Parmer County, TX

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Population

9,871

0.504% decline

Median Age

34.1


Median Household Income

$50,410

3.75% growth

Poverty Rate

17.3%


Number of Employees

4,411

4.28% decline

Median Property Value

$86,200

3.11% growth

About

In 2017, Parmer County, TX had a population of 9.87k people with a median age of 34.1 and a median household income of $50,410. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Parmer County, TX declined from 9,921 to 9,871, a -0.504% decrease and its median household income grew from $48,589 to $50,410, a 3.75% increase.

The population of Parmer County, TX is 62.4% Hispanic or Latino, 35.1% White Alone, and 1.63% Black or African American Alone. 50.4% of the people in Parmer County, TX speak a non-English language, and 85.5% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Parmer County, TX is $86,200, and the homeownership rate is 68.9%. Most people in Parmer County, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 13.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Parmer County, TX is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Austin at Sunset

Economy

The economy of Parmer County, TX employs 4.41k people. The largest industries in Parmer County, TX are Manufacturing (954 people), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (697 people), and Educational Services (472 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($90,917), Public Administration ($69,135), and Wholesale Trade ($42,750).

Median household income in Parmer County, TX is $50,410. Males in Parmer County, TX have an average income that is 1.41 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,959. The income inequality in Parmer County, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.482, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$50,410

2017 value

± $4,309

3.75%

1 Year Growth

± 12.3%

Households in Parmer County, TX have a median annual income of $50,410, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $48,589 in 2016, which represents a 3.75% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Parmer County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

$64,953

Average Male Salary

± $716

$45,959

Average Female Salary

± $514

In 2017, full-time male employees in Parmer County, TX made 1.41 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Parmer County, TX by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $64,947 ± $2,196

  2. White

    $52,072 ± $505

  3. American Indian

    $45,538 ± $7,571

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Parmer County, TX workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Parmer County, TX by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Parmer County, TX is from Texas.

0.482

2017 Wage GINI

0.482

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Texas was 0.482 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.139% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9502

  2. Census Tract 9503

  3. N/A

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Parmer County, TX was Census Tract 9502 with a value of $50,423, followed by Census Tract 9503 and N/A, with respective values of $43,232 and N/A.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Parmer County, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

17.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Parmer County, TX (1.68k out of 9.71k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males < 5 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Hispanic

    1,303 ± 192

  2. White

    1,215 ± 181

  3. Other

    245 ± 117

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Parmer County, TX is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

4.41k

2017 Value

± 371

-4.28%

1 Year decline

± 12%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Parmer County, TX declined at a rate of -4.28%, from 4.61k employees to 4.41k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Parmer County, TX, are Production Occupations (835 people), Management Occupations (551 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (471 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Parmer County, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Parmer County, TX, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (835 people), Management Occupations (551 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (471 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Parmer County, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (10.2 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (3.27 times), and Transportation Occupations (1.5 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Parmer County, TX, by median earnings, are Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($69,423), Protective Service Occupations ($68,077), and Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media Occupations ($56,012).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

4.41k

2017 Value

± 371

-4.28%

1 Year decline

± 12%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Parmer County, TX declined at a rate of -4.28%, from 4.61k employees to 4.41k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Parmer County, TX, are Manufacturing (954 people), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (697 people), and Educational Services (472 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Parmer County, TX, though some of these residents may live in Parmer County, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Parmer County, TX, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (954 people), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (697 people), and Educational Services (472 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Parmer County, TX has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (13.4 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (2.14 times), and Utilities (1.56 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Parmer County, TX, by median earnings, are Utilities ($90,917), Public Administration ($69,135), and Wholesale Trade ($42,750).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $282B

  2. $216B

  3. $159B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $282B, followed by Gasoline with $216B and Mixed freight and $159B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$1.97T

2015 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

42.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Texas trade was $1.97T. This is expected to increase 42.1% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $85.7B

  2. $53.4B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $85.7B, followed by Oklahoma with $53.4B and California and $34.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

80.2% of the population of Parmer County, TX has health coverage, with 40.4% on employee plans, 15% on Medicaid, 10.5% on Medicare, 13% on non-group plans, and 1.33% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Parmer County, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Parmer County, TX see 3250 patients per year on average, which represents a 31.2% increase from the previous year (2477 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 9776 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 0 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

3,250 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Parmer County, TX see an average of 3,250 patients per year. This represents a 31.2% increase from the previous year (2,477 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Parmer County, TX in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

19.8%

Uninsured

40.4%

Employer Coverage

15%

Medicaid

10.5%

Medicare

13%

Non-Group

1.33%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Parmer County, TX declined by 8.75% from 21.7% to 19.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Parmer County, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Parmer County, TX is home to a population of 9.87k people, from which 85.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 20.6% of Parmer County, TX residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Parmer County, TX is composed of 6.16k Hispanic or Latino residents (62.4%), 3.47k White Alone residents (35.1%), 161 Black or African American Alone residents (1.63%), 45 Two or More Races residents (0.456%), 22 Asian Alone residents (0.223%), 14 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.142%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Parmer County, TX are Spanish or Spanish Creole (4,566 speakers), German (49 speakers), and Portuguese or Portuguese Creole (9 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

31

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.1

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Parmer County, TX was 34.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 31, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Parmer County, TX are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Parmer County, TX residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

20.6%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

20.3%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 20.6% of Parmer County, TX residents were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Parmer County, TX was 20.3%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Parmer County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,547,886 ± 37,324 people

  2. India

    231,271 ± 11,757 people

  3. El Salvador

    200,904 ± 10,964 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Parmer County, TX was Mexico, the natal country of 2,547,886 Parmer County, TX residents, followed by India with 231,271 and El Salvador with 200,904.

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Citizenship

85.5%

2017 Citizenship

85.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 85.5% of Parmer County, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Parmer County, TX was 85.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Parmer County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    6.16k ± 438

  2. White Alone

    3.47k ± 42

  3. Black or African American Alone

    161 ± 39

In 2017, there were 1.78 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (6.16k people) in Parmer County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.47k White Alone and 161 Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Parmer County, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    4,566 speakers (49.7%)

  2. German

    49 speakers (0.533%)

  3. Portuguese or Portuguese Creole

    9 speakers (0.098%)

50.4% of Parmer County, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Parmer County, TX was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 49.7% of the overall population of Parmer County, TX are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.533% speak German and 0.098% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    101 ± 57

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    56 ± 40

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    42 ± 43

Parmer County, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.8 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Parmer County, TX was $86,200 in 2017, which is 0.396 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $83,600 to $86,200, a 3.11% increase. The homeownership rate in Parmer County, TX is 68.9%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Parmer County, TX have an average commute time of 13.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Parmer County, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$50,410

Median Household Income

± $4,309

3.22k

Number of Households

± 280

In 2017, the median household income of the 3.22k households in Parmer County, TX grew to $50,410 from the previous year's value of $48,589.

The following chart displays the households in Parmer County, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$86,200

2017 Median

± $6,214

$83,600

2016 Median

± $6,656

In 2017, the median property value in Parmer County, TX grew to to $86,200 from the previous year's value of $83,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Parmer County, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Parmer County, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $70k - $80k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Parmer County, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Parmer County, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

68.9%

2017 Homeownership

69.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 68.9% of the housing units in Parmer County, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 69.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Parmer County, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Parmer County, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Parmer County, TX have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

13.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Parmer County, TX have a shorter commute time (13.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.875% of the workforce in Parmer County, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Parmer County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    76.7%

  2. Carpooled

    13.2%

  3. Other

    4.39%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Parmer County, TX was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Other.

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