Sacramento, CA

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Population

501,890

1.35% growth

Median Age

35.2


Median Household Income

$56,943

3.18% growth

Poverty Rate

19.8%


Number of Employees

233,716

2.37% growth

Median Property Value

$335,900

9.45% growth

About

In 2017, Sacramento, CA had a population of 502k people with a median age of 35.2 and a median household income of $56,943. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Sacramento, CA grew from 495,200 to 501,890, a 1.35% increase and its median household income grew from $55,187 to $56,943, a 3.18% increase.

The population of Sacramento, CA is 31.7% White Alone, 28.2% Hispanic or Latino, and 18.6% Asian Alone. N/A% of the people in Sacramento, CA speak a non-English language, and 89.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Sacramento, CA are California State University-Sacramento (6,519 degrees awarded in 2016), Sacramento City College (2,051 degrees), and Cosumnes River College (923 degrees).

The median property value in Sacramento, CA is $335,900, and the homeownership rate is 48.6%. Most people in Sacramento, CA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 24.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Sacramento, CA is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Sacramento, CA employs 234k people. The largest industries in Sacramento, CA are Health Care & Social Assistance (30,909 people), Public Administration (29,593 people), and Retail Trade (21,170 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($96,362), Public Administration ($60,590), and Information ($54,484).

Median household income in Sacramento, CA is $56,943. Males in Sacramento, CA have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $59,658. The income inequality in Sacramento, CA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.497, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$56,943

2017 value

± $1,779

3.18%

1 Year Growth

± 4.71%

Households in Sacramento, CA have a median annual income of $56,943, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $55,187 in 2016, which represents a 3.18% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Sacramento, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for California.

$75,050

Average Male Salary

± $702

$59,658

Average Female Salary

± $597

In 2017, full-time male employees in California made 1.26 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in California by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for California.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $69,782 ± $1,103

  2. White

    $63,110 ± $578

  3. Two or More Races

    $51,776 ± $1,728

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of California workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.11 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in California by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Sacramento, CA is from California.

0.497

2017 Wage GINI

0.503

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in California was 0.497 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.1% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for California was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in California in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in California across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 24

  2. Census Tract 71.01

  3. Census Tract 40.11

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Sacramento, CA was Census Tract 24 with a value of $111,721, followed by Census Tract 71.01 and Census Tract 40.11, with respective values of $110,709 and $110,036.

The following map shows all of the places in Sacramento, CA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

19.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Sacramento, CA (95.4k out of 482k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    40,283 ± 1,513

  2. Hispanic

    31,778 ± 1,435

  3. Asian

    18,038 ± 998

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Sacramento, CA is White, followed by Hispanic and Asian.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

234k

2017 Value

± 8,328

2.37%

1 Year growth

± 4.94%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Sacramento, CA grew at a rate of 2.37%, from 228k employees to 234k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Sacramento, CA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (31,600 people), Sales & Related Occupations (22,034 people), and Management Occupations (21,484 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Sacramento, CA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Sacramento, CA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (31,600 people), Sales & Related Occupations (22,034 people), and Management Occupations (21,484 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Sacramento, CA has an unusually high number of residents working as Computer & Mathematical Occupations (1.64 times higher than expected), Legal Occupations (1.62 times), and Personal Care & Service Occupations (1.52 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Sacramento, CA, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($98,818), Legal Occupations ($82,136), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($77,034).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

234k

2017 Value

± 8,328

2.37%

1 Year growth

± 4.94%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Sacramento, CA grew at a rate of 2.37%, from 228k employees to 234k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Sacramento, CA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (30,909 people), Public Administration (29,593 people), and Retail Trade (21,170 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Sacramento, CA, though some of these residents may live in Sacramento, CA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Sacramento, CA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (30,909 people), Public Administration (29,593 people), and Retail Trade (21,170 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Sacramento, CA has an unusually high number of Public Administration (2.79 times higher than expected), Other Services, Except Public Administration (1.27 times), and Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.11 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Sacramento, CA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($96,362), Public Administration ($60,590), and Information ($54,484).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $196B

  2. $157B

  3. $127B

In 2015, the top outbound California product (by dollars) was Electronics with $196B, followed by Mixed freight ($157B) and Gasoline ($127B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound California products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for California state.

$1.54T

2015 Value

$2.48T

Projected 2045 Value

61.2% growth

In 2015, total outbound California trade was $1.54T. This is expected to increase 61.2% to $2.48T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound California trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $63.1B

  2. $42.2B

  3. $31.2B

In 2015, the top outbound California domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $63.1B, followed by Arizona with $42.2B and Washington and $31.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that California shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.3% of the population of Sacramento, CA has health coverage, with 46% on employee plans, 27.9% on Medicaid, 8.8% on Medicare, 10.8% on non-group plans, and 0.839% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Sacramento, CA was $7,549 in 2014. This is a 4.04% increase from the previous year ($7,256).

Primary care physicians in Sacramento, CA see 1281 patients per year on average, which represents a 0% change from the previous year (1281 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1214 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 324 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (10.6%). Additionally, Tulare County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

1,281 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in California see an average of 1,281 patients per year. This represents a 0% change from the previous year (1,281 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in California in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

$7,549

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,735

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,368

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,833

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in California (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.04%, from $7,256 to $7,549.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.73%

Uninsured

46%

Employer Coverage

27.9%

Medicaid

8.8%

Medicare

10.8%

Non-Group

0.839%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Sacramento, CA grew by 7.02% from 5.36% to 5.73%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Sacramento, CA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 10.6% prevalence

  2. 10.5% prevalence

  3. 10.3% prevalence

Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in California, at 10.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in California by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Sacramento, CA is home to a population of 502k people, from which 89.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 22.1% of Sacramento, CA residents were born outside of the country (111k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Sacramento, CA is composed of 159k White Alone residents (31.7%), 142k Hispanic or Latino residents (28.2%), 93.5k Asian Alone residents (18.6%), 67.3k Black or African American Alone residents (13.4%), 25.8k Two or More Races residents (5.15%), 10.1k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (2.02%), 2.18k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.435%), and 1.92k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.382%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Sacramento, CA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

31

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.8

45

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2

In 2017, the median age of all people in Sacramento, CA was 35.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 31, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 45. But people in Sacramento, CA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Sacramento, CA residents was 35.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

22.1%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

111k people

21.9%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

109k people

As of 2017, 22.1% of Sacramento, CA residents (111k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Sacramento, CA was 21.9%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Sacramento, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for California.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    4,079,391 ± 46,960 people

  2. Philippines

    859,594 ± 22,514 people

  3. China

    683,330 ± 20,119 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of California was Mexico, the natal country of 4,079,391 California residents, followed by Philippines with 859,594 and China with 683,330.

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Citizenship

89.8%

2017 Citizenship

89.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 89.8% of Sacramento, CA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Sacramento, CA was 89.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Sacramento, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    159k ± 7.05k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    142k ± 10.6k

  3. Asian Alone

    93.5k ± 6.86k

In 2017, there were 1.12 times more White Alone residents (159k people) in Sacramento, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 142k Hispanic or Latino and 93.5k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Sacramento, CA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Sacramento, CA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Sacramento, CA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Sacramento, CA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    7,288 ± 1,282

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    4,752 ± 1,290

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    2,881 ± 813

Sacramento, CA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.53 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Sacramento, CA awarded 11,194 degrees. The student population of Sacramento, CA is skewed towards women, with 30,653 male students and 38,386 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Sacramento, CA are White (3,910 and 35.5%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (2,819 and 25.6%), Asian (2,061 and 18.7%), and Black or African American (699 and 6.35%).

The largest universities in Sacramento, CA by number of degrees awarded are California State University-Sacramento (6,519 and 58.2%), Sacramento City College (2,051 and 18.3%), and Cosumnes River College (923 and 8.25%).

The most popular majors in Sacramento, CA are General Business Administration & Management (1,286 and 11.5%), Automobile Mechanics Technology (610 and 5.45%), and Speech Communication & Rhetoric (541 and 4.83%).

The median tuition costs in Sacramento, CA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $5,472 and $16,632 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Sacramento, CA was Speech Communication & Rhetoric with 438 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Sacramento, CA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 6,519 degrees awarded

  2. 2,051 degrees awarded

  3. 923 degrees awarded

$5,472

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Sacramento, CA institution with the largest number of graduating students was California State University-Sacramento with 6,519 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

5,102

Degrees Awarded to Men

6,092

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 5,102 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Sacramento, CA, which is 0.837 times less than the 6,092 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Sacramento, CA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    3,910 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    2,819 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    2,061 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Sacramento, CA were to White students. These 3,910 degrees mean that there were 1.39 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 2,819 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Sacramento, CA was $335,900 in 2017, which is 1.54 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $306,900 to $335,900, a 9.45% increase. The homeownership rate in Sacramento, CA is 48.6%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Sacramento, CA have an average commute time of 24.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Sacramento, CA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$56,943

Median Household Income

± $1,779

189k

Number of Households

± 6,964

In 2017, the median household income of the 189k households in Sacramento, CA grew to $56,943 from the previous year's value of $55,187.

The following chart displays the households in Sacramento, CA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$335,900

2017 Median

± $8,658

$306,900

2016 Median

± $10,707

In 2017, the median property value in Sacramento, CA grew to to $335,900 from the previous year's value of $306,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Sacramento, CA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Sacramento, CA the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Sacramento, CA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Sacramento, CA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

48.6%

2017 Homeownership

47.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 48.6% of the housing units in Sacramento, CA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 47.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Sacramento, CA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Sacramento, CA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Sacramento, CA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

24.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Sacramento, CA have a shorter commute time (24.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 3.07% of the workforce in Sacramento, CA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Sacramento, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    72.8%

  2. Carpooled

    11.7%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.79%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Sacramento, CA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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