Rapid City PUMA, SD

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Population

183,168

0.637% growth

Median Age

39.1


Median Household Income

$51,964

2.73% growth

Poverty Rate

12.8%


Number of Employees

87,227

1.33% growth

Median Property Value

$170,400

2.59% growth

About

In 2017, Rapid City PUMA, SD had a population of 183k people with a median age of 39.1 and a median household income of $51,964. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Rapid City PUMA, SD grew from 182,008 to 183,168, a 0.637% increase and its median household income grew from $50,581 to $51,964, a 2.73% increase.

The population of Rapid City PUMA, SD is 84.5% White Alone, 5.69% American Indian & Alaska Native Alone, and 4.25% Hispanic or Latino. 3.84% of the people in Rapid City PUMA, SD speak a non-English language, and 98.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Rapid City PUMA, SD are Black Hills State University (730 degrees awarded in 2016), South Dakota School of Mines and Technology (475 degrees), and Western Dakota Technical Institute (297 degrees).

The median property value in Rapid City PUMA, SD is $170,400, and the homeownership rate is 69.4%. Most people in Rapid City PUMA, SD commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 17.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Rapid City PUMA, SD is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Rapid City PUMA, SD employs 87.2k people. The largest industries in Rapid City PUMA, SD are Restaurants & Food Services (7,177 people), Construction (7,052 people), and Hospitals (4,771 people), and the highest paying industries are Support activities for mining ($103,628), Offices of physicians ($101,117), and Support activities for agriculture & forestry ($99,639).

Median household income in Rapid City PUMA, SD is $51,964. Males in Rapid City PUMA, SD have an average income that is 1.45 times higher than the average income of females, which is $36,446. The income inequality in Rapid City PUMA, SD (measured using the Gini index) is 0.443, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$51,964

2017 value

± $1,083

2.73%

1 Year Growth

± 2.82%

Households in Rapid City PUMA, SD have a median annual income of $51,964, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $50,581 in 2016, which represents a 2.73% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Rapid City PUMA, SD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$52,813

Average Male Salary

± $6,438

$36,446

Average Female Salary

± $4,148

In 2017, full-time male employees in Rapid City PUMA, SD made 1.45 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Rapid City PUMA, SD by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $40,433 ± $3,810

  2. Black

    $29,088 ± $17,153

  3. Two or More Races

    $28,938 ± $14,915

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Rapid City PUMA, SD workers was White. These workers were paid 1.39 times more than Black workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Rapid City PUMA, SD by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.443

2017 Wage GINI

0.441

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Rapid City PUMA, SD was 0.443 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.61% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Rapid City PUMA, SD was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Rapid City PUMA, SD in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Rapid City PUMA, SD across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Rapid City PUMA, SD was Southeast South Dakota (Outside Sioux Falls City) PUMA, SD with a value of $66,831, followed by Sioux Falls City PUMA, SD and Northeast South Dakota PUMA, SD, with respective values of $61,832 and $55,585.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Rapid City PUMA, SD colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

12.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Rapid City PUMA, SD (22.8k out of 178k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    15,152 ± 857

  2. Hispanic

    1,659 ± 341

  3. Black

    521 ± 159

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Rapid City PUMA, SD is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

87.2k

2017 Value

1.33%

1 Year growth

± 1.33%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Rapid City PUMA, SD grew at a rate of 1.33%, from 86.1k employees to 87.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Rapid City PUMA, SD, are Secretaries & administrative assistants (2,647 people), Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (2,414 people), and Waiters & waitresses (2,347 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Rapid City PUMA, SD.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Rapid City PUMA, SD, by number of employees, are Secretaries & administrative assistants (2,647 people), Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (2,414 people), and Waiters & waitresses (2,347 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Rapid City PUMA, SD has an unusually high number of residents working as Logging workers (8.53 times higher than expected), Miscellaneous extraction workers, including roof bolters & helpers (5.7 times), and Firstline enlisted military supervisors (4.62 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Rapid City PUMA, SD, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($222,473), Management analysts ($176,338), and Dentists ($126,033).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

87.2k

2017 Value

1.33%

1 Year growth

± 1.33%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Rapid City PUMA, SD grew at a rate of 1.33%, from 86.1k employees to 87.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Rapid City PUMA, SD, are Restaurants & Food Services (7,177 people), Construction (7,052 people), and Hospitals (4,771 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Rapid City PUMA, SD, though some of these residents may live in Rapid City PUMA, SD and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Rapid City PUMA, SD, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (7,177 people), Construction (7,052 people), and Hospitals (4,771 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Rapid City PUMA, SD has an unusually high number of Forestry except logging (19.3 times higher than expected), U. S. Air Force (15.1 times), and Veneer, plywood, & engineered wood products (12 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Rapid City PUMA, SD, by average salary, are Support activities for mining ($103,628), Offices of physicians ($101,117), and Support activities for agriculture & forestry ($99,639).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from South Dakota to other states, or from other states to South Dakota.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $11.7B

  2. $4.44B

  3. $4.29B

In 2015, the top outbound South Dakota product (by dollars) was Cereal grains with $11.7B, followed by Other ag prods. ($4.44B) and Live animals/fish ($4.29B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound South Dakota products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for South Dakota state.

$60.8B

2015 Value

$92.2B

Projected 2045 Value

51.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound South Dakota trade was $60.8B. This is expected to increase 51.7% to $92.2B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound South Dakota trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from South Dakota to other states, or from other states to South Dakota.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $7.37B

  2. $2.21B

  3. $1.95B

In 2015, the top outbound South Dakota domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Minnesota with $7.37B, followed by Iowa with $2.21B and Nebraska and $1.95B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that South Dakota shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

88.3% of the population of Rapid City PUMA, SD has health coverage, with 41.1% on employee plans, 11.5% on Medicaid, 11.1% on Medicare, 18.9% on non-group plans, and 5.73% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Rapid City PUMA, SD was $8,933 in 2014. This is a 4.52% increase from the previous year ($8,547).

Primary care physicians in Rapid City PUMA, SD see 1293 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.85% decrease from the previous year (1331 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1714 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 610 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Oglala Lakota County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.1%). Additionally, Ziebach County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.

1,293 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in South Dakota see an average of 1,293 patients per year. This represents a 2.85% decrease from the previous year (1,331 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in South Dakota in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.

$8,933

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,335

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,056

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,315

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in South Dakota (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.52%, from $8,547 to $8,933.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

11.7%

Uninsured

41.1%

Employer Coverage

11.5%

Medicaid

11.1%

Medicare

18.9%

Non-Group

5.73%

Military or VA

Between N/A and 2016, the percent of uninsured citizens in Rapid City PUMA, SD stayed by NaNk% from N/A% to 11.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Rapid City PUMA, SD changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.1% prevalence

  2. 16.6% prevalence

  3. 16.4% prevalence

Oglala Lakota County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in South Dakota, at 17.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in South Dakota by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Rapid City PUMA, SD is home to a population of 183k people, from which 98.8% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Rapid City PUMA, SD residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Rapid City PUMA, SD is composed of 155k White Alone residents (84.5%), 10.4k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (5.69%), 7.78k Hispanic or Latino residents (4.25%), 6.09k Two or More Races residents (3.32%), 1.98k Black or African American Alone residents (1.08%), 1.8k Asian Alone residents (0.981%), 162 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0884%), and 117 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0639%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Rapid City PUMA, SD are Spanish (2,817 speakers), Other Native Languages of North America (789 speakers), and German (784 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

38

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Rapid City PUMA, SD was 39.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 38. But people in Rapid City PUMA, SD are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Rapid City PUMA, SD residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

2.07%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

3.76k people

As of 2017, N/A% of Rapid City PUMA, SD residents (N/A people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Rapid City PUMA, SD was 2.07%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Rapid City PUMA, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    548 ± 574 people

  2. Philippines

    452 ± 521 people

  3. Korea

    369 ± 471 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Rapid City PUMA, SD was Mexico, the natal country of 548 Rapid City PUMA, SD residents, followed by Philippines with 452 and Korea with 369.

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Citizenship

98.8%

2017 Citizenship

99%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.8% of Rapid City PUMA, SD residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Rapid City PUMA, SD was 99%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Rapid City PUMA, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    155k ± 127

  2. American Indian & Alaska Native Alone

    10.4k ± 614

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    7.78k ± 737

In 2017, there were 14.9 times more White Alone residents (155k people) in Rapid City PUMA, SD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 10.4k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone and 7.78k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Rapid City PUMA, SD as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    2,817 speakers (1.64%)

  2. Other Native Languages of North America

    789 speakers (0.459%)

  3. German

    784 speakers (0.456%)

3.84% of Rapid City PUMA, SD citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Rapid City PUMA, SD was Spanish. 1.64% of the overall population of Rapid City PUMA, SD are native Spanish speakers. 0.459% speak Other Native Languages of North America and 0.456% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    6,048 ± 470

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    4,295 ± 483

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    3,110 ± 452

Rapid City PUMA, SD has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.41 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Rapid City PUMA, SD awarded 1,904 degrees. The student population of Rapid City PUMA, SD is skewed towards women, with 4,687 male students and 5,324 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Rapid City PUMA, SD are White (1,552 and 83.4%), followed by American Indian or Alaska Native (68 and 3.65%), Black or African American (66 and 3.54%), and Hispanic or Latino (63 and 3.38%).

The largest universities in Rapid City PUMA, SD by number of degrees awarded are Black Hills State University (730 and 38.3%), South Dakota School of Mines and Technology (475 and 24.9%), and Western Dakota Technical Institute (297 and 15.6%).

The most popular majors in Rapid City PUMA, SD are General Business Administration & Management (178 and 9.35%), Mechanical Engineering (91 and 4.78%), and General Cosmetology (85 and 4.46%).

The median tuition costs in Rapid City PUMA, SD are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $7,162 and $10,700 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 130 degrees awarded

  2. 85 degrees awarded

  3. 59 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Rapid City PUMA, SD was General Business Administration & Management with 130 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Rapid City PUMA, SD according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 730 degrees awarded

  2. 475 degrees awarded

  3. 297 degrees awarded

$7,162

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Rapid City PUMA, SD institution with the largest number of graduating students was Black Hills State University with 730 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

860

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,044

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 860 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Rapid City PUMA, SD, which is 0.824 times less than the 1,044 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Rapid City PUMA, SD by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,552 degrees awarded

  2. American Indian or Alaska Native

    68 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    66 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Rapid City PUMA, SD were to White students. These 1,552 degrees mean that there were 22.8 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, American Indian or Alaska Native, with 68 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Rapid City PUMA, SD was $170,400 in 2017, which is 0.783 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $166,100 to $170,400, a 2.59% increase. The homeownership rate in Rapid City PUMA, SD is 69.4%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Rapid City PUMA, SD have an average commute time of 17.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Rapid City PUMA, SD is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$51,964

Median Household Income

± $1,083

75k

Number of Households

± 1,813

In 2017, the median household income of the 75k households in Rapid City PUMA, SD grew to $51,964 from the previous year's value of $50,581.

The following chart displays the households in Rapid City PUMA, SD distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$170,400

2017 Median

± $2,901

$166,100

2016 Median

± $2,062

In 2017, the median property value in Rapid City PUMA, SD grew to to $170,400 from the previous year's value of $166,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Rapid City PUMA, SD compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Rapid City PUMA, SD the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Rapid City PUMA, SD distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Rapid City PUMA, SD the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

69.4%

2017 Homeownership

69%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 69.4% of the housing units in Rapid City PUMA, SD were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 69%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Rapid City PUMA, SD compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Rapid City PUMA, SD distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Rapid City PUMA, SD have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

17.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Rapid City PUMA, SD have a shorter commute time (17.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.39% of the workforce in Rapid City PUMA, SD have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Rapid City PUMA, SD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79%

  2. Carpooled

    9.87%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.53%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Rapid City PUMA, SD was Drove Alone (79%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.87%) and those who Worked At Home (5.53%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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