Montgomery, AL

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Population

373,889

0.605% decline

Median Age

37.6


Median Household Income

$49,123

3.93% growth

Poverty Rate

18.5%


Number of Employees

159,669

3.07% decline

Median Property Value

$138,100

1.77% growth

About

In 2017, Montgomery, AL had a population of 374k people with a median age of 37.6 and a median household income of $49,123. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Montgomery, AL declined from 376,163 to 373,889, a -0.605% decrease and its median household income grew from $47,265 to $49,123, a 3.93% increase.

The population of Montgomery, AL is 48.2% White Alone, 44.8% Black or African American Alone, and 3.01% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Montgomery, AL speak a non-English language, and 97.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Montgomery, AL are Auburn University at Montgomery (870 degrees awarded in 2016), Alabama State University (822 degrees), and J F Ingram State Technical College (794 degrees).

The median property value in Montgomery, AL is $138,100, and the homeownership rate is 63.6%. Most people in Montgomery, AL commute by N/A, and the average commute time is 22.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Montgomery, AL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Montgomery Biscuits, Montgomery, AL

Economy

The economy of Montgomery, AL employs 160k people. The largest industries in Montgomery, AL are Health Care & Social Assistance (19,042 people), Retail Trade (18,532 people), and Manufacturing (17,754 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($68,539), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($63,117), and Public Administration ($51,806).

Median household income in Montgomery, AL is $49,123. Males in Montgomery, AL have an average income that is 1.43 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,415. The income inequality in Montgomery, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.459, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$49,123

2017 value

± $3,026

3.93%

1 Year Growth

± 7.47%

Households in Montgomery, AL have a median annual income of $49,123, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $47,265 in 2016, which represents a 3.93% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Montgomery, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the msa level, so we are showing data for the Alabama.

$59,128

Average Male Salary

± $1,487

$41,415

Average Female Salary

± $1,053

In 2017, full-time male employees in Montgomery, AL made 1.43 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Montgomery, AL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the msa level, so we are showing data for the Alabama.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $55,342 ± $9,359

  2. White

    $49,497 ± $1,108

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $40,310 ± $17,163

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Montgomery, AL workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.12 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Montgomery, AL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Montgomery, AL is from Alabama.

0.459

2017 Wage GINI

0.463

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.459 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.912% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Montgomery, AL was Shelby County, AL with a value of $73,031, followed by Madison County, AL and Elmore County, AL, with respective values of $62,312 and $60,558.

The following map shows all of the counties in Montgomery, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

18.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Montgomery, AL (66.7k out of 361k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    45,439 ± 1,588

  2. White

    18,670 ± 1,073

  3. Hispanic

    3,818 ± 407

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Montgomery, AL is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

160k

2017 Value

± 7,135

-3.07%

1 Year decline

± 6.31%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Montgomery, AL declined at a rate of -3.07%, from 165k employees to 160k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Montgomery, AL, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (9,726 people), Cashiers (5,355 people), and Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, & Distributing Workers (4,629 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Montgomery, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Montgomery, AL, by number of employees, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (9,726 people), Cashiers (5,355 people), and Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, & Distributing Workers (4,629 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Montgomery, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Communications Equipment Operators (5.19 times higher than expected), Judges, Magistrates, & Other Judicial Workers (3 times), and Rail & Water Transportation Workers (2.96 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Montgomery, AL, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($75,688), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($72,023), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($67,766).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

160k

2017 Value

± 7,135

-3.07%

1 Year decline

± 6.31%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Montgomery, AL declined at a rate of -3.07%, from 165k employees to 160k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Montgomery, AL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (19,042 people), Retail Trade (18,532 people), and Manufacturing (17,754 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Montgomery, AL, though some of these residents may live in Montgomery, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Montgomery, AL, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (19,042 people), Retail Trade (18,532 people), and Manufacturing (17,754 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Montgomery, AL has an unusually high number of Public Administration (2.13 times higher than expected), Other Services, Except Public Administration (1.23 times), and Transportation & Warehousing (1.18 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Montgomery, AL, by median earnings, are Utilities ($68,539), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($63,117), and Public Administration ($51,806).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $40.7B

  2. $28B

  3. $21.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $40.7B, followed by Mixed freight with $28B and Coal-n.e.c. and $21.5B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama state.

$243B

2015 Value

$367B

Projected 2045 Value

50.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Alabama trade was $243B. This is expected to increase 50.7% to $367B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.3B

  2. $16.7B

  3. $14.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $25.3B, followed by Florida with $16.7B and Tennessee and $14.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.6% of the population of Montgomery, AL has health coverage, with 42.1% on employee plans, 19.3% on Medicaid, 10.5% on Medicare, 14.7% on non-group plans, and 5% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Montgomery, AL was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Montgomery, AL see 1535 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.1% decrease from the previous year (1552 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2139 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1185 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.1%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (47.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

1535 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Alabama see an average of 1535 patients per year. This represents a 1.1% decrease from the previous year (1552 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Alabama in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

$7,281

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,641

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,042

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,267

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.42%

Uninsured

42.1%

Employer Coverage

19.3%

Medicaid

10.5%

Medicare

14.7%

Non-Group

5%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Montgomery, AL declined by 0.369% from 8.45% to 8.42%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Montgomery, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 21.1% prevalence

  2. 20.9% prevalence

  3. 20.4% prevalence

Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 21.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Montgomery, AL is home to a population of 374k people, from which 97.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.5% of Montgomery, AL residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Montgomery, AL is composed of 180k White Alone residents (48.2%), 168k Black or African American Alone residents (44.8%), 11.3k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.01%), 7.85k Asian Alone residents (2.1%), 5.5k Two or More Races residents (1.47%), 724 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.194%), 664 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.178%), and 51 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0136%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Montgomery, AL are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

38

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.2

In 2017, the median age of all people in Montgomery, AL was 37.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 38, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Montgomery, AL are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Montgomery, AL residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.5%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

3.33%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 3.5% of Montgomery, AL residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Montgomery, AL was 3.33%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Montgomery, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    49,351 ± 5,426 people

  2. Guatemala

    13,867 ± 2,887 people

  3. Korea

    10,864 ± 2,556 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Montgomery, AL was Mexico, the natal country of 49,351 Montgomery, AL residents, followed by Guatemala with 13,867 and Korea with 10,864.

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Citizenship

97.7%

2017 Citizenship

97.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.7% of Montgomery, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Montgomery, AL was 97.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Montgomery, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    180k ± 1.06k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    168k ± 2.46k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    11.3k ± 2.09k

In 2017, there were 1.08 times more White Alone residents (180k people) in Montgomery, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 168k Black or African American Alone and 11.3k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Montgomery, AL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Montgomery, AL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.5%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Montgomery, AL was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Montgomery, AL are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    8,952 ± 2,017

  2. Vietnam

    8,622 ± 1,242

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    6,135 ± 1,205

Montgomery, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.04 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Montgomery, AL awarded 4,688 degrees. The student population of Montgomery, AL is skewed towards women, with 7,258 male students and 11,667 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Montgomery, AL are Black or African American (2,447 and 53.3%), followed by White (1,718 and 37.4%), Unknown (240 and 5.22%), and Hispanic or Latino (68 and 1.48%).

The largest universities in Montgomery, AL by number of degrees awarded are Auburn University at Montgomery (870 and 18.6%), Alabama State University (822 and 17.5%), and J F Ingram State Technical College (794 and 16.9%).

The most popular majors in Montgomery, AL are General Business Administration & Management (365 and 7.79%), Registered Nursing (236 and 5.03%), and Criminal Justice - Safety Studies (198 and 4.22%).

The median tuition costs in Montgomery, AL are $18,320 for private four year colleges, and $7,908 and $16,911 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 161 degrees awarded

  2. 311 degrees awarded

  3. 181 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Montgomery, AL was Registered Nursing with 161 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Montgomery, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 870 degrees awarded

  2. 822 degrees awarded

  3. 794 degrees awarded

$7,908

Median In-State Public

$18,320

Median Private

In 2016, the Montgomery, AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Auburn University at Montgomery with 870 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,021

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,667

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 2,021 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Montgomery, AL, which is 0.758 times less than the 2,667 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Montgomery, AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Black or African American

    2,447 degrees awarded

  2. White

    1,718 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    240 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Montgomery, AL were to Black or African American students. These 2,447 degrees mean that there were 1.42 times more Black or African American students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 1,718 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Montgomery, AL was $138,100 in 2017, which is 0.635 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $135,700 to $138,100, a 1.77% increase. The homeownership rate in Montgomery, AL is 63.6%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Montgomery, AL have an average commute time of 22.1 minutes, and they commute by N/A. Car ownership in Montgomery, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$49,123

Median Household Income

± $3,026

142k

Number of Households

± 6,207

In 2017, the median household income of the 142k households in Montgomery, AL grew to $49,123 from the previous year's value of $47,265.

The following chart displays the households in Montgomery, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$138,100

2017 Median

± $6,260

$135,700

2016 Median

± $6,377

In 2017, the median property value in Montgomery, AL grew to to $138,100 from the previous year's value of $135,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Montgomery, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Montgomery, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Montgomery, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Montgomery, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

63.6%

2017 Homeownership

63%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 63.6% of the housing units in Montgomery, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 63%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Montgomery, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Montgomery, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Montgomery, AL have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

22.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Montgomery, AL have a shorter commute time (22.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.38% of the workforce in Montgomery, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Montgomery, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

In N/A, the most common method of travel for workers in Montgomery, AL was N/A, followed by those who N/A and those who N/A.

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