Madison County, IL

County

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2020 Population
264,403
0.141% 1-year decline
US Senator
Dick Durbin
Democratic Party
US Senator
Tammy Duckworth
Democratic Party
2020 Median Age
40.3
0.249% 1-year increase
2020 Poverty Rate
12.4%
6.1% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$64,045
5.44% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$138,500
2.14% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
128,229
0.751% 1-year growth

About

In 2020, Madison County, IL had a population of 264k people with a median age of 40.3 and a median household income of $64,045. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Madison County, IL declined from 264,776 to 264,403, a −0.141% decrease and its median household income grew from $60,738 to $64,045, a 5.44% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Madison County, IL are White (Non-Hispanic) (84.5%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (8.54%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.39%), White (Hispanic) (2.18%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (0.998%).

None of the households in Madison County, IL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

99.1% of the residents in Madison County, IL are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Madison County, IL are Southern Illinois University-Edwardsville (3,500 degrees awarded in 2020), Lewis and Clark Community College (1,719 degrees), and CALC Institute of Technology (65 degrees).

In 2020, the median property value in Madison County, IL was $138,500, and the homeownership rate was 72.3%.

Most people in Madison County, IL drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 25.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Madison County, IL was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Edwardsville, IL

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

Madison County, IL is home to a population of 264k people, from which 99.1% are citizens. As of 2020, 2.29% of Madison County, IL residents were born outside of the country (6.05k people).

In 2020, there were 9.89 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (223k people) in Madison County, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 22.6k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 6.31k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

99.1%
2020 Citizenship
98.9%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 99.1% of Madison County, IL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Madison County, IL was 98.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Madison County, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Madison County, IL
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    223k ± 415
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    22.6k ± 690
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    6.31k ± 896
3.36%
Hispanic Population
8.89k people

In 2020, there were 9.89 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (223k people) in Madison County, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 22.6k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 6.31k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

3.36% of the people in Madison County, IL are hispanic (8.89k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Madison County, IL as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    628,401 ± 18,975 people
  2. India
    158,225 ± 9,705 people
  3. Poland
    127,303 ± 8,716 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Illinois was Mexico, the natal country of 628,401 Illinois residents, followed by India with 158,225 and Poland with 127,303.

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Foreign-Born Population

2.29%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
6.05k people
2.43%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
6.44k people

As of 2020, 2.29% of Madison County, IL residents (6.05k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Madison County, IL was 2.43%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Madison County, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    6,415 ± 429
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    3,820 ± 544
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    2,900 ± 425

Madison County, IL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.68 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of Madison County, IL employs 128k people. The largest industries in Madison County, IL are Health Care & Social Assistance (18,661 people), Manufacturing (15,003 people), and Retail Trade (14,134 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($92,829), Utilities ($73,917), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($66,397).

Males in Illinois have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $57,880. The income inequality in Illinois (measured using the Gini index) is 0.479, which is higher than than the national average.

Occupations

128k
2020 Value
± 2,737
0.751%
1 Year growth
± 2.89%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Madison County, IL grew at a rate of 0.751%, from 127k employees to 128k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Madison County, IL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (15,722 people), Management Occupations (12,217 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (12,135 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Madison County, IL.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Illinois (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

128k
2020 Value
± 2,737
0.751%
1 Year growth
± 2.89%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Madison County, IL grew at a rate of 0.751%, from 127k employees to 128k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Madison County, IL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (18,661 people), Manufacturing (15,003 people), and Retail Trade (14,134 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Madison County, IL, though some of these residents may live in Madison County, IL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$50,714
Median earning men ± $1,413
$31,921
Median earning women ± $747

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2020 are Public Administration ($74,787), Manufacturing ($61,843), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($61,690).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2020 are Manufacturing ($50,490), Public Administration ($47,362), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($46,080).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Illinois. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Illinois.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 2,500
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 1,701
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 1,163
    Other Services, Except Public Administration

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Payroll by Industry Sector

The industries with the highest total annual payroll
  1. $2.67M
    Manufacturing
  2. $1.29M
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  3. $560k
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing

The chart shows the total annual payroll and the average annual payroll by industry.

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $138B
  2. $87.2B
  3. $79.8B

In 2020, the top outbound Illinois product (by dollars) was Electronics with $138B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($87.2B) and Mixed freight ($79.8B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Illinois products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Illinois.
$1.03T
2020 Value in Illinois
$1.94T
Projected 2050 Value in Illinois
88.6% growth

In 2020, total outbound Illinois trade was $1.03T. This is expected to increase 88.6% to $1.94T by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Illinois trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $77.4B
  2. $56.8B
  3. $46.1B

In 2020, the top outbound Illinois domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Indiana with $77.4B, followed by Wisconsin with $56.8B and California and $46.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Illinois shares with each state (excluding itself).

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flagCivics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Madison County, IL went to Donald J. Trump with 55.4% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (42.2%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.58%).

Dick Durbin and Tammy Duckworth are the senators currently representing the state of Illinois. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Illinois is currently represented by 18 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Illinois

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.
Dick Durbin
Senator from Illinois2
Assumed office on January 3, 1997
Tammy Duckworth
Senator from Illinois3
Assumed office on January 3, 2017

Dick Durbin and Tammy Duckworth are the senators currently representing Illinois.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Illinois over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Illinois

Illinois is currently represented by 18 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Illinois have changed over time starting in 2008.

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learningEducation

In 2020, universities in Madison County, IL awarded 5,284 degrees. The student population of Madison County, IL in 2020 is skewed towards women, with 7,387 male students and 10,255 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Madison County, IL are White (4,127 and 79.9%), followed by Black or African American (463 and 8.97%), Unknown (174 and 3.37%), and Hispanic or Latino (170 and 3.29%).

The largest universities in Madison County, IL by number of degrees awarded are Southern Illinois University-Edwardsville (3,500 and 66.2%), Lewis and Clark Community College (1,719 and 32.5%), and CALC Institute of Technology (65 and 1.23%).

The most popular majors in Madison County, IL are Liberal Arts & Sciences (703 and 13.3%), Registered Nursing (566 and 10.7%), and General Business Administration & Management (352 and 6.66%).

The median tuition cost in Madison County, IL for a public four year colleges is $8,559 for in-state students and $8,559 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2020 in Madison County, IL, the percentage of applicants admitted was 85%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 20.8%. The number of students enrolled in 2020 was 17,642 (41.9% men and 58.1% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2020 there were 17,642 students enrolled in Madison County, IL, 41.9% men and 58.1% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 12,939 records, of which 57.5% were women and 42.5% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 184 degree-majors awarded
  2. 485 degree-majors awarded
  3. 244 degree-majors awarded

In 2020, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Madison County, IL was General Psychology with 184 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Madison County, IL according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 3,500 degrees awarded
  2. 1,719 degrees awarded
  3. 65 degrees awarded

In 2020, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Southern Illinois University-Edwardsville with 3,500 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2020, 2,140 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Madison County, IL, which is 0.681 times less than the 3,144 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2020 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 4,127 degrees mean that there were 8.91 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 463 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Public, 2-year ($9,000) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2020.

Public, 4-year or above ($2,936) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2020.

Public, 2-year ($1,008) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.
Measure

In 2020, 0.879% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.877% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2020 were High School or Equivalent (2.59M), Some college (2.22M), and Bachelors Degree (2.03M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in Madison County, IL was $138,500 in 2020, which is 0.603 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $135,600 to $138,500, a 2.14% increase. The homeownership rate in Madison County, IL is 72.3%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.4%.

People in Madison County, IL have an average commute time of 25.6 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Madison County, IL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Madison County, IL is $64,045. In 2020, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Madison County, IL was Census Tract 4037.01 with a value of $114,091, followed by Census Tract 4031.22 and Census Tract 4035.32, with respective values of $105,717 and $102,273.

In 2021, 12.6% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Madison County, IL. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 0.639%.

Property

$138,500
Median Property Value 2020
±$2,423
$78,424
Median Property Taxes
±$1,981

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Madison County, IL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Madison County, IL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

72.3%
Homeownership
2020
61.7%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2020

In 2020, 72.3% of the housing units in Madison County, IL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 71.4%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Madison County, IL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 4037.01
  2. Census Tract 4031.22
  3. Census Tract 4035.32

In 2020, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Madison County, IL was Census Tract 4037.01 with a value of $114,091, followed by Census Tract 4031.22 and Census Tract 4035.32, with respective values of $105,717 and $102,273.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Madison County, IL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$64,045
Median Household Income
± $1,578
108k
Number of Households
± 2,386

In 2020, the median household income of the 108k households in Madison County, IL grew to $64,045 from the previous year's value of $60,738.

The following chart displays the households in Madison County, IL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Madison County, IL is from Illinois.
0.479
2020 Wage GINI in Illinois
0.482
2019 Wage GINI in Illinois

In 2020, the income inequality in Illinois was 0.479 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.707% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Illinois was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Illinois in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Illinois across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (84.5%)
  2. Carpooled (6.62%)
  3. Worked At Home (5.66%)

In 2020, 84.5% of workers in Madison County, IL drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (6.62%) and those who worked at home (5.66%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

25.6 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Madison County, IL have a shorter commute time (25.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 1.51% of the workforce in Madison County, IL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Madison County, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Madison County, IL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Madison County, IL have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2021, 12.6% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Madison County, IL. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 0.639%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

12.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Madison County, IL (32.2k out of 259k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 18 - 24.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Madison County, IL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2021, 14.9% of the children was living in poverty in Madison County, IL. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 1.7%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2021, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 249 in Madison County, IL. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator grew 2.5 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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pulseHealth

95.1% of the population of Madison County, IL has health coverage, with 53.7% on employee plans, 14.9% on Medicaid, 13.9% on Medicare, 11% on non-group plans, and 1.51% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Illinois was $8,262 in 2014. This is a 4.44% increase from the previous year ($7,911).

Primary care physicians in Madison County, IL see 2186 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.365% decrease from the previous year (2194 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1148 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 584 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.9% were men and 52.1% were women.

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Illinois. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Illinois, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,186 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Madison County, IL

Primary care physicians in Madison County, IL see an average of 2,186 patients per year. This represents a 0.365% decrease from the previous year (2,194 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Madison County, IL in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Illinois across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2020, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 23.3% under 18 years, 20.4% between 18 and 34 years, 39.4% between 35 and 64 years, and 16.9% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.9% were men and 52.1% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

4.93%
Uninsured
53.7%
Employer Coverage
14.9%
Medicaid
13.9%
Medicare
11%
Non-Group
1.51%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Madison County, IL declined by 1.27% from 4.99% to 4.93%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Madison County, IL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2021, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 57.4 in Madison County, IL.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Madison County, IL.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2021, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 35.9% in Madison County, IL.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Madison County, IL.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2021, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 6.09% in Madison County, IL.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Madison County, IL.

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