Rapid City, SD

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Population

72,841

0.552% growth

Median Age

37.1


Median Household Income

$48,895

3.37% growth

Poverty Rate

16.3%


Number of Employees

35,487

1.07% growth

Median Property Value

$170,700

2.83% growth

About

In 2017, Rapid City, SD had a population of 72.8k people with a median age of 37.1 and a median household income of $48,895. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Rapid City, SD grew from 72,441 to 72,841, a 0.552% increase and its median household income grew from $47,300 to $48,895, a 3.37% increase.

The population of Rapid City, SD is 77.2% White Alone, 10.5% American Indian & Alaska Native Alone, and 5.01% Hispanic or Latino. 4.61% of the people in Rapid City, SD speak a non-English language, and 99% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Rapid City, SD are South Dakota School of Mines and Technology (475 degrees awarded in 2016), Western Dakota Technical Institute (297 degrees), and National American University-Rapid City (251 degrees).

The median property value in Rapid City, SD is $170,700, and the homeownership rate is 60.8%. Most people in Rapid City, SD commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 15.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Rapid City, SD is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Rapid City, SD employs 35.5k people. The largest industries in Rapid City, SD are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,601 people), Retail Trade (4,809 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (3,805 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($75,179), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($53,125), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($46,827).

Median household income in Rapid City, SD is $48,895. Males in Rapid City, SD have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $39,572. The income inequality in Rapid City, SD (measured using the Gini index) is 0.435, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$48,895

2017 value

± $1,306

3.37%

1 Year Growth

± 3.87%

Households in Rapid City, SD have a median annual income of $48,895, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $47,300 in 2016, which represents a 3.37% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Rapid City, SD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the South Dakota.

$53,488

Average Male Salary

± $2,938

$39,572

Average Female Salary

± $2,295

In 2017, full-time male employees in Rapid City, SD made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Rapid City, SD by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the South Dakota.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $42,150 ± $1,819

  2. Asian

    $33,786 ± $14,642

  3. Black

    $29,266 ± $9,870

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Rapid City, SD workers was White. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Rapid City, SD by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Rapid City, SD is from South Dakota.

0.435

2017 Wage GINI

0.433

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in South Dakota was 0.435 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.439% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for South Dakota was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in South Dakota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in South Dakota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 110.02

  2. Census Tract 109.05

  3. Census Tract 110.01

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Rapid City, SD was Census Tract 110.02 with a value of $76,937, followed by Census Tract 109.05 and Census Tract 110.01, with respective values of $60,273 and $57,083.

The following map shows all of the places in Rapid City, SD colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Rapid City, SD (11.5k out of 70.4k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    5,853 ± 520

  2. Native American

    4,129 ± 498

  3. Two Or More

    909 ± 218

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Rapid City, SD is White, followed by Native American and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

35.5k

2017 Value

± 1,343

1.07%

1 Year growth

± 5.23%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Rapid City, SD grew at a rate of 1.07%, from 35.1k employees to 35.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Rapid City, SD, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (5,058 people), Sales & Related Occupations (4,681 people), and Management Occupations (2,942 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Rapid City, SD.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Rapid City, SD, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (5,058 people), Sales & Related Occupations (4,681 people), and Management Occupations (2,942 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Rapid City, SD has an unusually high number of residents working as Healthcare Support Occupations (1.56 times higher than expected), Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.43 times), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1.32 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Rapid City, SD, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($63,418), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($56,322), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($54,476).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

35.5k

2017 Value

± 1,343

1.07%

1 Year growth

± 5.23%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Rapid City, SD grew at a rate of 1.07%, from 35.1k employees to 35.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Rapid City, SD, are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,601 people), Retail Trade (4,809 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (3,805 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Rapid City, SD, though some of these residents may live in Rapid City, SD and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Rapid City, SD, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,601 people), Retail Trade (4,809 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (3,805 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Rapid City, SD has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1.84 times higher than expected), Utilities (1.5 times), and Accommodation & Food Services (1.41 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Rapid City, SD, by median earnings, are Utilities ($75,179), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($53,125), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($46,827).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from South Dakota to other states, or from other states to South Dakota.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $11.7B

  2. $4.44B

  3. $4.29B

In 2015, the top outbound South Dakota product (by dollars) was Cereal grains with $11.7B, followed by Other ag prods. with $4.44B and Live animals/fish and $4.29B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound South Dakota products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for South Dakota state.

$60.8B

2015 Value

$92.2B

Projected 2045 Value

51.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound South Dakota trade was $60.8B. This is expected to increase 51.7% to $92.2B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound South Dakota trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from South Dakota to other states, or from other states to South Dakota.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $7.37B

  2. $2.21B

  3. $1.95B

In 2015, the top outbound South Dakota domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Minnesota with $7.37B, followed by Iowa with $2.21B and Nebraska and $1.95B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that South Dakota shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

88.2% of the population of Rapid City, SD has health coverage, with 39.4% on employee plans, 13.6% on Medicaid, 11.1% on Medicare, 18% on non-group plans, and 6.09% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Rapid City, SD was $8,933 in 2014. This is a 4.52% increase from the previous year ($8,547).

Primary care physicians in Rapid City, SD see 1293 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.85% decrease from the previous year (1331 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1714 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 610 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, N/A the highest prevalence of N/A (N/A). Additionally, Ziebach County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.

1293 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in South Dakota see an average of 1293 patients per year. This represents a 2.85% decrease from the previous year (1331 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in South Dakota in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.

$8,933

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,335

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,056

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,315

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in South Dakota (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.52%, from $8,547 to $8,933.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

11.8%

Uninsured

39.4%

Employer Coverage

13.6%

Medicaid

11.1%

Medicare

18%

Non-Group

6.09%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Rapid City, SD grew by 0.799% from 11.7% to 11.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Rapid City, SD changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. N/A

    N/A

  2. N/A

    N/A

  3. N/A

    N/A

N/A the highest prevalence of N/A in South Dakota, at N/A.

The following map shows the prevalence of N/A in South Dakota by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Rapid City, SD is home to a population of 72.8k people, from which 99% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.4% of Rapid City, SD residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Rapid City, SD is composed of 56.2k White Alone residents (77.2%), 7.64k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (10.5%), 3.65k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.01%), 3.38k Two or More Races residents (4.64%), 1.06k Asian Alone residents (1.45%), 782 Black or African American Alone residents (1.07%), 109 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.15%), and 9 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0124%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Rapid City, SD are Other Native North American Languages (889 speakers), Spanish or Spanish Creole (712 speakers), and German (420 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

37

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.9

38

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.6

In 2017, the median age of all people in Rapid City, SD was 37.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 37, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 38. But people in Rapid City, SD are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Rapid City, SD residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.4%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

2.16%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 2.4% of Rapid City, SD residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Rapid City, SD was 2.16%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Rapid City, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    3,093 ± 1,363 people

  2. Ethiopia

    2,119 ± 1,129 people

  3. China

    1,741 ± 1,023 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Rapid City, SD was Mexico, the natal country of 3,093 Rapid City, SD residents, followed by Ethiopia with 2,119 and China with 1,741.

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Citizenship

99%

2017 Citizenship

99.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99% of Rapid City, SD residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Rapid City, SD was 99.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Rapid City, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    56.2k ± 565

  2. American Indian & Alaska Native Alone

    7.64k ± 639

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    3.65k ± 629

In 2017, there were 7.36 times more White Alone residents (56.2k people) in Rapid City, SD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 7.64k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone and 3.65k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Rapid City, SD as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Other Native North American Languages

    889 speakers (1.34%)

  2. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    712 speakers (1.07%)

  3. German

    420 speakers (0.632%)

4.61% of Rapid City, SD citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Rapid City, SD was Other Native North American Languages. 1.34% of the overall population of Rapid City, SD are native Other Native North American Languages speakers. 1.07% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole and 0.632% speak Other Native North American Languages, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,074 ± 293

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,923 ± 359

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,305 ± 271

Rapid City, SD has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.08 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Rapid City, SD awarded 1,140 degrees. The student population of Rapid City, SD is skewed towards men, with 3,008 male students and 2,512 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Rapid City, SD are White (880 and 79.7%), followed by Black or African American (54 and 4.89%), American Indian or Alaska Native (54 and 4.89%), and Unknown (39 and 3.53%).

The largest universities in Rapid City, SD by number of degrees awarded are South Dakota School of Mines and Technology (475 and 41.7%), Western Dakota Technical Institute (297 and 26.1%), and National American University-Rapid City (251 and 22%).

The most popular majors in Rapid City, SD are Mechanical Engineering (91 and 7.98%), General Cosmetology (85 and 7.46%), and General Business Administration & Management (83 and 7.28%).

The median tuition costs in Rapid City, SD are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $7,340 and $11,500 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 85 degrees awarded

  2. 41 degrees awarded

  3. 37 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Rapid City, SD was Mechanical Engineering with 85 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Rapid City, SD according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 475 degrees awarded

  2. 297 degrees awarded

  3. 251 degrees awarded

$7,340

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Rapid City, SD institution with the largest number of graduating students was South Dakota School of Mines and Technology with 475 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

572

Degrees Awarded to Men

568

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 572 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Rapid City, SD, which is 1.01 times more than the 568 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Rapid City, SD by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    880 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    54 degrees awarded

  3. American Indian or Alaska Native

    54 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Rapid City, SD were to White students. These 880 degrees mean that there were 16.3 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 54 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Rapid City, SD was $170,700 in 2017, which is 0.784 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $166,000 to $170,700, a 2.83% increase. The homeownership rate in Rapid City, SD is 60.8%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Rapid City, SD have an average commute time of 15.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Rapid City, SD is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$48,895

Median Household Income

± $1,306

29.7k

Number of Households

± 1,120

In 2017, the median household income of the 29.7k households in Rapid City, SD grew to $48,895 from the previous year's value of $47,300.

The following chart displays the households in Rapid City, SD distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$170,700

2017 Median

± $3,281

$166,000

2016 Median

± $3,114

In 2017, the median property value in Rapid City, SD grew to to $170,700 from the previous year's value of $166,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Rapid City, SD compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Rapid City, SD the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Rapid City, SD distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Rapid City, SD the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

60.8%

2017 Homeownership

61%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 60.8% of the housing units in Rapid City, SD were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 61%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Rapid City, SD compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Rapid City, SD distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Rapid City, SD have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

15.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Rapid City, SD have a shorter commute time (15.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.865% of the workforce in Rapid City, SD have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Rapid City, SD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.4%

  2. Carpooled

    8.05%

  3. Walked

    3.7%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Rapid City, SD was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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