Madison, WI

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Population

654,230

0.817% growth

Median Age

36.3


Median Household Income

$71,301

4.09% growth

Poverty Rate

11.7%


Number of Employees

368,220

0.23% decline

Median Property Value

$247,000

2.83% growth

About

In 2017, Madison, WI had a population of 654k people with a median age of 36.3 and a median household income of $71,301. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Madison, WI grew from 648,929 to 654,230, a 0.817% increase and its median household income grew from $68,497 to $71,301, a 4.09% increase.

The population of Madison, WI is 81.9% White Alone, 5.84% Hispanic or Latino, and 5.09% Asian Alone. N/A% of the people in Madison, WI speak a non-English language, and 95.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Madison, WI are University of Wisconsin-Madison (12,338 degrees awarded in 2016), Madison Area Technical College (3,135 degrees), and University of Wisconsin Colleges (1,520 degrees).

The median property value in Madison, WI is $247,000, and the homeownership rate is 61.4%. Most people in Madison, WI commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Madison, WI is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Madison, WI

Economy

The economy of Madison, WI employs 368k people. The largest industries in Madison, WI are Health Care & Social Assistance (52,846 people), Educational Services (48,157 people), and Retail Trade (38,368 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($83,695), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($76,156), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($62,188).

Median household income in Madison, WI is $71,301. Males in Madison, WI have an average income that is 1.32 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,230. The income inequality in Madison, WI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.452, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$71,301

2017 value

± $1,233

4.09%

1 Year Growth

± 3.57%

Households in Madison, WI have a median annual income of $71,301, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $68,497 in 2016, which represents a 4.09% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Madison, WI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Wisconsin.

$63,633

Average Male Salary

± $1,359

$48,230

Average Female Salary

± $1,046

In 2017, full-time male employees in Wisconsin made 1.32 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Wisconsin by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Wisconsin.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $60,448 ± $44,584

  2. Asian

    $56,631 ± $6,181

  3. White

    $48,750 ± $822

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Wisconsin workers was Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. These workers were paid 1.07 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Wisconsin by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Madison, WI is from Wisconsin.

0.452

2017 Wage GINI

0.454

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Wisconsin was 0.452 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.373% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Wisconsin was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Wisconsin in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Wisconsin across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Madison, WI was Ozaukee County, WI with a value of $82,869, followed by Waukesha County, WI and St. Croix County, WI, with respective values of $82,248 and $80,512.

The following map shows all of the counties in Madison, WI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

11.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Madison, WI (72.9k out of 624k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    52,166 ± 1,625

  2. Hispanic

    9,520 ± 732

  3. Black

    8,231 ± 773

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Madison, WI is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

368k

2017 Value

± 8,893

-0.23%

1 Year decline

± 3.44%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Madison, WI declined at a rate of -0.23%, from 369k employees to 368k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Madison, WI, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (44,872 people), Management Occupations (44,167 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (32,641 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Madison, WI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Madison, WI, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (44,872 people), Management Occupations (44,167 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (32,641 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Madison, WI has an unusually high number of residents working as Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (2.34 times higher than expected), Computer & Mathematical Occupations (2.08 times), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (1.32 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Madison, WI, by median earnings, are Management Occupations ($70,972), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($70,493), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($69,313).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

368k

2017 Value

± 8,893

-0.23%

1 Year decline

± 3.44%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Madison, WI declined at a rate of -0.23%, from 369k employees to 368k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Madison, WI, are Health Care & Social Assistance (52,846 people), Educational Services (48,157 people), and Retail Trade (38,368 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Madison, WI, though some of these residents may live in Madison, WI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Madison, WI, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (52,846 people), Educational Services (48,157 people), and Retail Trade (38,368 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Madison, WI has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.58 times higher than expected), Educational Services (1.43 times), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1.36 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Madison, WI, by median earnings, are Utilities ($83,695), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($76,156), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($62,188).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Wisconsin to other states, or from other states to Wisconsin.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $37.5B

  2. $28B

  3. $26B

In 2015, the top outbound Wisconsin product (by dollars) was Other foodstuffs with $37.5B, followed by Mixed freight ($28B) and Machinery ($26B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Wisconsin products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Wisconsin state.

$325B

2015 Value

$493B

Projected 2045 Value

51.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Wisconsin trade was $325B. This is expected to increase 51.7% to $493B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Wisconsin trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Wisconsin to other states, or from other states to Wisconsin.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $28.7B

  2. $28.3B

  3. $10.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Wisconsin domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Illinois with $28.7B, followed by Minnesota with $28.3B and Michigan and $10.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Wisconsin shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

95.8% of the population of Madison, WI has health coverage, with 63.6% on employee plans, 8.54% on Medicaid, 10.2% on Medicare, 12.5% on non-group plans, and 1.05% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Madison, WI was $8,702 in 2014. This is a 6.26% increase from the previous year ($8,189).

Primary care physicians in Madison, WI see 1247 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.565% increase from the previous year (1240 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1516 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 560 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Adams County and Menominee County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (13.1%). Additionally, Menominee County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (45.1%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Wisconsin.

1,247 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Wisconsin see an average of 1,247 patients per year. This represents a 0.565% increase from the previous year (1,240 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Wisconsin in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Wisconsin.

$8,702

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,159

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,057

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,608

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Wisconsin (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 6.26%, from $8,189 to $8,702.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.15%

Uninsured

63.6%

Employer Coverage

8.54%

Medicaid

10.2%

Medicare

12.5%

Non-Group

1.05%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Madison, WI grew by 8.54% from 3.82% to 4.15%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Madison, WI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 13.1% prevalence

  2. 13.1% prevalence

  3. 12.4% prevalence

Adams County and Menominee County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Wisconsin, at 13.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Wisconsin by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Madison, WI is home to a population of 654k people, from which 95.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 7.23% of Madison, WI residents were born outside of the country (47.3k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Madison, WI is composed of 536k White Alone residents (81.9%), 38.2k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.84%), 33.3k Asian Alone residents (5.09%), 27.3k Black or African American Alone residents (4.17%), 16.2k Two or More Races residents (2.47%), 1.65k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.252%), 1.41k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.216%), and 365 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0558%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Madison, WI are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

36

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

37

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Madison, WI was 36.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 36, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 37. But people in Madison, WI are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Madison, WI residents was 36.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

7.23%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

47.3k people

6.94%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

45k people

As of 2017, 7.23% of Madison, WI residents (47.3k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Madison, WI was 6.94%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Madison, WI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Wisconsin.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    75,540 ± 6,704 people

  2. India

    37,144 ± 4,717 people

  3. China

    17,388 ± 3,233 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Wisconsin was Mexico, the natal country of 75,540 Wisconsin residents, followed by India with 37,144 and China with 17,388.

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Citizenship

95.6%

2017 Citizenship

95.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 95.6% of Madison, WI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Madison, WI was 95.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Madison, WI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    536k ± 1.31k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    38.2k ± 4.83k

  3. Asian Alone

    33.3k ± 1.71k

In 2017, there were 14 times more White Alone residents (536k people) in Madison, WI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 38.2k Hispanic or Latino and 33.3k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Madison, WI as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Madison, WI citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Madison, WI was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Madison, WI are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    10,432 ± 1,204

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    6,069 ± 1,305

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    3,597 ± 982

Madison, WI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.72 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Madison, WI awarded 19,001 degrees. The student population of Madison, WI is skewed towards women, with 34,636 male students and 40,954 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Madison, WI are White (13,894 and 80.6%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (884 and 5.13%), Asian (816 and 4.74%), and Black or African American (550 and 3.19%).

The largest universities in Madison, WI by number of degrees awarded are University of Wisconsin-Madison (12,338 and 64.9%), Madison Area Technical College (3,135 and 16.5%), and University of Wisconsin Colleges (1,520 and 8%).

The most popular majors in Madison, WI are Other Liberal Arts & Sciences, General Studies, & Humanities (1,502 and 7.9%), Nursing Assistant & Patient Care Assistant (788 and 4.15%), and Registered Nursing (659 and 3.47%).

The median tuition costs in Madison, WI are $27,530 for private four year colleges, and $4,750 and $11,734 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 571 degrees awarded

  2. 542 degrees awarded

  3. 390 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Madison, WI was General Biological Sciences with 571 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Madison, WI according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 12,338 degrees awarded

  2. 3,135 degrees awarded

  3. 1,520 degrees awarded

$4,750

Median In-State Public

$27,530

Median Private

In 2016, the Madison, WI institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Wisconsin-Madison with 12,338 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

8,269

Degrees Awarded to Men

10,732

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 8,269 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Madison, WI, which is 0.77 times less than the 10,732 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Madison, WI by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    13,894 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    884 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    816 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Madison, WI were to White students. These 13,894 degrees mean that there were 15.7 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 884 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Madison, WI was $247,000 in 2017, which is 1.14 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $240,200 to $247,000, a 2.83% increase. The homeownership rate in Madison, WI is 61.4%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Madison, WI have an average commute time of 20.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Madison, WI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$71,301

Median Household Income

± $1,233

273k

Number of Households

± 7,613

In 2017, the median household income of the 273k households in Madison, WI grew to $71,301 from the previous year's value of $68,497.

The following chart displays the households in Madison, WI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$247,000

2017 Median

± $5,094

$240,200

2016 Median

± $3,612

In 2017, the median property value in Madison, WI grew to to $247,000 from the previous year's value of $240,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Madison, WI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Madison, WI the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Madison, WI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Madison, WI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

61.4%

2017 Homeownership

62.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 61.4% of the housing units in Madison, WI were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 62.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Madison, WI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Madison, WI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Madison, WI have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

20.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Madison, WI have a shorter commute time (20.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.09% of the workforce in Madison, WI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Madison, WI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    73.1%

  2. Carpooled

    8.93%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.29%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Madison, WI was Drove Alone (73.1%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.93%) and those who Worked At Home (5.29%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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