Madison County, IL

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Population

265,428

0.125% decline

Median Age

39.9


Median Household Income

$57,890

3.31% growth

Poverty Rate

13.5%


Number of Employees

127,428

2.84% growth

Median Property Value

$131,600

4.43% decline

About

In 2017, Madison County, IL had a population of 265k people with a median age of 39.9 and a median household income of $57,890. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Madison County, IL declined from 265,759 to 265,428, a -0.125% decrease and its median household income grew from $56,035 to $57,890, a 3.31% increase.

The population of Madison County, IL is 85% White Alone, 8.32% Black or African American Alone, and 3.3% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Madison County, IL speak a non-English language, and 99.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Madison County, IL are Southern Illinois University-Edwardsville (3,153 degrees awarded in 2016), Lewis and Clark Community College (1,457 degrees), and CALC Institute of Technology (107 degrees).

The median property value in Madison County, IL is $131,600, and the homeownership rate is 70.5%. Most people in Madison County, IL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Madison County, IL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Edwardsville, IL

Economy

The economy of Madison County, IL employs 127k people. The largest industries in Madison County, IL are Health Care & Social Assistance (18,374 people), Educational Services (14,559 people), and Manufacturing (14,118 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($71,189), Public Administration ($58,234), and Manufacturing ($55,264).

Median household income in Madison County, IL is $57,890. Males in Madison County, IL have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $53,388. The income inequality in Madison County, IL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.482, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$57,890

2017 value

± $3,034

3.31%

1 Year Growth

± 7.99%

Households in Madison County, IL have a median annual income of $57,890, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $56,035 in 2016, which represents a 3.31% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Madison County, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

$72,886

Average Male Salary

± $1,176

$53,388

Average Female Salary

± $853

In 2017, full-time male employees in Illinois made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $69,071 ± $3,279

  2. White

    $57,857 ± $795

  3. Two or More Races

    $44,999 ± $4,016

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Illinois workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.19 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Madison County, IL is from Illinois.

0.482

2017 Wage GINI

0.484

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Illinois was 0.482 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.488% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Illinois was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Illinois in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Illinois across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 4035.32

  2. Census Tract 4037.02

  3. Census Tract 4037.01

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Madison County, IL was Census Tract 4035.32 with a value of $102,500, followed by Census Tract 4037.02 and Census Tract 4037.01, with respective values of $89,635 and $88,462.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Madison County, IL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

13.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Madison County, IL (35.1k out of 260k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    25,731 ± 1,194

  2. Black

    7,757 ± 592

  3. Hispanic

    1,804 ± 297

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Madison County, IL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

127k

2017 Value

± 5,714

2.84%

1 Year growth

± 6.23%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Madison County, IL grew at a rate of 2.84%, from 124k employees to 127k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Madison County, IL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (15,984 people), Management Occupations (12,039 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (11,315 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Madison County, IL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Madison County, IL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (15,984 people), Management Occupations (12,039 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (11,315 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Madison County, IL has an unusually high number of residents working as Material Moving Occupations (1.58 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.41 times), and Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.39 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Madison County, IL, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($81,075), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($72,917), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($70,847).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

127k

2017 Value

± 5,714

2.84%

1 Year growth

± 6.23%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Madison County, IL grew at a rate of 2.84%, from 124k employees to 127k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Madison County, IL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (18,374 people), Educational Services (14,559 people), and Manufacturing (14,118 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Madison County, IL, though some of these residents may live in Madison County, IL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Madison County, IL, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (18,374 people), Educational Services (14,559 people), and Manufacturing (14,118 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Madison County, IL has an unusually high number of Transportation & Warehousing (1.35 times higher than expected), Utilities (1.32 times), and Educational Services (1.25 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Madison County, IL, by median earnings, are Utilities ($71,189), Public Administration ($58,234), and Manufacturing ($55,264).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $76.6B

  2. $75B

  3. $66.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $76.6B, followed by Gasoline ($75B) and Pharmaceuticals ($66.8B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Illinois products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Illinois state.

$871B

2015 Value

$1.31T

Projected 2045 Value

50.5% growth

In 2015, total outbound Illinois trade was $871B. This is expected to increase 50.5% to $1.31T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Illinois trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $63.2B

  2. $48.1B

  3. $32.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Indiana with $63.2B, followed by Wisconsin with $48.1B and Michigan and $32.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Illinois shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

95.7% of the population of Madison County, IL has health coverage, with 52.9% on employee plans, 16.2% on Medicaid, 13.7% on Medicare, 11.6% on non-group plans, and 1.26% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Madison County, IL was $8,262 in 2014. This is a 4.44% increase from the previous year ($7,911).

Primary care physicians in Madison County, IL see 2064 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.99% increase from the previous year (2004 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1230 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 714 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.7%). Additionally, Stephenson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,064 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Madison County, IL see an average of 2,064 patients per year. This represents a 2.99% increase from the previous year (2,004 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Madison County, IL in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

$8,262

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,875

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$4,959

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,116

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Illinois (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.44%, from $7,911 to $8,262.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.3%

Uninsured

52.9%

Employer Coverage

16.2%

Medicaid

13.7%

Medicare

11.6%

Non-Group

1.26%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Madison County, IL declined by 7.32% from 4.64% to 4.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Madison County, IL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.7% prevalence

  2. 12.7% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Illinois, at 12.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Illinois by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Madison County, IL is home to a population of 265k people, from which 99.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.34% of Madison County, IL residents were born outside of the country (6.2k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Madison County, IL is composed of 226k White Alone residents (85%), 22.1k Black or African American Alone residents (8.32%), 8.75k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.3%), 5.91k Two or More Races residents (2.23%), 2.45k Asian Alone residents (0.922%), 487 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.183%), 176 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0663%), and 66 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0249%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Madison County, IL are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

40

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

38

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 9.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Madison County, IL was 39.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 38. But people in Madison County, IL are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Madison County, IL residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.34%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

6.2k people

2.3%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

6.1k people

As of 2017, 2.34% of Madison County, IL residents (6.2k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Madison County, IL was 2.3%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Madison County, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    659,035 ± 19,411 people

  2. India

    155,935 ± 9,636 people

  3. Poland

    133,637 ± 8,928 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Illinois was Mexico, the natal country of 659,035 Illinois residents, followed by India with 155,935 and Poland with 133,637.

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Citizenship

99.1%

2017 Citizenship

98.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.1% of Madison County, IL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Madison County, IL was 98.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Madison County, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    226k ± 117

  2. Black or African American Alone

    22.1k ± 1.37k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    8.75k ± 1.88k

In 2017, there were 10.2 times more White Alone residents (226k people) in Madison County, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 22.1k Black or African American Alone and 8.75k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Madison County, IL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Madison County, IL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Madison County, IL was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Madison County, IL are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    5,235 ± 908

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    4,090 ± 1,150

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    3,359 ± 862

Madison County, IL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.28 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Madison County, IL awarded 4,760 degrees. The student population of Madison County, IL is skewed towards women, with 9,835 male students and 11,730 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Madison County, IL are White (3,812 and 82.9%), followed by Black or African American (414 and 9.01%), Hispanic or Latino (119 and 2.59%), and Two or More Races (84 and 1.83%).

The largest universities in Madison County, IL by number of degrees awarded are Southern Illinois University-Edwardsville (3,153 and 66.2%), Lewis and Clark Community College (1,457 and 30.6%), and CALC Institute of Technology (107 and 2.25%).

The most popular majors in Madison County, IL are Registered Nursing (424 and 8.91%), Biological & Physical Sciences (370 and 7.77%), and General Business Administration & Management (292 and 6.13%).

The median tuition costs in Madison County, IL are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $7,218 and $8,590 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 177 degrees awarded

  2. 346 degrees awarded

  3. 210 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Madison County, IL was General Psychology with 177 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Madison County, IL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 3,153 degrees awarded

  2. 1,457 degrees awarded

  3. 107 degrees awarded

$7,218

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Madison County, IL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Southern Illinois University-Edwardsville with 3,153 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,921

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,839

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,921 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Madison County, IL, which is 0.677 times less than the 2,839 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Madison County, IL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    3,812 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    414 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    119 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Madison County, IL were to White students. These 3,812 degrees mean that there were 9.21 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 414 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Madison County, IL was $131,600 in 2017, which is 0.605 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $137,700 to $131,600, a 4.43% decrease. The homeownership rate in Madison County, IL is 70.5%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Madison County, IL have an average commute time of 23.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Madison County, IL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$57,890

Median Household Income

± $3,034

107k

Number of Households

± 5,232

In 2017, the median household income of the 107k households in Madison County, IL grew to $57,890 from the previous year's value of $56,035.

The following chart displays the households in Madison County, IL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$131,600

2017 Median

± $6,534

$137,700

2016 Median

± $5,983

In 2017, the median property value in Madison County, IL declined from to $131,600 from the previous year's value of $137,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Madison County, IL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Madison County, IL the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Madison County, IL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Madison County, IL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

70.5%

2017 Homeownership

71.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 70.5% of the housing units in Madison County, IL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 71.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Madison County, IL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Madison County, IL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Madison County, IL have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

23.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Madison County, IL have a shorter commute time (23.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.41% of the workforce in Madison County, IL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Madison County, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    84.7%

  2. Carpooled

    7.14%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.85%

In 2016, the most common method of travel for workers in Madison County, IL was Drove Alone (84.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (7.14%) and those who Worked At Home (3.85%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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