Merced, CA

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Population

82,008

0.671% growth

Median Age

29.2


Median Household Income

$40,704

3.55% growth

Poverty Rate

30.2%


Number of Employees

28,991

0.0999% decline

Median Property Value

$185,700

8.91% growth

About

In 2017, Merced, CA had a population of 82k people with a median age of 29.2 and a median household income of $40,704. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Merced, CA grew from 81,461 to 82,008, a 0.671% increase and its median household income grew from $39,307 to $40,704, a 3.55% increase.

The population of Merced, CA is 52.2% Hispanic or Latino, 27.9% White Alone, and 11.9% Asian Alone. 45.6% of the people in Merced, CA speak a non-English language, and 88.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Merced, CA are Merced College (1,415 degrees awarded in 2016), Milan Institute-Merced (194 degrees), and Sierra College of Beauty (53 degrees).

The median property value in Merced, CA is $185,700, and the homeownership rate is 39.7%. Most people in Merced, CA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Merced, CA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Merced Wildlife Refuge

Economy

The economy of Merced, CA employs 29k people. The largest industries in Merced, CA are Educational Services (4,791 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,926 people), and Retail Trade (3,211 people), and the highest paying industries are Public Administration ($55,063), Utilities ($51,563), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($41,523).

Median household income in Merced, CA is $40,704. Males in Merced, CA have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $57,252. The income inequality in Merced, CA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.5, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$40,704

2017 value

± $1,521

3.55%

1 Year Growth

± 5.52%

Households in Merced, CA have a median annual income of $40,704, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $39,307 in 2016, which represents a 3.55% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Merced, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for California.

$72,235

Average Male Salary

± $699

$57,252

Average Female Salary

± $582

In 2017, full-time male employees in Merced, CA made 1.26 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Merced, CA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for California.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $65,946 ± $1,081

  2. White

    $59,925 ± $556

  3. Two or More Races

    $49,289 ± $1,826

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Merced, CA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.1 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Merced, CA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Merced, CA is from California.

0.5

2017 Wage GINI

0.5

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in California was 0.5 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.16% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for California was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in California in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in California across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 11.01

  2. Census Tract 12

  3. Census Tract 14.02

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Merced, CA was Census Tract 11.01 with a value of $60,841, followed by Census Tract 12 and Census Tract 14.02, with respective values of $54,732 and $45,524.

The following map shows all of the places in Merced, CA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

30.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Merced, CA (24.5k out of 81.1k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Hispanic

    15,055 ± 921

  2. White

    11,426 ± 1,020

  3. Other

    6,832 ± 601

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Merced, CA is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

29k

2017 Value

± 1,306

-0.0999%

1 Year decline

± 6.44%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Merced, CA declined at a rate of -0.0999%, from 29k employees to 29k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Merced, CA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,961 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,402 people), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (2,257 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Merced, CA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Merced, CA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,961 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,402 people), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (2,257 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Merced, CA has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (9.54 times higher than expected), Material Moving Occupations (1.76 times), and Personal Care & Service Occupations (1.74 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Merced, CA, by median earnings, are Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($108,188), Legal Occupations ($98,555), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($72,083).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

29k

2017 Value

± 1,306

-0.0999%

1 Year decline

± 6.44%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Merced, CA declined at a rate of -0.0999%, from 29k employees to 29k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Merced, CA, are Educational Services (4,791 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,926 people), and Retail Trade (3,211 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Merced, CA, though some of these residents may live in Merced, CA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Merced, CA, by number of employees, are Educational Services (4,791 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,926 people), and Retail Trade (3,211 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Merced, CA has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (5.81 times higher than expected), Educational Services (1.78 times), and Public Administration (1.29 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Merced, CA, by median earnings, are Public Administration ($55,063), Utilities ($51,563), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($41,523).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $196B

  2. $157B

  3. $127B

In 2015, the top outbound California product (by dollars) was Electronics with $196B, followed by Mixed freight with $157B and Gasoline and $127B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound California products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for California state.

$1.54T

2015 Value

$2.48T

Projected 2045 Value

61.2% growth

In 2015, total outbound California trade was $1.54T. This is expected to increase 61.2% to $2.48T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound California trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $63.1B

  2. $42.2B

  3. $31.2B

In 2015, the top outbound California domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $63.1B, followed by Arizona with $42.2B and Washington and $31.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that California shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

90.1% of the population of Merced, CA has health coverage, with 31.9% on employee plans, 42.3% on Medicaid, 5.4% on Medicare, 9.78% on non-group plans, and 0.683% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Merced, CA was $7,549 in 2014. This is a 4.04% increase from the previous year ($7,256).

Primary care physicians in Merced, CA see 1281 patients per year on average, which represents a 0% change from the previous year (1281 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1214 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 324 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (10.6%). Additionally, Tulare County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

1,281 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in California see an average of 1,281 patients per year. This represents a 0% change from the previous year (1,281 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in California in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

$7,549

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,735

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,368

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,833

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in California (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.04%, from $7,256 to $7,549.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.94%

Uninsured

31.9%

Employer Coverage

42.3%

Medicaid

5.4%

Medicare

9.78%

Non-Group

0.683%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Merced, CA declined by 13.6% from 11.5% to 9.94%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Merced, CA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 10.6% prevalence

  2. 10.5% prevalence

  3. 10.3% prevalence

Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in California, at 10.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in California by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Merced, CA is home to a population of 82k people, from which 88.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 21.6% of Merced, CA residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Merced, CA is composed of 42.8k Hispanic or Latino residents (52.2%), 22.9k White Alone residents (27.9%), 9.76k Asian Alone residents (11.9%), 4.36k Black or African American Alone residents (5.32%), 1.8k Two or More Races residents (2.19%), 186 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.227%), 167 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.204%), and 70 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0854%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Merced, CA are Spanish or Spanish Creole (25,085 speakers), Hmong (3,174 speakers), and Other Asian Languages (769 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

24

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.9

43

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Merced, CA was 29.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 24, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 43. But people in Merced, CA are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Merced, CA residents was 29.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

21.6%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

21.4%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 21.6% of Merced, CA residents were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Merced, CA was 21.4%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Merced, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    4,212,695 ± 47,591 people

  2. Philippines

    836,199 ± 22,209 people

  3. China

    612,429 ± 19,062 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Merced, CA was Mexico, the natal country of 4,212,695 Merced, CA residents, followed by Philippines with 836,199 and China with 612,429.

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Citizenship

88.1%

2017 Citizenship

87.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 88.1% of Merced, CA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Merced, CA was 87.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Merced, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    42.8k ± 2.27k

  2. White Alone

    22.9k ± 1.12k

  3. Asian Alone

    9.76k ± 722

In 2017, there were 1.87 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (42.8k people) in Merced, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 22.9k White Alone and 9.76k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Merced, CA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    25,085 speakers (34.1%)

  2. Hmong

    3,174 speakers (4.31%)

  3. Other Asian Languages

    769 speakers (1.05%)

45.6% of Merced, CA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Merced, CA was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 34.1% of the overall population of Merced, CA are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 4.31% speak Hmong and 1.05% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,310 ± 224

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    468 ± 174

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    453 ± 183

Merced, CA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.8 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Merced, CA awarded 1,662 degrees. The student population of Merced, CA is skewed towards women, with 4,586 male students and 6,633 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Merced, CA are Hispanic or Latino (928 and 56.3%), followed by White (406 and 24.6%), Asian (183 and 11.1%), and Two or More Races (47 and 2.85%).

The largest universities in Merced, CA by number of degrees awarded are Merced College (1,415 and 85.1%), Milan Institute-Merced (194 and 11.7%), and Sierra College of Beauty (53 and 3.19%).

The most popular majors in Merced, CA are Liberal Arts & Sciences (169 and 10.2%), General Social Sciences (163 and 9.81%), and General Psychology (162 and 9.75%).

The median tuition costs in Merced, CA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 78 degrees awarded

  2. 163 degrees awarded

  3. 162 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Merced, CA was General Business Administration & Management with 78 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Merced, CA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,415 degrees awarded

  2. 194 degrees awarded

  3. 53 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Merced, CA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Merced College with 1,415 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

588

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,074

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 588 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Merced, CA, which is 0.547 times less than the 1,074 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Merced, CA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    928 degrees awarded

  2. White

    406 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    183 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Merced, CA were to Hispanic or Latino students. These 928 degrees mean that there were 2.29 times more Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 406 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Merced, CA was $185,700 in 2017, which is 0.853 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $170,500 to $185,700, a 8.91% increase. The homeownership rate in Merced, CA is 39.7%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Merced, CA have an average commute time of 22.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Merced, CA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$40,704

Median Household Income

± $1,521

25.5k

Number of Households

± 1,159

In 2017, the median household income of the 25.5k households in Merced, CA grew to $40,704 from the previous year's value of $39,307.

The following chart displays the households in Merced, CA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$185,700

2017 Median

± $6,996

$170,500

2016 Median

± $5,348

In 2017, the median property value in Merced, CA grew to to $185,700 from the previous year's value of $170,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Merced, CA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Merced, CA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Merced, CA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Merced, CA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

39.7%

2017 Homeownership

40.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 39.7% of the housing units in Merced, CA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 40.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Merced, CA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Merced, CA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Merced, CA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

22.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Merced, CA have a shorter commute time (22.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 4.43% of the workforce in Merced, CA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Merced, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    76.7%

  2. Carpooled

    10.1%

  3. Other

    5.15%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Merced, CA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Other.

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