Muskegon, MI

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Population

38,189

0.27% growth

Median Age

35.1


Median Household Income

$29,388

7.42% growth

Poverty Rate

34.7%


Number of Employees

12,904

5.54% growth

Median Property Value

$65,800

2.81% growth

About

In 2017, Muskegon, MI had a population of 38.2k people with a median age of 35.1 and a median household income of $29,388. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Muskegon, MI grew from 38,086 to 38,189, a 0.27% increase and its median household income grew from $27,359 to $29,388, a 7.42% increase.

The population of Muskegon, MI is 53.8% White Alone, 30.9% Black or African American Alone, and 8.6% Hispanic or Latino. 4.45% of the people in Muskegon, MI speak a non-English language, and 98.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Muskegon, MI are Muskegon Community College (554 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Muskegon, MI is $65,800, and the homeownership rate is 49.9%. Most people in Muskegon, MI commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 18.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Muskegon, MI is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Whitehall Lighthouse in Wabaningo, a small unincorporated community of Fruitland Township

Economy

The economy of Muskegon, MI employs 12.9k people. The largest industries in Muskegon, MI are Manufacturing (2,909 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,380 people), and Retail Trade (1,606 people), and the highest paying industries are Public Administration ($52,176), Wholesale Trade ($50,024), and Utilities ($50,000).

Median household income in Muskegon, MI is $29,388. Males in Muskegon, MI have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,762. The income inequality in Muskegon, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.476, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$29,388

2017 value

± $1,871

7.42%

1 Year Growth

± 8.52%

Households in Muskegon, MI have a median annual income of $29,388, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $27,359 in 2016, which represents a 7.42% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Muskegon, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the Michigan.

$63,869

Average Male Salary

± $1,109

$46,762

Average Female Salary

± $850

In 2017, full-time male employees in Muskegon, MI made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Muskegon, MI by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the Michigan.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $62,263 ± $4,415

  2. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $48,644 ± $58,127

  3. White

    $48,289 ± $702

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Muskegon, MI workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.28 times more than Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Muskegon, MI by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Muskegon, MI is from Michigan.

0.476

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Michigan was 0.476 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.107% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Michigan was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Michigan in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Michigan across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 10

  2. Census Tract 18

  3. Census Tract 9

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Muskegon, MI was Census Tract 10 with a value of $63,472, followed by Census Tract 18 and Census Tract 9, with respective values of $49,286 and $39,939.

The following map shows all of the places in Muskegon, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

34.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Muskegon, MI (11.3k out of 32.6k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    5,573 ± 507

  2. Black

    4,435 ± 452

  3. Two Or More

    1,156 ± 288

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Muskegon, MI is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

12.9k

2017 Value

± 727

5.54%

1 Year growth

± 7.61%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Muskegon, MI grew at a rate of 5.54%, from 12.2k employees to 12.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Muskegon, MI, are Production Occupations (2,165 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,249 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1,227 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Muskegon, MI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Muskegon, MI, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (2,165 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,249 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1,227 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Muskegon, MI has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (2.89 times higher than expected), Healthcare Support Occupations (2.35 times), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1.63 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Muskegon, MI, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($68,681), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($61,106), and Protective Service Occupations ($59,917).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

12.9k

2017 Value

± 727

5.54%

1 Year growth

± 7.61%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Muskegon, MI grew at a rate of 5.54%, from 12.2k employees to 12.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Muskegon, MI, are Manufacturing (2,909 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,380 people), and Retail Trade (1,606 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Muskegon, MI, though some of these residents may live in Muskegon, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Muskegon, MI, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (2,909 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,380 people), and Retail Trade (1,606 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Muskegon, MI has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (2.23 times higher than expected), Accommodation & Food Services (1.44 times), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1.33 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Muskegon, MI, by median earnings, are Public Administration ($52,176), Wholesale Trade ($50,024), and Utilities ($50,000).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $135B

  2. $35.4B

  3. $31.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $135B, followed by Mixed freight with $35.4B and Machinery and $31.3B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan state.

$448B

2015 Value

$623B

Projected 2045 Value

39.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Michigan trade was $448B. This is expected to increase 39.1% to $623B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $35.1B

  2. $25.1B

  3. $20.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $35.1B, followed by Indiana with $25.1B and Illinois and $20.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

90.1% of the population of Muskegon, MI has health coverage, with 32.2% on employee plans, 37.8% on Medicaid, 10.3% on Medicare, 8.92% on non-group plans, and 0.738% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Muskegon, MI was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Muskegon, MI see 1254 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1244 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1385 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 431 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Saginaw County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

1254 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Michigan see an average of 1254 patients per year. This represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1244 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Michigan in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

$8,055

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,950

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,915

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,318

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Michigan (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,745 to $8,055.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.94%

Uninsured

32.2%

Employer Coverage

37.8%

Medicaid

10.3%

Medicare

8.92%

Non-Group

0.738%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Muskegon, MI declined by 17% from 12% to 9.94%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Muskegon, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.1% prevalence

  3. 14.1% prevalence

Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Michigan, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Michigan by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Muskegon, MI is home to a population of 38.2k people, from which 98.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.87% of Muskegon, MI residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Muskegon, MI is composed of 20.6k White Alone residents (53.8%), 11.8k Black or African American Alone residents (30.9%), 3.28k Hispanic or Latino residents (8.6%), 2.19k Two or More Races residents (5.74%), 220 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.576%), 116 Asian Alone residents (0.304%), 4 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0105%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Muskegon, MI are Spanish or Spanish Creole (1,072 speakers), Other Indo-European Languages (135 speakers), and Arabic (69 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

35

Median Native-Born Age

± 1

47

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 5.2

In 2017, the median age of all people in Muskegon, MI was 35.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 47. But people in Muskegon, MI are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Muskegon, MI residents was 35.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.87%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.65%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 1.87% of Muskegon, MI residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Muskegon, MI was 1.65%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Muskegon, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    76,763 ± 6,776 people

  2. India

    66,881 ± 6,328 people

  3. Iraq

    54,355 ± 5,708 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Muskegon, MI was Mexico, the natal country of 76,763 Muskegon, MI residents, followed by India with 66,881 and Iraq with 54,355.

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Citizenship

98.8%

2017 Citizenship

99%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.8% of Muskegon, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Muskegon, MI was 99%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Muskegon, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    20.6k ± 622

  2. Black or African American Alone

    11.8k ± 596

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    3.28k ± 494

In 2017, there were 1.74 times more White Alone residents (20.6k people) in Muskegon, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 11.8k Black or African American Alone and 3.28k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Muskegon, MI as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    1,072 speakers (3.03%)

  2. Other Indo-European Languages

    135 speakers (0.382%)

  3. Arabic

    69 speakers (0.195%)

4.45% of Muskegon, MI citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Muskegon, MI was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 3.03% of the overall population of Muskegon, MI are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.382% speak Other Indo-European Languages and 0.195% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    876 ± 169

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    303 ± 121

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    246 ± 98

Muskegon, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.89 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Muskegon, MI awarded 554 degrees. The student population of Muskegon, MI is skewed towards women, with 1,920 male students and 2,503 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Muskegon, MI are White (443 and 80.1%), followed by Unknown (36 and 6.51%), Black or African American (26 and 4.7%), and Hispanic or Latino (18 and 3.25%).

The largest universities in Muskegon, MI by number of degrees awarded are Muskegon Community College (554 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Muskegon, MI are Liberal Arts & Sciences (272 and 49.1%), Registered Nursing (90 and 16.2%), and Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training (73 and 13.2%).

The median tuition costs in Muskegon, MI are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 18 degrees awarded

  2. 272 degrees awarded

  3. 90 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Muskegon, MI was Respiratory Therapy Technician with 18 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Muskegon, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

554 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Muskegon, MI institution with the largest number of graduating students was Muskegon Community College with 554 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

180

Degrees Awarded to Men

374

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 180 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Muskegon, MI, which is 0.481 times less than the 374 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Muskegon, MI by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    443 degrees awarded

  2. Unknown

    36 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    26 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Muskegon, MI were to White students. These 443 degrees mean that there were 12.3 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 36 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Muskegon, MI was $65,800 in 2017, which is 0.302 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $64,000 to $65,800, a 2.81% increase. The homeownership rate in Muskegon, MI is 49.9%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Muskegon, MI have an average commute time of 18.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Muskegon, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$29,388

Median Household Income

± $1,871

13.8k

Number of Households

± 700

In 2017, the median household income of the 13.8k households in Muskegon, MI grew to $29,388 from the previous year's value of $27,359.

The following chart displays the households in Muskegon, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$65,800

2017 Median

± $2,457

$64,000

2016 Median

± $2,670

In 2017, the median property value in Muskegon, MI grew to to $65,800 from the previous year's value of $64,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Muskegon, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Muskegon, MI the largest share of households have a property value in the $40k - $50k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Muskegon, MI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Muskegon, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

49.9%

2017 Homeownership

50.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 49.9% of the housing units in Muskegon, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 50.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Muskegon, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Muskegon, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Muskegon, MI have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

18.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Muskegon, MI have a shorter commute time (18.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.767% of the workforce in Muskegon, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Muskegon, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    76.4%

  2. Carpooled

    15.5%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.75%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Muskegon, MI was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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