Madison, IL

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Population

3,898

1.91% growth

Median Age

35.9


Median Household Income

$25,175

3.38% growth

Poverty Rate

34.7%


Number of Employees

1,484

13.1% growth

Median Property Value

$46,800

3.9% decline

About

In 2017, Madison, IL had a population of 3.9k people with a median age of 35.9 and a median household income of $25,175. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Madison, IL grew from 3,825 to 3,898, a 1.91% increase and its median household income grew from $24,352 to $25,175, a 3.38% increase.

The population of Madison, IL is 54.3% Black or African American Alone, 40.7% White Alone, and 2.85% Two or More Races. 5.89% of the people in Madison, IL speak a non-English language, and 98.8% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Madison, IL is $46,800, and the homeownership rate is 45.5%. Most people in Madison, IL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Madison, IL is 1 car per household.

Economy

The economy of Madison, IL employs 1.48k people. The largest industries in Madison, IL are Health Care & Social Assistance (326 people), Retail Trade (224 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (194 people), and the highest paying industries are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($86,528), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($51,806), and Public Administration ($51,250).

Median household income in Madison, IL is $25,175. Males in Madison, IL have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,403. The income inequality in Madison, IL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.483, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$25,175

2017 value

± $5,560

3.38%

1 Year Growth

± 27.8%

Households in Madison, IL have a median annual income of $25,175, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $24,352 in 2016, which represents a 3.38% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Madison, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

$71,579

Average Male Salary

± $1,160

$52,403

Average Female Salary

± $852

In 2017, full-time male employees in Madison, IL made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Madison, IL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $65,613 ± $3,132

  2. White

    $56,297 ± $776

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $46,947 ± $14,340

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Madison, IL workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.17 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Madison, IL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Madison, IL is from Illinois.

0.483

2017 Wage GINI

0.481

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Illinois was 0.483 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.351% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Illinois was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Illinois in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Illinois across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 4006

  2. N/A

  3. N/A

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Madison, IL was Census Tract 4006 with a value of $20,979, followed by N/A and N/A, with respective values of N/A and N/A.

The following map shows all of the places in Madison, IL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 35 - 44

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

34.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Madison, IL (1.35k out of 3.9k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 35 - 44, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    859 ± 223

  2. White

    398 ± 198

  3. Asian

    48 ± 88

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Madison, IL is Black, followed by White and Asian.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

1.48k

2017 Value

± 307

13.1%

1 Year growth

± 26%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Madison, IL grew at a rate of 13.1%, from 1.31k employees to 1.48k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Madison, IL, are Sales & Related Occupations (207 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (161 people), and Material Moving Occupations (133 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Madison, IL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Madison, IL, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (207 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (161 people), and Material Moving Occupations (133 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Madison, IL has an unusually high number of residents working as Healthcare Support Occupations (3.52 times higher than expected), Material Moving Occupations (3.43 times), and Community & Social Service Occupations (2.05 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Madison, IL, by median earnings, are Management Occupations ($86,597), Management, Business, & Financial Occupations ($41,951), and Production Occupations ($32,375).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

1.48k

2017 Value

± 307

13.1%

1 Year growth

± 26%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Madison, IL grew at a rate of 13.1%, from 1.31k employees to 1.48k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Madison, IL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (326 people), Retail Trade (224 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (194 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Madison, IL, though some of these residents may live in Madison, IL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Madison, IL, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (326 people), Retail Trade (224 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (194 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Madison, IL has an unusually high number of Other Services, Except Public Administration (2.58 times higher than expected), Wholesale Trade (2.41 times), and Accommodation & Food Services (1.72 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Madison, IL, by median earnings, are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($86,528), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($51,806), and Public Administration ($51,250).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $76.6B

  2. $75B

  3. $66.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $76.6B, followed by Gasoline with $75B and Pharmaceuticals and $66.8B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Illinois products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Illinois state.

$871B

2015 Value

$1.31T

Projected 2045 Value

50.5% growth

In 2015, total outbound Illinois trade was $871B. This is expected to increase 50.5% to $1.31T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Illinois trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $63.2B

  2. $48.1B

  3. $32.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Indiana with $63.2B, followed by Wisconsin with $48.1B and Michigan and $32.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Illinois shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

85.9% of the population of Madison, IL has health coverage, with 21.9% on employee plans, 46.1% on Medicaid, 11.1% on Medicare, 4.05% on non-group plans, and 2.69% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Madison, IL was $8,262 in 2014. This is a 4.44% increase from the previous year ($7,911).

Primary care physicians in Madison, IL see 1240 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.322% decrease from the previous year (1244 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1332 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 526 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.7%). Additionally, Stephenson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

1,240 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Illinois see an average of 1,240 patients per year. This represents a 0.322% decrease from the previous year (1,244 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Illinois in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

$8,262

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,875

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$4,959

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,116

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Illinois (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.44%, from $7,911 to $8,262.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

14.1%

Uninsured

21.9%

Employer Coverage

46.1%

Medicaid

11.1%

Medicare

4.05%

Non-Group

2.69%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Madison, IL declined by 15% from 16.6% to 14.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Madison, IL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.7% prevalence

  2. 12.7% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Illinois, at 12.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Illinois by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Madison, IL is home to a population of 3.9k people, from which 98.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.41% of Madison, IL residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Madison, IL is composed of 2.12k Black or African American Alone residents (54.3%), 1.59k White Alone residents (40.7%), 111 Two or More Races residents (2.85%), 48 Asian Alone residents (1.23%), 31 Hispanic or Latino residents (0.795%), 7 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.18%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Madison, IL are Spanish or Spanish Creole (98 speakers), Tagalog (44 speakers), and African Languages (33 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

36

Median Native-Born Age

± 4.8

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.6

In 2017, the median age of all people in Madison, IL was 35.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 36, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Madison, IL are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Madison, IL residents was 35.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.41%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.25%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 1.41% of Madison, IL residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Madison, IL was 1.25%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Madison, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    669,904 ± 19,564 people

  2. India

    147,732 ± 9,382 people

  3. Poland

    136,910 ± 9,036 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Madison, IL was Mexico, the natal country of 669,904 Madison, IL residents, followed by India with 147,732 and Poland with 136,910.

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Citizenship

98.8%

2017 Citizenship

99%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.8% of Madison, IL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Madison, IL was 99%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Madison, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Black or African American Alone

    2.12k ± 376

  2. White Alone

    1.59k ± 349

  3. Two or More Races

    111 ± 109

In 2017, there were 1.34 times more Black or African American Alone residents (2.12k people) in Madison, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.59k White Alone and 111 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Madison, IL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    98 speakers (2.62%)

  2. Tagalog

    44 speakers (1.18%)

  3. African Languages

    33 speakers (0.883%)

5.89% of Madison, IL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Madison, IL was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 2.62% of the overall population of Madison, IL are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 1.18% speak Tagalog and 0.883% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    76 ± 59

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    33 ± 55

  3. World War II

    12 ± 17

Madison, IL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.3 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Madison, IL was $46,800 in 2017, which is 0.215 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $48,700 to $46,800, a 3.9% decrease. The homeownership rate in Madison, IL is 45.5%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Madison, IL have an average commute time of 21.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Madison, IL is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$25,175

Median Household Income

± $5,560

1.6k

Number of Households

± 267

In 2017, the median household income of the 1.6k households in Madison, IL grew to $25,175 from the previous year's value of $24,352.

The following chart displays the households in Madison, IL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$46,800

2017 Median

± $7,578

$48,700

2016 Median

± $9,063

In 2017, the median property value in Madison, IL declined from to $46,800 from the previous year's value of $48,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Madison, IL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Madison, IL the largest share of households have a property value in the $60k - $70k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Madison, IL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Madison, IL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

45.5%

2017 Homeownership

46%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 45.5% of the housing units in Madison, IL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 46%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Madison, IL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Madison, IL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Madison, IL have 1 car, followed by 2 cars.

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Commute Time

21.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Madison, IL have a shorter commute time (21.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.25% of the workforce in Madison, IL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Madison, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    75.6%

  2. Public Transit

    9.77%

  3. Walked

    7.01%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Madison, IL was Drove Alone, followed by those who Public Transit and those who Walked.

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