Multnomah County, OR

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Population

807,555

0.974% growth

Median Age

37.3


Median Household Income

$63,974

2.15% growth

Poverty Rate

16.4%


Number of Employees

442,190

2.15% growth

Median Property Value

$393,900

7.13% growth

About

In 2017, Multnomah County, OR had a population of 808k people with a median age of 37.3 and a median household income of $63,974. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Multnomah County, OR grew from 799,766 to 807,555, a 0.974% increase and its median household income grew from $62,629 to $63,974, a 2.15% increase.

The population of Multnomah County, OR is 69.6% White Alone, 11.6% Hispanic or Latino, and 7.38% Asian Alone. 20.6% of the people in Multnomah County, OR speak a non-English language, and 92.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Multnomah County, OR are Portland State University (6,601 degrees awarded in 2016), Portland Community College (5,318 degrees), and Concordia University-Portland (3,774 degrees).

The median property value in Multnomah County, OR is $393,900, and the homeownership rate is 55.5%. Most people in Multnomah County, OR commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Multnomah County, OR is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Crown Point, a promontory on the Columbia River Gorge

Economy

The economy of Multnomah County, OR employs 442k people. The largest industries in Multnomah County, OR are Health Care & Social Assistance (68,762 people), Retail Trade (46,980 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (45,550 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($85,291), Utilities ($80,176), and Finance & Insurance ($62,159).

Median household income in Multnomah County, OR is $63,974. Males in Multnomah County, OR have an average income that is 1.27 times higher than the average income of females, which is $49,734. The income inequality in Multnomah County, OR (measured using the Gini index) is 0.459, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$63,974

2017 value

± $2,624

2.15%

1 Year Growth

± 4.84%

Households in Multnomah County, OR have a median annual income of $63,974, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $62,629 in 2016, which represents a 2.15% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Multnomah County, OR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Oregon.

$63,218

Average Male Salary

± $1,605

$49,734

Average Female Salary

± $1,325

In 2017, full-time male employees in Oregon made 1.27 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Oregon by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Oregon.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $57,271 ± $4,634

  2. White

    $49,378 ± $1,022

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $42,415 ± $9,075

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Oregon workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.16 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Oregon by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Multnomah County, OR is from Oregon.

0.459

2017 Wage GINI

0.476

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Oregon was 0.459 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 3.62% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Oregon was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Oregon in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Oregon across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 69

  2. Census Tract 70

  3. Census Tract 46.02

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Multnomah County, OR was Census Tract 69 with a value of $166,000, followed by Census Tract 70 and Census Tract 46.02, with respective values of $136,364 and $132,692.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Multnomah County, OR colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Multnomah County, OR (127k out of 773k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 25 - 34 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    84,712 ± 2,128

  2. Hispanic

    25,071 ± 1,182

  3. Black

    15,265 ± 946

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Multnomah County, OR is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

442k

2017 Value

± 10,970

2.15%

1 Year growth

± 3.39%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Multnomah County, OR grew at a rate of 2.15%, from 433k employees to 442k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Multnomah County, OR, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (51,430 people), Management Occupations (49,645 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (40,370 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Multnomah County, OR.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Multnomah County, OR, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (51,430 people), Management Occupations (49,645 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (40,370 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Multnomah County, OR has an unusually high number of residents working as Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media Occupations (2.02 times higher than expected), Legal Occupations (1.68 times), and Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (1.42 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Multnomah County, OR, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($81,463), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($81,389), and Legal Occupations ($80,310).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

442k

2017 Value

± 10,970

2.15%

1 Year growth

± 3.39%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Multnomah County, OR grew at a rate of 2.15%, from 433k employees to 442k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Multnomah County, OR, are Health Care & Social Assistance (68,762 people), Retail Trade (46,980 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (45,550 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Multnomah County, OR, though some of these residents may live in Multnomah County, OR and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Multnomah County, OR, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (68,762 people), Retail Trade (46,980 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (45,550 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Multnomah County, OR has an unusually high number of Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1.38 times higher than expected), Wholesale Trade (1.26 times), and Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (1.18 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Multnomah County, OR, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($85,291), Utilities ($80,176), and Finance & Insurance ($62,159).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Oregon to other states, or from other states to Oregon.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $18.5B

  2. $13.1B

  3. $12.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Oregon product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $18.5B, followed by Electronics ($13.1B) and Motorized vehicles ($12.8B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Oregon products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Oregon state.

$134B

2015 Value

$201B

Projected 2045 Value

49.9% growth

In 2015, total outbound Oregon trade was $134B. This is expected to increase 49.9% to $201B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Oregon trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Oregon to other states, or from other states to Oregon.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $26.5B

  2. $17.6B

  3. $2.94B

In 2015, the top outbound Oregon domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Washington with $26.5B, followed by California with $17.6B and Minnesota and $2.94B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Oregon shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.8% of the population of Multnomah County, OR has health coverage, with 50.3% on employee plans, 19.4% on Medicaid, 9.38% on Medicare, 13.1% on non-group plans, and 0.642% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Multnomah County, OR was $8,044 in 2014. This is a 7.73% increase from the previous year ($7,467).

Primary care physicians in Multnomah County, OR see 712 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.52% decrease from the previous year (723 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1055 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 137 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Crook County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.2%). Additionally, Linn County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

712 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Multnomah County, OR see an average of 712 patients per year. This represents a 1.52% decrease from the previous year (723 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Multnomah County, OR in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Oregon.

$8,044

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,232

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,185

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,942

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Oregon (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 7.73%, from $7,467 to $8,044.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.16%

Uninsured

50.3%

Employer Coverage

19.4%

Medicaid

9.38%

Medicare

13.1%

Non-Group

0.642%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Multnomah County, OR grew by 16.7% from 6.14% to 7.16%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Multnomah County, OR changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.2% prevalence

  2. 13.3% prevalence

  3. 13.3% prevalence

Crook County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Oregon, at 14.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Oregon by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Multnomah County, OR is home to a population of 808k people, from which 92.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 13.8% of Multnomah County, OR residents were born outside of the country (112k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Multnomah County, OR is composed of 562k White Alone residents (69.6%), 93.5k Hispanic or Latino residents (11.6%), 59.6k Asian Alone residents (7.38%), 43.1k Black or African American Alone residents (5.34%), 35.6k Two or More Races residents (4.41%), 6.51k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.807%), 5k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.62%), and 2.03k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.252%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Multnomah County, OR are Spanish (66,032 speakers), Vietnamese (17,672 speakers), and Russian (10,354 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

36

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

43

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Multnomah County, OR was 37.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 36, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 43. But people in Multnomah County, OR are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Multnomah County, OR residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

13.8%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

112k people

13.6%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

108k people

As of 2017, 13.8% of Multnomah County, OR residents (112k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Multnomah County, OR was 13.6%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Multnomah County, OR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Oregon.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    138,391 ± 8,979 people

  2. Vietnam

    23,843 ± 3,780 people

  3. China

    23,046 ± 3,717 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Oregon was Mexico, the natal country of 138,391 Oregon residents, followed by Vietnam with 23,843 and China with 23,046.

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Citizenship

92.6%

2017 Citizenship

92.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 92.6% of Multnomah County, OR residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Multnomah County, OR was 92.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Multnomah County, OR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    562k ± 973

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    93.5k ± 7.64k

  3. Asian Alone

    59.6k ± 2.07k

In 2017, there were 6.02 times more White Alone residents (562k people) in Multnomah County, OR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 93.5k Hispanic or Latino and 59.6k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Multnomah County, OR as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    66,032 speakers (8.67%)

  2. Vietnamese

    17,672 speakers (2.32%)

  3. Russian

    10,354 speakers (1.36%)

20.6% of Multnomah County, OR citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Multnomah County, OR was Spanish. 8.67% of the overall population of Multnomah County, OR are native Spanish speakers. 2.32% speak Vietnamese and 1.36% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    12,138 ± 1,242

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    6,594 ± 1,190

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    6,458 ± 1,556

Multnomah County, OR has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.84 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Multnomah County, OR awarded 24,160 degrees. The student population of Multnomah County, OR is skewed towards women, with 39,319 male students and 51,145 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Multnomah County, OR are White (14,641 and 62.8%), followed by Unknown (2,831 and 12.1%), Hispanic or Latino (2,180 and 9.35%), and Asian (1,344 and 5.77%).

The largest universities in Multnomah County, OR by number of degrees awarded are Portland State University (6,601 and 27.3%), Portland Community College (5,318 and 22%), and Concordia University-Portland (3,774 and 15.6%).

The most popular majors in Multnomah County, OR are Curriculum & Instruction (2,374 and 9.83%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (1,561 and 6.46%), and General Studies (1,295 and 5.36%).

The median tuition costs in Multnomah County, OR are $28,740 for private four year colleges, and $10,008 and $23,684 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 454 degrees awarded

  2. 324 degrees awarded

  3. 851 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Multnomah County, OR was General Psychology with 454 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Multnomah County, OR according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 6,601 degrees awarded

  2. 5,318 degrees awarded

  3. 3,774 degrees awarded

$10,008

Median In-State Public

$28,740

Median Private

In 2016, the Multnomah County, OR institution with the largest number of graduating students was Portland State University with 6,601 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

9,250

Degrees Awarded to Men

14,910

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 9,250 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Multnomah County, OR, which is 0.62 times less than the 14,910 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Multnomah County, OR by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    14,641 degrees awarded

  2. Unknown

    2,831 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    2,180 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Multnomah County, OR were to White students. These 14,641 degrees mean that there were 5.17 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 2,831 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Multnomah County, OR was $393,900 in 2017, which is 1.81 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $367,700 to $393,900, a 7.13% increase. The homeownership rate in Multnomah County, OR is 55.5%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Multnomah County, OR have an average commute time of 25.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Multnomah County, OR is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$63,974

Median Household Income

± $2,624

325k

Number of Households

± 8,753

In 2017, the median household income of the 325k households in Multnomah County, OR grew to $63,974 from the previous year's value of $62,629.

The following chart displays the households in Multnomah County, OR distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$393,900

2017 Median

± $7,101

$367,700

2016 Median

± $6,081

In 2017, the median property value in Multnomah County, OR grew to to $393,900 from the previous year's value of $367,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Multnomah County, OR compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Multnomah County, OR the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Multnomah County, OR distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Multnomah County, OR the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

55.5%

2017 Homeownership

53%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 55.5% of the housing units in Multnomah County, OR were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 53%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Multnomah County, OR compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Multnomah County, OR distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Multnomah County, OR have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

25.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Multnomah County, OR have a longer commute time (25.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 2.08% of the workforce in Multnomah County, OR have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Multnomah County, OR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    59.4%

  2. Public Transit

    11.6%

  3. Carpooled

    9.44%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Multnomah County, OR was Drove Alone, followed by those who Public Transit and those who Carpooled.

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