Norwalk, CT

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Population

88,537

0.69% growth

Median Age

39.2


Median Household Income

$81,546

0.804% growth

Poverty Rate

9.2%


Number of Employees

48,441

0.0413% decline

Median Property Value

$421,900

1.22% growth

About

In 2017, Norwalk, CT had a population of 88.5k people with a median age of 39.2 and a median household income of $81,546. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Norwalk, CT grew from 87,930 to 88,537, a 0.69% increase and its median household income grew from $80,896 to $81,546, a 0.804% increase.

The population of Norwalk, CT is 52% White Alone, 26.9% Hispanic or Latino, and 14.1% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Norwalk, CT speak a non-English language, and 83.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Norwalk, CT are Norwalk Community College (670 degrees awarded in 2017).

The median property value in Norwalk, CT is $421,900, and the homeownership rate is 59.6%. Most people in Norwalk, CT commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Norwalk, CT is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Bridgeport, CT

Economy

The economy of Norwalk, CT employs 48.4k people. The largest industries in Norwalk, CT are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,966 people), Retail Trade (5,287 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (4,718 people), and the highest paying industries are Finance & Insurance ($103,204), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($100,662), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($100,625).

Median household income in Norwalk, CT is $81,546. Males in Norwalk, CT have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $62,104. The income inequality in Norwalk, CT (measured using the Gini index) is 0.504, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$81,546

2017 value

± $3,262

0.804%

1 Year Growth

± 5.98%

Households in Norwalk, CT have a median annual income of $81,546, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $80,896 in 2016, which represents a 0.804% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Norwalk, CT compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Connecticut.

$89,173

Average Male Salary

± $3,087

$62,104

Average Female Salary

± $1,937

In 2017, full-time male employees in Connecticut made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Connecticut by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Connecticut.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $74,650 ± $7,847

  2. White

    $68,654 ± $1,911

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $58,042 ± $101,408

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Connecticut workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.09 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Connecticut by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Norwalk, CT is from Connecticut.

0.504

2017 Wage GINI

0.505

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Connecticut was 0.504 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.198% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Connecticut was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Connecticut in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Connecticut across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 446

  2. Census Tract 429

  3. Census Tract 425

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Norwalk, CT was Census Tract 446 with a value of $150,441, followed by Census Tract 429 and Census Tract 425, with respective values of $136,625 and $131,071.

The following map shows all of the places in Norwalk, CT colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

9.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Norwalk, CT (8.09k out of 88k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Females 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    5,186 ± 582

  2. Hispanic

    4,198 ± 584

  3. Black

    1,834 ± 330

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Norwalk, CT is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

48.4k

2017 Value

± 1,506

-0.0413%

1 Year decline

± 4.57%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Norwalk, CT declined at a rate of -0.0413%, from 48.5k employees to 48.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Norwalk, CT, are Management Occupations (5,700 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (5,634 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (5,492 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Norwalk, CT.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Norwalk, CT, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (5,700 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (5,634 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (5,492 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Norwalk, CT has an unusually high number of residents working as Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (1.82 times higher than expected), Business & Financial Operations Occupations (1.72 times), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.28 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Norwalk, CT, by median earnings, are Management Occupations ($97,845), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($89,254), and Legal Occupations ($85,288).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

48.4k

2017 Value

± 1,506

-0.0413%

1 Year decline

± 4.57%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Norwalk, CT declined at a rate of -0.0413%, from 48.5k employees to 48.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Norwalk, CT, are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,966 people), Retail Trade (5,287 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (4,718 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Norwalk, CT, though some of these residents may live in Norwalk, CT and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Norwalk, CT, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,966 people), Retail Trade (5,287 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (4,718 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Norwalk, CT has an unusually high number of Management of Companies & Enterprises (3.94 times higher than expected), Information (1.74 times), and Finance & Insurance (1.69 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Norwalk, CT, by median earnings, are Finance & Insurance ($103,204), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($100,662), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($100,625).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Connecticut to other states, or from other states to Connecticut.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $35.4B

  2. $22.7B

  3. $17.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Connecticut product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $35.4B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($22.7B) and Machinery ($17.4B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Connecticut products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Connecticut state.

$218B

2020 Value

$307B

Projected 2045 Value

40.6% growth

In 2020, total outbound Connecticut trade was $218B. This is expected to increase 40.6% to $307B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Connecticut trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Connecticut to other states, or from other states to Connecticut.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $27.2B

  2. $22.4B

  3. $12.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Connecticut domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $27.2B, followed by Massachusetts with $22.4B and New Jersey and $12.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Connecticut shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

80.9% of the population of Norwalk, CT has health coverage, with 44.8% on employee plans, 14.5% on Medicaid, 10.5% on Medicare, 10.6% on non-group plans, and 0.438% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Norwalk, CT was $9,859 in 2014. This is a 3.59% increase from the previous year ($9,517).

Primary care physicians in Norwalk, CT see 1180 patients per year on average, which represents a 0% change from the previous year (1180 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1184 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 288 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Windham County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (10.3%). Additionally, Windham County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (29.2%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Connecticut.

1,180 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Connecticut see an average of 1,180 patients per year. This represents a 0% change from the previous year (1,180 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Connecticut in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Connecticut.

$9,859

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,187

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,058

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,964

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Connecticut (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.59%, from $9,517 to $9,859.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

19.1%

Uninsured

44.8%

Employer Coverage

14.5%

Medicaid

10.5%

Medicare

10.6%

Non-Group

0.438%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Norwalk, CT grew by 1.78% from 18.7% to 19.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Norwalk, CT changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 10.3% prevalence

  2. 9.5% prevalence

  3. 9% prevalence

Windham County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Connecticut, at 10.3%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Connecticut by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Norwalk, CT is home to a population of 88.5k people, from which 83.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 27.7% of Norwalk, CT residents were born outside of the country (24.5k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Norwalk, CT is composed of 46k White Alone residents (52%), 23.8k Hispanic or Latino residents (26.9%), 12.5k Black or African American Alone residents (14.1%), 4.49k Asian Alone residents (5.07%), 1.06k Two or More Races residents (1.19%), 375 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.424%), 179 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.202%), and 53 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0599%).

Age

Age by Nativity

36

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.3

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Norwalk, CT was 39.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 36, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Norwalk, CT are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Norwalk, CT residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

27.7%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

24.5k people

27.2%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

24k people

As of 2017, 27.7% of Norwalk, CT residents (24.5k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Norwalk, CT was 27.2%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Norwalk, CT compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Connecticut.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    39,441 ± 4,849 people

  2. Jamaica

    35,154 ± 4,581 people

  3. Mexico

    29,001 ± 4,164 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Connecticut was India, the natal country of 39,441 Connecticut residents, followed by Jamaica with 35,154 and Mexico with 29,001.

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Citizenship

83.9%

2017 Citizenship

84.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 83.9% of Norwalk, CT residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Norwalk, CT was 84.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Norwalk, CT compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    46k ± 1.54k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    23.8k ± 1.81k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    12.5k ± 1.31k

In 2017, there were 1.93 times more White Alone residents (46k people) in Norwalk, CT than any other race or ethnicity. There were 23.8k Hispanic or Latino and 12.5k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Norwalk, CT as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,013 ± 221

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    394 ± 166

  3. Korea

    303 ± 80

Norwalk, CT has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.57 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Norwalk, CT awarded 670 degrees. The student population of Norwalk, CT is skewed towards women, with 2,495 male students and 3,341 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Norwalk, CT are White (282 and 43.7%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (211 and 32.7%), Black or African American (71 and 11%), and Unknown (49 and 7.6%).

The largest universities in Norwalk, CT by number of degrees awarded are Norwalk Community College (670 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Norwalk, CT are General Studies (147 and 21.9%), Registered Nursing (65 and 9.7%), and Liberal Arts & Sciences (60 and 8.96%).

The median tuition costs in Norwalk, CT are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 147 degrees awarded

  2. 65 degrees awarded

  3. 60 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Norwalk, CT was General Studies with 147 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Norwalk, CT according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

670 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Norwalk, CT institution with the largest number of graduating students was Norwalk Community College with 670 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

248

Degrees Awarded to Men

422

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 248 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Norwalk, CT, which is 0.588 times less than the 422 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Norwalk, CT by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    282 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    211 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    71 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Norwalk, CT were to White students. These 282 degrees mean that there were 1.34 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 211 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Norwalk, CT was $421,900 in 2017, which is 1.84 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $416,800 to $421,900, a 1.22% increase. The homeownership rate in Norwalk, CT is 59.6%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Norwalk, CT have an average commute time of 25.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Norwalk, CT is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$421,900

2017 Median

± $9,811

$416,800

2016 Median

± $10,179

In 2017, the median property value in Norwalk, CT grew to to $421,900 from the previous year's value of $416,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Norwalk, CT compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Norwalk, CT the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$81,546

Median Household Income

± $3,262

33.4k

Number of Households

± 1,166

In 2017, the median household income of the 33.4k households in Norwalk, CT grew to $81,546 from the previous year's value of $80,896.

The following chart displays the households in Norwalk, CT distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Norwalk, CT distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Norwalk, CT the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

59.6%

2017 Homeownership

61.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 59.6% of the housing units in Norwalk, CT were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 61.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Norwalk, CT compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

25.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Norwalk, CT have a longer commute time (25.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 4.87% of the workforce in Norwalk, CT have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Norwalk, CT compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    72.8%

  2. Public Transit

    10.9%

  3. Carpooled

    7.93%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Norwalk, CT was Drove Alone (72.8%), followed by those who Public Transit (10.9%) and those who Carpooled (7.93%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Norwalk, CT distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Norwalk, CT have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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