Mills County, IA

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Population

14,933

0.62% growth

Median Age

42.1


Median Household Income

$67,949

2.64% growth

Poverty Rate

9.14%


Number of Employees

7,416

1.44% growth

Median Property Value

$157,000

1.82% growth

About

In 2017, Mills County, IA had a population of 14.9k people with a median age of 42.1 and a median household income of $67,949. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Mills County, IA grew from 14,841 to 14,933, a 0.62% increase and its median household income grew from $66,203 to $67,949, a 2.64% increase.

The population of Mills County, IA is 94.6% White Alone, 2.83% Hispanic or Latino, and 1.07% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Mills County, IA speak a non-English language, and 99.5% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Mills County, IA is $157,000, and the homeownership rate is 78.7%. Most people in Mills County, IA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Mills County, IA is 2 cars per household.

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Economy

The economy of Mills County, IA employs 7.42k people. The largest industries in Mills County, IA are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,420 people), Retail Trade (837 people), and Manufacturing (661 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($59,554), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($55,417), and Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($55,100).

Median household income in Mills County, IA is $67,949. Males in Mills County, IA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,006. The income inequality in Mills County, IA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.443, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$67,949

2017 value

± $4,799

2.64%

1 Year Growth

± 8.39%

Households in Mills County, IA have a median annual income of $67,949, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $66,203 in 2016, which represents a 2.64% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Mills County, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Iowa.

$58,922

Average Male Salary

± $1,635

$44,006

Average Female Salary

± $1,197

In 2017, full-time male employees in Iowa made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Iowa by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Iowa.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $50,374 ± $7,648

  2. White

    $44,731 ± $967

  3. Black

    $32,234 ± $4,518

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Iowa workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Iowa by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Mills County, IA is from Iowa.

0.443

2017 Wage GINI

0.445

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Iowa was 0.443 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.563% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Iowa was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Iowa in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Iowa across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 402.02

  2. Census Tract 402.01

  3. Census Tract 403.01

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Mills County, IA was Census Tract 402.02 with a value of $83,682, followed by Census Tract 402.01 and Census Tract 403.01, with respective values of $67,250 and $63,906.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Mills County, IA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

9.14% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Mills County, IA (1.34k out of 14.7k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    1,204 ± 187

  2. Hispanic

    160 ± 86

  3. Native American

    69 ± 84

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Mills County, IA is White, followed by Hispanic and Native American.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

7.42k

2017 Value

± 428

1.44%

1 Year growth

± 8.29%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Mills County, IA grew at a rate of 1.44%, from 7.31k employees to 7.42k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Mills County, IA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,011 people), Management Occupations (792 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (699 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Mills County, IA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Mills County, IA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,011 people), Management Occupations (792 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (699 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Mills County, IA has an unusually high number of residents working as Personal Care & Service Occupations (1.91 times higher than expected), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.85 times), and Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1.82 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Mills County, IA, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($92,000), Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors ($83,125), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($74,234).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

7.42k

2017 Value

± 428

1.44%

1 Year growth

± 8.29%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Mills County, IA grew at a rate of 1.44%, from 7.31k employees to 7.42k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Mills County, IA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,420 people), Retail Trade (837 people), and Manufacturing (661 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Mills County, IA, though some of these residents may live in Mills County, IA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Mills County, IA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,420 people), Retail Trade (837 people), and Manufacturing (661 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Mills County, IA has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (3.73 times higher than expected), Utilities (2.46 times), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1.38 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Mills County, IA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($59,554), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($55,417), and Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($55,100).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $24.8B

  2. $18.8B

  3. $18.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Iowa product (by dollars) was Cereal grains with $24.8B, followed by Machinery ($18.8B) and Other ag prods. ($18.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Iowa products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Iowa state.

$245B

2015 Value

$363B

Projected 2045 Value

47.9% growth

In 2015, total outbound Iowa trade was $245B. This is expected to increase 47.9% to $363B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Iowa trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $26.2B

  2. $16.1B

  3. $11.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Iowa domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Illinois with $26.2B, followed by Minnesota with $16.1B and Nebraska and $11.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Iowa shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

95.3% of the population of Mills County, IA has health coverage, with 53% on employee plans, 13.3% on Medicaid, 12.2% on Medicare, 14.3% on non-group plans, and 2.53% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Mills County, IA was $8,200 in 2014. This is a 5.05% increase from the previous year ($7,806).

Primary care physicians in Mills County, IA see 1649 patients per year on average, which represents a 11.2% increase from the previous year (1483 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2495 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 2139 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Appanoose County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (13.3%). Additionally, Union County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,649 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Mills County, IA see an average of 1,649 patients per year. This represents a 11.2% increase from the previous year (1,483 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Mills County, IA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.

$8,200

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,076

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,702

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,317

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Iowa (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.05%, from $7,806 to $8,200.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.66%

Uninsured

53%

Employer Coverage

13.3%

Medicaid

12.2%

Medicare

14.3%

Non-Group

2.53%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Mills County, IA declined by 18.1% from 5.69% to 4.66%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Mills County, IA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 13.3% prevalence

  2. 12.6% prevalence

  3. 12.1% prevalence

Appanoose County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Iowa, at 13.3%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Iowa by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Mills County, IA is home to a population of 14.9k people, from which 99.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.03% of Mills County, IA residents were born outside of the country (154 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Mills County, IA is composed of 14.1k White Alone residents (94.6%), 423 Hispanic or Latino residents (2.83%), 160 Two or More Races residents (1.07%), 118 Black or African American Alone residents (0.79%), 75 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.502%), 32 Asian Alone residents (0.214%), 3 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0201%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Mills County, IA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

42

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

49

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 20.3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Mills County, IA was 42.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 42, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 49. But people in Mills County, IA are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Mills County, IA residents was 43.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.03%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

154 people

0.802%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

119 people

As of 2017, 1.03% of Mills County, IA residents (154 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Mills County, IA was 0.802%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Mills County, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Iowa.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    41,844 ± 4,988 people

  2. China

    10,526 ± 2,515 people

  3. India

    10,455 ± 2,506 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Iowa was Mexico, the natal country of 41,844 Iowa residents, followed by China with 10,526 and India with 10,455.

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Citizenship

99.5%

2017 Citizenship

99.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.5% of Mills County, IA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Mills County, IA was 99.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Mills County, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    14.1k ± 4

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    423 ± 99.2

  3. Two or More Races

    160 ± 61.8

In 2017, there were 33.4 times more White Alone residents (14.1k people) in Mills County, IA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 423 Hispanic or Latino and 160 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Mills County, IA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Mills County, IA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Mills County, IA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Mills County, IA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    414 ± 82

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    147 ± 50

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    121 ± 56

Mills County, IA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.82 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Mills County, IA was $157,000 in 2017, which is 0.722 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $154,200 to $157,000, a 1.82% increase. The homeownership rate in Mills County, IA is 78.7%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Mills County, IA have an average commute time of 23.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Mills County, IA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$67,949

Median Household Income

± $4,799

5.6k

Number of Households

± 352

In 2017, the median household income of the 5.6k households in Mills County, IA grew to $67,949 from the previous year's value of $66,203.

The following chart displays the households in Mills County, IA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$157,000

2017 Median

± $5,693

$154,200

2016 Median

± $6,183

In 2017, the median property value in Mills County, IA grew to to $157,000 from the previous year's value of $154,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Mills County, IA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Mills County, IA the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

$2k - $3k

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Mills County, IA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Mills County, IA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $2k - $3k range.

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Rent vs Own

78.7%

2017 Homeownership

78.7%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 78.7% of the housing units in Mills County, IA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 78.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Mills County, IA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Mills County, IA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Mills County, IA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

23.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Mills County, IA have a shorter commute time (23.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.1% of the workforce in Mills County, IA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Mills County, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    84.8%

  2. Carpooled

    6.72%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.15%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Mills County, IA was Drove Alone (84.8%), followed by those who Carpooled (6.72%) and those who Worked At Home (4.15%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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