Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2019 Population
154,210
2.91% 1-year decline
2019 Median Age
40.8
1.75% 1-year increase
2019 Poverty Rate
52.3%
0.967% 1-year increase
2019 Median Household Income
$16,900
0.868% 1-year decline
2019 Median Property Value
$97,100
1.32% 1-year decline
2019 Employed Population
38,405
0.174% 1-year decline

About

In 2019, Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR had a population of 154k people with a median age of 40.8 and a median household income of $16,900. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR declined from 158,832 to 154,210, a −2.91% decrease and its median household income declined from $17,048 to $16,900, a −0.868% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR are White (Hispanic) (75%), Other (Hispanic) (10.1%), Two+ (Hispanic) (8.59%), Black or African American (Hispanic) (5.39%), and White (Non-Hispanic) (0.607%). 93.1% of the households in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR speak a non-English language at home as their primary language.

The largest universities in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR are Pontifical Catholic University of Puerto Rico-Ponce (1,161 degrees awarded in 2019), Inter American University of Puerto Rico-Ponce (797 degrees), and University of Puerto Rico-Ponce (459 degrees).

In 2019, the median property value in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR was $97,100, and the homeownership rate was 65.5%. Most people in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 23.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR was 2 cars per household.

Diversity

In 2019, there were 7.45 times more White (Hispanic) residents (116k people) in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 15.5k Other (Hispanic) and 13.2k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common foreign languages spoken in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR are Spanish (136,529 speakers), French (Incl. Cajun) (66 speakers), and Arabic (34 speakers).

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR
  1. White (Hispanic)
    116k ± 2.28k
  2. Other (Hispanic)
    15.5k ± 1.6k
  3. Two+ (Hispanic)
    13.2k ± 1.33k
99.3%
Hispanic Population
153k people

In 2019, there were 7.45 times more White (Hispanic) residents (116k people) in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 15.5k Other (Hispanic) and 13.2k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

99.3% of the people in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR are hispanic (153k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages
  1. Spanish
    136,529 speakers (93%)
  2. French (Incl. Cajun)
    66 speakers (0.045%)
  3. Arabic
    34 speakers (0.0232%)

93.1% of Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 22%.

In 2019, the most common non-English language spoken in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR was Spanish. 93% of the overall population of Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR are native Spanish speakers. 0.045% speak French (Incl. Cajun) and 0.0232% speak Arabic, the next two most common languages.

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Age by Nativity

41
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.3
54
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 8

In 2019, the median age of all people in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR was 40.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 54. But people in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR are getting getting older. In 2018, the average age of all Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR residents was 40.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Dominican Republic
    654 ± 627 people
  2. Cuba
    290 ± 418 people
  3. Chile
    127 ± 277 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR was Dominican Republic, the natal country of 654 Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR residents, followed by Cuba with 290 and Chile with 127.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    1,630 ± 262
  2. Korea
    560 ± 133
  3. Gulf War (2001-)
    531 ± 171

Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.91 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR is $16,900. In 2019, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR was San Juan Municipio (Sur) PUMA, PR with a value of $35,737, followed by Guaynabo & Cataño Municipios PUMA, PR and Bayamón Municipio (OEste) PUMA, PR, with respective values of $33,765 and $29,109.

Males in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR have an average income that is 1.13 times higher than the average income of females, which is $27,215. The income inequality in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR (measured using the Gini index) is 0.407, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR employs 38.4k people. The largest industries in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR are Elementary & secondary schools (3,804 people), Restaurants & Food Services (3,185 people), and Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (1,965 people), and the highest paying industries are National security & international affairs ($65,250), Not specified retail trade ($53,216), and Outpatient care centers ($48,199).

Wages

Median Household Income

$16,900
2019 value
± $687
−0.868%
1 Year Growth
± 5.01%

Households in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR have a median annual income of $16,900, which is less than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $17,048 in 2018, which represents a −0.868% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$30,646
Average Male Salary in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR
± $6,683
$27,215
Average Female Salary in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR
± $4,620

In 2019, full-time male employees in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR made 1.13 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR
  1. White
    $24,839 ± $3,932
  2. Two or More Races
    $20,189 ± $11,781
  3. Other
    $20,186 ± $7,945

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR workers was White. These workers were paid 1.23 times more than Two or More Races workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.407
2019 Wage GINI in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR
0.416
2018 Wage GINI in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR

In 2019, the income inequality in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR was 0.407 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 2.27% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity

In 2019, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR was San Juan Municipio (Sur) PUMA, PR with a value of $35,737, followed by Guaynabo & Cataño Municipios PUMA, PR and Bayamón Municipio (OEste) PUMA, PR, with respective values of $33,765 and $29,109.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

52.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR (79k out of 151k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. Hispanic
    78,427 ± 1,527
  2. White
    58,158 ± 1,456
  3. Other
    8,622 ± 726

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

38.4k
2019 Value
−0.174%
1 Year decline
± −0.174%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR declined at a rate of −0.174%, from 38.5k employees to 38.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR, are Cashiers (2,029 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (1,646 people), and Secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal, medical, and executive (1,611 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR, by number of employees, are Cashiers (2,029 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (1,646 people), and Secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal, medical, and executive (1,611 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR has an unusually high number of residents working as Barbers (12.1 times higher than expected), Paramedics (8.03 times), and Tax examiners & collectors, & revenue agents (6.67 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR, by average salary, are Physicians ($89,785), Lawyers, & judges, magistrates, & other judicial workers ($81,929), and Property, real estate, & community association managers ($53,469).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

38.4k
2019 Value
−0.174%
1 Year decline
± −0.174%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR declined at a rate of −0.174%, from 38.5k employees to 38.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR, are Elementary & secondary schools (3,804 people), Restaurants & Food Services (3,185 people), and Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (1,965 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR, though some of these residents may live in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR, by number of employees, are Elementary & secondary schools (3,804 people), Restaurants & Food Services (3,185 people), and Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (1,965 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR has an unusually high number of Barber shops (12.2 times higher than expected), Retail bakeries (10.9 times), and Other general government & support (8.75 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR, by average salary, are National security & international affairs ($65,250), Not specified retail trade ($53,216), and Outpatient care centers ($48,199).

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Education

In 2019, universities in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR awarded 4,056 degrees. The student population of Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR is skewed towards women, with 6,937 male students and 10,399 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR are Hispanic or Latino (4,008 and 99.2%), followed by Unknown (13 and 0.322%), White (11 and 0.272%), and Asian (5 and 0.124%).

The largest universities in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR by number of degrees awarded are Pontifical Catholic University of Puerto Rico-Ponce (1,161 and 28.6%), Inter American University of Puerto Rico-Ponce (797 and 19.6%), and University of Puerto Rico-Ponce (459 and 11.3%).

The most popular majors in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR are Other Electrical Engineering Technology (284 and 7%), Registered Nursing (208 and 5.13%), and Law (135 and 3.33%).

The median tuition costs in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR are $4,656 for private four year colleges, and $3,968 and $5,952 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 178 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 120 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 89 degree-majorss awarded

In 2019, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR was Registered Nursing with 178 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 1,161 degrees awarded
  2. 797 degrees awarded
  3. 459 degrees awarded
$3,968
Median In-State Public
$4,656
Median Private

In 2019, the Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR institution with the largest number of graduating students was Pontifical Catholic University of Puerto Rico-Ponce with 1,161 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,772
Degrees Awarded to Men
2,284
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2019, 1,772 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR, which is 0.776 times less than the 2,284 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. Hispanic or Latino
    4,008 degrees awarded
  2. Unknown
    13 degrees awarded
  3. White
    11 degrees awarded

In 2019 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR was Hispanic or Latino students. These 4,008 degrees mean that there were 308 times more degrees awarded to Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 13 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR was $97,100 in 2019, which is 0.404 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $98,400 to $97,100, a 1.32% decrease. The homeownership rate in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR is 65.5%, which is higher than the national average of 64.1%. People in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR have an average commute time of 23.1 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$97,100
2019 Median
± $1,266
$98,400
2018 Median
± $1,093

In 2019, the median property value in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR declined from to $97,100 from the previous year's value of $98,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$16,900
Median Household Income
± $687
56.9k
Number of Households
± 1,512

In 2019, the median household income of the 56.9k households in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR declined from $16,900 from the previous year's value of $17,048.

The following chart displays the households in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

None
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR the largest share of households pay taxes in the None range.

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Rent vs Own

65.5%
2019 Homeownership
64.7%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 65.5% of the housing units in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 64.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

23.1 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR have a shorter commute time (23.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 3.24% of the workforce in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (85.8%)
  2. Carpooled (7.84%)
  3. Walked (2.33%)

In 2019, 85.8% of workers in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (7.84%) and those who walked to work (2.33%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

94.5% of the population of Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR has health coverage, with 20.3% on employee plans, 52.5% on Medicaid, 11.9% on Medicare, 8.74% on non-group plans, and 1.04% on military or VA plans.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Coverage

5.54%
Uninsured
20.3%
Employer Coverage
52.5%
Medicaid
11.9%
Medicare
8.74%
Non-Group
1.04%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR grew by 1.12% from 5.48% to 5.54%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. N/A
    N/A
  2. N/A
    N/A
  3. N/A
    N/A

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The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in false by county over multiple years.

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