Mobile, AL

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Population

413,955

0.212% decline

Median Age

38.2


Median Household Income

$46,023

0.61% growth

Poverty Rate

19.3%


Number of Employees

173,485

0.909% decline

Median Property Value

$131,200

3.47% growth

About

In 2017, Mobile, AL had a population of 414k people with a median age of 38.2 and a median household income of $46,023. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Mobile, AL declined from 414,836 to 413,955, a -0.212% decrease and its median household income grew from $45,744 to $46,023, a 0.61% increase.

The population of Mobile, AL is 56.9% White Alone, 35.5% Black or African American Alone, and 2.89% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Mobile, AL speak a non-English language, and 98.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Mobile, AL are University of South Alabama (3,598 degrees awarded in 2016), Bishop State Community College (589 degrees), and University of Mobile (318 degrees).

The median property value in Mobile, AL is $131,200, and the homeownership rate is 64.3%. Most people in Mobile, AL commute by N/A, and the average commute time is 23.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Mobile, AL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: RSA Battlehouse Building, Mobile, AL

Economy

The economy of Mobile, AL employs 173k people. The largest industries in Mobile, AL are Health Care & Social Assistance (25,431 people), Manufacturing (21,475 people), and Retail Trade (19,229 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($75,045), Utilities ($60,708), and Manufacturing ($55,896).

Median household income in Mobile, AL is $46,023. Males in Mobile, AL have an average income that is 1.43 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,415. The income inequality in Mobile, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.459, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$46,023

2017 value

± $3,223

0.61%

1 Year Growth

± 8.77%

Households in Mobile, AL have a median annual income of $46,023, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $45,744 in 2016, which represents a 0.61% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Mobile, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

$59,128

Average Male Salary

± $1,487

$41,415

Average Female Salary

± $1,053

In 2017, full-time male employees in Mobile, AL made 1.43 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Mobile, AL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $55,342 ± $9,359

  2. White

    $49,497 ± $1,108

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $40,310 ± $17,163

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Mobile, AL workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.12 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Mobile, AL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Mobile, AL is from Alabama.

0.459

2017 Wage GINI

0.463

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.459 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.912% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Mobile, AL was Shelby County, AL with a value of $73,031, followed by Madison County, AL and Elmore County, AL, with respective values of $62,312 and $60,558.

The following map shows all of the counties in Mobile, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

19.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Mobile, AL (78.3k out of 405k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    43,154 ± 1,496

  2. White

    30,316 ± 1,317

  3. Hispanic

    2,776 ± 433

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Mobile, AL is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

173k

2017 Value

± 7,592

-0.909%

1 Year decline

± 6.13%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Mobile, AL declined at a rate of -0.909%, from 175k employees to 173k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Mobile, AL, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (9,555 people), Driver/Sales Workers & Truck Drivers (5,934 people), and Building Cleaning & Pest Control Workers (5,758 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Mobile, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Mobile, AL, by number of employees, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (9,555 people), Driver/Sales Workers & Truck Drivers (5,934 people), and Building Cleaning & Pest Control Workers (5,758 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Mobile, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Fishing & Hunting, & Forest, Conservation, & Logging Workers (5.05 times higher than expected), Printing Workers (3.5 times), and Other Construction Workers & Helpers (2.9 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Mobile, AL, by median earnings, are Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($78,500), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($65,232), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($62,206).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

173k

2017 Value

± 7,592

-0.909%

1 Year decline

± 6.13%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Mobile, AL declined at a rate of -0.909%, from 175k employees to 173k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Mobile, AL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (25,431 people), Manufacturing (21,475 people), and Retail Trade (19,229 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Mobile, AL, though some of these residents may live in Mobile, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Mobile, AL, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (25,431 people), Manufacturing (21,475 people), and Retail Trade (19,229 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Mobile, AL has an unusually high number of Utilities (1.62 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.28 times), and Accommodation & Food Services (1.15 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Mobile, AL, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($75,045), Utilities ($60,708), and Manufacturing ($55,896).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $40.7B

  2. $28B

  3. $21.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $40.7B, followed by Mixed freight with $28B and Coal-n.e.c. and $21.5B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama state.

$243B

2015 Value

$367B

Projected 2045 Value

50.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Alabama trade was $243B. This is expected to increase 50.7% to $367B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.3B

  2. $16.7B

  3. $14.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $25.3B, followed by Florida with $16.7B and Tennessee and $14.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.2% of the population of Mobile, AL has health coverage, with 41.8% on employee plans, 20.9% on Medicaid, 12.4% on Medicare, 12.5% on non-group plans, and 1.55% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Mobile, AL was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Mobile, AL see 1535 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.1% decrease from the previous year (1552 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2139 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1185 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.1%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (47.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

1,535 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Alabama see an average of 1,535 patients per year. This represents a 1.1% decrease from the previous year (1,552 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Alabama in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

$7,281

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,641

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,042

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,267

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.8%

Uninsured

41.8%

Employer Coverage

20.9%

Medicaid

12.4%

Medicare

12.5%

Non-Group

1.55%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Mobile, AL declined by 5.41% from 11.4% to 10.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Mobile, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 21.1% prevalence

  2. 20.9% prevalence

  3. 20.4% prevalence

Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 21.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Mobile, AL is home to a population of 414k people, from which 98.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.17% of Mobile, AL residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Mobile, AL is composed of 236k White Alone residents (56.9%), 147k Black or African American Alone residents (35.5%), 11.9k Hispanic or Latino residents (2.89%), 7.5k Asian Alone residents (1.81%), 6.47k Two or More Races residents (1.56%), 3.3k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.798%), 2.13k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.513%), and 79 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0191%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Mobile, AL are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

38

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Mobile, AL was 38.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 38, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Mobile, AL are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Mobile, AL residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.17%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

3.1%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 3.17% of Mobile, AL residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Mobile, AL was 3.1%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Mobile, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    49,351 ± 5,426 people

  2. Guatemala

    13,867 ± 2,887 people

  3. Korea

    10,864 ± 2,556 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Mobile, AL was Mexico, the natal country of 49,351 Mobile, AL residents, followed by Guatemala with 13,867 and Korea with 10,864.

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Citizenship

98.6%

2017 Citizenship

98.5%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.6% of Mobile, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Mobile, AL was 98.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Mobile, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    236k ± 383

  2. Black or African American Alone

    147k ± 1.58k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    11.9k ± 2.18k

In 2017, there were 1.61 times more White Alone residents (236k people) in Mobile, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 147k Black or African American Alone and 11.9k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Mobile, AL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Mobile, AL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.5%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Mobile, AL was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Mobile, AL are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    10,036 ± 1,189

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    5,341 ± 1,465

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    3,897 ± 1,055

Mobile, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.88 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Mobile, AL awarded 5,646 degrees. The student population of Mobile, AL is skewed towards women, with 9,044 male students and 14,662 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Mobile, AL are White (3,289 and 60.9%), followed by Black or African American (1,562 and 28.9%), Asian (165 and 3.05%), and Hispanic or Latino (132 and 2.44%).

The largest universities in Mobile, AL by number of degrees awarded are University of South Alabama (3,598 and 63.7%), Bishop State Community College (589 and 10.4%), and University of Mobile (318 and 5.63%).

The most popular majors in Mobile, AL are Registered Nursing (1,153 and 20.4%), Medical Assistant (343 and 6.08%), and General Business Administration & Management (199 and 3.52%).

The median tuition costs in Mobile, AL are $26,917 for private four year colleges, and $7,248 and $14,496 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 381 degrees awarded

  2. 159 degrees awarded

  3. 110 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Mobile, AL was Registered Nursing with 381 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Mobile, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 3,598 degrees awarded

  2. 589 degrees awarded

  3. 318 degrees awarded

$7,248

Median In-State Public

$26,917

Median Private

In 2016, the Mobile, AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of South Alabama with 3,598 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,943

Degrees Awarded to Men

3,703

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,943 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Mobile, AL, which is 0.525 times less than the 3,703 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Mobile, AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    3,289 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    1,562 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    165 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Mobile, AL were to White students. These 3,289 degrees mean that there were 2.11 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,562 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Mobile, AL was $131,200 in 2017, which is 0.603 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $126,800 to $131,200, a 3.47% increase. The homeownership rate in Mobile, AL is 64.3%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Mobile, AL have an average commute time of 23.7 minutes, and they commute by N/A. Car ownership in Mobile, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$46,023

Median Household Income

± $3,223

155k

Number of Households

± 6,583

In 2017, the median household income of the 155k households in Mobile, AL grew to $46,023 from the previous year's value of $45,744.

The following chart displays the households in Mobile, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$131,200

2017 Median

± $5,113

$126,800

2016 Median

± $4,312

In 2017, the median property value in Mobile, AL grew to to $131,200 from the previous year's value of $126,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Mobile, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Mobile, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Mobile, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Mobile, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

64.3%

2017 Homeownership

65.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 64.3% of the housing units in Mobile, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 65.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Mobile, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Mobile, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Mobile, AL have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

23.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Mobile, AL have a shorter commute time (23.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.5% of the workforce in Mobile, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Mobile, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

In N/A, the most common method of travel for workers in Mobile, AL was N/A, followed by those who N/A and those who N/A.

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