Marshall County, AL

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Population

94,738

0.216% growth

Median Age

38.8


Median Household Income

$41,104

3.2% growth

Poverty Rate

21%


Number of Employees

38,456

0.235% growth

Median Property Value

$118,500

2.42% growth

About

In 2017, Marshall County, AL had a population of 94.7k people with a median age of 38.8 and a median household income of $41,104. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Marshall County, AL grew from 94,534 to 94,738, a 0.216% increase and its median household income grew from $39,831 to $41,104, a 3.2% increase.

The population of Marshall County, AL is 81.8% White Alone, 13.3% Hispanic or Latino, and 2.2% Black or African American Alone. 11.2% of the people in Marshall County, AL speak a non-English language, and 93.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Marshall County, AL are Snead State Community College (592 degrees awarded in 2016) and New Beginning College of Cosmetology (70 degrees).

The median property value in Marshall County, AL is $118,500, and the homeownership rate is 70.7%. Most people in Marshall County, AL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Marshall County, AL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Birmingham, AL

Economy

The economy of Marshall County, AL employs 38.5k people. The largest industries in Marshall County, AL are Manufacturing (8,304 people), Retail Trade (4,861 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (4,152 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($100,703), Utilities ($48,880), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($44,940).

Median household income in Marshall County, AL is $41,104. Males in Marshall County, AL have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,615. The income inequality in Marshall County, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$41,104

2017 value

± $1,311

3.2%

1 Year Growth

± 4.34%

Households in Marshall County, AL have a median annual income of $41,104, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $39,831 in 2016, which represents a 3.2% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Marshall County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

$58,549

Average Male Salary

± $1,465

$40,615

Average Female Salary

± $997

In 2017, full-time male employees in Marshall County, AL made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Marshall County, AL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $58,018 ± $10,489

  2. White

    $47,885 ± $1,063

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $45,909 ± $38,465

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Marshall County, AL workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Marshall County, AL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Marshall County, AL is from Alabama.

0.46

2017 Wage GINI

0.458

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.343% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 303

  2. Census Tract 304.02

  3. Census Tract 309.02

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Marshall County, AL was Census Tract 303 with a value of $50,595, followed by Census Tract 304.02 and Census Tract 309.02, with respective values of $49,578 and $47,740.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Marshall County, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

21% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Marshall County, AL (19.7k out of 93.6k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    17,837 ± 890

  2. Hispanic

    6,010 ± 520

  3. Other

    729 ± 236

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Marshall County, AL is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

38.5k

2017 Value

± 1,316

0.235%

1 Year growth

± 4.78%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Marshall County, AL grew at a rate of 0.235%, from 38.4k employees to 38.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Marshall County, AL, are Production Occupations (4,949 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,771 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (3,715 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Marshall County, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Marshall County, AL, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (4,949 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,771 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (3,715 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Marshall County, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.41 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (2.22 times), and Material Moving Occupations (1.63 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Marshall County, AL, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($79,500), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($66,111), and Legal Occupations ($65,000).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

38.5k

2017 Value

± 1,316

0.235%

1 Year growth

± 4.78%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Marshall County, AL grew at a rate of 0.235%, from 38.4k employees to 38.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Marshall County, AL, are Manufacturing (8,304 people), Retail Trade (4,861 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (4,152 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Marshall County, AL, though some of these residents may live in Marshall County, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Marshall County, AL, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (8,304 people), Retail Trade (4,861 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (4,152 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Marshall County, AL has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (2.13 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.91 times), and Utilities (1.74 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Marshall County, AL, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($100,703), Utilities ($48,880), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($44,940).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $40.7B

  2. $28B

  3. $21.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $40.7B, followed by Mixed freight with $28B and Coal-n.e.c. and $21.5B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama state.

$243B

2015 Value

$367B

Projected 2045 Value

50.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Alabama trade was $243B. This is expected to increase 50.7% to $367B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.3B

  2. $16.7B

  3. $14.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $25.3B, followed by Florida with $16.7B and Tennessee and $14.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

84.6% of the population of Marshall County, AL has health coverage, with 39.2% on employee plans, 19.2% on Medicaid, 12.8% on Medicare, 11.9% on non-group plans, and 1.44% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Marshall County, AL was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Marshall County, AL see 1722 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.89% increase from the previous year (1690 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 3281 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 451 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.1%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (47.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,722 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Marshall County, AL see an average of 1,722 patients per year. This represents a 1.89% increase from the previous year (1,690 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Marshall County, AL in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

$7,281

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,641

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,042

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,267

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

15.4%

Uninsured

39.2%

Employer Coverage

19.2%

Medicaid

12.8%

Medicare

11.9%

Non-Group

1.44%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Marshall County, AL grew by 0.182% from 15.4% to 15.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Marshall County, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 21.1% prevalence

  2. 20.9% prevalence

  3. 20.4% prevalence

Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 21.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Marshall County, AL is home to a population of 94.7k people, from which 93.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 7.26% of Marshall County, AL residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Marshall County, AL is composed of 77.5k White Alone residents (81.8%), 12.6k Hispanic or Latino residents (13.3%), 2.08k Black or African American Alone residents (2.2%), 1.52k Two or More Races residents (1.6%), 534 Asian Alone residents (0.564%), 439 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.463%), 51 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0538%), and 48 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0507%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Marshall County, AL are Spanish or Spanish Creole (8,718 speakers), French Creole (180 speakers), and Tagalog (143 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

37

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Marshall County, AL was 38.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 37. But people in Marshall County, AL are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Marshall County, AL residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

7.26%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

7.17%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 7.26% of Marshall County, AL residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Marshall County, AL was 7.17%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Marshall County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    51,837 ± 5,560 people

  2. Guatemala

    11,080 ± 2,581 people

  3. India

    9,229 ± 2,356 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Marshall County, AL was Mexico, the natal country of 51,837 Marshall County, AL residents, followed by Guatemala with 11,080 and India with 9,229.

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Citizenship

93.9%

2017 Citizenship

94%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 93.9% of Marshall County, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Marshall County, AL was 94%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Marshall County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    77.5k ± 52

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    12.6k ± 1.04k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    2.08k ± 156

In 2017, there were 6.15 times more White Alone residents (77.5k people) in Marshall County, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 12.6k Hispanic or Latino and 2.08k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Marshall County, AL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    8,718 speakers (9.9%)

  2. French Creole

    180 speakers (0.204%)

  3. Tagalog

    143 speakers (0.162%)

11.2% of Marshall County, AL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Marshall County, AL was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 9.9% of the overall population of Marshall County, AL are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.204% speak French Creole and 0.162% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,522 ± 262

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    987 ± 214

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    946 ± 214

Marshall County, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.56 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Marshall County, AL awarded 662 degrees. The student population of Marshall County, AL is skewed towards women, with 863 male students and 1,540 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Marshall County, AL are White (510 and 77.3%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (73 and 11.1%), Black or African American (31 and 4.7%), and Unknown (23 and 3.48%).

The largest universities in Marshall County, AL by number of degrees awarded are Snead State Community College (592 and 89.4%) and New Beginning College of Cosmetology (70 and 10.6%).

The most popular majors in Marshall County, AL are General Studies (361 and 54.5%), General Cosmetology (68 and 10.3%), and General Computer & Information Sciences (66 and 9.97%).

The median tuition costs in Marshall County, AL are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 361 degrees awarded

  2. 36 degrees awarded

  3. 26 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Marshall County, AL was General Studies with 361 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Marshall County, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 592 degrees awarded

  2. 70 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Marshall County, AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Snead State Community College with 592 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

226

Degrees Awarded to Men

436

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 226 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Marshall County, AL, which is 0.518 times less than the 436 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Marshall County, AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    510 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    73 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    31 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Marshall County, AL were to White students. These 510 degrees mean that there were 6.99 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 73 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Marshall County, AL was $118,500 in 2017, which is 0.545 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $115,700 to $118,500, a 2.42% increase. The homeownership rate in Marshall County, AL is 70.7%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Marshall County, AL have an average commute time of 23.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Marshall County, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$41,104

Median Household Income

± $1,311

34.6k

Number of Households

± 1,137

In 2017, the median household income of the 34.6k households in Marshall County, AL grew to $41,104 from the previous year's value of $39,831.

The following chart displays the households in Marshall County, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$118,500

2017 Median

± $3,851

$115,700

2016 Median

± $3,729

In 2017, the median property value in Marshall County, AL grew to to $118,500 from the previous year's value of $115,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Marshall County, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Marshall County, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Marshall County, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Marshall County, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

70.7%

2017 Homeownership

70.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 70.7% of the housing units in Marshall County, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 70.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Marshall County, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Marshall County, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Marshall County, AL have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

23.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Marshall County, AL have a shorter commute time (23.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.65% of the workforce in Marshall County, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Marshall County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    84.8%

  2. Carpooled

    10.8%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.39%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Marshall County, AL was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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