Palestine, TX

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Population

57,747

0.0433% decline

Median Age

39.1


Median Household Income

$42,313

0.396% growth

Poverty Rate

15.7%


Number of Employees

19,102

2.43% decline

Median Property Value

$91,800

6.99% growth

About

In 2017, Palestine, TX had a population of 57.7k people with a median age of 39.1 and a median household income of $42,313. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Palestine, TX declined from 57,772 to 57,747, a -0.0433% decrease and its median household income grew from $42,146 to $42,313, a 0.396% increase.

The population of Palestine, TX is 59.7% White Alone, 20.9% Black or African American Alone, and 17.3% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Palestine, TX speak a non-English language, and 95.5% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Palestine, TX is $91,800, and the homeownership rate is 70.9%. Most people in Palestine, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Palestine, TX is 2 cars per household.

Palestine, TX borders Athens, TX and Jacksonville, TX.

About the photo: Austin at Sunset

Economy

The economy of Palestine, TX employs 19.1k people. The largest industries in Palestine, TX are Retail Trade (3,579 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,642 people), and Public Administration (1,878 people), and the highest paying industries are Information ($66,290), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($52,254), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($44,327).

Median household income in Palestine, TX is $42,313. Males in Palestine, TX have an average income that is 1.41 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,959. The income inequality in Palestine, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.482, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$42,313

2017 value

± $2,337

0.396%

1 Year Growth

± 8.14%

Households in Palestine, TX have a median annual income of $42,313, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $42,146 in 2016, which represents a 0.396% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Palestine, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Texas.

$64,953

Average Male Salary

± $716

$45,959

Average Female Salary

± $514

In 2017, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.41 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $64,947 ± $2,196

  2. White

    $52,072 ± $505

  3. American Indian

    $45,538 ± $7,571

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Palestine, TX is from Texas.

0.482

2017 Wage GINI

0.482

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Texas was 0.482 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.139% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Palestine, TX was Collin County, TX with a value of $94,933, followed by Rockwall County, TX and Fort Bend County, TX, with respective values of $94,848 and $90,845.

The following map shows all of the counties in Palestine, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 6 - 11

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Palestine, TX (6.94k out of 44.2k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 6 - 11, followed by Males 35 - 44 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    3,983 ± 464

  2. Black

    2,186 ± 399

  3. Hispanic

    1,401 ± 310

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Palestine, TX is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

19.1k

2017 Value

± 1,091

-2.43%

1 Year decline

± 8.13%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Palestine, TX declined at a rate of -2.43%, from 19.6k employees to 19.1k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Palestine, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,618 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,854 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (1,604 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Palestine, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Palestine, TX, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,618 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,854 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (1,604 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Palestine, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (6.93 times higher than expected), Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.69 times), and Material Moving Occupations (1.64 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Palestine, TX, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($100,417), Management Occupations ($69,303), and Management, Business, & Financial Occupations ($67,238).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

19.1k

2017 Value

± 1,091

-2.43%

1 Year decline

± 8.13%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Palestine, TX declined at a rate of -2.43%, from 19.6k employees to 19.1k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Palestine, TX, are Retail Trade (3,579 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,642 people), and Public Administration (1,878 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Palestine, TX, though some of these residents may live in Palestine, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Palestine, TX, by number of employees, are Retail Trade (3,579 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,642 people), and Public Administration (1,878 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Palestine, TX has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (13.7 times higher than expected), Public Administration (2.11 times), and Utilities (1.65 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Palestine, TX, by median earnings, are Information ($66,290), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($52,254), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($44,327).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $282B

  2. $216B

  3. $159B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $282B, followed by Gasoline ($216B) and Mixed freight ($159B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$1.97T

2015 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

42.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Texas trade was $1.97T. This is expected to increase 42.1% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $85.7B

  2. $53.4B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $85.7B, followed by Oklahoma with $53.4B and California and $34.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

86.3% of the population of Palestine, TX has health coverage, with 45.6% on employee plans, 15.9% on Medicaid, 14.2% on Medicare, 8.68% on non-group plans, and 1.94% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Palestine, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Palestine, TX see 1670 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1672 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1790 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1012 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

1,670 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Texas see an average of 1,670 patients per year. This represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1,672 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Texas in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

13.7%

Uninsured

45.6%

Employer Coverage

15.9%

Medicaid

14.2%

Medicare

8.68%

Non-Group

1.94%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Palestine, TX declined by 12.9% from 15.7% to 13.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Palestine, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Palestine, TX is home to a population of 57.7k people, from which 95.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 6.52% of Palestine, TX residents were born outside of the country (3.76k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Palestine, TX is composed of 34.5k White Alone residents (59.7%), 12.1k Black or African American Alone residents (20.9%), 9.98k Hispanic or Latino residents (17.3%), 716 Two or More Races residents (1.24%), 314 Asian Alone residents (0.544%), 160 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.277%), 22 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0381%), and 11 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.019%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Palestine, TX are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.2

In 2017, the median age of all people in Palestine, TX was 39.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally the same age as than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Palestine, TX are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Palestine, TX residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

6.52%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

3.76k people

6.54%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

3.78k people

As of 2017, 6.52% of Palestine, TX residents (3.76k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Palestine, TX was 6.54%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Palestine, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,547,886 ± 37,324 people

  2. India

    231,271 ± 11,757 people

  3. El Salvador

    200,904 ± 10,964 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,547,886 Texas residents, followed by India with 231,271 and El Salvador with 200,904.

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Citizenship

95.5%

2017 Citizenship

95.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 95.5% of Palestine, TX residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Palestine, TX was 95.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Palestine, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    34.5k ± 14

  2. Black or African American Alone

    12.1k ± 190

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    9.98k ± 972

In 2017, there were 2.85 times more White Alone residents (34.5k people) in Palestine, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 12.1k Black or African American Alone and 9.98k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Palestine, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Palestine, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Palestine, TX was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Palestine, TX are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,427 ± 201

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    779 ± 186

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    648 ± 168

Palestine, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.83 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Palestine, TX was $91,800 in 2017, which is 0.422 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $85,800 to $91,800, a 6.99% increase. The homeownership rate in Palestine, TX is 70.9%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Palestine, TX have an average commute time of 22.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Palestine, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$42,313

Median Household Income

± $2,337

16.6k

Number of Households

± 887

In 2017, the median household income of the 16.6k households in Palestine, TX grew to $42,313 from the previous year's value of $42,146.

The following chart displays the households in Palestine, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$91,800

2017 Median

± $5,888

$85,800

2016 Median

± $3,315

In 2017, the median property value in Palestine, TX grew to to $91,800 from the previous year's value of $85,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Palestine, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Palestine, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Palestine, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Palestine, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

70.9%

2017 Homeownership

71.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 70.9% of the housing units in Palestine, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 71.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Palestine, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Palestine, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Palestine, TX have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

22.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Palestine, TX have a shorter commute time (22.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 3.77% of the workforce in Palestine, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Palestine, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    85.1%

  2. Carpooled

    9.95%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.58%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Palestine, TX was Drove Alone (85.1%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.95%) and those who Worked At Home (3.58%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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