Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI

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Population

134,991

1.12% growth

Median Age

42.8


Median Household Income

$78,744

5.22% growth

Poverty Rate

6.61%


Number of Employees

64,140

2% growth

Median Property Value

$213,900

9.8% growth

About

In 2017, Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI had a population of 135k people with a median age of 42.8 and a median household income of $78,744. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI grew from 133,500 to 134,991, a 1.12% increase and its median household income grew from $74,837 to $78,744, a 5.22% increase.

The population of Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI is 92.9% White Alone, 2.77% Hispanic or Latino, and 1.41% Asian Alone. 4.17% of the people in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI speak a non-English language, and 98.7% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI is $213,900, and the homeownership rate is 85.9%. Most people in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 31 minutes. The average car ownership in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI employs 64.1k people. The largest industries in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI are Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (6,783 people), Restaurants & Food Services (3,962 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (3,859 people), and the highest paying industries are Scientific research & development services ($171,213), Communications, & audio & video equipment manufacturing ($128,829), and Broadcasting (except internet) ($119,390).

Median household income in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI is $78,744. Males in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI have an average income that is 1.48 times higher than the average income of females, which is $57,757. The income inequality in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.471, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$78,744

2017 value

± $2,564

5.22%

1 Year Growth

± 4.29%

Households in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI have a median annual income of $78,744, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $74,837 in 2016, which represents a 5.22% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$85,558

Average Male Salary

± $10,085

$57,757

Average Female Salary

± $8,835

In 2017, full-time male employees in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI made 1.48 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Other

    $86,274 ± $139,921

  2. Asian

    $84,622 ± $42,852

  3. White

    $62,307 ± $6,307

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI workers was Other. These workers were paid 1.02 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.471

2017 Wage GINI

0.475

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI was 0.471 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.749% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI was Birmingham & Bloomfield Area PUMA, MI with a value of $112,116, followed by Oakland County (Northeast) PUMA, MI and Troy & Rochester Area PUMA, MI, with respective values of $95,855 and $94,911.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 55 - 64

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

6.61% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI (8.9k out of 135k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 55 - 64, followed by Females 45 - 54 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    7,760 ± 603

  2. Hispanic

    613 ± 180

  3. Black

    492 ± 177

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

64.1k

2017 Value

2%

1 Year growth

± 2%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI grew at a rate of 2%, from 62.9k employees to 64.1k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI, are Miscellaneous managers (2,616 people), Registered nurses (1,752 people), and Mechanical engineers (1,699 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI, by number of employees, are Miscellaneous managers (2,616 people), Registered nurses (1,752 people), and Mechanical engineers (1,699 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI has an unusually high number of residents working as Mechanical engineers (15.1 times higher than expected), Architectural & engineering managers (4.73 times), and Occupational therapists (4.07 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($310,848), Architectural & engineering managers ($191,339), and Chief executives & legislators ($182,497).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

64.1k

2017 Value

2%

1 Year growth

± 2%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI grew at a rate of 2%, from 62.9k employees to 64.1k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI, are Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (6,783 people), Restaurants & Food Services (3,962 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (3,859 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI, though some of these residents may live in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI, by number of employees, are Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (6,783 people), Restaurants & Food Services (3,962 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (3,859 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI has an unusually high number of Bowling centers (13.8 times higher than expected), Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (11.6 times), and Metalworking machinery manufacturing (6.99 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI, by average salary, are Scientific research & development services ($171,213), Communications, & audio & video equipment manufacturing ($128,829), and Broadcasting (except internet) ($119,390).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $135B

  2. $35.4B

  3. $31.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $135B, followed by Mixed freight ($35.4B) and Machinery ($31.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan state.

$448B

2015 Value

$623B

Projected 2045 Value

39.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Michigan trade was $448B. This is expected to increase 39.1% to $623B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $35.1B

  2. $25.1B

  3. $20.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $35.1B, followed by Indiana with $25.1B and Illinois and $20.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.9% of the population of Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI has health coverage, with 62.8% on employee plans, 7.17% on Medicaid, 11.5% on Medicare, 11.7% on non-group plans, and 0.725% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI see 1254 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1244 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1385 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 431 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Saginaw County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

1,254 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Michigan see an average of 1,254 patients per year. This represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1,244 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Michigan in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

$8,055

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,950

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,915

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,318

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Michigan (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,745 to $8,055.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.07%

Uninsured

62.8%

Employer Coverage

7.17%

Medicaid

11.5%

Medicare

11.7%

Non-Group

0.725%

Military or VA

Between N/A and 2016, the percent of uninsured citizens in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI stayed by NaNk% from N/A% to 6.07%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.1% prevalence

  3. 14.1% prevalence

Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Michigan, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Michigan by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI is home to a population of 135k people, from which 98.7% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI is composed of 125k White Alone residents (92.9%), 3.73k Hispanic or Latino residents (2.77%), 1.9k Asian Alone residents (1.41%), 1.86k Two or More Races residents (1.38%), 1.69k Black or African American Alone residents (1.25%), 357 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.264%), 24 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0178%), and 17 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0126%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI are Spanish (1,657 speakers), German (716 speakers), and Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (411 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

42

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

48

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI was 42.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 42, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 48. But people in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI residents was 42.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

3.51%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

4.69k people

As of 2017, N/A% of Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI residents (N/A people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI was 3.51%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Canada

    946 ± 752 people

  2. Germany

    549 ± 574 people

  3. Mexico

    388 ± 483 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI was Canada, the natal country of 946 Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI residents, followed by Germany with 549 and Mexico with 388.

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Citizenship

98.7%

2017 Citizenship

98.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.7% of Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI was 98.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    125k ± 910

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    3.73k ± 592

  3. Asian Alone

    1.9k ± 430

In 2017, there were 33.6 times more White Alone residents (125k people) in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.73k Hispanic or Latino and 1.9k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    1,657 speakers (1.3%)

  2. German

    716 speakers (0.562%)

  3. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    411 speakers (0.323%)

4.17% of Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI was Spanish. 1.3% of the overall population of Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI are native Spanish speakers. 0.562% speak German and 0.323% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,139 ± 266

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    838 ± 170

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    809 ± 208

Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.75 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI was $213,900 in 2017, which is 0.983 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $194,800 to $213,900, a 9.8% increase. The homeownership rate in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI is 85.9%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI have an average commute time of 31 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$78,744

Median Household Income

± $2,564

50.9k

Number of Households

± 1,339

In 2017, the median household income of the 50.9k households in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI grew to $78,744 from the previous year's value of $74,837.

The following chart displays the households in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$213,900

2017 Median

± $3,927

$194,800

2016 Median

± $3,828

In 2017, the median property value in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI grew to to $213,900 from the previous year's value of $194,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

85.9%

2017 Homeownership

85.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 85.9% of the housing units in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 85.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

31 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI have a longer commute time (31 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.1% of the workforce in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    87.1%

  2. Carpooled

    6.39%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.98%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Oakland County (West) PUMA, MI was Drove Alone (87.1%), followed by those who Carpooled (6.39%) and those who Worked At Home (4.98%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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