Midland, TX

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Population

165,430

2.58% growth

Median Age

31.8


Median Household Income

$75,570

6.17% growth

Poverty Rate

8.63%


Number of Employees

82,998

2.1% growth

Median Property Value

$185,000

6.51% growth

About

In 2017, Midland, TX had a population of 165k people with a median age of 31.8 and a median household income of $75,570. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Midland, TX grew from 161,268 to 165,430, a 2.58% increase and its median household income grew from $71,181 to $75,570, a 6.17% increase.

The population of Midland, TX is 47.5% White Alone, 43.3% Hispanic or Latino, and 5.69% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Midland, TX speak a non-English language, and 91.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Midland, TX are Midland College (757 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Midland, TX is $185,000, and the homeownership rate is 67.1%. Most people in Midland, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 19 minutes. The average car ownership in Midland, TX is 2 cars per household.

Midland, TX borders Odessa, TX, Big Spring, TX, Andrews, TX, and Lamesa, TX.

About the photo: Austin at Sunset

Economy

The economy of Midland, TX employs 83k people. The largest industries in Midland, TX are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (15,365 people), Retail Trade (8,569 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (8,451 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($203,060), Utilities ($79,923), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($78,330).

Median household income in Midland, TX is $75,570. Males in Midland, TX have an average income that is 1.41 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,959. The income inequality in Midland, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.482, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$75,570

2017 value

± $3,376

6.17%

1 Year Growth

± 5.29%

Households in Midland, TX have a median annual income of $75,570, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $71,181 in 2016, which represents a 6.17% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Midland, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Texas.

$64,953

Average Male Salary

± $716

$45,959

Average Female Salary

± $514

In 2017, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.41 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $64,947 ± $2,196

  2. White

    $52,072 ± $505

  3. American Indian

    $45,538 ± $7,571

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Midland, TX is from Texas.

0.482

2017 Wage GINI

0.482

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Texas was 0.482 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.139% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Midland, TX was Collin County, TX with a value of $94,933, followed by Rockwall County, TX and Fort Bend County, TX, with respective values of $94,848 and $90,845.

The following map shows all of the counties in Midland, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

8.63% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Midland, TX (14.1k out of 163k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    10,787 ± 994

  2. Hispanic

    9,363 ± 929

  3. Other

    1,791 ± 413

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Midland, TX is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

83k

2017 Value

± 2,424

2.1%

1 Year growth

± 4.04%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Midland, TX grew at a rate of 2.1%, from 81.3k employees to 83k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Midland, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (10,730 people), Construction & Extraction Occupations (9,779 people), and Management Occupations (9,239 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Midland, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Midland, TX, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (10,730 people), Construction & Extraction Occupations (9,779 people), and Management Occupations (9,239 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Midland, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Construction & Extraction Occupations (2.37 times higher than expected), Architecture & Engineering Occupations (1.58 times), and Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.52 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Midland, TX, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($122,879), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($100,478), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($86,875).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

83k

2017 Value

± 2,424

2.1%

1 Year growth

± 4.04%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Midland, TX grew at a rate of 2.1%, from 81.3k employees to 83k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Midland, TX, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (15,365 people), Retail Trade (8,569 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (8,451 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Midland, TX, though some of these residents may live in Midland, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Midland, TX, by number of employees, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (15,365 people), Retail Trade (8,569 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (8,451 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Midland, TX has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (34.3 times higher than expected), Wholesale Trade (1.41 times), and Construction (1.3 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Midland, TX, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($203,060), Utilities ($79,923), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($78,330).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $282B

  2. $216B

  3. $159B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $282B, followed by Gasoline ($216B) and Mixed freight ($159B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$1.97T

2015 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

42.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Texas trade was $1.97T. This is expected to increase 42.1% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $85.7B

  2. $53.4B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $85.7B, followed by Oklahoma with $53.4B and California and $34.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

80.8% of the population of Midland, TX has health coverage, with 54.1% on employee plans, 8.5% on Medicaid, 7.59% on Medicare, 9.91% on non-group plans, and 0.742% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Midland, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Midland, TX see 1670 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1672 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1790 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1012 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

1,670 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Texas see an average of 1,670 patients per year. This represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1,672 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Texas in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

19.2%

Uninsured

54.1%

Employer Coverage

8.5%

Medicaid

7.59%

Medicare

9.91%

Non-Group

0.742%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Midland, TX declined by 3.35% from 19.8% to 19.2%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Midland, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Midland, TX is home to a population of 165k people, from which 91.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 12.2% of Midland, TX residents were born outside of the country (20.2k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Midland, TX is composed of 78.6k White Alone residents (47.5%), 71.6k Hispanic or Latino residents (43.3%), 9.41k Black or African American Alone residents (5.69%), 2.91k Asian Alone residents (1.76%), 2.02k Two or More Races residents (1.22%), 634 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.383%), 146 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0883%), and 79 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0478%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Midland, TX are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

30

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

41

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Midland, TX was 31.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 30, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in Midland, TX are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Midland, TX residents was 32.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

12.2%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

20.2k people

11%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

17.8k people

As of 2017, 12.2% of Midland, TX residents (20.2k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Midland, TX was 11%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Midland, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,547,886 ± 37,324 people

  2. India

    231,271 ± 11,757 people

  3. El Salvador

    200,904 ± 10,964 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,547,886 Texas residents, followed by India with 231,271 and El Salvador with 200,904.

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Citizenship

91.8%

2017 Citizenship

92.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 91.8% of Midland, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Midland, TX was 92.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Midland, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    78.6k ± 234

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    71.6k ± 2.35k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    9.41k ± 464

In 2017, there were 1.1 times more White Alone residents (78.6k people) in Midland, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 71.6k Hispanic or Latino and 9.41k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Midland, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Midland, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Midland, TX was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Midland, TX are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,407 ± 269

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,384 ± 288

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,264 ± 292

Midland, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.74 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Midland, TX awarded 757 degrees. The student population of Midland, TX is skewed towards women, with 2,396 male students and 3,249 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Midland, TX are Hispanic or Latino (393 and 51.9%), followed by White (258 and 34.1%), Black or African American (66 and 8.72%), and Asian (12 and 1.59%).

The largest universities in Midland, TX by number of degrees awarded are Midland College (757 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Midland, TX are General Studies (303 and 40%), Registered Nursing (45 and 5.94%), and Diesel Mechanics Technology (36 and 4.76%).

The median tuition costs in Midland, TX are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $3,360 and $4,560 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 22 degrees awarded

  2. 303 degrees awarded

  3. 45 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Midland, TX was Electromechanical Technology with 22 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Midland, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

757 degrees awarded

$3,360

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Midland, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was Midland College with 757 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

342

Degrees Awarded to Men

415

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 342 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Midland, TX, which is 0.824 times less than the 415 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Midland, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    393 degrees awarded

  2. White

    258 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    66 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Midland, TX were to Hispanic or Latino students. These 393 degrees mean that there were 1.52 times more Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 258 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Midland, TX was $185,000 in 2017, which is 0.85 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $173,700 to $185,000, a 6.51% increase. The homeownership rate in Midland, TX is 67.1%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Midland, TX have an average commute time of 19 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Midland, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$75,570

Median Household Income

± $3,376

56.7k

Number of Households

± 1,851

In 2017, the median household income of the 56.7k households in Midland, TX grew to $75,570 from the previous year's value of $71,181.

The following chart displays the households in Midland, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$185,000

2017 Median

± $5,044

$173,700

2016 Median

± $4,344

In 2017, the median property value in Midland, TX grew to to $185,000 from the previous year's value of $173,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Midland, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Midland, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Midland, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Midland, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

67.1%

2017 Homeownership

66.7%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 67.1% of the housing units in Midland, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 66.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Midland, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Midland, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Midland, TX have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

19 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Midland, TX have a shorter commute time (19 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.68% of the workforce in Midland, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Midland, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    84.9%

  2. Carpooled

    9.86%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.45%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Midland, TX was Drove Alone (84.9%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.86%) and those who Worked At Home (2.45%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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