Navajo Nation PUMA, NM

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Population

129,507

0.265% growth

Median Age

33.2


Median Household Income

$31,725

1.67% growth

Poverty Rate

35.1%


Number of Employees

39,294

0.509% growth

Median Property Value

$71,200

4.56% decline

About

In 2017, Navajo Nation PUMA, NM had a population of 130k people with a median age of 33.2 and a median household income of $31,725. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Navajo Nation PUMA, NM grew from 129,165 to 129,507, a 0.265% increase and its median household income grew from $31,205 to $31,725, a 1.67% increase.

The population of Navajo Nation PUMA, NM is 70.5% American Indian & Alaska Native Alone, 16.5% Hispanic or Latino, and 10.1% White Alone. 54.7% of the people in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM speak a non-English language, and 98.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM are University of New Mexico-Gallup Campus (244 degrees awarded in 2016), Navajo Technical University (236 degrees), and New Mexico State University-Grants (95 degrees).

The median property value in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM is $71,200, and the homeownership rate is 72.3%. Most people in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Navajo Nation PUMA, NM employs 39.3k people. The largest industries in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM are Elementary & secondary schools (4,441 people), Hospitals (2,355 people), and Construction (2,054 people), and the highest paying industries are Petroleum refining ($100,678), Offices of physicians ($86,687), and Management, scientific & technical consulting services ($82,544).

Median household income in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM is $31,725. Males in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM have an average income that is 1.18 times higher than the average income of females, which is $34,749. The income inequality in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM (measured using the Gini index) is 0.445, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$31,725

2017 value

± $858

1.67%

1 Year Growth

± 3.63%

Households in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM have a median annual income of $31,725, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $31,205 in 2016, which represents a 1.67% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$41,138

Average Male Salary

± $7,738

$34,749

Average Female Salary

± $5,646

In 2017, full-time male employees in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM made 1.18 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $42,530 ± $10,515

  2. Asian

    $34,390 ± $25,910

  3. Other

    $33,213 ± $16,653

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Navajo Nation PUMA, NM workers was White. These workers were paid 1.24 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.445

2017 Wage GINI

0.434

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM was 0.445 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 2.48% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Navajo Nation PUMA, NM was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM was Albuquerque City (Northwest Mesa), Paradise Hills & Navajo Nation-Tohajiilee Chapter PUMA, NM with a value of $66,962, followed by Albuquerque City (Far Northeast Heights) PUMA, NM and Santa Fe County PUMA, NM, with respective values of $65,217 and $58,821.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

35.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM (44.6k out of 127k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 25 - 34, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Hispanic

    5,483 ± 536

  2. White

    4,959 ± 538

  3. Asian

    261 ± 123

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM is Hispanic, followed by White and Asian.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

39.3k

2017 Value

0.509%

1 Year growth

± 0.509%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM grew at a rate of 0.509%, from 39.1k employees to 39.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM, are Personal care aides (1,895 people), Cashiers (1,758 people), and Nursing, psychiatric, & home health aides (1,265 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Navajo Nation PUMA, NM.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Navajo Nation PUMA, NM, by number of employees, are Personal care aides (1,895 people), Cashiers (1,758 people), and Nursing, psychiatric, & home health aides (1,265 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Navajo Nation PUMA, NM has an unusually high number of residents working as Jewelers & precious stone & metal workers (52 times higher than expected), Gaming cage workers (30.4 times), and Mining machine operators (10.4 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Navajo Nation PUMA, NM, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($225,498), Computer support specialists ($102,063), and Emergency medical technicians & paramedics ($99,080).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

39.3k

2017 Value

0.509%

1 Year growth

± 0.509%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM grew at a rate of 0.509%, from 39.1k employees to 39.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM, are Elementary & secondary schools (4,441 people), Hospitals (2,355 people), and Construction (2,054 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Navajo Nation PUMA, NM, though some of these residents may live in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM, by number of employees, are Elementary & secondary schools (4,441 people), Hospitals (2,355 people), and Construction (2,054 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Navajo Nation PUMA, NM has an unusually high number of Coal mining (24.7 times higher than expected), Forestry except logging (6.56 times), and Home health care services (5.51 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM, by average salary, are Petroleum refining ($100,678), Offices of physicians ($86,687), and Management, scientific & technical consulting services ($82,544).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New Mexico to other states, or from other states to New Mexico.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $12.9B

  2. $12.8B

  3. $7.72B

In 2015, the top outbound New Mexico product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $12.9B, followed by Crude petroleum with $12.8B and Electronics and $7.72B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New Mexico products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New Mexico state.

$69.2B

2015 Value

$110B

Projected 2045 Value

59.8% growth

In 2015, total outbound New Mexico trade was $69.2B. This is expected to increase 59.8% to $110B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New Mexico trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New Mexico to other states, or from other states to New Mexico.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $9.94B

  2. $8.59B

  3. $5.67B

In 2015, the top outbound New Mexico domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $9.94B, followed by Arizona with $8.59B and Oregon and $5.67B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New Mexico shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

N/A% of the population of Navajo Nation PUMA, NM has health coverage, with N/A% on employee plans, N/A% on Medicaid, N/A% on Medicare, N/A% on non-group plans, and N/A% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Navajo Nation PUMA, NM was $7,214 in 2014. This is a 5.16% increase from the previous year ($6,860).

Primary care physicians in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM see 1325 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.684% increase from the previous year (1316 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1544 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 271 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cibola County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (13.7%). Additionally, McKinley County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.1%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.

1325 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in New Mexico see an average of 1325 patients per year. This represents a 0.684% increase from the previous year (1316 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in New Mexico in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.

$7,214

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,155

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,445

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,663

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New Mexico (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.16%, from $6,860 to $7,214.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

N/A%

Uninsured

N/A%

Employer Coverage

N/A%

Medicaid

N/A%

Medicare

N/A%

Non-Group

N/A%

Military or VA

Between N/A and N/A, the percent of uninsured citizens in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM N/A by N/A from N/A% to N/A%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 13.7% prevalence

  2. 13.3% prevalence

  3. 10.9% prevalence

Cibola County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in New Mexico, at 13.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New Mexico by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Navajo Nation PUMA, NM is home to a population of 130k people, from which 98.3% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Navajo Nation PUMA, NM residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Navajo Nation PUMA, NM is composed of 91.3k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (70.5%), 21.4k Hispanic or Latino residents (16.5%), 13k White Alone residents (10.1%), 2k Two or More Races residents (1.54%), 954 Asian Alone residents (0.737%), 685 Black or African American Alone residents (0.529%), 87 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0672%), and 38 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0293%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM are Navajo (41,634 speakers), Other Native North American Languages (12,713 speakers), and Spanish or Spanish Creole (9,143 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

33

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

43

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM was 33.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 33, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 43. But people in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Navajo Nation PUMA, NM residents was 33.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

2.85%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, N/A% of Navajo Nation PUMA, NM residents were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM was 2.85%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    976 ± 764 people

  2. Philippines

    516 ± 557 people

  3. India

    161 ± 311 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Navajo Nation PUMA, NM was Mexico, the natal country of 976 Navajo Nation PUMA, NM residents, followed by Philippines with 516 and India with 161.

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Citizenship

98.3%

2017 Citizenship

98.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.3% of Navajo Nation PUMA, NM residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM was 98.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. American Indian & Alaska Native Alone

    91.3k ± 983

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    21.4k ± 1.41k

  3. White Alone

    13k ± 261

In 2017, there were 4.27 times more American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (91.3k people) in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 21.4k Hispanic or Latino and 13k White Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Navajo

    41,634 speakers (35.2%)

  2. Other Native North American Languages

    12,713 speakers (10.7%)

  3. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    9,143 speakers (7.73%)

54.7% of Navajo Nation PUMA, NM citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM was Navajo. 35.2% of the overall population of Navajo Nation PUMA, NM are native Navajo speakers. 10.7% speak Other Native North American Languages and 7.73% speak Navajo, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,095 ± 275

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    963 ± 171

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    845 ± 201

Navajo Nation PUMA, NM has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.18 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM awarded 575 degrees. The student population of Navajo Nation PUMA, NM is skewed towards women, with 1,969 male students and 3,134 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM are American Indian or Alaska Native (466 and 81.3%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (66 and 11.5%), White (32 and 5.58%), and Two or More Races (3 and 0.524%).

The largest universities in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM by number of degrees awarded are University of New Mexico-Gallup Campus (244 and 42.4%), Navajo Technical University (236 and 41%), and New Mexico State University-Grants (95 and 16.5%).

The most popular majors in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM are Pre-Nursing Studies (57 and 9.91%), Early Childhood Education & Teaching (53 and 9.22%), and General Studies (44 and 7.65%).

The median tuition costs in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $3,420 and $3,420 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 33 degrees awarded

  2. 44 degrees awarded

  3. 34 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM was Registered Nursing with 33 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 244 degrees awarded

  2. 236 degrees awarded

  3. 95 degrees awarded

$3,420

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Navajo Nation PUMA, NM institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of New Mexico-Gallup Campus with 244 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

192

Degrees Awarded to Men

383

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 192 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM, which is 0.501 times less than the 383 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. American Indian or Alaska Native

    466 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    66 degrees awarded

  3. White

    32 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM were to American Indian or Alaska Native students. These 466 degrees mean that there were 7.06 times more American Indian or Alaska Native students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 66 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM was $71,200 in 2017, which is 0.327 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $74,600 to $71,200, a 4.56% decrease. The homeownership rate in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM is 72.3%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM have an average commute time of 23.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$31,725

Median Household Income

± $858

37k

Number of Households

± 994

In 2017, the median household income of the 37k households in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM grew to $31,725 from the previous year's value of $31,205.

The following chart displays the households in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$71,200

2017 Median

± $2,622

$74,600

2016 Median

± $2,213

In 2017, the median property value in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM declined from to $71,200 from the previous year's value of $74,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Navajo Nation PUMA, NM the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

None

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Navajo Nation PUMA, NM the largest share of households pay taxes in the None range.

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Rent vs Own

72.3%

2017 Homeownership

72.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 72.3% of the housing units in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 72.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

23.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM have a shorter commute time (23.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 3.9% of the workforce in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    74.9%

  2. Carpooled

    10.5%

  3. Worked At Home

    7.98%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Navajo Nation PUMA, NM was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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