Ponce, PR

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Population

300,059

3.03% decline

Median Age

40.9


Median Household Income

$16,109

8.12% decline

Poverty Rate

52.2%


Number of Employees

75,442

9.98% decline

Median Property Value

$89,500

2.4% decline

About

In 2017, Ponce, PR had a population of 300k people with a median age of 40.9 and a median household income of $16,109. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Ponce, PR declined from 309,424 to 300,059, a -3.03% decrease and its median household income declined from $17,533 to $16,109, a -8.12% decrease.

The population of Ponce, PR is N/A% N/A, N/A% N/A, and N/A% N/A. N/A% of the people in Ponce, PR speak a non-English language, and N/A% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Ponce, PR are Pontifical Catholic University of Puerto Rico-Ponce (1,300 degrees awarded in 2016), Inter American University of Puerto Rico-Ponce (958 degrees), and Ponce Paramedical College Inc (812 degrees).

The median property value in Ponce, PR is $89,500, and the homeownership rate is 68.9%. Most people in Ponce, PR commute by N/A, and the average commute time is 25.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Ponce, PR is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Early Morning Ponce, PR

Economy

The economy of Ponce, PR employs 75.4k people. The largest industries in Ponce, PR are Health Care & Social Assistance (12,512 people), Educational Services (9,968 people), and Manufacturing (8,989 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($37,613), Utilities ($35,374), and Public Administration ($25,433).

Median household income in Ponce, PR is $16,109. Males in Ponce, PR have an average income that is 1.12 times higher than the average income of females, which is $29,902. The income inequality in Ponce, PR (measured using the Gini index) is 0.454, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$16,109

2017 value

± $1,075

-8.12%

1 Year Growth

± 9.47%

Households in Ponce, PR have a median annual income of $16,109, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $17,533 in 2016, which represents a -8.12% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Ponce, PR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Puerto Rico.

$33,480

Average Male Salary

± $1,549

$29,902

Average Female Salary

± $1,281

In 2017, full-time male employees in Puerto Rico made 1.12 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Puerto Rico by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Puerto Rico.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. American Indian

    $40,500 ± $11,901

  2. White

    $28,153 ± $1,121

  3. Black

    $25,164 ± $1,940

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Puerto Rico workers was American Indian. These workers were paid 1.44 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Puerto Rico by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Ponce, PR is from Puerto Rico.

0.454

2017 Wage GINI

0.436

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Puerto Rico was 0.454 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 4.05% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Puerto Rico was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Puerto Rico in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Puerto Rico across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Ponce, PR was Trujillo Alto Municipio, PR with a value of $31,322, followed by Carolina Municipio, PR and Bayamón Municipio, PR, with respective values of $30,822 and $25,815.

The following map shows all of the counties in Ponce, PR colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

52.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Ponce, PR (163k out of 312k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 45 - 54 and then Females 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Hispanic

    162,261 ± 2,109

  2. White

    114,845 ± 1,971

  3. Two Or More

    20,969 ± 1,018

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Ponce, PR is Hispanic, followed by White and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

75.4k

2017 Value

± 5,197

-9.98%

1 Year decline

± 9.66%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Ponce, PR declined at a rate of -9.98%, from 83.8k employees to 75.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Ponce, PR, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (10,660 people), Sales & Related Occupations (8,713 people), and Production Occupations (7,131 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Ponce, PR.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Ponce, PR, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (10,660 people), Sales & Related Occupations (8,713 people), and Production Occupations (7,131 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Ponce, PR has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (3.99 times higher than expected), Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (2.19 times), and Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1.84 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Ponce, PR, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($62,240), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($32,169), and Management Occupations ($32,070).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

75.4k

2017 Value

± 5,197

-9.98%

1 Year decline

± 9.66%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Ponce, PR declined at a rate of -9.98%, from 83.8k employees to 75.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Ponce, PR, are Health Care & Social Assistance (12,512 people), Educational Services (9,968 people), and Manufacturing (8,989 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Ponce, PR, though some of these residents may live in Ponce, PR and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Ponce, PR, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (12,512 people), Educational Services (9,968 people), and Manufacturing (8,989 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Ponce, PR has an unusually high number of Utilities (3.28 times higher than expected), Public Administration (2.42 times), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.8 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Ponce, PR, by median earnings, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($37,613), Utilities ($35,374), and Public Administration ($25,433).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from N/A to other states, or from other states to N/A.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

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In 2015, the top outbound N/A product (by dollars) was false with false, followed by false (false) and false (false).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound N/A products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

N/A

N/A Value

N/A

Projected N/A Value

N/A N/A

In N/A, total outbound N/A trade was N/A. This is expected to N/A N/A to N/A by N/A.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound N/A trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from N/A to other states, or from other states to N/A.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. N/A

    N/A

  2. N/A

    N/A

  3. N/A

    N/A

In 2015, the top outbound N/A domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was N/A with N/A, followed by N/A with N/A and N/A and N/A.

The following map shows the amount of trade that N/A shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.2% of the population of Ponce, PR has health coverage, with 19.5% on employee plans, 54.7% on Medicaid, 11.6% on Medicare, 7.17% on non-group plans, and 1.24% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Ponce, PR was N/A in N/A. This is a 0% change from the previous year (N/A).

Primary care physicians in Ponce, PR see N/A patients per year on average, which represents a N/A N/A from the previous year (N/A patients). Compare this to dentists who see N/A patients per year, and mental health providers who see N/A patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, undefined, undefined, and undefined have the highest prevalence of diabetes (N/A). Additionally, undefined, undefined, and undefined have the highest prevalence of adult obesity (N/A)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for undefined.

N/A to 1

N/A

N/A in N/A see an average of N/A patients per year. This represents a N/A N/A from the previous year (N/A patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by N/A has been changing over time in N/A in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for undefined.

N/A

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

N/A

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

N/A

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

N/A

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between N/A and N/A, all personal health care spending per capita in undefined (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) stayed 0%, from N/A to N/A.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.76%

Uninsured

19.5%

Employer Coverage

54.7%

Medicaid

11.6%

Medicare

7.17%

Non-Group

1.24%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Ponce, PR grew by 43.6% from 4.01% to 5.76%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Ponce, PR changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. N/A

    N/A

  2. N/A

    N/A

  3. N/A

    N/A

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The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in undefined by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Ponce, PR is home to a population of 300k people, from which N/A% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Ponce, PR residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Ponce, PR is composed of N/A.

The most common foreign languages spoken in Ponce, PR are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

41

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.9

60

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Ponce, PR was 40.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 60. But people in Ponce, PR are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Ponce, PR residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

N/A%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

As of 2017, N/A% of Ponce, PR residents (N/A people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Ponce, PR was N/A%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Ponce, PR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Puerto Rico.

Most Common Origin

  1. Dominican Republic

    52,558 ± 5,584 people

  2. Cuba

    14,181 ± 2,917 people

  3. Spain

    3,963 ± 1,545 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Puerto Rico was Dominican Republic, the natal country of 52,558 Puerto Rico residents, followed by Cuba with 14,181 and Spain with 3,963.

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Citizenship

N/A Citizenship

  1. N/A%

  2. N/A%

As of N/A, N/A% of Ponce, PR residents were US citizens, which is approximately the same as the national average of 93.1%. In N/A, the percentage of US citizens in Ponce, PR was N/A%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been N/A.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Ponce, PR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

In N/A, there were N/A times more N/A residents (N/A people) in Ponce, PR than any other race or ethnicity. There were N/A N/A and N/A N/A residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the N/A races and ethnicities represented in Ponce, PR as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Ponce, PR citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Ponce, PR was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Ponce, PR are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. false

    0 ± 0

  2. false

    0 ± 0

  3. false

    0 ± 0

Ponce, PR has a large population of military personnel who served in false, N/A times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Ponce, PR awarded 5,884 degrees. The student population of Ponce, PR is skewed towards women, with 10,121 male students and 14,578 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Ponce, PR are Hispanic or Latino (5,863 and 99.8%), followed by Unknown (6 and 0.102%), American Indian or Alaska Native (4 and 0.0681%), and White (1 and 0.017%).

The largest universities in Ponce, PR by number of degrees awarded are Pontifical Catholic University of Puerto Rico-Ponce (1,300 and 22.1%), Inter American University of Puerto Rico-Ponce (958 and 16.3%), and Ponce Paramedical College Inc (812 and 13.8%).

The most popular majors in Ponce, PR are Registered Nursing (711 and 12.1%), Other Electrical Engineering Technology (236 and 4.01%), and General Cosmetology (170 and 2.89%).

The median tuition costs in Ponce, PR are $4,536 for private four year colleges, and $1,878 and $3,900 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 388 degrees awarded

  2. 105 degrees awarded

  3. 104 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Ponce, PR was Registered Nursing with 388 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Ponce, PR according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,300 degrees awarded

  2. 958 degrees awarded

  3. 812 degrees awarded

$1,878

Median In-State Public

$4,536

Median Private

In 2016, the Ponce, PR institution with the largest number of graduating students was Pontifical Catholic University of Puerto Rico-Ponce with 1,300 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,431

Degrees Awarded to Men

3,453

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 2,431 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Ponce, PR, which is 0.704 times less than the 3,453 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Ponce, PR by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    5,863 degrees awarded

  2. Unknown

    6 degrees awarded

  3. American Indian or Alaska Native

    4 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Ponce, PR were to Hispanic or Latino students. These 5,863 degrees mean that there were 977 times more Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 6 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Ponce, PR was $89,500 in 2017, which is 0.411 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $91,700 to $89,500, a 2.4% decrease. The homeownership rate in Ponce, PR is 68.9%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Ponce, PR have an average commute time of 25.5 minutes, and they commute by N/A. Car ownership in Ponce, PR is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$16,109

Median Household Income

± $1,075

103k

Number of Households

± 5,007

In 2017, the median household income of the 103k households in Ponce, PR declined from $16,109 from the previous year's value of $17,533.

The following chart displays the households in Ponce, PR distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$89,500

2017 Median

± $2,775

$91,700

2016 Median

± $1,665

In 2017, the median property value in Ponce, PR declined from to $89,500 from the previous year's value of $91,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Ponce, PR compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ponce, PR the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

None

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Ponce, PR distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ponce, PR the largest share of households pay taxes in the None range.

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Rent vs Own

68.9%

2017 Homeownership

68.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 68.9% of the housing units in Ponce, PR were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 68.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Ponce, PR compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Ponce, PR distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Ponce, PR have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

25.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Ponce, PR have a similar commute time (25.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 2.6% of the workforce in Ponce, PR have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Ponce, PR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

In N/A, the most common method of travel for workers in Ponce, PR was N/A, followed by those who N/A and those who N/A.

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