Roanoke, VA

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Population

312,688

0.0358% growth

Median Age

43.8


Median Household Income

$54,233

7.28% growth

Poverty Rate

13.6%


Number of Employees

149,297

1.75% growth

Median Property Value

$185,400

8.17% growth

About

In 2017, Roanoke, VA had a population of 313k people with a median age of 43.8 and a median household income of $54,233. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Roanoke, VA grew from 312,576 to 312,688, a 0.0358% increase and its median household income grew from $50,551 to $54,233, a 7.28% increase.

The population of Roanoke, VA is 78.9% White Alone, 13.8% Black or African American Alone, and 3.34% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Roanoke, VA speak a non-English language, and 97.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Roanoke, VA are Virginia Western Community College (1,181 degrees awarded in 2016), Roanoke College (500 degrees), and American National University (395 degrees).

The median property value in Roanoke, VA is $185,400, and the homeownership rate is 68.8%. Most people in Roanoke, VA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Roanoke, VA is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Roanoke, VA employs 149k people. The largest industries in Roanoke, VA are Health Care & Social Assistance (21,737 people), Retail Trade (16,433 people), and Educational Services (14,233 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($65,934), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($55,174), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($54,478).

Median household income in Roanoke, VA is $54,233. Males in Roanoke, VA have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $56,347. The income inequality in Roanoke, VA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.477, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$54,233

2017 value

± $2,906

7.28%

1 Year Growth

± 6.68%

Households in Roanoke, VA have a median annual income of $54,233, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $50,551 in 2016, which represents a 7.28% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Roanoke, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

$74,867

Average Male Salary

± $1,332

$56,347

Average Female Salary

± $1,064

In 2017, full-time male employees in Roanoke, VA made 1.33 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Roanoke, VA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $71,860 ± $3,385

  2. White

    $61,741 ± $1,001

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $59,500 ± $21,033

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Roanoke, VA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.16 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Roanoke, VA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Roanoke, VA is from Virginia.

0.477

2017 Wage GINI

0.484

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Virginia was 0.477 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.42% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Roanoke, VA was Loudoun County, VA with a value of $135,842, followed by Fairfax County, VA and Arlington County, VA, with respective values of $118,279 and $117,237.

The following map shows all of the counties in Roanoke, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

13.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Roanoke, VA (41.5k out of 304k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    26,921 ± 1,238

  2. Black

    10,503 ± 794

  3. Hispanic

    2,607 ± 507

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Roanoke, VA is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

149k

2017 Value

± 6,924

1.75%

1 Year growth

± 6.38%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Roanoke, VA grew at a rate of 1.75%, from 147k employees to 149k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Roanoke, VA, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (8,744 people), Building Cleaning & Pest Control Workers (5,068 people), and Cooks & Food Preparation Workers (3,696 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Roanoke, VA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Roanoke, VA, by number of employees, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (8,744 people), Building Cleaning & Pest Control Workers (5,068 people), and Cooks & Food Preparation Workers (3,696 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Roanoke, VA has an unusually high number of residents working as Fishing & Hunting, & Forest, Conservation, & Logging Workers (4.07 times higher than expected), First-Line Supervisors of Mechanics, Installers, & Repairers (4.06 times), and Judges, Magistrates, & Other Judicial Workers (3.23 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Roanoke, VA, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($75,499), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($67,561), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($62,154).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

149k

2017 Value

± 6,924

1.75%

1 Year growth

± 6.38%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Roanoke, VA grew at a rate of 1.75%, from 147k employees to 149k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Roanoke, VA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (21,737 people), Retail Trade (16,433 people), and Educational Services (14,233 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Roanoke, VA, though some of these residents may live in Roanoke, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Roanoke, VA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (21,737 people), Retail Trade (16,433 people), and Educational Services (14,233 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Roanoke, VA has an unusually high number of Management of Companies & Enterprises (1.77 times higher than expected), Finance & Insurance (1.35 times), and Wholesale Trade (1.32 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Roanoke, VA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($65,934), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($55,174), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($54,478).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $27.5B

  2. $26B

  3. $22.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $27.5B, followed by Motorized vehicles with $26B and Electronics and $22.4B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Virginia state.

$254B

2015 Value

$373B

Projected 2045 Value

46.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Virginia trade was $254B. This is expected to increase 46.7% to $373B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $23.4B

  2. $12.9B

  3. $11.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Maryland with $23.4B, followed by North Carolina with $12.9B and Pennsylvania and $11.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.7% of the population of Roanoke, VA has health coverage, with 50% on employee plans, 11.9% on Medicaid, 16.3% on Medicare, 11.5% on non-group plans, and 2% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Roanoke, VA was $7,556 in 2014. This is a 3.42% increase from the previous year ($7,306).

Primary care physicians in Roanoke, VA see 1316 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.0759% decrease from the previous year (1317 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1494 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 684 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.6%). Additionally, Petersburg city has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (45.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

1,316 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Virginia see an average of 1,316 patients per year. This represents a 0.0759% decrease from the previous year (1,317 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Virginia in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

$7,556

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,218

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,361

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,677

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.42%, from $7,306 to $7,556.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.28%

Uninsured

50%

Employer Coverage

11.9%

Medicaid

16.3%

Medicare

11.5%

Non-Group

2%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Roanoke, VA declined by 2.37% from 8.48% to 8.28%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Roanoke, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.6% prevalence

  2. 15.6% prevalence

  3. 15.4% prevalence

Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Virginia, at 15.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Virginia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Roanoke, VA is home to a population of 313k people, from which 97.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 4.91% of Roanoke, VA residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Roanoke, VA is composed of 247k White Alone residents (78.9%), 43k Black or African American Alone residents (13.8%), 10.4k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.34%), 7.81k Asian Alone residents (2.5%), 3.48k Two or More Races residents (1.11%), 855 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.274%), 176 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0563%), and 123 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0394%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Roanoke, VA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

44

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

45

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Roanoke, VA was 43.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 44, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 45. But people in Roanoke, VA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Roanoke, VA residents was 43.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

4.91%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

4.92%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 4.91% of Roanoke, VA residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Roanoke, VA was 4.92%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Roanoke, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. El Salvador

    112,238 ± 8,170 people

  2. India

    92,231 ± 7,415 people

  3. Korea

    58,294 ± 5,907 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Roanoke, VA was El Salvador, the natal country of 112,238 Roanoke, VA residents, followed by India with 92,231 and Korea with 58,294.

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Citizenship

97.3%

2017 Citizenship

97.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.3% of Roanoke, VA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Roanoke, VA was 97.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Roanoke, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    247k ± 1.19k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    43k ± 1.79k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    10.4k ± 2.61k

In 2016, there were 5.74 times more White Alone residents (247k people) in Roanoke, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 43k Black or African American Alone and 10.4k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Roanoke, VA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Roanoke, VA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.5%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Roanoke, VA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Roanoke, VA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    8,773 ± 1,335

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    3,575 ± 1,171

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    2,569 ± 693

Roanoke, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.45 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Roanoke, VA awarded 3,092 degrees. The student population of Roanoke, VA is skewed towards women, with 5,711 male students and 8,785 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Roanoke, VA are White (2,290 and 74.8%), followed by Black or African American (388 and 12.7%), Unknown (106 and 3.46%), and Hispanic or Latino (102 and 3.33%).

The largest universities in Roanoke, VA by number of degrees awarded are Virginia Western Community College (1,181 and 38.2%), Roanoke College (500 and 16.2%), and American National University (395 and 12.8%).

The most popular majors in Roanoke, VA are General Business Administration & Management (255 and 8.25%), Other Liberal Arts & Sciences, General Studies, & Humanities (225 and 7.28%), and Medical Assistant (183 and 5.92%).

The median tuition costs in Roanoke, VA are $34,000 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 134 degrees awarded

  2. 88 degrees awarded

  3. 66 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Roanoke, VA was General Business Administration & Management with 134 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Roanoke, VA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,181 degrees awarded

  2. 500 degrees awarded

  3. 395 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$34,000

Median Private

In 2016, the Roanoke, VA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Virginia Western Community College with 1,181 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

998

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,094

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 998 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Roanoke, VA, which is 0.477 times less than the 2,094 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Roanoke, VA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    2,290 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    388 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    106 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Roanoke, VA were to White students. These 2,290 degrees mean that there were 5.9 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 388 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Roanoke, VA was $185,400 in 2017, which is 0.852 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $171,400 to $185,400, a 8.17% increase. The homeownership rate in Roanoke, VA is 68.8%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Roanoke, VA have an average commute time of 22.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Roanoke, VA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$54,233

Median Household Income

± $2,906

131k

Number of Households

± 6,127

In 2017, the median household income of the 131k households in Roanoke, VA grew to $54,233 from the previous year's value of $50,551.

The following chart displays the households in Roanoke, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$185,400

2017 Median

± $5,327

$171,400

2016 Median

± $4,066

In 2017, the median property value in Roanoke, VA grew to to $185,400 from the previous year's value of $171,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Roanoke, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Roanoke, VA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Roanoke, VA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Roanoke, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

68.8%

2017 Homeownership

69.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 68.8% of the housing units in Roanoke, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 69.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Roanoke, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Roanoke, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Roanoke, VA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

22.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Roanoke, VA have a shorter commute time (22.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.4% of the workforce in Roanoke, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Roanoke, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81%

  2. Carpooled

    6.78%

  3. Worked At Home

    6.41%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Roanoke, VA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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