Muskegon, MI

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Population

172,707

0.325% growth

Median Age

39.1


Median Household Income

$46,077

4.91% growth

Poverty Rate

18.5%


Number of Employees

73,192

2.3% growth

Median Property Value

$105,300

3.85% growth

About

In 2017, Muskegon, MI had a population of 173k people with a median age of 39.1 and a median household income of $46,077. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Muskegon, MI grew from 172,148 to 172,707, a 0.325% increase and its median household income grew from $43,920 to $46,077, a 4.91% increase.

The population of Muskegon, MI is 76.5% White Alone, 13.5% Black or African American Alone, and 5.45% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Muskegon, MI speak a non-English language, and 99.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Muskegon, MI are Muskegon Community College (554 degrees awarded in 2016), Ross Medical Education Center-Roosevelt Park (145 degrees), and Nuvo College of Cosmetology (33 degrees).

The median property value in Muskegon, MI is $105,300, and the homeownership rate is 74.3%. Most people in Muskegon, MI commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Muskegon, MI is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Muskegon, MI employs 73.2k people. The largest industries in Muskegon, MI are Manufacturing (19,043 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (10,418 people), and Retail Trade (8,670 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($62,986), Public Administration ($52,039), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($51,736).

Median household income in Muskegon, MI is $46,077. Males in Muskegon, MI have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,762. The income inequality in Muskegon, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.476, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$46,077

2017 value

± $806

4.91%

1 Year Growth

± 2.71%

Households in Muskegon, MI have a median annual income of $46,077, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $43,920 in 2016, which represents a 4.91% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Muskegon, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

$63,869

Average Male Salary

± $1,109

$46,762

Average Female Salary

± $850

In 2017, full-time male employees in Michigan made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $62,263 ± $4,415

  2. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $48,644 ± $58,127

  3. White

    $48,289 ± $702

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Michigan workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.28 times more than Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Muskegon, MI is from Michigan.

0.476

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Michigan was 0.476 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.107% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Michigan was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Michigan in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Michigan across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Muskegon, MI was Livingston County, MI with a value of $80,733, followed by Oakland County, MI and Washtenaw County, MI, with respective values of $77,475 and $70,286.

The following map shows all of the counties in Muskegon, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

18.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Muskegon, MI (30.7k out of 166k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    19,194 ± 849

  2. Black

    8,455 ± 550

  3. Hispanic

    2,731 ± 383

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Muskegon, MI is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

73.2k

2017 Value

± 1,653

2.3%

1 Year growth

± 3.11%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Muskegon, MI grew at a rate of 2.3%, from 71.5k employees to 73.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Muskegon, MI, are Production Occupations (11,642 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (8,404 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (7,374 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Muskegon, MI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Muskegon, MI, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (11,642 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (8,404 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (7,374 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Muskegon, MI has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (2.74 times higher than expected), Healthcare Support Occupations (1.49 times), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.43 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Muskegon, MI, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($64,712), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($61,369), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($61,279).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

73.2k

2017 Value

± 1,653

2.3%

1 Year growth

± 3.11%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Muskegon, MI grew at a rate of 2.3%, from 71.5k employees to 73.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Muskegon, MI, are Manufacturing (19,043 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (10,418 people), and Retail Trade (8,670 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Muskegon, MI, though some of these residents may live in Muskegon, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Muskegon, MI, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (19,043 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (10,418 people), and Retail Trade (8,670 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Muskegon, MI has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (2.57 times higher than expected), Management of Companies & Enterprises (1.83 times), and Retail Trade (1.04 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Muskegon, MI, by median earnings, are Utilities ($62,986), Public Administration ($52,039), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($51,736).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $135B

  2. $35.4B

  3. $31.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $135B, followed by Mixed freight ($35.4B) and Machinery ($31.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan state.

$448B

2015 Value

$623B

Projected 2045 Value

39.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Michigan trade was $448B. This is expected to increase 39.1% to $623B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $35.1B

  2. $25.1B

  3. $20.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $35.1B, followed by Indiana with $25.1B and Illinois and $20.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.5% of the population of Muskegon, MI has health coverage, with 46% on employee plans, 23.4% on Medicaid, 12.3% on Medicare, 10.8% on non-group plans, and 0.978% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Muskegon, MI was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Muskegon, MI see 1254 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1244 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1385 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 431 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Saginaw County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

1,254 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Michigan see an average of 1,254 patients per year. This represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1,244 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Michigan in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

$8,055

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,950

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,915

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,318

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Michigan (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,745 to $8,055.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.45%

Uninsured

46%

Employer Coverage

23.4%

Medicaid

12.3%

Medicare

10.8%

Non-Group

0.978%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Muskegon, MI declined by 17.4% from 7.81% to 6.45%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Muskegon, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.1% prevalence

  3. 14.1% prevalence

Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Michigan, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Michigan by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Muskegon, MI is home to a population of 173k people, from which 99.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.65% of Muskegon, MI residents were born outside of the country (2.86k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Muskegon, MI is composed of 132k White Alone residents (76.5%), 23.2k Black or African American Alone residents (13.5%), 9.41k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.45%), 6.05k Two or More Races residents (3.51%), 898 Asian Alone residents (0.52%), 881 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.51%), 39 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0226%), and 4 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.00232%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Muskegon, MI are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

43

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Muskegon, MI was 39.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 43. But people in Muskegon, MI are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Muskegon, MI residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.65%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

2.86k people

1.54%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

2.66k people

As of 2017, 1.65% of Muskegon, MI residents (2.86k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Muskegon, MI was 1.54%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Muskegon, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    76,763 ± 6,776 people

  2. India

    66,881 ± 6,328 people

  3. Iraq

    54,355 ± 5,708 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Michigan was Mexico, the natal country of 76,763 Michigan residents, followed by India with 66,881 and Iraq with 54,355.

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Citizenship

99.2%

2017 Citizenship

99.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.2% of Muskegon, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Muskegon, MI was 99.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Muskegon, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    132k ± 38

  2. Black or African American Alone

    23.2k ± 489

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    9.41k ± 619

In 2017, there were 5.69 times more White Alone residents (132k people) in Muskegon, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 23.2k Black or African American Alone and 9.41k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Muskegon, MI as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Muskegon, MI citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Muskegon, MI was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Muskegon, MI are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    4,527 ± 337

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,463 ± 240

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,440 ± 265

Muskegon, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.09 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Muskegon, MI awarded 732 degrees. The student population of Muskegon, MI is skewed towards women, with 1,930 male students and 2,777 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Muskegon, MI are White (572 and 78.2%), followed by Black or African American (53 and 7.25%), Unknown (37 and 5.06%), and Hispanic or Latino (35 and 4.79%).

The largest universities in Muskegon, MI by number of degrees awarded are Muskegon Community College (554 and 75.7%), Ross Medical Education Center-Roosevelt Park (145 and 19.8%), and Nuvo College of Cosmetology (33 and 4.51%).

The most popular majors in Muskegon, MI are Liberal Arts & Sciences (272 and 37.2%), Medical Assistant (117 and 16%), and Registered Nursing (90 and 12.3%).

The median tuition costs in Muskegon, MI are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 18 degrees awarded

  2. 272 degrees awarded

  3. 90 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Muskegon, MI was Respiratory Therapy Technician with 18 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Muskegon, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 554 degrees awarded

  2. 145 degrees awarded

  3. 33 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Muskegon, MI institution with the largest number of graduating students was Muskegon Community College with 554 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

190

Degrees Awarded to Men

542

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 190 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Muskegon, MI, which is 0.351 times less than the 542 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Muskegon, MI by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    572 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    53 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    37 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Muskegon, MI were to White students. These 572 degrees mean that there were 10.8 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 53 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Muskegon, MI was $105,300 in 2017, which is 0.484 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $101,400 to $105,300, a 3.85% increase. The homeownership rate in Muskegon, MI is 74.3%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Muskegon, MI have an average commute time of 20.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Muskegon, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$46,077

Median Household Income

± $806

65.2k

Number of Households

± 1,460

In 2017, the median household income of the 65.2k households in Muskegon, MI grew to $46,077 from the previous year's value of $43,920.

The following chart displays the households in Muskegon, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$105,300

2017 Median

± $1,995

$101,400

2016 Median

± $2,026

In 2017, the median property value in Muskegon, MI grew to to $105,300 from the previous year's value of $101,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Muskegon, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Muskegon, MI the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Muskegon, MI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Muskegon, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

74.3%

2017 Homeownership

74.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 74.3% of the housing units in Muskegon, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 74.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Muskegon, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Muskegon, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Muskegon, MI have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

20.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Muskegon, MI have a shorter commute time (20.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.26% of the workforce in Muskegon, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Muskegon, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    83.9%

  2. Carpooled

    10.7%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.91%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Muskegon, MI was Drove Alone (83.9%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.7%) and those who Worked At Home (2.91%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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