Macon County, AL

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Population

19,358

1.66% decline

Median Age

38


Median Household Income

$32,308

0.253% decline

Poverty Rate

25.9%


Number of Employees

7,348

3.24% decline

Median Property Value

$77,100

0.13% growth

About

In 2017, Macon County, AL had a population of 19.4k people with a median age of 38 and a median household income of $32,308. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Macon County, AL declined from 19,684 to 19,358, a -1.66% decrease and its median household income declined from $32,390 to $32,308, a -0.253% decrease.

The population of Macon County, AL is 81.5% Black or African American Alone, 15.5% White Alone, and 1.63% Hispanic or Latino. 3.93% of the people in Macon County, AL speak a non-English language, and 99.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Macon County, AL are Tuskegee University (647 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Macon County, AL is $77,100, and the homeownership rate is 64.7%. Most people in Macon County, AL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Macon County, AL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Birmingham, AL

Economy

The economy of Macon County, AL employs 7.35k people. The largest industries in Macon County, AL are Educational Services (1,494 people), Manufacturing (1,216 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (998 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($62,273), Information ($41,667), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($41,500).

Median household income in Macon County, AL is $32,308. Males in Macon County, AL have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,615. The income inequality in Macon County, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$32,308

2017 value

± $2,946

-0.253%

1 Year Growth

± 12.3%

Households in Macon County, AL have a median annual income of $32,308, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $32,390 in 2016, which represents a -0.253% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Macon County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Alabama.

$58,549

Average Male Salary

± $1,465

$40,615

Average Female Salary

± $997

In 2017, full-time male employees in Macon County, AL made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Macon County, AL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Alabama.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $58,018 ± $10,489

  2. White

    $47,885 ± $1,063

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $45,909 ± $38,465

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Macon County, AL workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Macon County, AL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Macon County, AL is from Alabama.

0.46

2017 Wage GINI

0.458

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.343% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 2322

  2. Census Tract 2315

  3. Census Tract 2316.03

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Macon County, AL was Census Tract 2322 with a value of $43,462, followed by Census Tract 2315 and Census Tract 2316.03, with respective values of $36,358 and $36,354.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Macon County, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

25.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Macon County, AL (4.38k out of 16.9k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 45 - 54 and then Females < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    3,668 ± 318

  2. White

    614 ± 134

  3. Hispanic

    101 ± 98

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Macon County, AL is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

7.35k

2017 Value

± 444

-3.24%

1 Year decline

± 8.87%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Macon County, AL declined at a rate of -3.24%, from 7.59k employees to 7.35k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Macon County, AL, are Production Occupations (964 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (884 people), and Management Occupations (576 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Macon County, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Macon County, AL, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (964 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (884 people), and Management Occupations (576 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Macon County, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.69 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (2.26 times), and Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (2.06 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Macon County, AL, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($115,078), Business & Financial Operations Occupations ($48,750), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($47,941).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

7.35k

2017 Value

± 444

-3.24%

1 Year decline

± 8.87%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Macon County, AL declined at a rate of -3.24%, from 7.59k employees to 7.35k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Macon County, AL, are Educational Services (1,494 people), Manufacturing (1,216 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (998 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Macon County, AL, though some of these residents may live in Macon County, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Macon County, AL, by number of employees, are Educational Services (1,494 people), Manufacturing (1,216 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (998 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Macon County, AL has an unusually high number of Educational Services (2.19 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.63 times), and Public Administration (1.38 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Macon County, AL, by median earnings, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($62,273), Information ($41,667), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($41,500).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $40.7B

  2. $28B

  3. $21.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $40.7B, followed by Mixed freight with $28B and Coal-n.e.c. and $21.5B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama state.

$243B

2015 Value

$367B

Projected 2045 Value

50.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Alabama trade was $243B. This is expected to increase 50.7% to $367B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.3B

  2. $16.7B

  3. $14.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $25.3B, followed by Florida with $16.7B and Tennessee and $14.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.9% of the population of Macon County, AL has health coverage, with 38.7% on employee plans, 21.9% on Medicaid, 12.4% on Medicare, 15.6% on non-group plans, and 1.36% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Macon County, AL was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Macon County, AL see 2729 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.66% decrease from the previous year (2775 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 3793 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 271 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.1%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (47.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2729 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Macon County, AL see an average of 2729 patients per year. This represents a 1.66% decrease from the previous year (2775 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Macon County, AL in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

$7,281

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,641

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,042

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,267

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.1%

Uninsured

38.7%

Employer Coverage

21.9%

Medicaid

12.4%

Medicare

15.6%

Non-Group

1.36%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Macon County, AL declined by 6.3% from 10.8% to 10.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Macon County, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 21.1% prevalence

  2. 20.9% prevalence

  3. 20.4% prevalence

Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 21.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Macon County, AL is home to a population of 19.4k people, from which 99.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.19% of Macon County, AL residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Macon County, AL is composed of 15.8k Black or African American Alone residents (81.5%), 2.99k White Alone residents (15.5%), 315 Hispanic or Latino residents (1.63%), 131 Two or More Races residents (0.677%), 67 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.346%), 43 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.222%), 38 Asian Alone residents (0.196%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Macon County, AL are Spanish or Spanish Creole (516 speakers), French (Incl. Patois, Cajun) (53 speakers), and African Languages (47 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

38

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

52

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 35.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Macon County, AL was 38. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 38, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 52. But people in Macon County, AL are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Macon County, AL residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.19%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.13%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 1.19% of Macon County, AL residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Macon County, AL was 1.13%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Macon County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    51,837 ± 5,560 people

  2. Guatemala

    11,080 ± 2,581 people

  3. India

    9,229 ± 2,356 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Macon County, AL was Mexico, the natal country of 51,837 Macon County, AL residents, followed by Guatemala with 11,080 and India with 9,229.

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Citizenship

99.4%

2017 Citizenship

99.4%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.4% of Macon County, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Macon County, AL was 99.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Macon County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Black or African American Alone

    15.8k ± 101

  2. White Alone

    2.99k ± 18

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    315 ± 153

In 2017, there were 5.27 times more Black or African American Alone residents (15.8k people) in Macon County, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.99k White Alone and 315 Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Macon County, AL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    516 speakers (2.71%)

  2. French (Incl. Patois, Cajun)

    53 speakers (0.278%)

  3. African Languages

    47 speakers (0.247%)

3.93% of Macon County, AL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Macon County, AL was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 2.71% of the overall population of Macon County, AL are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.278% speak French (Incl. Patois, Cajun) and 0.247% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    636 ± 115

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    181 ± 66

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    89 ± 42

Macon County, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.51 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Macon County, AL awarded 647 degrees. The student population of Macon County, AL is skewed towards women, with 1,083 male students and 1,768 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Macon County, AL are Black or African American (541 and 83.6%), followed by Unknown (81 and 12.5%), Asian (11 and 1.7%), and White (10 and 1.55%).

The largest universities in Macon County, AL by number of degrees awarded are Tuskegee University (647 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Macon County, AL are Veterinary Medicine (64 and 9.89%), General Biological Sciences (59 and 9.12%), and General Animal Sciences (51 and 7.88%).

The median tuition costs in Macon County, AL are $18,560 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 42 degrees awarded

  2. 52 degrees awarded

  3. 47 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Macon County, AL was General Animal Sciences with 42 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Macon County, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

647 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$18,560

Median Private

In 2016, the Macon County, AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Tuskegee University with 647 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

278

Degrees Awarded to Men

369

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 278 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Macon County, AL, which is 0.753 times less than the 369 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Macon County, AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Black or African American

    541 degrees awarded

  2. Unknown

    81 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    11 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Macon County, AL were to Black or African American students. These 541 degrees mean that there were 6.68 times more Black or African American students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 81 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Macon County, AL was $77,100 in 2017, which is 0.354 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $77,000 to $77,100, a 0.13% increase. The homeownership rate in Macon County, AL is 64.7%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Macon County, AL have an average commute time of 22.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Macon County, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$32,308

Median Household Income

± $2,946

7.85k

Number of Households

± 432

In 2017, the median household income of the 7.85k households in Macon County, AL declined from $32,308 from the previous year's value of $32,390.

The following chart displays the households in Macon County, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$77,100

2017 Median

± $4,474

$77,000

2016 Median

± $3,666

In 2017, the median property value in Macon County, AL grew to to $77,100 from the previous year's value of $77,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Macon County, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Macon County, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Macon County, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Macon County, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

64.7%

2017 Homeownership

66%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 64.7% of the housing units in Macon County, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 66%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Macon County, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Macon County, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Macon County, AL have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

22.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Macon County, AL have a shorter commute time (22.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.949% of the workforce in Macon County, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Macon County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.3%

  2. Carpooled

    10.6%

  3. Walked

    6.16%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Macon County, AL was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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