Ludington, MI

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Population

28,800

0.156% growth

Median Age

46


Median Household Income

$45,524

4.66% growth

Poverty Rate

16%


Number of Employees

12,418

0.275% growth

Median Property Value

$126,600

2.76% growth

About

In 2017, Ludington, MI had a population of 28.8k people with a median age of 46 and a median household income of $45,524. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Ludington, MI grew from 28,755 to 28,800, a 0.156% increase and its median household income grew from $43,497 to $45,524, a 4.66% increase.

The population of Ludington, MI is 91.7% White Alone, 4.47% Hispanic or Latino, and 1.7% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Ludington, MI speak a non-English language, and 99.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Ludington, MI are West Shore Community College (199 degrees awarded in 2017).

The median property value in Ludington, MI is $126,600, and the homeownership rate is 77.1%. Most people in Ludington, MI commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 16.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Ludington, MI is 2 cars per household.

Ludington, MI borders Manitowoc, WI and Sheboygan, WI.

Economy

The economy of Ludington, MI employs 12.4k people. The largest industries in Ludington, MI are Manufacturing (2,082 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,715 people), and Retail Trade (1,507 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($89,375), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($57,500), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($56,691).

Median household income in Ludington, MI is $45,524. Males in Ludington, MI have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,762. The income inequality in Ludington, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.476, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$45,524

2017 value

± $1,693

4.66%

1 Year Growth

± 5.38%

Households in Ludington, MI have a median annual income of $45,524, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $43,497 in 2016, which represents a 4.66% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Ludington, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

$63,869

Average Male Salary

± $1,109

$46,762

Average Female Salary

± $850

In 2017, full-time male employees in Michigan made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $62,263 ± $4,415

  2. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $48,644 ± $58,127

  3. White

    $48,289 ± $702

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Michigan workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.28 times more than Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Ludington, MI is from Michigan.

0.476

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Michigan was 0.476 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.107% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Michigan was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Michigan in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Michigan across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Ludington, MI was Livingston County, MI with a value of $82,884, followed by Oakland County, MI and Washtenaw County, MI, with respective values of $80,193 and $71,860.

The following map shows all of the counties in Ludington, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Ludington, MI (4.54k out of 28.4k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 45 - 54 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    4,203 ± 320

  2. Hispanic

    252 ± 119

  3. Two Or More

    165 ± 93

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Ludington, MI is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

12.4k

2017 Value

± 527

0.275%

1 Year growth

± 5.95%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Ludington, MI grew at a rate of 0.275%, from 12.4k employees to 12.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Ludington, MI, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,576 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,367 people), and Production Occupations (1,160 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Ludington, MI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Ludington, MI, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,576 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,367 people), and Production Occupations (1,160 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Ludington, MI has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.6 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.93 times), and Production Occupations (1.61 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Ludington, MI, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($61,944), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($60,109), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($55,526).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

12.4k

2017 Value

± 527

0.275%

1 Year growth

± 5.95%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Ludington, MI grew at a rate of 0.275%, from 12.4k employees to 12.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Ludington, MI, are Manufacturing (2,082 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,715 people), and Retail Trade (1,507 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Ludington, MI, though some of these residents may live in Ludington, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Ludington, MI, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (2,082 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,715 people), and Retail Trade (1,507 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Ludington, MI has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (2.14 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.66 times), and Accommodation & Food Services (1.47 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Ludington, MI, by median earnings, are Utilities ($89,375), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($57,500), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($56,691).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $138B

  2. $38.2B

  3. $36.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $138B, followed by Mixed freight ($38.2B) and Machinery ($36.1B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan state.

$480B

2020 Value

$623B

Projected 2045 Value

29.8% growth

In 2020, total outbound Michigan trade was $480B. This is expected to increase 29.8% to $623B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $37.4B

  2. $27.2B

  3. $21.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $37.4B, followed by Indiana with $27.2B and Illinois and $21.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92% of the population of Ludington, MI has health coverage, with 40.4% on employee plans, 19.1% on Medicaid, 16.4% on Medicare, 15% on non-group plans, and 1.07% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Ludington, MI was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Ludington, MI see 1254 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1244 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1385 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 431 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Saginaw County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

1,254 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Michigan see an average of 1,254 patients per year. This represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1,244 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Michigan in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

$8,055

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,950

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,915

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,318

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Michigan (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,745 to $8,055.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.97%

Uninsured

40.4%

Employer Coverage

19.1%

Medicaid

16.4%

Medicare

15%

Non-Group

1.07%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Ludington, MI declined by 19.7% from 9.92% to 7.97%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Ludington, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.1% prevalence

  3. 14.1% prevalence

Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Michigan, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Michigan by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Ludington, MI is home to a population of 28.8k people, from which 99.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.85% of Ludington, MI residents were born outside of the country (534 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Ludington, MI is composed of 26.4k White Alone residents (91.7%), 1.29k Hispanic or Latino residents (4.47%), 490 Two or More Races residents (1.7%), 268 Black or African American Alone residents (0.931%), 221 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.767%), 134 Asian Alone residents (0.465%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

Age

Age by Nativity

46

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

54

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 5.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Ludington, MI was 46. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 46, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 54. But people in Ludington, MI are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Ludington, MI residents was 46.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.85%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

534 people

2.01%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

577 people

As of 2017, 1.85% of Ludington, MI residents (534 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Ludington, MI was 2.01%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Ludington, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    76,763 ± 6,776 people

  2. India

    66,881 ± 6,328 people

  3. Iraq

    54,355 ± 5,708 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Michigan was Mexico, the natal country of 76,763 Michigan residents, followed by India with 66,881 and Iraq with 54,355.

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Citizenship

99.1%

2017 Citizenship

98.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.1% of Ludington, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Ludington, MI was 98.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Ludington, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    26.4k ± 10

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    1.29k ± 131

  3. Two or More Races

    490 ± 110

In 2017, there were 20.5 times more White Alone residents (26.4k people) in Ludington, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.29k Hispanic or Latino and 490 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Ludington, MI as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,039 ± 127

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    266 ± 75

  3. Korea

    225 ± 66

Ludington, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.91 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Ludington, MI awarded 199 degrees. The student population of Ludington, MI is skewed towards women, with 419 male students and 701 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Ludington, MI are White (169 and 85.4%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (12 and 6.06%), Unknown (8 and 4.04%), and American Indian or Alaska Native (4 and 2.02%).

The largest universities in Ludington, MI by number of degrees awarded are West Shore Community College (199 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Ludington, MI are Liberal Arts & Sciences (72 and 36.2%), Registered Nursing (27 and 13.6%), and Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training (25 and 12.6%).

The median tuition costs in Ludington, MI are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 11 degrees awarded

  2. 72 degrees awarded

  3. 27 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Ludington, MI was General Sales, Distribution, & Marketing Operations with 11 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Ludington, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

199 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Ludington, MI institution with the largest number of graduating students was West Shore Community College with 199 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

73

Degrees Awarded to Men

126

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 73 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Ludington, MI, which is 0.579 times less than the 126 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Ludington, MI by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    169 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    12 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    8 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Ludington, MI were to White students. These 169 degrees mean that there were 14.1 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 12 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Ludington, MI was $126,600 in 2017, which is 0.551 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $123,200 to $126,600, a 2.76% increase. The homeownership rate in Ludington, MI is 77.1%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Ludington, MI have an average commute time of 16.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Ludington, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$126,600

2017 Median

± $5,178

$123,200

2016 Median

± $4,688

In 2017, the median property value in Ludington, MI grew to to $126,600 from the previous year's value of $123,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Ludington, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ludington, MI the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$45,524

Median Household Income

± $1,693

12.2k

Number of Households

± 512

In 2017, the median household income of the 12.2k households in Ludington, MI grew to $45,524 from the previous year's value of $43,497.

The following chart displays the households in Ludington, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Ludington, MI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ludington, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

77.1%

2017 Homeownership

75.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 77.1% of the housing units in Ludington, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 75.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Ludington, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

16.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Ludington, MI have a shorter commute time (16.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.52% of the workforce in Ludington, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Ludington, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    80.7%

  2. Carpooled

    10.9%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.31%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Ludington, MI was Drove Alone (80.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.9%) and those who Worked At Home (4.31%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Ludington, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Ludington, MI have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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