Pittsburgh, PA

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Population

2.32M

0.37% decline

Median Age

43.1


Median Household Income

$59,710

2.03% growth

Poverty Rate

11.8%


Number of Employees

1.17M

0.509% growth

Median Property Value

$160,300

4.57% growth

About

In 2018, Pittsburgh, PA had a population of 2.32M people with a median age of 43.1 and a median household income of $59,710. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Pittsburgh, PA declined from 2.33M to 2.32M, a -0.37% decrease and its median household income grew from $58,521 to $59,710, a 2.03% increase.

The population of Pittsburgh, PA is 85.1% White Alone, 8.1% Black or African American Alone, and 2.53% Asian Alone. 5.64% of the people in Pittsburgh, PA speak a non-English language, and 98.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Pittsburgh, PA are University of Pittsburgh-Pittsburgh Campus (9,963 degrees awarded in 2017), Carnegie Mellon University (4,892 degrees), and Duquesne University (2,880 degrees).

The median property value in Pittsburgh, PA is $160,300, and the homeownership rate is 69.6%. Most people in Pittsburgh, PA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Pittsburgh, PA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Downtown Pittsburgh at Night from the Duqeusne Incline

Economy

The economy of Pittsburgh, PA employs 1.17M people. The largest industries in Pittsburgh, PA are Health Care & Social Assistance (194,219 people), Retail Trade (131,311 people), and Manufacturing (119,402 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($71,991), Utilities ($71,780), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($66,354).

Median household income in Pittsburgh, PA is $59,710. Males in Pittsburgh, PA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,119. The income inequality in Pittsburgh, PA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.469, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$59,710

2018 value

± $982

2.03%

1 Year Growth

± 2.36%

Households in Pittsburgh, PA have a median annual income of $59,710, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $58,521 in 2017, which represents a 2.03% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Pittsburgh, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

$69,779

Average Male Salary

± $1,106

$52,119

Average Female Salary

± $786

In 2018, full-time male employees in Pennsylvania made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $67,044 ± $4,236

  2. White

    $54,569 ± $688

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $45,677 ± $16,041

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Pennsylvania workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.23 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Pittsburgh, PA is from Pennsylvania.

0.469

2018 Wage GINI

0.472

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Pennsylvania was 0.469 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.472% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for Pennsylvania was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Pennsylvania in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Pennsylvania across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Pittsburgh, PA was Chester County, PA with a value of $99,119, followed by Montgomery County, PA and Bucks County, PA, with respective values of $90,122 and $88,569.

The following map shows all of the counties in Pittsburgh, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

11.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Pittsburgh, PA (271k out of 2.29M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    189,449 ± 2,805

  2. Black

    57,271 ± 1,584

  3. Two Or More

    14,065 ± 851

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Pittsburgh, PA is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

1.17M

2018 Value

± 15,343

0.509%

1 Year growth

± 1.87%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Pittsburgh, PA grew at a rate of 0.509%, from 1.16M employees to 1.17M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Pittsburgh, PA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (137,549 people), Sales & Related Occupations (114,398 people), and Management Occupations (112,550 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Pittsburgh, PA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Pittsburgh, PA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (137,549 people), Sales & Related Occupations (114,398 people), and Management Occupations (112,550 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Pittsburgh, PA has an unusually high number of residents working as Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (1.32 times higher than expected), Community & Social Service Occupations (1.28 times), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations (1.24 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Pittsburgh, PA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($76,932), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($76,125), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($72,685).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

1.17M

2018 Value

± 15,343

0.509%

1 Year growth

± 1.87%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Pittsburgh, PA grew at a rate of 0.509%, from 1.16M employees to 1.17M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Pittsburgh, PA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (194,219 people), Retail Trade (131,311 people), and Manufacturing (119,402 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Pittsburgh, PA, though some of these residents may live in Pittsburgh, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Pittsburgh, PA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (194,219 people), Retail Trade (131,311 people), and Manufacturing (119,402 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Pittsburgh, PA has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1.95 times higher than expected), Utilities (1.59 times), and Finance & Insurance (1.27 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Pittsburgh, PA, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($71,991), Utilities ($71,780), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($66,354).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $88.5B

  2. $57.4B

  3. $55.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $88.5B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($57.4B) and Pharmaceuticals ($55.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Pennsylvania products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Pennsylvania state.

$671B

2020 Value

$954B

Projected 2045 Value

42.2% growth

In 2020, total outbound Pennsylvania trade was $671B. This is expected to increase 42.2% to $954B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Pennsylvania trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $65.4B

  2. $62.6B

  3. $35.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $65.4B, followed by New Jersey with $62.6B and Ohio and $35.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Pennsylvania shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

96.5% of the population of Pittsburgh, PA has health coverage, with 53% on employee plans, 13.9% on Medicaid, 14.6% on Medicare, 13.8% on non-group plans, and 1.07% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Pittsburgh, PA was $9,258 in 2014. This is a 4.29% increase from the previous year ($8,877).

Primary care physicians in Pittsburgh, PA see 1232 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.326% increase from the previous year (1228 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1481 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 559 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16%). Additionally, Clearfield County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

1,232 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Pennsylvania see an average of 1,232 patients per year. This represents a 0.326% increase from the previous year (1,228 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Pennsylvania in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

$9,258

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,634

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,407

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,243

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Pennsylvania (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.29%, from $8,877 to $9,258.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

3.55%

Uninsured

53%

Employer Coverage

13.9%

Medicaid

14.6%

Medicare

13.8%

Non-Group

1.07%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Pittsburgh, PA declined by 5.14% from 3.74% to 3.55%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Pittsburgh, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 13.2% prevalence

Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania, at 16%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Pittsburgh, PA is home to a population of 2.32M people, from which 98.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.78% of Pittsburgh, PA residents were born outside of the country (88.3k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Pittsburgh, PA is composed of 1.98M White Alone residents (85.1%), 188k Black or African American Alone residents (8.1%), 58.9k Asian Alone residents (2.53%), 50.1k Two or More Races residents (2.15%), 42.3k Hispanic or Latino residents (1.82%), 3.71k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.159%), 1.95k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.084%), and 355 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0153%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Pittsburgh, PA are Spanish (28,740 speakers), Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (16,615 speakers), and Italian (7,706 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

43

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.9

In 2018, the median age of all people in Pittsburgh, PA was 43.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 43, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Pittsburgh, PA are getting getting younger. In 2017, the average age of all Pittsburgh, PA residents was 43.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.78%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

88.3k people

3.72%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

87.1k people

As of 2017, 3.78% of Pittsburgh, PA residents (88.3k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Pittsburgh, PA was 3.72%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Pittsburgh, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    94,480 ± 7,519 people

  2. Dominican Republic

    85,267 ± 7,145 people

  3. China

    68,580 ± 6,412 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Pennsylvania was India, the natal country of 94,480 Pennsylvania residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 85,267 and China with 68,580.

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Citizenship

98.2%

2018 Citizenship

98.2%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 98.2% of Pittsburgh, PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Pittsburgh, PA was 98.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Pittsburgh, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    1.98M ± 1.19k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    188k ± 4.58k

  3. Asian Alone

    58.9k ± 1.94k

In 2018, there were 10.5 times more White Alone residents (1.98M people) in Pittsburgh, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 188k Black or African American Alone and 58.9k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Pittsburgh, PA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    28,740 speakers (1.3%)

  2. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    16,615 speakers (0.753%)

  3. Italian

    7,706 speakers (0.349%)

5.64% of Pittsburgh, PA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in Pittsburgh, PA was Spanish. 1.3% of the overall population of Pittsburgh, PA are native Spanish speakers. 0.753% speak Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) and 0.349% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    57,418 ± 2,671

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    20,917 ± 2,350

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    16,807 ± 2,070

Pittsburgh, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.75 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Pittsburgh, PA awarded 39,982 degrees. The student population of Pittsburgh, PA is skewed towards women, with 60,028 male students and 73,835 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Pittsburgh, PA are White (27,748 and 77.1%), followed by Black or African American (2,883 and 8.01%), Asian (1,806 and 5.02%), and Unknown (1,488 and 4.13%).

The largest universities in Pittsburgh, PA by number of degrees awarded are University of Pittsburgh-Pittsburgh Campus (9,963 and 24.9%), Carnegie Mellon University (4,892 and 12.2%), and Duquesne University (2,880 and 7.2%).

The most popular majors in Pittsburgh, PA are General Business Administration & Management (2,013 and 5.03%), Registered Nursing (1,978 and 4.95%), and General Psychology (1,030 and 2.58%).

The median tuition costs in Pittsburgh, PA are $31,188 for private four year colleges, and $12,718 and $20,352 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 867 degrees awarded

  2. 661 degrees awarded

  3. 916 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Pittsburgh, PA was Registered Nursing with 867 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Pittsburgh, PA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 9,963 degrees awarded

  2. 4,892 degrees awarded

  3. 2,880 degrees awarded

$12,718

Median In-State Public

$31,188

Median Private

In 2017, the Pittsburgh, PA institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Pittsburgh-Pittsburgh Campus with 9,963 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

17,304

Degrees Awarded to Men

22,678

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 17,304 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Pittsburgh, PA, which is 0.763 times less than the 22,678 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Pittsburgh, PA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    27,748 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    2,883 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    1,806 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Pittsburgh, PA were to White students. These 27,748 degrees mean that there were 9.62 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 2,883 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Pittsburgh, PA was $160,300 in 2018, which is 0.698 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $153,300 to $160,300, a 4.57% increase. The homeownership rate in Pittsburgh, PA is 69.6%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Pittsburgh, PA have an average commute time of 25.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Pittsburgh, PA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$160,300

2018 Median

± $1,878

$153,300

2017 Median

± $2,041

In 2018, the median property value in Pittsburgh, PA grew to to $160,300 from the previous year's value of $153,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Pittsburgh, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Pittsburgh, PA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$59,710

Median Household Income

± $982

1.01M

Number of Households

± 13,865

In 2018, the median household income of the 1.01M households in Pittsburgh, PA grew to $59,710 from the previous year's value of $58,521.

The following chart displays the households in Pittsburgh, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Pittsburgh, PA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Pittsburgh, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

69.6%

2018 Homeownership

69.9%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 69.6% of the housing units in Pittsburgh, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 69.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Pittsburgh, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

25.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Pittsburgh, PA have a shorter commute time (25.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.95% of the workforce in Pittsburgh, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Pittsburgh, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    76.6%

  2. Carpooled

    8.29%

  3. Public Transit

    5.57%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Pittsburgh, PA was Drove Alone (76.6%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.29%) and those who Public Transit (5.57%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Pittsburgh, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Pittsburgh, PA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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