Salem, OH

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Population

104,584

0.614% decline

Median Age

43.8


Median Household Income

$45,498

0.24% growth

Poverty Rate

15.4%


Number of Employees

45,737

2.64% decline

Median Property Value

$104,300

0.192% growth

About

In 2017, Salem, OH had a population of 105k people with a median age of 43.8 and a median household income of $45,498. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Salem, OH declined from 105,230 to 104,584, a -0.614% decrease and its median household income grew from $45,389 to $45,498, a 0.24% increase.

The population of Salem, OH is 94.2% White Alone, 2.15% Black or African American Alone, and 1.65% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Salem, OH speak a non-English language, and 99.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Salem, OH are Kent State University at Salem (266 degrees awarded in 2016), Kent State University at East Liverpool (144 degrees), and Columbiana County Career and Technical Center (129 degrees).

The median property value in Salem, OH is $104,300, and the homeownership rate is 73.2%. Most people in Salem, OH commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 24.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Salem, OH is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Salem, OH employs 45.7k people. The largest industries in Salem, OH are Manufacturing (9,168 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (6,868 people), and Retail Trade (5,258 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($85,605), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($52,287), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($47,177).

Median household income in Salem, OH is $45,498. Males in Salem, OH have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,809. The income inequality in Salem, OH (measured using the Gini index) is 0.461, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$45,498

2017 value

± $1,393

0.24%

1 Year Growth

± 4.08%

Households in Salem, OH have a median annual income of $45,498, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $45,389 in 2016, which represents a 0.24% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Salem, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

$61,819

Average Male Salary

± $967

$45,809

Average Female Salary

± $722

In 2017, full-time male employees in Ohio made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Ohio by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $61,297 ± $5,164

  2. White

    $47,402 ± $598

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $43,729 ± $34,565

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Ohio workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.29 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Ohio by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Salem, OH is from Ohio.

0.461

2017 Wage GINI

0.461

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Ohio was 0.461 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0776% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Ohio was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Ohio in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Ohio across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Salem, OH was Delaware County, OH with a value of $106,933, followed by Warren County, OH and Geauga County, OH, with respective values of $84,130 and $82,741.

The following map shows all of the counties in Salem, OH colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Salem, OH (15.5k out of 101k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    14,052 ± 804

  2. Black

    751 ± 217

  3. Two Or More

    509 ± 163

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Salem, OH is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

45.7k

2017 Value

± 1,367

-2.64%

1 Year decline

± 4.35%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Salem, OH declined at a rate of -2.64%, from 47k employees to 45.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Salem, OH, are Production Occupations (6,050 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (5,648 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (4,488 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Salem, OH.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Salem, OH, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (6,050 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (5,648 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (4,488 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Salem, OH has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (2.28 times higher than expected), Transportation Occupations (1.66 times), and Material Moving Occupations (1.55 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Salem, OH, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($61,134), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($56,932), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($55,854).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

45.7k

2017 Value

± 1,367

-2.64%

1 Year decline

± 4.35%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Salem, OH declined at a rate of -2.64%, from 47k employees to 45.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Salem, OH, are Manufacturing (9,168 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (6,868 people), and Retail Trade (5,258 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Salem, OH, though some of these residents may live in Salem, OH and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Salem, OH, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (9,168 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (6,868 people), and Retail Trade (5,258 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Salem, OH has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (2.61 times higher than expected), Utilities (2.17 times), and Manufacturing (1.98 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Salem, OH, by median earnings, are Utilities ($85,605), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($52,287), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($47,177).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $65.2B

  2. $64.2B

  3. $45.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $65.2B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($64.2B) and Machinery ($45.1B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Ohio products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Ohio state.

$614B

2015 Value

$952B

Projected 2045 Value

55% growth

In 2015, total outbound Ohio trade was $614B. This is expected to increase 55% to $952B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Ohio trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $44.3B

  2. $34.5B

  3. $31.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Michigan with $44.3B, followed by Indiana with $34.5B and Pennsylvania and $31.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Ohio shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.3% of the population of Salem, OH has health coverage, with 44.7% on employee plans, 18.2% on Medicaid, 15.1% on Medicare, 11.5% on non-group plans, and 1.83% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Salem, OH was $8,712 in 2014. This is a 5.14% increase from the previous year ($8,286).

Primary care physicians in Salem, OH see 1307 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.538% increase from the previous year (1300 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1656 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 561 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.8%). Additionally, Hocking County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

1,307 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Ohio see an average of 1,307 patients per year. This represents a 0.538% increase from the previous year (1,300 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Ohio in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

$8,712

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,371

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,007

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,038

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Ohio (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.14%, from $8,286 to $8,712.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.67%

Uninsured

44.7%

Employer Coverage

18.2%

Medicaid

15.1%

Medicare

11.5%

Non-Group

1.83%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Salem, OH declined by 11.5% from 9.8% to 8.67%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Salem, OH changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.8% prevalence

  2. 15.9% prevalence

  3. 15.3% prevalence

Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Ohio, at 16.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Ohio by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Salem, OH is home to a population of 105k people, from which 99.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.07% of Salem, OH residents were born outside of the country (1.12k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Salem, OH is composed of 98.6k White Alone residents (94.2%), 2.25k Black or African American Alone residents (2.15%), 1.73k Two or More Races residents (1.65%), 1.63k Hispanic or Latino residents (1.56%), 233 Asian Alone residents (0.223%), 134 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.128%), 49 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0469%), and 6 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.00574%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Salem, OH are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

44

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

45

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 6

In 2017, the median age of all people in Salem, OH was 43.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 44, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 45. But people in Salem, OH are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Salem, OH residents was 43.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.07%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.12k people

1.11%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.17k people

As of 2017, 1.07% of Salem, OH residents (1.12k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Salem, OH was 1.11%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Salem, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    56,561 ± 5,825 people

  2. Mexico

    44,953 ± 5,195 people

  3. China

    32,750 ± 4,437 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Ohio was India, the natal country of 56,561 Ohio residents, followed by Mexico with 44,953 and China with 32,750.

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Citizenship

99.5%

2017 Citizenship

99.4%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.5% of Salem, OH residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Salem, OH was 99.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Salem, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    98.6k ± 73

  2. Black or African American Alone

    2.25k ± 253

  3. Two or More Races

    1.73k ± 275

In 2017, there were 43.8 times more White Alone residents (98.6k people) in Salem, OH than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.25k Black or African American Alone and 1.73k Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Salem, OH as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Salem, OH citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Salem, OH was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Salem, OH are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,241 ± 354

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,079 ± 231

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    961 ± 212

Salem, OH has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Salem, OH awarded 661 degrees. The student population of Salem, OH is skewed towards women, with 1,024 male students and 2,442 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Salem, OH are White (608 and 92.1%), followed by Black or African American (19 and 2.88%), Hispanic or Latino (12 and 1.82%), and Unknown (8 and 1.21%).

The largest universities in Salem, OH by number of degrees awarded are Kent State University at Salem (266 and 40.2%), Kent State University at East Liverpool (144 and 21.8%), and Columbiana County Career and Technical Center (129 and 19.5%).

The most popular majors in Salem, OH are Other Liberal Arts & Sciences, General Studies, & Humanities (196 and 29.7%), Registered Nursing (62 and 9.38%), and Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training (53 and 8.02%).

The median tuition costs in Salem, OH are $5,600 for private four year colleges, and $5,664 and $14,028 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Salem, OH was Medical Office Assistant with 32 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Salem, OH according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 266 degrees awarded

  2. 144 degrees awarded

  3. 129 degrees awarded

$5,664

Median In-State Public

$5,600

Median Private

In 2016, the Salem, OH institution with the largest number of graduating students was Kent State University at Salem with 266 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

160

Degrees Awarded to Men

501

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 160 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Salem, OH, which is 0.319 times less than the 501 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Salem, OH by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    608 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    19 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    12 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Salem, OH were to White students. These 608 degrees mean that there were 32 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 19 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Salem, OH was $104,300 in 2017, which is 0.479 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $104,100 to $104,300, a 0.192% increase. The homeownership rate in Salem, OH is 73.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Salem, OH have an average commute time of 24.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Salem, OH is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$45,498

Median Household Income

± $1,393

41.6k

Number of Households

± 1,279

In 2017, the median household income of the 41.6k households in Salem, OH grew to $45,498 from the previous year's value of $45,389.

The following chart displays the households in Salem, OH distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$104,300

2017 Median

± $3,091

$104,100

2016 Median

± $2,586

In 2017, the median property value in Salem, OH grew to to $104,300 from the previous year's value of $104,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Salem, OH compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Salem, OH the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Salem, OH distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Salem, OH the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

73.2%

2017 Homeownership

71.7%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 73.2% of the housing units in Salem, OH were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 71.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Salem, OH compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Salem, OH distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Salem, OH have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

24.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Salem, OH have a shorter commute time (24.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.3% of the workforce in Salem, OH have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Salem, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    86.5%

  2. Carpooled

    7.57%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.73%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Salem, OH was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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