Salem, OR

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Population

424,982

1.64% growth

Median Age

36.6


Median Household Income

$56,163

0.465% growth

Poverty Rate

15.8%


Number of Employees

188,632

0.0796% growth

Median Property Value

$241,700

6.01% growth

About

In 2017, Salem, OR had a population of 425k people with a median age of 36.6 and a median household income of $56,163. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Salem, OR grew from 418,139 to 424,982, a 1.64% increase and its median household income grew from $55,903 to $56,163, a 0.465% increase.

The population of Salem, OR is 67.8% White Alone, 24.2% Hispanic or Latino, and 3.03% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Salem, OR speak a non-English language, and 91.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Salem, OR are Chemeketa Community College (1,967 degrees awarded in 2016), Western Oregon University (1,529 degrees), and Willamette University (730 degrees).

The median property value in Salem, OR is $241,700, and the homeownership rate is 61.5%. Most people in Salem, OR commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Salem, OR is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Oregon State Capitol, Salem, OR

Economy

The economy of Salem, OR employs 189k people. The largest industries in Salem, OR are Health Care & Social Assistance (29,787 people), Retail Trade (23,305 people), and Manufacturing (21,216 people), and the highest paying industries are Public Administration ($51,209), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($48,103), and Utilities ($47,013).

Median household income in Salem, OR is $56,163. Males in Salem, OR have an average income that is 1.27 times higher than the average income of females, which is $49,734. The income inequality in Salem, OR (measured using the Gini index) is 0.459, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$56,163

2017 value

± $1,935

0.465%

1 Year Growth

± 5.24%

Households in Salem, OR have a median annual income of $56,163, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $55,903 in 2016, which represents a 0.465% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Salem, OR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Oregon.

$63,218

Average Male Salary

± $1,605

$49,734

Average Female Salary

± $1,325

In 2017, full-time male employees in Salem, OR made 1.27 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Salem, OR by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Oregon.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $57,271 ± $4,634

  2. White

    $49,378 ± $1,022

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $42,415 ± $9,075

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Salem, OR workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.16 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Salem, OR by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Salem, OR is from Oregon.

0.459

2017 Wage GINI

0.476

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Oregon was 0.459 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 3.62% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Oregon was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Oregon in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Oregon across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Salem, OR was Washington County, OR with a value of $80,946, followed by Clackamas County, OR and Deschutes County, OR, with respective values of $79,878 and $66,273.

The following map shows all of the counties in Salem, OR colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Salem, OR (63k out of 399k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    48,588 ± 1,691

  2. Hispanic

    23,080 ± 1,266

  3. Two Or More

    5,442 ± 633

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Salem, OR is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

189k

2017 Value

± 7,912

0.0796%

1 Year growth

± 5.8%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Salem, OR grew at a rate of 0.0796%, from 188k employees to 189k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Salem, OR, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (10,221 people), Other Personal Care & Service Workers Except Personal Appearance, Baggage Porters, Concierges, & Child Care Workers (7,453 people), and Agricultural Workers (7,145 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Salem, OR.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Salem, OR, by number of employees, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (10,221 people), Other Personal Care & Service Workers Except Personal Appearance, Baggage Porters, Concierges, & Child Care Workers (7,453 people), and Agricultural Workers (7,145 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Salem, OR has an unusually high number of residents working as Agricultural Workers (8 times higher than expected), Woodworkers (7.79 times), and First-Line Supervisors of Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Workers (7.66 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Salem, OR, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($83,253), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($73,867), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($67,669).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

189k

2017 Value

± 7,912

0.0796%

1 Year growth

± 5.8%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Salem, OR grew at a rate of 0.0796%, from 188k employees to 189k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Salem, OR, are Health Care & Social Assistance (29,787 people), Retail Trade (23,305 people), and Manufacturing (21,216 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Salem, OR, though some of these residents may live in Salem, OR and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Salem, OR, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (29,787 people), Retail Trade (23,305 people), and Manufacturing (21,216 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Salem, OR has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (5.97 times higher than expected), Public Administration (2.01 times), and Manufacturing (1.16 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Salem, OR, by median earnings, are Public Administration ($51,209), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($48,103), and Utilities ($47,013).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Oregon to other states, or from other states to Oregon.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $18.5B

  2. $13.1B

  3. $12.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Oregon product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $18.5B, followed by Electronics with $13.1B and Motorized vehicles and $12.8B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Oregon products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Oregon state.

$134B

2015 Value

$201B

Projected 2045 Value

49.9% growth

In 2015, total outbound Oregon trade was $134B. This is expected to increase 49.9% to $201B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Oregon trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Oregon to other states, or from other states to Oregon.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $26.5B

  2. $17.6B

  3. $2.94B

In 2015, the top outbound Oregon domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Washington with $26.5B, followed by California with $17.6B and Minnesota and $2.94B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Oregon shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.5% of the population of Salem, OR has health coverage, with 42.4% on employee plans, 23.5% on Medicaid, 12.3% on Medicare, 12% on non-group plans, and 1.2% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Salem, OR was $8,044 in 2014. This is a 7.73% increase from the previous year ($7,467).

Primary care physicians in Salem, OR see 1070 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.187% increase from the previous year (1068 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1272 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 226 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Crook County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.2%). Additionally, Linn County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Oregon.

1,070 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Oregon see an average of 1,070 patients per year. This represents a 0.187% increase from the previous year (1,068 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Oregon in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Oregon.

$8,044

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,232

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,185

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,942

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Oregon (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 7.73%, from $7,467 to $8,044.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.55%

Uninsured

42.4%

Employer Coverage

23.5%

Medicaid

12.3%

Medicare

12%

Non-Group

1.2%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Salem, OR grew by 26.4% from 6.77% to 8.55%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Salem, OR changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.2% prevalence

  2. 13.3% prevalence

  3. 13.3% prevalence

Crook County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Oregon, at 14.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Oregon by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Salem, OR is home to a population of 425k people, from which 91.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 11.5% of Salem, OR residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Salem, OR is composed of 288k White Alone residents (67.8%), 103k Hispanic or Latino residents (24.2%), 12.9k Two or More Races residents (3.03%), 9.68k Asian Alone residents (2.28%), 4.38k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (1.03%), 3.46k Black or African American Alone residents (0.813%), 3.36k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.791%), and 536 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.126%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Salem, OR are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

35

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

41

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Salem, OR was 36.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in Salem, OR are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Salem, OR residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

11.5%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

11.7%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 11.5% of Salem, OR residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Salem, OR was 11.7%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Salem, OR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    138,391 ± 8,979 people

  2. Vietnam

    23,843 ± 3,780 people

  3. China

    23,046 ± 3,717 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Salem, OR was Mexico, the natal country of 138,391 Salem, OR residents, followed by Vietnam with 23,843 and China with 23,046.

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Citizenship

91.9%

2017 Citizenship

92.4%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 91.9% of Salem, OR residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Salem, OR was 92.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Salem, OR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    288k ± 670

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    103k ± 8.37k

  3. Two or More Races

    12.9k ± 1.8k

In 2017, there were 2.8 times more White Alone residents (288k people) in Salem, OR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 103k Hispanic or Latino and 12.9k Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Salem, OR as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Salem, OR citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.5%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Salem, OR was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Salem, OR are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    9,196 ± 1,212

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    3,719 ± 949

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    3,711 ± 1,176

Salem, OR has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.47 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Salem, OR awarded 4,839 degrees. The student population of Salem, OR is skewed towards women, with 8,699 male students and 11,849 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Salem, OR are White (3,027 and 65.7%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (683 and 14.8%), Unknown (443 and 9.61%), and Asian (158 and 3.43%).

The largest universities in Salem, OR by number of degrees awarded are Chemeketa Community College (1,967 and 40.6%), Western Oregon University (1,529 and 31.6%), and Willamette University (730 and 15.1%).

The most popular majors in Salem, OR are Liberal Arts & Sciences (756 and 15.6%), General Studies (302 and 6.24%), and General Business Administration & Management (238 and 4.92%).

The median tuition costs in Salem, OR are $29,980 for private four year colleges, and $7,575 and $21,735 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 160 degrees awarded

  2. 140 degrees awarded

  3. 106 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Salem, OR was General Psychology with 160 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Salem, OR according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,967 degrees awarded

  2. 1,529 degrees awarded

  3. 730 degrees awarded

$7,575

Median In-State Public

$29,980

Median Private

In 2016, the Salem, OR institution with the largest number of graduating students was Chemeketa Community College with 1,967 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,944

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,895

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,944 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Salem, OR, which is 0.672 times less than the 2,895 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Salem, OR by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    3,027 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    683 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    443 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Salem, OR were to White students. These 3,027 degrees mean that there were 4.43 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 683 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Salem, OR was $241,700 in 2017, which is 1.11 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $228,000 to $241,700, a 6.01% increase. The homeownership rate in Salem, OR is 61.5%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Salem, OR have an average commute time of 22.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Salem, OR is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$56,163

Median Household Income

± $1,935

145k

Number of Households

± 6,018

In 2017, the median household income of the 145k households in Salem, OR grew to $56,163 from the previous year's value of $55,903.

The following chart displays the households in Salem, OR distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$241,700

2017 Median

± $5,376

$228,000

2016 Median

± $4,722

In 2017, the median property value in Salem, OR grew to to $241,700 from the previous year's value of $228,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Salem, OR compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Salem, OR the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Salem, OR distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Salem, OR the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

61.5%

2017 Homeownership

60.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 61.5% of the housing units in Salem, OR were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 60.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Salem, OR compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Salem, OR distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Salem, OR have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

22.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Salem, OR have a shorter commute time (22.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.97% of the workforce in Salem, OR have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Salem, OR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    78.7%

  2. Carpooled

    9.64%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.79%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Salem, OR was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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