McAllen City PUMA, TX

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Population

140,123

0.535% growth

Median Age

32.9


Median Household Income

$44,709

0.669% decline

Poverty Rate

25.4%


Number of Employees

51,984

1.27% growth

Median Property Value

$120,800

2.46% growth

About

In 2017, McAllen City PUMA, TX had a population of 140k people with a median age of 32.9 and a median household income of $44,709. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of McAllen City PUMA, TX grew from 139,377 to 140,123, a 0.535% increase and its median household income declined from $45,010 to $44,709, a -0.669% decrease.

The population of McAllen City PUMA, TX is 85.1% Hispanic or Latino, 11% White Alone, and 2.53% Asian Alone. 77.8% of the people in McAllen City PUMA, TX speak a non-English language, and 82% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in McAllen City PUMA, TX are South Texas College (5,819 degrees awarded in 2016), Brightwood College-McAllen (380 degrees), and South Texas Vocational Technical Institute-McAllen (344 degrees).

The median property value in McAllen City PUMA, TX is $120,800, and the homeownership rate is 58%. Most people in McAllen City PUMA, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 18.9 minutes. The average car ownership in McAllen City PUMA, TX is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Austin at Sunset

Economy

The economy of McAllen City PUMA, TX employs 52k people. The largest industries in McAllen City PUMA, TX are Elementary & secondary schools (6,122 people), Restaurants & Food Services (4,598 people), and Hospitals (2,895 people), and the highest paying industries are Offices of dentists ($120,975), Support activities for mining ($105,817), and Computer Systems Design ($103,261).

Median household income in McAllen City PUMA, TX is $44,709. Males in McAllen City PUMA, TX have an average income that is 1.42 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,030. The income inequality in McAllen City PUMA, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.482, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$44,709

2017 value

± $2,763

-0.669%

1 Year Growth

± 7.69%

Households in McAllen City PUMA, TX have a median annual income of $44,709, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $45,010 in 2016, which represents a -0.669% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in McAllen City PUMA, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$56,896

Average Male Salary

± $10,116

$40,030

Average Female Salary

± $6,033

In 2017, full-time male employees in McAllen City PUMA, TX made 1.42 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in McAllen City PUMA, TX by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $63,712 ± $35,577

  2. Two or More Races

    $51,997 ± $38,937

  3. Black

    $46,820 ± $32,028

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of McAllen City PUMA, TX workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.23 times more than Two or More Races workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in McAllen City PUMA, TX by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.482

2017 Wage GINI

0.483

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in McAllen City PUMA, TX was 0.482 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0877% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for McAllen City PUMA, TX was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in McAllen City PUMA, TX in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in McAllen City PUMA, TX across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in McAllen City PUMA, TX was Flower Mound Town & Highland Village City PUMA, TX with a value of $131,600, followed by Austin City (Northwest) PUMA, TX and Grapevine, Southlake & Colleyville Cities PUMA, TX, with respective values of $116,092 and $115,108.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in McAllen City PUMA, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

25.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in McAllen City PUMA, TX (35.3k out of 139k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Hispanic

    33,535 ± 1,761

  2. White

    26,697 ± 1,553

  3. Asian

    374 ± 191

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in McAllen City PUMA, TX is Hispanic, followed by White and Asian.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

52k

2017 Value

1.27%

1 Year growth

± 1.27%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in McAllen City PUMA, TX grew at a rate of 1.27%, from 51.3k employees to 52k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in McAllen City PUMA, TX, are Elementary & middle school teachers (3,166 people), Retail salespersons (1,696 people), and Cashiers (1,684 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of McAllen City PUMA, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of McAllen City PUMA, TX, by number of employees, are Elementary & middle school teachers (3,166 people), Retail salespersons (1,696 people), and Cashiers (1,684 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, McAllen City PUMA, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Detectives & criminal investigators (5.7 times higher than expected), Miscellaneous health technologists & technicians (3.81 times), and Speechlanguage pathologists (3.68 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of McAllen City PUMA, TX, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($304,783), Dentists ($199,776), and Pharmacists ($136,196).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

52k

2017 Value

1.27%

1 Year growth

± 1.27%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in McAllen City PUMA, TX grew at a rate of 1.27%, from 51.3k employees to 52k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in McAllen City PUMA, TX, are Elementary & secondary schools (6,122 people), Restaurants & Food Services (4,598 people), and Hospitals (2,895 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of McAllen City PUMA, TX, though some of these residents may live in McAllen City PUMA, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in McAllen City PUMA, TX, by number of employees, are Elementary & secondary schools (6,122 people), Restaurants & Food Services (4,598 people), and Hospitals (2,895 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, McAllen City PUMA, TX has an unusually high number of Petroleum refining (4.75 times higher than expected), Car washes (4.07 times), and Support activities for mining (3.75 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in McAllen City PUMA, TX, by average salary, are Offices of dentists ($120,975), Support activities for mining ($105,817), and Computer Systems Design ($103,261).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $282B

  2. $216B

  3. $159B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $282B, followed by Gasoline ($216B) and Mixed freight ($159B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$1.97T

2015 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

42.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Texas trade was $1.97T. This is expected to increase 42.1% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $85.7B

  2. $53.4B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $85.7B, followed by Oklahoma with $53.4B and California and $34.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

70.2% of the population of McAllen City PUMA, TX has health coverage, with 28.8% on employee plans, 21.8% on Medicaid, 6.35% on Medicare, 12.2% on non-group plans, and 1.11% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of McAllen City PUMA, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in McAllen City PUMA, TX see 1670 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1672 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1790 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1012 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

1,670 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Texas see an average of 1,670 patients per year. This represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1,672 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Texas in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

29.8%

Uninsured

28.8%

Employer Coverage

21.8%

Medicaid

6.35%

Medicare

12.2%

Non-Group

1.11%

Military or VA

Between N/A and 2016, the percent of uninsured citizens in McAllen City PUMA, TX stayed by NaNk% from N/A% to 29.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in McAllen City PUMA, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

McAllen City PUMA, TX is home to a population of 140k people, from which 82% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of McAllen City PUMA, TX residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

The ethnic composition of the population of McAllen City PUMA, TX is composed of 119k Hispanic or Latino residents (85.1%), 15.5k White Alone residents (11%), 3.54k Asian Alone residents (2.53%), 1.08k Black or African American Alone residents (0.771%), 567 Two or More Races residents (0.405%), 110 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0785%), 79 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0564%), and 74 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0528%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in McAllen City PUMA, TX are Spanish (97,151 speakers), Tagalog (Incl. Filipino) (1,411 speakers), and Korean (293 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

26

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.8

47

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.2

In 2017, the median age of all people in McAllen City PUMA, TX was 32.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 26, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 47. But people in McAllen City PUMA, TX are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all McAllen City PUMA, TX residents was 32.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

28.4%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

39.5k people

As of 2017, N/A% of McAllen City PUMA, TX residents (N/A people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in McAllen City PUMA, TX was 28.4%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in McAllen City PUMA, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    33,498 ± 3,920 people

  2. Philippines

    1,502 ± 946 people

  3. Korea

    446 ± 518 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of McAllen City PUMA, TX was Mexico, the natal country of 33,498 McAllen City PUMA, TX residents, followed by Philippines with 1,502 and Korea with 446.

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Citizenship

82%

2017 Citizenship

81.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 82% of McAllen City PUMA, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in McAllen City PUMA, TX was 81.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in McAllen City PUMA, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    119k ± 3.46k

  2. White Alone

    15.5k ± 1.24k

  3. Asian Alone

    3.54k ± 503

In 2017, there were 7.71 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (119k people) in McAllen City PUMA, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 15.5k White Alone and 3.54k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in McAllen City PUMA, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    97,151 speakers (75.2%)

  2. Tagalog (Incl. Filipino)

    1,411 speakers (1.09%)

  3. Korean

    293 speakers (0.227%)

77.8% of McAllen City PUMA, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in McAllen City PUMA, TX was Spanish. 75.2% of the overall population of McAllen City PUMA, TX are native Spanish speakers. 1.09% speak Tagalog (Incl. Filipino) and 0.227% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,343 ± 211

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    684 ± 187

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    679 ± 194

McAllen City PUMA, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.96 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in McAllen City PUMA, TX awarded 6,801 degrees. The student population of McAllen City PUMA, TX is skewed towards women, with 15,208 male students and 19,866 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in McAllen City PUMA, TX are Hispanic or Latino (6,460 and 95.1%), followed by White (175 and 2.58%), Unknown (94 and 1.38%), and Asian (32 and 0.471%).

The largest universities in McAllen City PUMA, TX by number of degrees awarded are South Texas College (5,819 and 85.6%), Brightwood College-McAllen (380 and 5.59%), and South Texas Vocational Technical Institute-McAllen (344 and 5.06%).

The most popular majors in McAllen City PUMA, TX are General Studies (927 and 13.6%), General Computer & Information Sciences (903 and 13.3%), and Medical Assistant (368 and 5.41%).

The median tuition costs in McAllen City PUMA, TX are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $2,330 and $3,000 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 927 degrees awarded

  2. 293 degrees awarded

  3. 277 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in McAllen City PUMA, TX was General Studies with 927 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in McAllen City PUMA, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 5,819 degrees awarded

  2. 380 degrees awarded

  3. 344 degrees awarded

$2,330

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the McAllen City PUMA, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was South Texas College with 5,819 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,579

Degrees Awarded to Men

4,222

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 2,579 men were awarded degrees from institutions in McAllen City PUMA, TX, which is 0.611 times less than the 4,222 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in McAllen City PUMA, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    6,460 degrees awarded

  2. White

    175 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    94 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in McAllen City PUMA, TX were to Hispanic or Latino students. These 6,460 degrees mean that there were 36.9 times more Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 175 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in McAllen City PUMA, TX was $120,800 in 2017, which is 0.555 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $117,900 to $120,800, a 2.46% increase. The homeownership rate in McAllen City PUMA, TX is 58%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in McAllen City PUMA, TX have an average commute time of 18.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in McAllen City PUMA, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$44,709

Median Household Income

± $2,763

44.3k

Number of Households

± 1,598

In 2017, the median household income of the 44.3k households in McAllen City PUMA, TX declined from $44,709 from the previous year's value of $45,010.

The following chart displays the households in McAllen City PUMA, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$120,800

2017 Median

± $3,970

$117,900

2016 Median

± $3,422

In 2017, the median property value in McAllen City PUMA, TX grew to to $120,800 from the previous year's value of $117,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in McAllen City PUMA, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In McAllen City PUMA, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in McAllen City PUMA, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In McAllen City PUMA, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

58%

2017 Homeownership

58.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 58% of the housing units in McAllen City PUMA, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 58.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in McAllen City PUMA, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in McAllen City PUMA, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in McAllen City PUMA, TX have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

18.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in McAllen City PUMA, TX have a shorter commute time (18.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.79% of the workforce in McAllen City PUMA, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in McAllen City PUMA, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    76.8%

  2. Carpooled

    11.3%

  3. Other

    4.77%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in McAllen City PUMA, TX was Drove Alone (76.8%), followed by those who Carpooled (11.3%) and those who Other (4.77%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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