Mercer County, OH

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Population

40,723

0.399% decline

Median Age

39.8


Median Household Income

$57,052

3.32% growth

Poverty Rate

7.43%


Number of Employees

20,716

0.0241% growth

Median Property Value

$137,900

2.3% growth

About

In 2017, Mercer County, OH had a population of 40.7k people with a median age of 39.8 and a median household income of $57,052. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Mercer County, OH declined from 40,886 to 40,723, a -0.399% decrease and its median household income grew from $55,220 to $57,052, a 3.32% increase.

The population of Mercer County, OH is 95.8% White Alone, 1.8% Hispanic or Latino, and 0.796% Two or More Races. 2.06% of the people in Mercer County, OH speak a non-English language, and 99.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Mercer County, OH are Wright State University-Lake Campus (127 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Mercer County, OH is $137,900, and the homeownership rate is 77.4%. Most people in Mercer County, OH commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 17.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Mercer County, OH is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Mercer County, OH employs 20.7k people. The largest industries in Mercer County, OH are Manufacturing (7,125 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,491 people), and Retail Trade (1,881 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($61,667), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($44,063), and Construction ($43,306).

Median household income in Mercer County, OH is $57,052. Males in Mercer County, OH have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,809. The income inequality in Mercer County, OH (measured using the Gini index) is 0.461, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$57,052

2017 value

± $2,526

3.32%

1 Year Growth

± 5.96%

Households in Mercer County, OH have a median annual income of $57,052, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $55,220 in 2016, which represents a 3.32% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Mercer County, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

$61,819

Average Male Salary

± $967

$45,809

Average Female Salary

± $722

In 2017, full-time male employees in Mercer County, OH made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Mercer County, OH by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $61,297 ± $5,164

  2. White

    $47,402 ± $598

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $43,729 ± $34,565

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Mercer County, OH workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.29 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Mercer County, OH by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Mercer County, OH is from Ohio.

0.461

2017 Wage GINI

0.461

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Ohio was 0.461 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0776% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Ohio was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Ohio in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Ohio across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9680

  2. Census Tract 9673

  3. Census Tract 9679

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Mercer County, OH was Census Tract 9680 with a value of $69,797, followed by Census Tract 9673 and Census Tract 9679, with respective values of $65,931 and $60,983.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Mercer County, OH colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

7.43% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Mercer County, OH (2.99k out of 40.2k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    2,862 ± 317

  2. Hispanic

    184 ± 136

  3. Two Or More

    53 ± 116

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Mercer County, OH is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

20.7k

2017 Value

± 781

0.0241%

1 Year growth

± 5.36%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Mercer County, OH grew at a rate of 0.0241%, from 20.7k employees to 20.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Mercer County, OH, are Production Occupations (4,222 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,677 people), and Management Occupations (1,927 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Mercer County, OH.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Mercer County, OH, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (4,222 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,677 people), and Management Occupations (1,927 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Mercer County, OH has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (3.52 times higher than expected), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.76 times), and Material Moving Occupations (1.51 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Mercer County, OH, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($74,028), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($68,750), and Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($59,000).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

20.7k

2017 Value

± 781

0.0241%

1 Year growth

± 5.36%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Mercer County, OH grew at a rate of 0.0241%, from 20.7k employees to 20.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Mercer County, OH, are Manufacturing (7,125 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,491 people), and Retail Trade (1,881 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Mercer County, OH, though some of these residents may live in Mercer County, OH and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Mercer County, OH, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (7,125 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,491 people), and Retail Trade (1,881 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Mercer County, OH has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (3.4 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (3.04 times), and Construction (1.04 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Mercer County, OH, by median earnings, are Utilities ($61,667), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($44,063), and Construction ($43,306).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $65.2B

  2. $64.2B

  3. $45.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $65.2B, followed by Motorized vehicles with $64.2B and Machinery and $45.1B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Ohio products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Ohio state.

$614B

2015 Value

$952B

Projected 2045 Value

55% growth

In 2015, total outbound Ohio trade was $614B. This is expected to increase 55% to $952B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Ohio trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $44.3B

  2. $34.5B

  3. $31.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Michigan with $44.3B, followed by Indiana with $34.5B and Pennsylvania and $31.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Ohio shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

95.2% of the population of Mercer County, OH has health coverage, with 60.9% on employee plans, 9.29% on Medicaid, 12.9% on Medicare, 10.9% on non-group plans, and 1.18% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Mercer County, OH was $8,712 in 2014. This is a 5.14% increase from the previous year ($8,286).

Primary care physicians in Mercer County, OH see 2410 patients per year on average, which represents a 6.26% increase from the previous year (2268 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 3409 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1278 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.8%). Additionally, Hocking County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,410 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Mercer County, OH see an average of 2,410 patients per year. This represents a 6.26% increase from the previous year (2,268 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Mercer County, OH in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

$8,712

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,371

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,007

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,038

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Ohio (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.14%, from $8,286 to $8,712.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.83%

Uninsured

60.9%

Employer Coverage

9.29%

Medicaid

12.9%

Medicare

10.9%

Non-Group

1.18%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Mercer County, OH declined by 13.6% from 5.59% to 4.83%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Mercer County, OH changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.8% prevalence

  2. 15.9% prevalence

  3. 15.3% prevalence

Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Ohio, at 16.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Ohio by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Mercer County, OH is home to a population of 40.7k people, from which 99.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.06% of Mercer County, OH residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Mercer County, OH is composed of 39k White Alone residents (95.8%), 731 Hispanic or Latino residents (1.8%), 324 Two or More Races residents (0.796%), 278 Black or African American Alone residents (0.683%), 175 Asian Alone residents (0.43%), 151 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.371%), 54 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.133%), and 3 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.00737%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Mercer County, OH are Spanish or Spanish Creole (235 speakers), German (205 speakers), and Other Pacific Island Languages (136 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

40

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

32

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 13.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Mercer County, OH was 39.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 32. But people in Mercer County, OH are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Mercer County, OH residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.06%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

0.905%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 1.06% of Mercer County, OH residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Mercer County, OH was 0.905%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Mercer County, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    56,561 ± 5,825 people

  2. Mexico

    44,953 ± 5,195 people

  3. China

    32,750 ± 4,437 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Mercer County, OH was India, the natal country of 56,561 Mercer County, OH residents, followed by Mexico with 44,953 and China with 32,750.

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Citizenship

99.4%

2017 Citizenship

99.4%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.4% of Mercer County, OH residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Mercer County, OH was 99.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Mercer County, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    39k ± 69

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    731 ± 169

  3. Two or More Races

    324 ± 96

In 2017, there were 53.4 times more White Alone residents (39k people) in Mercer County, OH than any other race or ethnicity. There were 731 Hispanic or Latino and 324 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Mercer County, OH as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    235 speakers (0.616%)

  2. German

    205 speakers (0.538%)

  3. Other Pacific Island Languages

    136 speakers (0.357%)

2.06% of Mercer County, OH citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Mercer County, OH was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 0.616% of the overall population of Mercer County, OH are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.538% speak German and 0.357% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    837 ± 133

  2. Korea

    273 ± 83

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    261 ± 73

Mercer County, OH has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.07 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Mercer County, OH awarded 127 degrees. The student population of Mercer County, OH is skewed towards women, with 630 male students and 706 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Mercer County, OH are White (121 and 95.3%), followed by Black or African American (3 and 2.36%), Two or More Races (1 and 0.787%), and American Indian or Alaska Native (1 and 0.787%).

The largest universities in Mercer County, OH by number of degrees awarded are Wright State University-Lake Campus (127 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Mercer County, OH are General Business Administration & Management (36 and 28.3%), General Engineering Technology (20 and 15.7%), and Mechanical Engineering (15 and 11.8%).

The median tuition costs in Mercer County, OH are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $5,842 and $14,462 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Mercer County, OH was General Business Administration & Management with 23 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Mercer County, OH according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

127 degrees awarded

$5,842

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Mercer County, OH institution with the largest number of graduating students was Wright State University-Lake Campus with 127 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

49

Degrees Awarded to Men

78

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 49 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Mercer County, OH, which is 0.628 times less than the 78 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Mercer County, OH by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    121 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    3 degrees awarded

  3. Two or More Races

    1 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Mercer County, OH were to White students. These 121 degrees mean that there were 40.3 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 3 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Mercer County, OH was $137,900 in 2017, which is 0.634 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $134,800 to $137,900, a 2.3% increase. The homeownership rate in Mercer County, OH is 77.4%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Mercer County, OH have an average commute time of 17.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Mercer County, OH is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$57,052

Median Household Income

± $2,526

16.1k

Number of Households

± 674

In 2017, the median household income of the 16.1k households in Mercer County, OH grew to $57,052 from the previous year's value of $55,220.

The following chart displays the households in Mercer County, OH distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$137,900

2017 Median

± $5,045

$134,800

2016 Median

± $5,199

In 2017, the median property value in Mercer County, OH grew to to $137,900 from the previous year's value of $134,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Mercer County, OH compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Mercer County, OH the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Mercer County, OH distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Mercer County, OH the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

77.4%

2017 Homeownership

76%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 77.4% of the housing units in Mercer County, OH were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 76%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Mercer County, OH compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Mercer County, OH distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Mercer County, OH have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

17.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Mercer County, OH have a shorter commute time (17.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.909% of the workforce in Mercer County, OH have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Mercer County, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    88.9%

  2. Carpooled

    6.13%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.27%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Mercer County, OH was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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