Polk County, MN

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Population

31,564

0.0444% growth

Median Age

38.7


Median Household Income

$55,393

4.4% growth

Poverty Rate

12.4%


Number of Employees

15,866

0.101% decline

Median Property Value

$152,600

5.17% growth

About

In 2017, Polk County, MN had a population of 31.6k people with a median age of 38.7 and a median household income of $55,393. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Polk County, MN grew from 31,550 to 31,564, a 0.0444% increase and its median household income grew from $53,059 to $55,393, a 4.4% increase.

The population of Polk County, MN is 87.9% White Alone, 6.2% Hispanic or Latino, and 2.12% Two or More Races. 7.32% of the people in Polk County, MN speak a non-English language, and 97.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Polk County, MN are University of Minnesota-Crookston (480 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Polk County, MN is $152,600, and the homeownership rate is 73.3%. Most people in Polk County, MN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 17.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Polk County, MN is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Polk County, MN employs 15.9k people. The largest industries in Polk County, MN are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,635 people), Educational Services (1,917 people), and Retail Trade (1,832 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($90,625), Public Administration ($53,333), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($51,875).

Median household income in Polk County, MN is $55,393. Males in Polk County, MN have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,870. The income inequality in Polk County, MN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.467, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$55,393

2017 value

± $1,930

4.4%

1 Year Growth

± 4.21%

Households in Polk County, MN have a median annual income of $55,393, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $53,059 in 2016, which represents a 4.4% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Polk County, MN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Minnesota.

$69,210

Average Male Salary

± $1,573

$52,870

Average Female Salary

± $1,202

In 2017, full-time male employees in Polk County, MN made 1.31 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Polk County, MN by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Minnesota.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $53,440 ± $951

  2. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $51,343 ± $59,950

  3. Asian

    $50,326 ± $4,235

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Polk County, MN workers was White. These workers were paid 1.04 times more than Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Polk County, MN by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Polk County, MN is from Minnesota.

0.467

2017 Wage GINI

0.466

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Minnesota was 0.467 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.29% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Minnesota was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Minnesota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Minnesota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 203

  2. Census Tract 204

  3. Census Tract 205

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Polk County, MN was Census Tract 203 with a value of $82,961, followed by Census Tract 204 and Census Tract 205, with respective values of $73,194 and $67,176.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Polk County, MN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

12.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Polk County, MN (3.76k out of 30.4k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    3,217 ± 332

  2. Hispanic

    409 ± 106

  3. Two Or More

    209 ± 91

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Polk County, MN is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

15.9k

2017 Value

± 600

-0.101%

1 Year decline

± 5.22%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Polk County, MN declined at a rate of -0.101%, from 15.9k employees to 15.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Polk County, MN, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,916 people), Management Occupations (1,797 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,465 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Polk County, MN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Polk County, MN, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,916 people), Management Occupations (1,797 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,465 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Polk County, MN has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (3.2 times higher than expected), Health Technologists & Technicians (1.46 times), and Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.41 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Polk County, MN, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($83,750), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($68,646), and Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($63,269).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

15.9k

2017 Value

± 600

-0.101%

1 Year decline

± 5.22%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Polk County, MN declined at a rate of -0.101%, from 15.9k employees to 15.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Polk County, MN, are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,635 people), Educational Services (1,917 people), and Retail Trade (1,832 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Polk County, MN, though some of these residents may live in Polk County, MN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Polk County, MN, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,635 people), Educational Services (1,917 people), and Retail Trade (1,832 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Polk County, MN has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (5.82 times higher than expected), Utilities (1.38 times), and Educational Services (1.3 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Polk County, MN, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($90,625), Public Administration ($53,333), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($51,875).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Minnesota to other states, or from other states to Minnesota.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $23.9B

  2. $22.1B

  3. $19.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Minnesota product (by dollars) was Electronics with $23.9B, followed by Cereal grains with $22.1B and Nonmetal min. prods. and $19.3B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Minnesota products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Minnesota state.

$316B

2015 Value

$484B

Projected 2045 Value

53.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Minnesota trade was $316B. This is expected to increase 53.4% to $484B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Minnesota trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Minnesota to other states, or from other states to Minnesota.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.5B

  2. $24.3B

  3. $13.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Minnesota domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Wisconsin with $25.5B, followed by Iowa with $24.3B and Illinois and $13.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Minnesota shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.3% of the population of Polk County, MN has health coverage, with 49.7% on employee plans, 14.7% on Medicaid, 12.9% on Medicare, 15.5% on non-group plans, and 1.61% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Polk County, MN was $8,871 in 2014. This is a 4.8% increase from the previous year ($8,465).

Primary care physicians in Polk County, MN see 1971 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.555% decrease from the previous year (1982 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1979 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 511 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Aitkin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.5%). Additionally, Pine County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (37.2%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1971 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Polk County, MN see an average of 1971 patients per year. This represents a 0.555% decrease from the previous year (1982 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Polk County, MN in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Minnesota.

$8,871

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,603

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,176

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,917

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Minnesota (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.8%, from $8,465 to $8,871.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.68%

Uninsured

49.7%

Employer Coverage

14.7%

Medicaid

12.9%

Medicare

15.5%

Non-Group

1.61%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Polk County, MN declined by 8.94% from 6.24% to 5.68%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Polk County, MN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.5% prevalence

  2. 11.7% prevalence

  3. 11.7% prevalence

Aitkin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Minnesota, at 12.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Minnesota by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Polk County, MN is home to a population of 31.6k people, from which 97.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.62% of Polk County, MN residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Polk County, MN is composed of 27.7k White Alone residents (87.9%), 1.96k Hispanic or Latino residents (6.2%), 669 Two or More Races residents (2.12%), 556 Black or African American Alone residents (1.76%), 356 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (1.13%), 261 Asian Alone residents (0.827%), 15 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0475%), and 3 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0095%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Polk County, MN are Spanish or Spanish Creole (1,184 speakers), Russian (244 speakers), and Scandinavian Languages (119 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

37

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 10.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Polk County, MN was 38.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 37. But people in Polk County, MN are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Polk County, MN residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.62%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

3.09%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 3.62% of Polk County, MN residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Polk County, MN was 3.09%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Polk County, MN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    65,949 ± 6,267 people

  2. Somalia

    30,092 ± 4,247 people

  3. India

    29,695 ± 4,219 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Polk County, MN was Mexico, the natal country of 65,949 Polk County, MN residents, followed by Somalia with 30,092 and India with 29,695.

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Citizenship

97.8%

2017 Citizenship

98.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.8% of Polk County, MN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Polk County, MN was 98.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Polk County, MN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    27.7k ± 3

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    1.96k ± 249

  3. Two or More Races

    669 ± 138

In 2017, there were 14.2 times more White Alone residents (27.7k people) in Polk County, MN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.96k Hispanic or Latino and 669 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Polk County, MN as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    1,184 speakers (4%)

  2. Russian

    244 speakers (0.825%)

  3. Scandinavian Languages

    119 speakers (0.403%)

7.32% of Polk County, MN citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Polk County, MN was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 4% of the overall population of Polk County, MN are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.825% speak Russian and 0.403% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    727 ± 111

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    327 ± 110

  3. Korea

    269 ± 54

Polk County, MN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.22 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Polk County, MN awarded 480 degrees. The student population of Polk County, MN is skewed towards women, with 1,264 male students and 1,412 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Polk County, MN are White (391 and 85.9%), followed by Black or African American (34 and 7.47%), Unknown (9 and 1.98%), and Hispanic or Latino (8 and 1.76%).

The largest universities in Polk County, MN by number of degrees awarded are University of Minnesota-Crookston (480 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Polk County, MN are General Business Administration & Management (63 and 13.1%), Accounting (48 and 10%), and Health Care Administration & Management (43 and 8.96%).

The median tuition costs in Polk County, MN are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $10,180 and $10,180 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 63 degrees awarded

  2. 48 degrees awarded

  3. 43 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Polk County, MN was General Business Administration & Management with 63 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Polk County, MN according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

480 degrees awarded

$10,180

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Polk County, MN institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Minnesota-Crookston with 480 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

235

Degrees Awarded to Men

245

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 235 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Polk County, MN, which is 0.959 times less than the 245 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Polk County, MN by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    391 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    34 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    9 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Polk County, MN were to White students. These 391 degrees mean that there were 11.5 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 34 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Polk County, MN was $152,600 in 2017, which is 0.701 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $145,100 to $152,600, a 5.17% increase. The homeownership rate in Polk County, MN is 73.3%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Polk County, MN have an average commute time of 17.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Polk County, MN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$55,393

Median Household Income

± $1,930

12.6k

Number of Households

± 508

In 2017, the median household income of the 12.6k households in Polk County, MN grew to $55,393 from the previous year's value of $53,059.

The following chart displays the households in Polk County, MN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$152,600

2017 Median

± $4,583

$145,100

2016 Median

± $4,659

In 2017, the median property value in Polk County, MN grew to to $152,600 from the previous year's value of $145,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Polk County, MN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Polk County, MN the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Polk County, MN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Polk County, MN the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

73.3%

2017 Homeownership

72.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 73.3% of the housing units in Polk County, MN were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 72.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Polk County, MN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Polk County, MN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Polk County, MN have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

17.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Polk County, MN have a shorter commute time (17.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.13% of the workforce in Polk County, MN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Polk County, MN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81.1%

  2. Carpooled

    8.83%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.44%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Polk County, MN was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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