Phoenix, AZ

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Population

1.63M

0.684% growth

Median Age

33.8


Median Household Income

$56,696

8.9% growth

Poverty Rate

20.9%


Number of Employees

791,996

2.82% growth

Median Property Value

$231,000

8.3% growth

About

In 2017, Phoenix, AZ had a population of 1.63M people with a median age of 33.8 and a median household income of $56,696. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Phoenix, AZ grew from 1.62M to 1.63M, a 0.684% increase and its median household income grew from $52,062 to $56,696, a 8.9% increase.

The population of Phoenix, AZ is 42.9% Hispanic or Latino, 41.8% White Alone, and 6.89% Black or African American Alone. 37.6% of the people in Phoenix, AZ speak a non-English language, and 87.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Phoenix, AZ are Grand Canyon University (18,469 degrees awarded in 2016), Arizona State University-Downtown Phoenix (3,342 degrees), and Phoenix College (2,244 degrees).

The median property value in Phoenix, AZ is $231,000, and the homeownership rate is 56.1%. Most people in Phoenix, AZ commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 24.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Phoenix, AZ is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Phoenix, AZ employs 792k people. The largest industries in Phoenix, AZ are Health Care & Social Assistance (96,383 people), Retail Trade (93,297 people), and Construction (70,432 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($80,615), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($57,401), and Utilities ($54,841).

Median household income in Phoenix, AZ is $56,696. Males in Phoenix, AZ have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $47,801. The income inequality in Phoenix, AZ (measured using the Gini index) is 0.469, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$56,696

2017 value

± $959

8.9%

1 Year Growth

± 2.28%

Households in Phoenix, AZ have a median annual income of $56,696, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $52,062 in 2016, which represents a 8.9% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Phoenix, AZ compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Arizona.

$62,465

Average Male Salary

± $1,374

$47,801

Average Female Salary

± $1,063

In 2017, full-time male employees in Phoenix, AZ made 1.31 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Phoenix, AZ by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Arizona.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $61,841 ± $4,776

  2. White

    $50,906 ± $930

  3. Alaska Native

    $42,076 ± $20,594

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Phoenix, AZ workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Phoenix, AZ by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Phoenix, AZ is from Arizona.

0.469

2017 Wage GINI

0.473

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Arizona was 0.469 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.923% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Arizona was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Arizona in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Arizona across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 1080

  2. Census Tract 1062

  3. Census Tract 1167.29

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Phoenix, AZ was Census Tract 1080 with a value of $168,917, followed by Census Tract 1062 and Census Tract 1167.29, with respective values of $143,641 and $140,903.

The following map shows all of the places in Phoenix, AZ colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

20.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Phoenix, AZ (325k out of 1.56M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    214,305 ± 3,578

  2. Hispanic

    202,681 ± 3,234

  3. Other

    57,257 ± 1,905

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Phoenix, AZ is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

792k

2017 Value

± 16,272

2.82%

1 Year growth

± 2.77%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Phoenix, AZ grew at a rate of 2.82%, from 770k employees to 792k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Phoenix, AZ, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (46,030 people), Building Cleaning & Pest Control Workers (27,516 people), and Customer Service Representatives (26,490 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Phoenix, AZ.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Phoenix, AZ, by number of employees, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (46,030 people), Building Cleaning & Pest Control Workers (27,516 people), and Customer Service Representatives (26,490 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Phoenix, AZ has an unusually high number of residents working as Communications Equipment Operators (2.27 times higher than expected), Grounds Maintenance Workers (2.25 times), and Construction Trades Workers Except Carpenters, Electricians, Painters, Plumbers, & Construction Laborers (2 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Phoenix, AZ, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($80,988), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($72,462), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($71,017).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

792k

2017 Value

± 16,272

2.82%

1 Year growth

± 2.77%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Phoenix, AZ grew at a rate of 2.82%, from 770k employees to 792k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Phoenix, AZ, are Health Care & Social Assistance (96,383 people), Retail Trade (93,297 people), and Construction (70,432 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Phoenix, AZ, though some of these residents may live in Phoenix, AZ and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Phoenix, AZ, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (96,383 people), Retail Trade (93,297 people), and Construction (70,432 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Phoenix, AZ has an unusually high number of Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.65 times higher than expected), Finance & Insurance (1.61 times), and Construction (1.36 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Phoenix, AZ, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($80,615), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($57,401), and Utilities ($54,841).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Arizona to other states, or from other states to Arizona.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $23.6B

  2. $20.7B

  3. $16.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Arizona product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $23.6B, followed by Mixed freight with $20.7B and Electronics and $16.4B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Arizona products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Arizona state.

$158B

2015 Value

$290B

Projected 2045 Value

83.3% growth

In 2015, total outbound Arizona trade was $158B. This is expected to increase 83.3% to $290B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Arizona trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Arizona to other states, or from other states to Arizona.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $21.9B

  2. $8.27B

  3. $4.07B

In 2015, the top outbound Arizona domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was California with $21.9B, followed by Texas with $8.27B and New Mexico and $4.07B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Arizona shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

86.9% of the population of Phoenix, AZ has health coverage, with 44.2% on employee plans, 23.9% on Medicaid, 7.94% on Medicare, 9.75% on non-group plans, and 1.09% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Phoenix, AZ was $6,452 in 2014. This is a 3.03% increase from the previous year ($6,262).

Primary care physicians in Phoenix, AZ see 1519 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.198% increase from the previous year (1516 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1660 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 820 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, La Paz County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.9%). Additionally, Apache County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arizona.

1,519 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Arizona see an average of 1,519 patients per year. This represents a 0.198% increase from the previous year (1,516 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Arizona in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arizona.

$6,452

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,035

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,032

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,096

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Arizona (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.03%, from $6,262 to $6,452.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

13.1%

Uninsured

44.2%

Employer Coverage

23.9%

Medicaid

7.94%

Medicare

9.75%

Non-Group

1.09%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Phoenix, AZ declined by 4.51% from 13.7% to 13.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Phoenix, AZ changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.9% prevalence

  2. 14.3% prevalence

  3. 13.1% prevalence

La Paz County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Arizona, at 14.9%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Arizona by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Phoenix, AZ is home to a population of 1.63M people, from which 87.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 19% of Phoenix, AZ residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Phoenix, AZ is composed of 698k Hispanic or Latino residents (42.9%), 679k White Alone residents (41.8%), 112k Black or African American Alone residents (6.89%), 63k Asian Alone residents (3.87%), 38.7k Two or More Races residents (2.38%), 27.5k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (1.69%), 4.03k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.248%), and 3.6k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.221%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Phoenix, AZ are Spanish or Spanish Creole (455,844 speakers), Other Asian Languages (7,608 speakers), and African Languages (7,571 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

30

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

43

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.6

In 2017, the median age of all people in Phoenix, AZ was 33.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 30, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 43. But people in Phoenix, AZ are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Phoenix, AZ residents was 33.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

19%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

19%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 19% of Phoenix, AZ residents were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Phoenix, AZ was 19%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Phoenix, AZ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    503,579 ± 16,786 people

  2. India

    47,415 ± 5,328 people

  3. Canada

    42,280 ± 5,033 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Phoenix, AZ was Mexico, the natal country of 503,579 Phoenix, AZ residents, followed by India with 47,415 and Canada with 42,280.

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Citizenship

87.4%

2017 Citizenship

86.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 87.4% of Phoenix, AZ residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Phoenix, AZ was 86.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Phoenix, AZ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    698k ± 23.1k

  2. White Alone

    679k ± 15.1k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    112k ± 7.62k

In 2017, there were 1.03 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (698k people) in Phoenix, AZ than any other race or ethnicity. There were 679k White Alone and 112k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Phoenix, AZ as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    455,844 speakers (31.4%)

  2. Other Asian Languages

    7,608 speakers (0.525%)

  3. African Languages

    7,571 speakers (0.522%)

37.6% of Phoenix, AZ citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Phoenix, AZ was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 31.4% of the overall population of Phoenix, AZ are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.525% speak Other Asian Languages and 0.522% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    22,834 ± 2,434

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    13,713 ± 2,095

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    11,956 ± 1,809

Phoenix, AZ has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.67 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Phoenix, AZ awarded 39,370 degrees. The student population of Phoenix, AZ is skewed towards women, with 45,062 male students and 96,557 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Phoenix, AZ are White (18,919 and 48.3%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (8,039 and 20.5%), Black or African American (5,379 and 13.7%), and Unknown (3,316 and 8.46%).

The largest universities in Phoenix, AZ by number of degrees awarded are Grand Canyon University (18,469 and 46.9%), Arizona State University-Downtown Phoenix (3,342 and 8.49%), and Phoenix College (2,244 and 5.7%).

The most popular majors in Phoenix, AZ are Registered Nursing (6,830 and 17.3%), General Business Administration & Management (2,816 and 7.15%), and Liberal Arts & Sciences (2,717 and 6.9%).

The median tuition costs in Phoenix, AZ are $18,021 for private four year colleges, and $9,442 and $25,140 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 5,908 degrees awarded

  2. 917 degrees awarded

  3. 890 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Phoenix, AZ was Registered Nursing with 5,908 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Phoenix, AZ according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 18,469 degrees awarded

  2. 3,342 degrees awarded

  3. 2,244 degrees awarded

$9,442

Median In-State Public

$18,021

Median Private

In 2016, the Phoenix, AZ institution with the largest number of graduating students was Grand Canyon University with 18,469 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

12,320

Degrees Awarded to Men

27,050

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 12,320 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Phoenix, AZ, which is 0.455 times less than the 27,050 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Phoenix, AZ by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    18,919 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    8,039 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    5,379 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Phoenix, AZ were to White students. These 18,919 degrees mean that there were 2.35 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 8,039 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Phoenix, AZ was $231,000 in 2017, which is 1.06 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $213,300 to $231,000, a 8.3% increase. The homeownership rate in Phoenix, AZ is 56.1%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Phoenix, AZ have an average commute time of 24.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Phoenix, AZ is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$56,696

Median Household Income

± $959

559k

Number of Households

± 12,129

In 2017, the median household income of the 559k households in Phoenix, AZ grew to $56,696 from the previous year's value of $52,062.

The following chart displays the households in Phoenix, AZ distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$231,000

2017 Median

± $3,867

$213,300

2016 Median

± $5,124

In 2017, the median property value in Phoenix, AZ grew to to $231,000 from the previous year's value of $213,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Phoenix, AZ compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Phoenix, AZ the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Phoenix, AZ distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Phoenix, AZ the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

56.1%

2017 Homeownership

53%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 56.1% of the housing units in Phoenix, AZ were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 53%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Phoenix, AZ compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Phoenix, AZ distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Phoenix, AZ have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

24.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Phoenix, AZ have a shorter commute time (24.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.96% of the workforce in Phoenix, AZ have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Phoenix, AZ compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    74.1%

  2. Carpooled

    13.3%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.67%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Phoenix, AZ was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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