Oakland County, MI

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Population

1.25M

0.552% growth

Median Age

41.2


Median Household Income

$77,475

7.72% growth

Poverty Rate

9.02%


Number of Employees

646,880

1.36% growth

Median Property Value

$243,800

8.65% growth

About

In 2017, Oakland County, MI had a population of 1.25M people with a median age of 41.2 and a median household income of $77,475. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Oakland County, MI grew from 1.24M to 1.25M, a 0.552% increase and its median household income grew from $71,920 to $77,475, a 7.72% increase.

The population of Oakland County, MI is 72.1% White Alone, 13.6% Black or African American Alone, and 7.2% Asian Alone. 14.9% of the people in Oakland County, MI speak a non-English language, and 93.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Oakland County, MI are Oakland University (4,437 degrees awarded in 2016), Oakland Community College (3,196 degrees), and Lawrence Technological University (903 degrees).

The median property value in Oakland County, MI is $243,800, and the homeownership rate is 71.4%. Most people in Oakland County, MI commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Oakland County, MI is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Bloomfield Hills, MI

Economy

The economy of Oakland County, MI employs 647k people. The largest industries in Oakland County, MI are Manufacturing (131,378 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (87,886 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (67,395 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($100,413), Manufacturing ($80,013), and Utilities ($73,154).

Median household income in Oakland County, MI is $77,475. Males in Oakland County, MI have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,042. The income inequality in Oakland County, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.473, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$77,475

2017 value

± $1,270

7.72%

1 Year Growth

± 2.25%

Households in Oakland County, MI have a median annual income of $77,475, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $71,920 in 2016, which represents a 7.72% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Oakland County, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Michigan.

$66,184

Average Male Salary

± $1,151

$48,042

Average Female Salary

± $879

In 2017, full-time male employees in Oakland County, MI made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Oakland County, MI by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Michigan.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $63,268 ± $4,166

  2. Alaska Native

    $50,705 ± $51,364

  3. White

    $50,410 ± $738

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Oakland County, MI workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than Alaska Native workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Oakland County, MI by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Oakland County, MI is from Michigan.

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

0.481

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Michigan was 0.473 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.74% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Michigan was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Michigan in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Michigan across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 1506

  2. Census Tract 1520

  3. Census Tract 1510

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Oakland County, MI was Census Tract 1506 with a value of $175,769, followed by Census Tract 1520 and Census Tract 1510, with respective values of $172,768 and $165,398.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Oakland County, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

9.02% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Oakland County, MI (111k out of 1.23M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    70,709 ± 1,779

  2. Black

    26,934 ± 1,317

  3. Hispanic

    8,338 ± 609

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Oakland County, MI is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

647k

2017 Value

± 11,329

1.36%

1 Year growth

± 2.47%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Oakland County, MI grew at a rate of 1.36%, from 638k employees to 647k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Oakland County, MI, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (54,331 people), Engineers (35,976 people), and Other Business Operations Specialists (17,656 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Oakland County, MI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Oakland County, MI, by number of employees, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (54,331 people), Engineers (35,976 people), and Other Business Operations Specialists (17,656 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Oakland County, MI has an unusually high number of residents working as Engineers (4.15 times higher than expected), Special Education Te (2.21 times), and Physicians & Surgeons (2.11 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Oakland County, MI, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($92,245), Management Occupations ($90,218), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($84,025).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

647k

2017 Value

± 11,329

1.36%

1 Year growth

± 2.47%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Oakland County, MI grew at a rate of 1.36%, from 638k employees to 647k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Oakland County, MI, are Manufacturing (131,378 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (87,886 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (67,395 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Oakland County, MI, though some of these residents may live in Oakland County, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Oakland County, MI, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (131,378 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (87,886 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (67,395 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Oakland County, MI has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (2.1 times higher than expected), Management of Companies & Enterprises (1.62 times), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1.4 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Oakland County, MI, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($100,413), Manufacturing ($80,013), and Utilities ($73,154).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $135B

  2. $35.4B

  3. $31.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $135B, followed by Mixed freight with $35.4B and Machinery and $31.3B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan state.

$448B

2015 Value

$623B

Projected 2045 Value

39.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Michigan trade was $448B. This is expected to increase 39.1% to $623B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $35.1B

  2. $25.1B

  3. $20.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $35.1B, followed by Indiana with $25.1B and Illinois and $20.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

96.1% of the population of Oakland County, MI has health coverage, with 60.2% on employee plans, 10.7% on Medicaid, 12.7% on Medicare, 12.1% on non-group plans, and 0.512% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Oakland County, MI was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Oakland County, MI see 691 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.17% increase from the previous year (683 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 943 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 332 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Saginaw County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

691 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Oakland County, MI see an average of 691 patients per year. This represents a 1.17% increase from the previous year (683 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Oakland County, MI in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

$8,055

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,950

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,915

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,318

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Michigan (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,745 to $8,055.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

3.86%

Uninsured

60.2%

Employer Coverage

10.7%

Medicaid

12.7%

Medicare

12.1%

Non-Group

0.512%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Oakland County, MI declined by 6.72% from 4.14% to 3.86%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Oakland County, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.1% prevalence

  3. 14.1% prevalence

Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Michigan, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Michigan by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Oakland County, MI is home to a population of 1.25M people, from which 93.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 12.3% of Oakland County, MI residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Oakland County, MI is composed of 902k White Alone residents (72.1%), 170k Black or African American Alone residents (13.6%), 90k Asian Alone residents (7.2%), 50.6k Hispanic or Latino residents (4.05%), 32.9k Two or More Races residents (2.63%), 3.44k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.275%), 2.19k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.175%), and 122 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.00975%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Oakland County, MI are Spanish or Spanish Creole (30,469 speakers), Arabic (20,700 speakers), and Chinese (14,058 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

40

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Oakland County, MI was 41.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Oakland County, MI are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Oakland County, MI residents was 41.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

12.3%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

12.1%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 12.3% of Oakland County, MI residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Oakland County, MI was 12.1%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Oakland County, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    78,610 ± 6,856 people

  2. Mexico

    76,973 ± 6,785 people

  3. Iraq

    56,485 ± 5,818 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Oakland County, MI was India, the natal country of 78,610 Oakland County, MI residents, followed by Mexico with 76,973 and Iraq with 56,485.

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Citizenship

93.3%

2017 Citizenship

94.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 93.3% of Oakland County, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Oakland County, MI was 94.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Oakland County, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    902k ± 1.28k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    170k ± 3.53k

  3. Asian Alone

    90k ± 2.1k

In 2017, there were 5.32 times more White Alone residents (902k people) in Oakland County, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 170k Black or African American Alone and 90k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Oakland County, MI as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    30,469 speakers (2.6%)

  2. Arabic

    20,700 speakers (1.76%)

  3. Chinese

    14,058 speakers (1.2%)

14.9% of Oakland County, MI citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Oakland County, MI was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 2.6% of the overall population of Oakland County, MI are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 1.76% speak Arabic and 1.2% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    20,428 ± 1,685

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    6,588 ± 1,024

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    5,754 ± 1,116

Oakland County, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.1 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Oakland County, MI awarded 12,783 degrees. The student population of Oakland County, MI is skewed towards women, with 22,824 male students and 28,575 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Oakland County, MI are White (8,020 and 66.7%), followed by Black or African American (2,333 and 19.4%), Unknown (664 and 5.52%), and Asian (375 and 3.12%).

The largest universities in Oakland County, MI by number of degrees awarded are Oakland University (4,437 and 34.7%), Oakland Community College (3,196 and 25%), and Lawrence Technological University (903 and 7.06%).

The most popular majors in Oakland County, MI are General Business Administration & Management (948 and 7.42%), General Studies (849 and 6.64%), and Liberal Arts & Sciences (782 and 6.12%).

The median tuition costs in Oakland County, MI are $16,850 for private four year colleges, and $12,923 and $24,735 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 454 degrees awarded

  2. 303 degrees awarded

  3. 247 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Oakland County, MI was Registered Nursing with 454 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Oakland County, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 4,437 degrees awarded

  2. 3,196 degrees awarded

  3. 903 degrees awarded

$12,923

Median In-State Public

$16,850

Median Private

In 2016, the Oakland County, MI institution with the largest number of graduating students was Oakland University with 4,437 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

5,140

Degrees Awarded to Men

7,643

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 5,140 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Oakland County, MI, which is 0.673 times less than the 7,643 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Oakland County, MI by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    8,020 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    2,333 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    664 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Oakland County, MI were to White students. These 8,020 degrees mean that there were 3.44 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 2,333 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Oakland County, MI was $243,800 in 2017, which is 1.12 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $224,400 to $243,800, a 8.65% increase. The homeownership rate in Oakland County, MI is 71.4%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Oakland County, MI have an average commute time of 25.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Oakland County, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$77,475

Median Household Income

± $1,270

505k

Number of Households

± 10,015

In 2017, the median household income of the 505k households in Oakland County, MI grew to $77,475 from the previous year's value of $71,920.

The following chart displays the households in Oakland County, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$243,800

2017 Median

± $3,604

$224,400

2016 Median

± $3,592

In 2017, the median property value in Oakland County, MI grew to to $243,800 from the previous year's value of $224,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Oakland County, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Oakland County, MI the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Oakland County, MI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Oakland County, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

71.4%

2017 Homeownership

69.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 71.4% of the housing units in Oakland County, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 69.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Oakland County, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Oakland County, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Oakland County, MI have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

25.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Oakland County, MI have a shorter commute time (25.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.07% of the workforce in Oakland County, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Oakland County, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    85.9%

  2. Carpooled

    6.68%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.16%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Oakland County, MI was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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