Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2019 Population
112,035
0.231% 1-year decline
US Senator
Mark Warner
Democratic Party
US Senator
Tim Kaine
Democratic Party
2019 Median Age
34.9
0% 1-year change
2019 Poverty Rate
17%
3.27% 1-year decrease
2019 Median Household Income
$53,000
3.05% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$178,300
0.558% 1-year decline
2019 Employed Population
50,933
0.78% 1-year growth

About

In 2019, Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA had a population of 112k people with a median age of 34.9 and a median household income of $53,000. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA declined from 112,294 to 112,035, a −0.231% decrease and its median household income grew from $51,430 to $53,000, a 3.05% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (49.5%), White (Non-Hispanic) (40.3%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.28%), White (Hispanic) (2.26%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (1.62%). 5.11% of the households in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA speak a non-English language at home as their primary language.

98.5% of the residents in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA are Tidewater Community College (4,370 degrees awarded in 2019) and Eastern Virginia Medical School (488 degrees).

In 2019, the median property value in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA was $178,300, and the homeownership rate was 51.4%. Most people in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 22 minutes. The average car ownership in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA was 2 cars per household.

Diversity

Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA is home to a population of 112k people, from which 98.5% are citizens. As of 2019, 7.04% of Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA residents were born outside of the country (7.88k people).

In 2019, there were 1.23 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (55.4k people) in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 45.1k White (Non-Hispanic) and 3.67k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common foreign languages spoken in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA are Spanish (2,807 speakers), Tagalog (Incl. Filipino) (483 speakers), and Vietnamese (273 speakers).

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA
  1. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    55.4k ± 868
  2. White (Non-Hispanic)
    45.1k ± 544
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    3.67k ± 673
4.47%
Hispanic Population
5k people

In 2019, there were 1.23 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (55.4k people) in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 45.1k White (Non-Hispanic) and 3.67k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

4.47% of the people in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA are hispanic (5k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages
  1. Spanish
    2,807 speakers (2.7%)
  2. Tagalog (Incl. Filipino)
    483 speakers (0.464%)
  3. Vietnamese
    273 speakers (0.262%)

5.11% of Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 22%.

In 2019, the most common non-English language spoken in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA was Spanish. 2.7% of the overall population of Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA are native Spanish speakers. 0.464% speak Tagalog (Incl. Filipino) and 0.262% speak Vietnamese, the next two most common languages.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

7.04%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
7.88k people
3.51%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
3.94k people

As of 2019, 7.04% of Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA residents (7.88k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 34%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA was 3.51%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

35
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.4
37
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 3.1

In 2019, the median age of all people in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA was 34.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 37. But people in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA are getting staying the same age. In 2018, the average age of all Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA residents was 35.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Philippines
    418 ± 501 people
  2. China
    273 ± 405 people
  3. Jamaica
    233 ± 374 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA was Philippines, the natal country of 418 Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA residents, followed by China with 273 and Jamaica with 233.

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Citizenship

98.5%
2019 Citizenship
98.2%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 98.5% of Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA was 98.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    4,267 ± 436
  2. Vietnam
    2,520 ± 295
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,919 ± 341

Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.69 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Virginia. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Virginia, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Virginia (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Virginia. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Virginia.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Virginia across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA is $53,000. In 2019, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA was Ashburn (Southwest/Belmont Ridge) & Dulles Airport PUMA, VA with a value of $169,224, followed by McLean & Idylwood PUMA, VA and Leesburg Town PUMA, VA, with respective values of $161,264 and $156,461.

Males in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA have an average income that is 1.23 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,217. The income inequality in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.419, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA employs 50.9k people. The largest industries in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA are U. S. Navy (3,626 people), Ship & boat building (3,328 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (3,082 people), and the highest paying industries are Legal services ($106,870), Newspaper publishers ($100,851), and Scientific research & development services ($94,623).

Wages

Median Household Income

$53,000
2019 value
± $1,456
3.05%
1 Year Growth
± 3.88%

Households in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA have a median annual income of $53,000, which is less than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $51,430 in 2018, which represents a 3.05% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$55,582
Average Male Salary in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA
± $7,991
$45,217
Average Female Salary in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA
± $6,876

In 2019, full-time male employees in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA made 1.23 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA
  1. American Indian
    $80,262 ± $87,557
  2. Other
    $54,913 ± $83,445
  3. Asian
    $54,505 ± $35,277

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA workers was American Indian. These workers were paid 1.46 times more than Other workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.419
2019 Wage GINI in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA
0.422
2018 Wage GINI in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA

In 2019, the income inequality in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA was 0.419 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.815% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity

In 2019, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA was Ashburn (Southwest/Belmont Ridge) & Dulles Airport PUMA, VA with a value of $169,224, followed by McLean & Idylwood PUMA, VA and Leesburg Town PUMA, VA, with respective values of $161,264 and $156,461.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

17% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA (18.2k out of 107k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. Black
    12,499 ± 853
  2. White
    4,352 ± 453
  3. Hispanic
    920 ± 299

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

50.9k
2019 Value
0.78%
1 Year growth
± 0.78%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA grew at a rate of 0.78%, from 50.5k employees to 50.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA, are Elementary & middle school teachers (1,293 people), Cashiers (1,199 people), and Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,058 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA, by number of employees, are Elementary & middle school teachers (1,293 people), Cashiers (1,199 people), and Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,058 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA has an unusually high number of residents working as Marine engineers & naval architects (53.7 times higher than expected), Riggers (28.5 times), and Sailors & marine oilers, & ship engineers (19.8 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA, by average salary, are Physicians ($145,408), Personal financial advisors ($144,678), and Lawyers, & judges, magistrates, & other judicial workers ($143,505).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

50.9k
2019 Value
0.78%
1 Year growth
± 0.78%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA grew at a rate of 0.78%, from 50.5k employees to 50.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA, are U. S. Navy (3,626 people), Ship & boat building (3,328 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (3,082 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA, though some of these residents may live in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA, by number of employees, are U. S. Navy (3,626 people), Ship & boat building (3,328 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (3,082 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA has an unusually high number of Ship & boat building (53.8 times higher than expected), U. S. Navy (43.1 times), and U. S Coast Guard (37.6 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA, by average salary, are Legal services ($106,870), Newspaper publishers ($100,851), and Scientific research & development services ($94,623).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $35.1B
  2. $31.5B
  3. $30.5B

In 2018, the top outbound Virginia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $35.1B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($31.5B) and Electronics ($30.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Virginia.
$307B
2018 Value in Virginia
$648B
Projected 2045 Value in Virginia
111% growth

In 2018, total outbound Virginia trade was $307B. This is expected to increase 111% to $648B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $21.8B
  2. $20B
  3. $11.7B

In 2018, the top outbound Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Maryland with $21.8B, followed by North Carolina with $20B and Pennsylvania and $11.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Virginia went to Hillary Rodham Clinton with 49.8% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (44.4%), followed by Gary Johnson (2.97%). The most partisan county was Petersburg city, VA with 87.2% of the vote going to Hillary Rodham Clinton running for the Democratic Party.

Mark Warner and Tim Kaine are the senators currently representing the state of Virginia. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Virginia is currently represented by 11 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Virginia.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Hillary Rodham Clinton
Popular Vote for Virginia
49.8% for the Democratic Party
Most Partisan Counties in Virginia
  1. 87.2% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)
  2. 82% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 81.7% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Virginia was Petersburg city, VA with 87.2% of the vote going to Hillary Rodham Clinton running for the Democratic Party.

The following map shows the counties in Virginia colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Virginia

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Mark Warner
Senator from Virginia2
Assumed office on January 3, 2009
Tim Kaine
Senator from Virginia1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

Mark Warner and Tim Kaine are the senators currently representing Virginia.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Virginia over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Virginia

Virginia is currently represented by 11 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Virginia have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2019, universities in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA awarded 4,858 degrees. The student population of Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA is skewed towards women, with 8,293 male students and 12,046 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA are White (2,554 and 52.8%), followed by Black or African American (1,298 and 26.8%), Hispanic or Latino (353 and 7.29%), and Two or More Races (266 and 5.49%).

The largest universities in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA by number of degrees awarded are Tidewater Community College (4,370 and 90%) and Eastern Virginia Medical School (488 and 10%).

The most popular majors in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA are General Social Sciences (476 and 9.8%), General Studies (472 and 9.72%), and General Business Administration & Management (279 and 5.74%).

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 279 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 476 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 472 degree-majorss awarded

In 2019, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA was General Business Administration & Management with 279 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 4,370 degrees awarded
  2. 488 degrees awarded

In 2019, the Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Tidewater Community College with 4,370 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,120
Degrees Awarded to Men
2,738
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2019, 2,120 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA, which is 0.774 times less than the 2,738 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    2,554 degrees awarded
  2. Black or African American
    1,298 degrees awarded
  3. Hispanic or Latino
    353 degrees awarded

In 2019 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA was White students. These 2,554 degrees mean that there were 1.97 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,298 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA was $178,300 in 2019, which is 0.741 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $179,300 to $178,300, a 0.558% decrease. The homeownership rate in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA is 51.4%, which is lower than the national average of 64.1%. People in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA have an average commute time of 22 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$178,300
2019 Median
± $4,661
$179,300
2018 Median
± $4,435

In 2019, the median property value in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA declined from to $178,300 from the previous year's value of $179,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$53,000
Median Household Income
± $1,456
44.1k
Number of Households
± 1,376

In 2019, the median household income of the 44.1k households in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA grew to $53,000 from the previous year's value of $51,430.

The following chart displays the households in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$2k - $3k
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $2k - $3k range.

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Rent vs Own

51.4%
2019 Homeownership
50.7%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 51.4% of the housing units in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 50.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

22 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA have a shorter commute time (22 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.22% of the workforce in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (79.8%)
  2. Carpooled (8.05%)
  3. Walked (4.45%)

In 2019, 79.8% of workers in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (8.05%) and those who walked to work (4.45%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

90.2% of the population of Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA has health coverage, with 39.4% on employee plans, 17.8% on Medicaid, 10.7% on Medicare, 14.7% on non-group plans, and 7.8% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Virginia was $7,556 in 2014. This is a 3.42% increase from the previous year ($7,306).

Primary care physicians in Virginia see 1325 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.455% increase from the previous year (1319 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1409 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 531 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Nottoway County and Bristol city have the highest prevalence of diabetes (22.5%). Additionally, King and Queen County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (48.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
1,325 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Virginia

Primary care physicians in Virginia see an average of 1,325 patients per year. This represents a 0.455% increase from the previous year (1,319 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Virginia in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
$7,556
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Virginia
$4,218
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,361
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$9,677
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.42%, from $7,306 to $7,556.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.76%
Uninsured
39.4%
Employer Coverage
17.8%
Medicaid
10.7%
Medicare
14.7%
Non-Group
7.8%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA declined by 9.66% from 10.8% to 9.76%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Portsmouth & Norfolk (Southwest) Cities PUMA, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 22.5% prevalence
  2. 22.5% prevalence
  3. 20.3% prevalence

Nottoway County and Bristol city have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Virginia, at 22.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Virginia by county over multiple years.

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