Marshall, TX

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Population

23,449

0.854% decline

Median Age

35.4


Median Household Income

$40,303

5.24% growth

Poverty Rate

22.2%


Number of Employees

9,612

0.0832% decline

Median Property Value

$90,800

1.91% growth

About

In 2017, Marshall, TX had a population of 23.4k people with a median age of 35.4 and a median household income of $40,303. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Marshall, TX declined from 23,651 to 23,449, a -0.854% decrease and its median household income grew from $38,296 to $40,303, a 5.24% increase.

The population of Marshall, TX is 40.7% White Alone, 36.5% Black or African American Alone, and 20.4% Hispanic or Latino. 17.6% of the people in Marshall, TX speak a non-English language, and 93.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Marshall, TX are East Texas Baptist University (262 degrees awarded in 2016) and Wiley College (247 degrees).

The median property value in Marshall, TX is $90,800, and the homeownership rate is 62.1%. Most people in Marshall, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 16 minutes. The average car ownership in Marshall, TX is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Austin at Sunset

Economy

The economy of Marshall, TX employs 9.61k people. The largest industries in Marshall, TX are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,341 people), Manufacturing (1,206 people), and Educational Services (1,133 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($62,392), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($61,164), and Transportation & Warehousing ($45,929).

Median household income in Marshall, TX is $40,303. Males in Marshall, TX have an average income that is 1.41 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,959. The income inequality in Marshall, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.482, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$40,303

2017 value

± $3,578

5.24%

1 Year Growth

± 11.6%

Households in Marshall, TX have a median annual income of $40,303, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $38,296 in 2016, which represents a 5.24% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Marshall, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the Texas.

$64,953

Average Male Salary

± $716

$45,959

Average Female Salary

± $514

In 2017, full-time male employees in Marshall, TX made 1.41 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Marshall, TX by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $64,947 ± $2,196

  2. White

    $52,072 ± $505

  3. American Indian

    $45,538 ± $7,571

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Marshall, TX workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Marshall, TX by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Marshall, TX is from Texas.

0.482

2017 Wage GINI

0.482

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Texas was 0.482 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.139% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 201.04

  2. Census Tract 203.01

  3. Census Tract 201.03

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Marshall, TX was Census Tract 201.04 with a value of $52,083, followed by Census Tract 203.01 and Census Tract 201.03, with respective values of $50,294 and $48,230.

The following map shows all of the places in Marshall, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females < 5

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

22.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Marshall, TX (4.89k out of 22k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females < 5, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    2,717 ± 381

  2. White

    1,909 ± 347

  3. Hispanic

    1,085 ± 250

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Marshall, TX is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

9.61k

2017 Value

± 686

-0.0832%

1 Year decline

± 9.86%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Marshall, TX declined at a rate of -0.0832%, from 9.62k employees to 9.61k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Marshall, TX, are Production Occupations (1,146 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,001 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (943 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Marshall, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Marshall, TX, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (1,146 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,001 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (943 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Marshall, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (2.06 times higher than expected), Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.85 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (1.76 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Marshall, TX, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($87,625), Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media Occupations ($62,930), and Management Occupations ($60,542).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

9.61k

2017 Value

± 686

-0.0832%

1 Year decline

± 9.86%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Marshall, TX declined at a rate of -0.0832%, from 9.62k employees to 9.61k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Marshall, TX, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,341 people), Manufacturing (1,206 people), and Educational Services (1,133 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Marshall, TX, though some of these residents may live in Marshall, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Marshall, TX, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,341 people), Manufacturing (1,206 people), and Educational Services (1,133 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Marshall, TX has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (11 times higher than expected), Educational Services (1.27 times), and Manufacturing (1.24 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Marshall, TX, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($62,392), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($61,164), and Transportation & Warehousing ($45,929).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $282B

  2. $216B

  3. $159B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $282B, followed by Gasoline with $216B and Mixed freight and $159B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$1.97T

2015 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

42.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Texas trade was $1.97T. This is expected to increase 42.1% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $85.7B

  2. $53.4B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $85.7B, followed by Oklahoma with $53.4B and California and $34.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

81.3% of the population of Marshall, TX has health coverage, with 39.9% on employee plans, 17.5% on Medicaid, 11.3% on Medicare, 11.4% on non-group plans, and 1.3% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Marshall, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Marshall, TX see 1670 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1672 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1790 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1012 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

1670 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Texas see an average of 1670 patients per year. This represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1672 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Texas in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

18.7%

Uninsured

39.9%

Employer Coverage

17.5%

Medicaid

11.3%

Medicare

11.4%

Non-Group

1.3%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Marshall, TX declined by 12.6% from 21.4% to 18.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Marshall, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Marshall, TX is home to a population of 23.4k people, from which 93.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 10.9% of Marshall, TX residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Marshall, TX is composed of 9.55k White Alone residents (40.7%), 8.57k Black or African American Alone residents (36.5%), 4.77k Hispanic or Latino residents (20.4%), 343 Asian Alone residents (1.46%), 156 Two or More Races residents (0.665%), 33 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.141%), 32 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.136%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Marshall, TX are Spanish or Spanish Creole (3,607 speakers), Persian (36 speakers), and Russian (36 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

34

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.6

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Marshall, TX was 35.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 34, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Marshall, TX are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Marshall, TX residents was 36.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

10.9%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

9.94%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 10.9% of Marshall, TX residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Marshall, TX was 9.94%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Marshall, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,547,886 ± 37,324 people

  2. India

    231,271 ± 11,757 people

  3. El Salvador

    200,904 ± 10,964 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Marshall, TX was Mexico, the natal country of 2,547,886 Marshall, TX residents, followed by India with 231,271 and El Salvador with 200,904.

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Citizenship

93.9%

2017 Citizenship

93.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 93.9% of Marshall, TX residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Marshall, TX was 93.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Marshall, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    9.55k ± 580

  2. Black or African American Alone

    8.57k ± 552

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    4.77k ± 700

In 2017, there were 1.11 times more White Alone residents (9.55k people) in Marshall, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 8.57k Black or African American Alone and 4.77k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Marshall, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    3,607 speakers (16.5%)

  2. Persian

    36 speakers (0.164%)

  3. Russian

    36 speakers (0.164%)

17.6% of Marshall, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Marshall, TX was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 16.5% of the overall population of Marshall, TX are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.164% speak Persian and 0.164% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    460 ± 124

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    152 ± 86

  3. Korea

    87 ± 51

Marshall, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.03 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Marshall, TX awarded 509 degrees. The student population of Marshall, TX is skewed towards women, with 1,212 male students and 1,528 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Marshall, TX are Black or African American (246 and 50.8%), followed by White (185 and 38.2%), Hispanic or Latino (40 and 8.26%), and Two or More Races (5 and 1.03%).

The largest universities in Marshall, TX by number of degrees awarded are East Texas Baptist University (262 and 51.5%) and Wiley College (247 and 48.5%).

The most popular majors in Marshall, TX are General Interdisciplinary Studies (77 and 15.1%), Criminal Justice - Police Science (35 and 6.88%), and Non-Profit, Public, & Organizational Management (31 and 6.09%).

The median tuition costs in Marshall, TX are $16,704 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Marshall, TX was Non-Profit, Public, & Organizational Management with 31 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Marshall, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 262 degrees awarded

  2. 247 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$16,704

Median Private

In 2016, the Marshall, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was East Texas Baptist University with 262 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

212

Degrees Awarded to Men

297

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 212 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Marshall, TX, which is 0.714 times less than the 297 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Marshall, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Black or African American

    246 degrees awarded

  2. White

    185 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    40 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Marshall, TX were to Black or African American students. These 246 degrees mean that there were 1.33 times more Black or African American students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 185 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Marshall, TX was $90,800 in 2017, which is 0.417 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $89,100 to $90,800, a 1.91% increase. The homeownership rate in Marshall, TX is 62.1%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Marshall, TX have an average commute time of 16 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Marshall, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$40,303

Median Household Income

± $3,578

8.2k

Number of Households

± 594

In 2017, the median household income of the 8.2k households in Marshall, TX grew to $40,303 from the previous year's value of $38,296.

The following chart displays the households in Marshall, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$90,800

2017 Median

± $6,046

$89,100

2016 Median

± $5,234

In 2017, the median property value in Marshall, TX grew to to $90,800 from the previous year's value of $89,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Marshall, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Marshall, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $60k - $70k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Marshall, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Marshall, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

62.1%

2017 Homeownership

60.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 62.1% of the housing units in Marshall, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 60.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Marshall, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Marshall, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Marshall, TX have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

16 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Marshall, TX have a shorter commute time (16 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.77% of the workforce in Marshall, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Marshall, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    86.3%

  2. Carpooled

    7.55%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.99%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Marshall, TX was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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