Madison, SD

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Population

7,094

0.0986% decline

Median Age

33.1


Median Household Income

$50,439

6.01% growth

Poverty Rate

22.7%


Number of Employees

3,592

3.8% decline

Median Property Value

$113,700

3.27% growth

About

In 2017, Madison, SD had a population of 7.09k people with a median age of 33.1 and a median household income of $50,439. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Madison, SD declined from 7,101 to 7,094, a -0.0986% decrease and its median household income grew from $47,579 to $50,439, a 6.01% increase.

The population of Madison, SD is 90.5% White Alone, 3.28% Asian Alone, and 3.04% Hispanic or Latino. 3.5% of the people in Madison, SD speak a non-English language, and 99% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Madison, SD are Dakota State University (456 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Madison, SD is $113,700, and the homeownership rate is 63.6%. Most people in Madison, SD commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 10 minutes. The average car ownership in Madison, SD is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: An old school no longer in operation, at the junction of SD Highways 26 & 45, north of Miller, SD

Economy

The economy of Madison, SD employs 3.59k people. The largest industries in Madison, SD are Manufacturing (636 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (505 people), and Retail Trade (470 people), and the highest paying industries are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($77,794), Finance & Insurance ($77,794), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($58,938).

Median household income in Madison, SD is $50,439. Males in Madison, SD have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $39,572. The income inequality in Madison, SD (measured using the Gini index) is 0.435, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$50,439

2017 value

± $5,328

6.01%

1 Year Growth

± 16.5%

Households in Madison, SD have a median annual income of $50,439, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $47,579 in 2016, which represents a 6.01% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Madison, SD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the South Dakota.

$53,488

Average Male Salary

± $2,938

$39,572

Average Female Salary

± $2,295

In 2017, full-time male employees in Madison, SD made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Madison, SD by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the South Dakota.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $42,150 ± $1,819

  2. Asian

    $33,786 ± $14,642

  3. Black

    $29,266 ± $9,870

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Madison, SD workers was White. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Madison, SD by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Madison, SD is from South Dakota.

0.435

2017 Wage GINI

0.433

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in South Dakota was 0.435 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.439% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for South Dakota was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in South Dakota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in South Dakota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9602

  2. N/A

  3. N/A

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Madison, SD was Census Tract 9602 with a value of $45,516, followed by N/A and N/A, with respective values of N/A and N/A.

The following map shows all of the places in Madison, SD colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

22.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Madison, SD (1.44k out of 6.32k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 18 - 24, followed by Females < 5 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    1,420 ± 378

  2. Hispanic

    112 ± 128

  3. Two Or More

    9 ± 68

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Madison, SD is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

3.59k

2017 Value

± 449

-3.8%

1 Year decline

± 17.9%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Madison, SD declined at a rate of -3.8%, from 3.73k employees to 3.59k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Madison, SD, are Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (491 people), Production Occupations (474 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (474 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Madison, SD.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Madison, SD, by number of employees, are Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (491 people), Production Occupations (474 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (474 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Madison, SD has an unusually high number of residents working as Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (2.77 times higher than expected), Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (2.34 times), and Production Occupations (2.28 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Madison, SD, by median earnings, are Management Occupations ($63,516), Management, Business, & Financial Occupations ($62,917), and Transportation Occupations ($52,672).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

3.59k

2017 Value

± 449

-3.8%

1 Year decline

± 17.9%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Madison, SD declined at a rate of -3.8%, from 3.73k employees to 3.59k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Madison, SD, are Manufacturing (636 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (505 people), and Retail Trade (470 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Madison, SD, though some of these residents may live in Madison, SD and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Madison, SD, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (636 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (505 people), and Retail Trade (470 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Madison, SD has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (1.75 times higher than expected), Utilities (1.67 times), and Accommodation & Food Services (1.64 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Madison, SD, by median earnings, are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($77,794), Finance & Insurance ($77,794), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($58,938).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from South Dakota to other states, or from other states to South Dakota.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $11.7B

  2. $4.44B

  3. $4.29B

In 2015, the top outbound South Dakota product (by dollars) was Cereal grains with $11.7B, followed by Other ag prods. with $4.44B and Live animals/fish and $4.29B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound South Dakota products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for South Dakota state.

$60.8B

2015 Value

$92.2B

Projected 2045 Value

51.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound South Dakota trade was $60.8B. This is expected to increase 51.7% to $92.2B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound South Dakota trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from South Dakota to other states, or from other states to South Dakota.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $7.37B

  2. $2.21B

  3. $1.95B

In 2015, the top outbound South Dakota domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Minnesota with $7.37B, followed by Iowa with $2.21B and Nebraska and $1.95B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that South Dakota shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93% of the population of Madison, SD has health coverage, with 47.5% on employee plans, 12.4% on Medicaid, 15.7% on Medicare, 16% on non-group plans, and 1.32% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Madison, SD was $8,933 in 2014. This is a 4.52% increase from the previous year ($8,547).

Primary care physicians in Madison, SD see 1293 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.85% decrease from the previous year (1331 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1714 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 610 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, N/A the highest prevalence of N/A (N/A). Additionally, Ziebach County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.

1293 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in South Dakota see an average of 1293 patients per year. This represents a 2.85% decrease from the previous year (1331 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in South Dakota in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.

$8,933

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,335

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,056

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,315

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in South Dakota (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.52%, from $8,547 to $8,933.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.98%

Uninsured

47.5%

Employer Coverage

12.4%

Medicaid

15.7%

Medicare

16%

Non-Group

1.32%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Madison, SD grew by 14.4% from 6.1% to 6.98%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Madison, SD changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. N/A

    N/A

  2. N/A

    N/A

  3. N/A

    N/A

N/A the highest prevalence of N/A in South Dakota, at N/A.

The following map shows the prevalence of N/A in South Dakota by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Madison, SD is home to a population of 7.09k people, from which 99% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.48% of Madison, SD residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Madison, SD is composed of 6.42k White Alone residents (90.5%), 233 Asian Alone residents (3.28%), 216 Hispanic or Latino residents (3.04%), 155 Two or More Races residents (2.18%), 65 Black or African American Alone residents (0.916%), 4 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0564%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Madison, SD are Spanish or Spanish Creole (85 speakers), Chinese (78 speakers), and Arabic (34 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

33

Median Native-Born Age

± 3.1

36

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 5.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Madison, SD was 33.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 33, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 36. But people in Madison, SD are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Madison, SD residents was 35.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.48%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.11%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 1.48% of Madison, SD residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Madison, SD was 1.11%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Madison, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    3,093 ± 1,363 people

  2. Ethiopia

    2,119 ± 1,129 people

  3. China

    1,741 ± 1,023 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Madison, SD was Mexico, the natal country of 3,093 Madison, SD residents, followed by Ethiopia with 2,119 and China with 1,741.

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Citizenship

99%

2017 Citizenship

99.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99% of Madison, SD residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Madison, SD was 99.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Madison, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    6.42k ± 84

  2. Asian Alone

    233 ± 186

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    216 ± 98.9

In 2017, there were 27.6 times more White Alone residents (6.42k people) in Madison, SD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 233 Asian Alone and 216 Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Madison, SD as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    85 speakers (1.31%)

  2. Chinese

    78 speakers (1.2%)

  3. Arabic

    34 speakers (0.524%)

3.5% of Madison, SD citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Madison, SD was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 1.31% of the overall population of Madison, SD are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 1.2% speak Chinese and 0.524% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    184 ± 88

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    73 ± 57

  3. Korea

    44 ± 37

Madison, SD has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.52 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Madison, SD awarded 456 degrees. The student population of Madison, SD is skewed towards men, with 1,835 male students and 1,355 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Madison, SD are White (341 and 86.3%), followed by Black or African American (20 and 5.06%), Hispanic or Latino (11 and 2.78%), and Two or More Races (8 and 2.03%).

The largest universities in Madison, SD by number of degrees awarded are Dakota State University (456 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Madison, SD are Information Science (87 and 19.1%), Computer & Information Systems Security (65 and 14.3%), and System, Networking, & LAN/WAN Management (32 and 7.02%).

The median tuition costs in Madison, SD are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $6,984 and $9,900 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Madison, SD was Computer & Information Systems Security with 44 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Madison, SD according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

456 degrees awarded

$6,984

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Madison, SD institution with the largest number of graduating students was Dakota State University with 456 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

262

Degrees Awarded to Men

194

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 262 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Madison, SD, which is 1.35 times more than the 194 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Madison, SD by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    341 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    20 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    11 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Madison, SD were to White students. These 341 degrees mean that there were 17.1 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 20 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Madison, SD was $113,700 in 2017, which is 0.523 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $110,100 to $113,700, a 3.27% increase. The homeownership rate in Madison, SD is 63.6%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Madison, SD have an average commute time of 10 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Madison, SD is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$50,439

Median Household Income

± $5,328

2.65k

Number of Households

± 362

In 2017, the median household income of the 2.65k households in Madison, SD grew to $50,439 from the previous year's value of $47,579.

The following chart displays the households in Madison, SD distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$113,700

2017 Median

± $10,849

$110,100

2016 Median

± $11,077

In 2017, the median property value in Madison, SD grew to to $113,700 from the previous year's value of $110,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Madison, SD compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Madison, SD the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Madison, SD distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Madison, SD the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

63.6%

2017 Homeownership

66.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 63.6% of the housing units in Madison, SD were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 66.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Madison, SD compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Madison, SD distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Madison, SD have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

10 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Madison, SD have a shorter commute time (10 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.366% of the workforce in Madison, SD have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Madison, SD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    83%

  2. Walked

    6.34%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.98%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Madison, SD was Drove Alone, followed by those who Walked and those who Worked At Home.

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