Markham, IL

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Population

12,649

0.127% growth

Median Age

37.4


Median Household Income

$35,200

2.28% growth

Poverty Rate

25.2%


Number of Employees

4,460

1.9% growth

Median Property Value

$86,700

1.14% decline

About

In 2017, Markham, IL had a population of 12.6k people with a median age of 37.4 and a median household income of $35,200. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Markham, IL grew from 12,633 to 12,649, a 0.127% increase and its median household income grew from $34,414 to $35,200, a 2.28% increase.

The population of Markham, IL is 80.6% Black or African American Alone, 9.12% Hispanic or Latino, and 8.39% White Alone. 6.54% of the people in Markham, IL speak a non-English language, and 97.5% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Markham, IL is $86,700, and the homeownership rate is 68.3%. Most people in Markham, IL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 29.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Markham, IL is 1 car per household.

Economy

The economy of Markham, IL employs 4.46k people. The largest industries in Markham, IL are Health Care & Social Assistance (849 people), Retail Trade (532 people), and Transportation & Warehousing (515 people), and the highest paying industries are Public Administration ($52,500), Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($50,943), and Construction ($50,139).

Median household income in Markham, IL is $35,200. Males in Markham, IL have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,403. The income inequality in Markham, IL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.483, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$35,200

2017 value

± $3,513

2.28%

1 Year Growth

± 17.6%

Households in Markham, IL have a median annual income of $35,200, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $34,414 in 2016, which represents a 2.28% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Markham, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the Illinois.

$71,579

Average Male Salary

± $1,160

$52,403

Average Female Salary

± $852

In 2017, full-time male employees in Markham, IL made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Markham, IL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the Illinois.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $65,613 ± $3,132

  2. White

    $56,297 ± $776

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $46,947 ± $14,340

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Markham, IL workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.17 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Markham, IL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Markham, IL is from Illinois.

0.483

2017 Wage GINI

0.481

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Illinois was 0.483 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.351% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Illinois was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Illinois in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Illinois across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 8252

  2. Census Tract 8248

  3. Census Tract 8249

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Markham, IL was Census Tract 8252 with a value of $77,344, followed by Census Tract 8248 and Census Tract 8249, with respective values of $40,943 and $31,651.

The following map shows all of the places in Markham, IL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

25.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Markham, IL (3.18k out of 12.6k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males < 5 and then Females 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    2,812 ± 423

  2. Hispanic

    209 ± 145

  3. White

    208 ± 104

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Markham, IL is Black, followed by Hispanic and White.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

4.46k

2017 Value

± 460

1.9%

1 Year growth

± 14.5%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Markham, IL grew at a rate of 1.9%, from 4.38k employees to 4.46k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Markham, IL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (757 people), Sales & Related Occupations (445 people), and Transportation Occupations (372 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Markham, IL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Markham, IL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (757 people), Sales & Related Occupations (445 people), and Transportation Occupations (372 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Markham, IL has an unusually high number of residents working as Transportation Occupations (2.29 times higher than expected), Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (2.25 times), and Health Technologists & Technicians (2.13 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Markham, IL, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($73,705), Management Occupations ($65,694), and Protective Service Occupations ($65,303).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

4.46k

2017 Value

± 460

1.9%

1 Year growth

± 14.5%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Markham, IL grew at a rate of 1.9%, from 4.38k employees to 4.46k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Markham, IL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (849 people), Retail Trade (532 people), and Transportation & Warehousing (515 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Markham, IL, though some of these residents may live in Markham, IL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Markham, IL, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (849 people), Retail Trade (532 people), and Transportation & Warehousing (515 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Markham, IL has an unusually high number of Management of Companies & Enterprises (2.77 times higher than expected), Transportation & Warehousing (2.71 times), and Public Administration (1.63 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Markham, IL, by median earnings, are Public Administration ($52,500), Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($50,943), and Construction ($50,139).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $76.6B

  2. $75B

  3. $66.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $76.6B, followed by Gasoline with $75B and Pharmaceuticals and $66.8B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Illinois products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Illinois state.

$871B

2015 Value

$1.31T

Projected 2045 Value

50.5% growth

In 2015, total outbound Illinois trade was $871B. This is expected to increase 50.5% to $1.31T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Illinois trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $63.2B

  2. $48.1B

  3. $32.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Indiana with $63.2B, followed by Wisconsin with $48.1B and Michigan and $32.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Illinois shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.3% of the population of Markham, IL has health coverage, with 32.6% on employee plans, 39.3% on Medicaid, 10.9% on Medicare, 8.09% on non-group plans, and 0.316% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Markham, IL was $8,262 in 2014. This is a 4.44% increase from the previous year ($7,911).

Primary care physicians in Markham, IL see 1240 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.322% decrease from the previous year (1244 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1332 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 526 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.7%). Additionally, Stephenson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

1240 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Illinois see an average of 1240 patients per year. This represents a 0.322% decrease from the previous year (1244 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Illinois in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

$8,262

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,875

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$4,959

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,116

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Illinois (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.44%, from $7,911 to $8,262.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.7%

Uninsured

32.6%

Employer Coverage

39.3%

Medicaid

10.9%

Medicare

8.09%

Non-Group

0.316%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Markham, IL declined by 21.5% from 11.1% to 8.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Markham, IL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.7% prevalence

  2. 12.7% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Illinois, at 12.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Illinois by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Markham, IL is home to a population of 12.6k people, from which 97.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 4.08% of Markham, IL residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Markham, IL is composed of 10.2k Black or African American Alone residents (80.6%), 1.15k Hispanic or Latino residents (9.12%), 1.06k White Alone residents (8.39%), 115 Asian Alone residents (0.909%), 109 Two or More Races residents (0.862%), 17 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.134%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Markham, IL are Spanish or Spanish Creole (632 speakers), African Languages (74 speakers), and French Creole (19 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

37

Median Native-Born Age

± 3.6

46

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Markham, IL was 37.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 37, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 46. But people in Markham, IL are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Markham, IL residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

4.08%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

3.74%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 4.08% of Markham, IL residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Markham, IL was 3.74%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Markham, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    669,904 ± 19,564 people

  2. India

    147,732 ± 9,382 people

  3. Poland

    136,910 ± 9,036 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Markham, IL was Mexico, the natal country of 669,904 Markham, IL residents, followed by India with 147,732 and Poland with 136,910.

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Citizenship

97.5%

2017 Citizenship

97.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.5% of Markham, IL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Markham, IL was 97.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Markham, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Black or African American Alone

    10.2k ± 362

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    1.15k ± 367

  3. White Alone

    1.06k ± 218

In 2017, there were 8.83 times more Black or African American Alone residents (10.2k people) in Markham, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.15k Hispanic or Latino and 1.06k White Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Markham, IL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    632 speakers (5.26%)

  2. African Languages

    74 speakers (0.616%)

  3. French Creole

    19 speakers (0.158%)

6.54% of Markham, IL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Markham, IL was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 5.26% of the overall population of Markham, IL are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.616% speak African Languages and 0.158% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    274 ± 113

  2. World War II

    59 ± 40

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    52 ± 51

Markham, IL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 4.64 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Markham, IL was $86,700 in 2017, which is 0.398 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $87,700 to $86,700, a 1.14% decrease. The homeownership rate in Markham, IL is 68.3%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Markham, IL have an average commute time of 29.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Markham, IL is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$35,200

Median Household Income

± $3,513

4.4k

Number of Households

± 439

In 2017, the median household income of the 4.4k households in Markham, IL grew to $35,200 from the previous year's value of $34,414.

The following chart displays the households in Markham, IL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$86,700

2017 Median

± $5,326

$87,700

2016 Median

± $5,966

In 2017, the median property value in Markham, IL declined from to $86,700 from the previous year's value of $87,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Markham, IL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Markham, IL the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Markham, IL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Markham, IL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

68.3%

2017 Homeownership

68.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 68.3% of the housing units in Markham, IL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 68.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Markham, IL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Markham, IL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Markham, IL have 1 car, followed by 2 cars.

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Commute Time

29.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Markham, IL have a longer commute time (29.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.2% of the workforce in Markham, IL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Markham, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.5%

  2. Carpooled

    6.97%

  3. Public Transit

    5.38%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Markham, IL was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Public Transit.

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