

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Population

1.42M

0.915% growth

Median Age

34.5


Median Household Income

$76,662

7.25% growth

Poverty Rate

14.5%


Number of Employees

723,119

3.05% growth

Median Property Value

$600,300

5.8% growth

About

In 2017, San Diego, CA had a population of 1.42M people with a median age of 34.5 and a median household income of $76,662. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of San Diego, CA grew from 1.41M to 1.42M, a 0.915% increase and its median household income grew from $71,481 to $76,662, a 7.25% increase.

The population of San Diego, CA is 42.6% White Alone, 30.2% Hispanic or Latino, and 16.7% Asian Alone. 41.4% of the people in San Diego, CA speak a non-English language, and 88.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in San Diego, CA are Ashford University (13,260 degrees awarded in 2016), San Diego State University (9,079 degrees), and University of California-San Diego (8,531 degrees).

The median property value in San Diego, CA is $600,300, and the homeownership rate is 47.1%. Most people in San Diego, CA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.9 minutes. The average car ownership in San Diego, CA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Top view of the Torrey Pines Beach

Economy

The economy of San Diego, CA employs 723k people. The largest industries in San Diego, CA are Health Care & Social Assistance (97,360 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (90,566 people), and Retail Trade (70,011 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($91,330), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($72,495), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($68,951).

Median household income in San Diego, CA is $76,662. Males in San Diego, CA have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $59,658. The income inequality in San Diego, CA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.497, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$76,662

2017 value

± $1,736

7.25%

1 Year Growth

± 3.19%

Households in San Diego, CA have a median annual income of $76,662, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $71,481 in 2016, which represents a 7.25% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in San Diego, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the California.

$75,050

Average Male Salary

± $702

$59,658

Average Female Salary

± $597

In 2017, full-time male employees in San Diego, CA made 1.26 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in San Diego, CA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the California.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $69,782 ± $1,103

  2. White

    $63,110 ± $578

  3. Two or More Races

    $51,776 ± $1,728

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of San Diego, CA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.11 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in San Diego, CA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for San Diego, CA is from California.

0.497

2017 Wage GINI

0.503

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in California was 0.497 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.1% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for California was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in California in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in California across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 83.28

  2. Census Tract 215

  3. Census Tract 83.13

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in San Diego, CA was Census Tract 83.28 with a value of $186,738, followed by Census Tract 215 and Census Tract 83.13, with respective values of $177,589 and $171,094.

The following map shows all of the places in San Diego, CA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in San Diego, CA (197k out of 1.36M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    116,770 ± 2,763

  2. Hispanic

    88,860 ± 2,339

  3. Asian

    26,303 ± 1,279

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in San Diego, CA is White, followed by Hispanic and Asian.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

723k

2017 Value

± 15,731

3.05%

1 Year growth

± 2.95%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in San Diego, CA grew at a rate of 3.05%, from 702k employees to 723k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in San Diego, CA, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (52,015 people), Retail Sales Workers Except Cashiers (22,654 people), and Engineers (21,135 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of San Diego, CA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of San Diego, CA, by number of employees, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (52,015 people), Retail Sales Workers Except Cashiers (22,654 people), and Engineers (21,135 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, San Diego, CA has an unusually high number of residents working as Life & Physical Scientists (3.43 times higher than expected), Engineers (2.18 times), and Software Developers & Programmers (1.91 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of San Diego, CA, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($90,246), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($84,926), and Legal Occupations ($82,642).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

723k

2017 Value

± 15,731

3.05%

1 Year growth

± 2.95%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in San Diego, CA grew at a rate of 3.05%, from 702k employees to 723k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in San Diego, CA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (97,360 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (90,566 people), and Retail Trade (70,011 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of San Diego, CA, though some of these residents may live in San Diego, CA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in San Diego, CA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (97,360 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (90,566 people), and Retail Trade (70,011 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, San Diego, CA has an unusually high number of Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1.68 times higher than expected), Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (1.39 times), and Real Estate & Rental & Leasing (1.28 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in San Diego, CA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($91,330), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($72,495), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($68,951).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $196B

  2. $157B

  3. $127B

In 2015, the top outbound California product (by dollars) was Electronics with $196B, followed by Mixed freight with $157B and Gasoline and $127B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound California products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for California state.

$1.54T

2015 Value

$2.48T

Projected 2045 Value

61.2% growth

In 2015, total outbound California trade was $1.54T. This is expected to increase 61.2% to $2.48T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound California trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $63.1B

  2. $42.2B

  3. $31.2B

In 2015, the top outbound California domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $63.1B, followed by Arizona with $42.2B and Washington and $31.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that California shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.3% of the population of San Diego, CA has health coverage, with 47.7% on employee plans, 17.7% on Medicaid, 8.29% on Medicare, 14.6% on non-group plans, and 3.95% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of San Diego, CA was $7,549 in 2014. This is a 4.04% increase from the previous year ($7,256).

Primary care physicians in San Diego, CA see 1281 patients per year on average, which represents a 0% change from the previous year (1281 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1214 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 324 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (10.6%). Additionally, Tulare County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

1281 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in California see an average of 1281 patients per year. This represents a 0% change from the previous year (1281 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in California in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

$7,549

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,735

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,368

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,833

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in California (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.04%, from $7,256 to $7,549.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.73%

Uninsured

47.7%

Employer Coverage

17.7%

Medicaid

8.29%

Medicare

14.6%

Non-Group

3.95%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in San Diego, CA declined by 0.132% from 7.74% to 7.73%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in San Diego, CA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 10.6% prevalence

  2. 10.5% prevalence

  3. 10.3% prevalence

Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in California, at 10.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in California by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

San Diego, CA is home to a population of 1.42M people, from which 88.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 25.8% of San Diego, CA residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of San Diego, CA is composed of 604k White Alone residents (42.6%), 429k Hispanic or Latino residents (30.2%), 237k Asian Alone residents (16.7%), 82.7k Black or African American Alone residents (5.83%), 50.9k Two or More Races residents (3.58%), 5.95k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.419%), 5.11k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.36%), and 4.01k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.282%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in San Diego, CA are Spanish or Spanish Creole (312,427 speakers), Tagalog (50,982 speakers), and Chinese (34,503 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

30

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

46

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in San Diego, CA was 34.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 30, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 46. But people in San Diego, CA are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all San Diego, CA residents was 35.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

25.8%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

25.9%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 25.8% of San Diego, CA residents were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in San Diego, CA was 25.9%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in San Diego, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    4,079,391 ± 46,960 people

  2. Philippines

    859,594 ± 22,514 people

  3. China

    683,330 ± 20,119 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of San Diego, CA was Mexico, the natal country of 4,079,391 San Diego, CA residents, followed by Philippines with 859,594 and China with 683,330.

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Citizenship

88.4%

2017 Citizenship

86.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 88.4% of San Diego, CA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in San Diego, CA was 86.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in San Diego, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    604k ± 12.4k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    429k ± 18k

  3. Asian Alone

    237k ± 11.6k

In 2017, there were 1.41 times more White Alone residents (604k people) in San Diego, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 429k Hispanic or Latino and 237k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in San Diego, CA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    312,427 speakers (23.9%)

  2. Tagalog

    50,982 speakers (3.91%)

  3. Chinese

    34,503 speakers (2.64%)

41.4% of San Diego, CA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in San Diego, CA was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 23.9% of the overall population of San Diego, CA are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 3.91% speak Tagalog and 2.64% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    29,651 ± 3,673

  2. Vietnam

    21,852 ± 1,953

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    11,823 ± 1,913

San Diego, CA has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.36 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in San Diego, CA awarded 51,124 degrees. The student population of San Diego, CA is skewed towards women, with 94,318 male students and 124,835 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in San Diego, CA are White (20,540 and 42.5%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (10,079 and 20.9%), Black or African American (6,557 and 13.6%), and Asian (6,166 and 12.8%).

The largest universities in San Diego, CA by number of degrees awarded are Ashford University (13,260 and 25.9%), San Diego State University (9,079 and 17.8%), and University of California-San Diego (8,531 and 16.7%).

The most popular majors in San Diego, CA are General Business Administration & Management (5,424 and 10.6%), General Education (3,168 and 6.2%), and General Psychology (2,560 and 5.01%).

The median tuition costs in San Diego, CA are $18,021 for private four year colleges, and $5,472 and $16,632 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 1,210 degrees awarded

  2. 2,572 degrees awarded

  3. 1,943 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in San Diego, CA was Early Childhood Education & Teaching with 1,210 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in San Diego, CA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 13,260 degrees awarded

  2. 9,079 degrees awarded

  3. 8,531 degrees awarded

$5,472

Median In-State Public

$18,021

Median Private

In 2016, the San Diego, CA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Ashford University with 13,260 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

20,771

Degrees Awarded to Men

30,353

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 20,771 men were awarded degrees from institutions in San Diego, CA, which is 0.684 times less than the 30,353 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in San Diego, CA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    20,540 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    10,079 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    6,557 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in San Diego, CA were to White students. These 20,540 degrees mean that there were 2.04 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 10,079 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in San Diego, CA was $600,300 in 2017, which is 2.76 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $567,400 to $600,300, a 5.8% increase. The homeownership rate in San Diego, CA is 47.1%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in San Diego, CA have an average commute time of 22.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in San Diego, CA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$76,662

Median Household Income

± $1,736

504k

Number of Households

± 11,567

In 2017, the median household income of the 504k households in San Diego, CA grew to $76,662 from the previous year's value of $71,481.

The following chart displays the households in San Diego, CA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$600,300

2017 Median

± $9,093

$567,400

2016 Median

± $9,886

In 2017, the median property value in San Diego, CA grew to to $600,300 from the previous year's value of $567,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in San Diego, CA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In San Diego, CA the largest share of households have a property value in the $500k - $750k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in San Diego, CA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In San Diego, CA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

47.1%

2017 Homeownership

45.7%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 47.1% of the housing units in San Diego, CA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 45.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in San Diego, CA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in San Diego, CA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in San Diego, CA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

22.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in San Diego, CA have a shorter commute time (22.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.94% of the workforce in San Diego, CA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in San Diego, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    75.4%

  2. Carpooled

    7.85%

  3. Worked At Home

    7.3%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in San Diego, CA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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