Lubbock, TX

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Population

318,011

1.31% growth

Median Age

30.9


Median Household Income

$47,276

2.87% decline

Poverty Rate

18.8%


Number of Employees

155,813

5.13% growth

Median Property Value

$135,100

2.89% growth

About

In 2017, Lubbock, TX had a population of 318k people with a median age of 30.9 and a median household income of $47,276. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Lubbock, TX grew from 313,910 to 318,011, a 1.31% increase and its median household income declined from $48,671 to $47,276, a -2.87% decrease.

The population of Lubbock, TX is 53.2% White Alone, 36% Hispanic or Latino, and 6.94% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Lubbock, TX speak a non-English language, and 96% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Lubbock, TX are Texas Tech University (7,714 degrees awarded in 2016), Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center (2,157 degrees), and Lubbock Christian University (519 degrees).

The median property value in Lubbock, TX is $135,100, and the homeownership rate is 53.4%. Most people in Lubbock, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 16.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Lubbock, TX is 2 cars per household.

Lubbock, TX borders Plainview, TX, Levelland, TX, and Lamesa, TX.

About the photo: South Plains Fairgrounds, Lubbock, TX

Economy

The economy of Lubbock, TX employs 156k people. The largest industries in Lubbock, TX are Health Care & Social Assistance (24,174 people), Educational Services (21,689 people), and Retail Trade (19,575 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($62,251), Finance & Insurance ($50,347), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($48,661).

Median household income in Lubbock, TX is $47,276. Males in Lubbock, TX have an average income that is 1.4 times higher than the average income of females, which is $47,183. The income inequality in Lubbock, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.479, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$47,276

2017 value

± $3,409

-2.87%

1 Year Growth

± 8.91%

Households in Lubbock, TX have a median annual income of $47,276, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $48,671 in 2016, which represents a -2.87% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Lubbock, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Texas.

$65,834

Average Male Salary

± $720

$47,183

Average Female Salary

± $513

In 2017, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.4 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $66,972 ± $2,204

  2. White

    $53,020 ± $510

  3. Two or More Races

    $45,863 ± $2,727

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.26 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Lubbock, TX is from Texas.

0.479

2017 Wage GINI

0.482

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Texas was 0.479 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.678% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Texas was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Lubbock, TX was Collin County, TX with a value of $94,933, followed by Rockwall County, TX and Fort Bend County, TX, with respective values of $94,848 and $90,845.

The following map shows all of the counties in Lubbock, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

18.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Lubbock, TX (55.9k out of 297k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 18 - 24, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    42,321 ± 1,720

  2. Hispanic

    25,234 ± 1,371

  3. Black

    5,561 ± 586

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Lubbock, TX is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

156k

2017 Value

± 7,007

5.13%

1 Year growth

± 6.15%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Lubbock, TX grew at a rate of 5.13%, from 148k employees to 156k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Lubbock, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (19,853 people), Sales & Related Occupations (18,164 people), and Management Occupations (15,523 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Lubbock, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Lubbock, TX, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (19,853 people), Sales & Related Occupations (18,164 people), and Management Occupations (15,523 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Lubbock, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Community & Social Service Occupations (1.47 times higher than expected), Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1.46 times), and Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.44 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Lubbock, TX, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($68,259), Legal Occupations ($63,233), and Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($60,234).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

156k

2017 Value

± 7,007

5.13%

1 Year growth

± 6.15%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Lubbock, TX grew at a rate of 5.13%, from 148k employees to 156k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Lubbock, TX, are Health Care & Social Assistance (24,174 people), Educational Services (21,689 people), and Retail Trade (19,575 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Lubbock, TX, though some of these residents may live in Lubbock, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Lubbock, TX, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (24,174 people), Educational Services (21,689 people), and Retail Trade (19,575 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Lubbock, TX has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (3.66 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.88 times), and Educational Services (1.52 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Lubbock, TX, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($62,251), Finance & Insurance ($50,347), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($48,661).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $282B

  2. $216B

  3. $159B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $282B, followed by Gasoline ($216B) and Mixed freight ($159B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$1.97T

2015 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

42.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Texas trade was $1.97T. This is expected to increase 42.1% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $85.7B

  2. $53.4B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $85.7B, followed by Oklahoma with $53.4B and California and $34.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

87.5% of the population of Lubbock, TX has health coverage, with 49.3% on employee plans, 15.2% on Medicaid, 8.8% on Medicare, 13% on non-group plans, and 1.26% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Lubbock, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Lubbock, TX see 1670 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1672 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1790 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1012 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

1,670 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Texas see an average of 1,670 patients per year. This represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1,672 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Texas in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

12.5%

Uninsured

49.3%

Employer Coverage

15.2%

Medicaid

8.8%

Medicare

13%

Non-Group

1.26%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Lubbock, TX declined by 2.62% from 12.8% to 12.5%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Lubbock, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Lubbock, TX is home to a population of 318k people, from which 96% are citizens. As of 2017, 5.65% of Lubbock, TX residents were born outside of the country (18k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Lubbock, TX is composed of 169k White Alone residents (53.2%), 115k Hispanic or Latino residents (36%), 22.1k Black or African American Alone residents (6.94%), 6.72k Asian Alone residents (2.11%), 3.6k Two or More Races residents (1.13%), 1.35k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.424%), 273 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0858%), and 259 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0814%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Lubbock, TX are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

30

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

37

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Lubbock, TX was 30.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 30, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 37. But people in Lubbock, TX are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Lubbock, TX residents was 31.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5.65%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

18k people

5.47%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

17.2k people

As of 2017, 5.65% of Lubbock, TX residents (18k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Lubbock, TX was 5.47%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Lubbock, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,536,761 ± 37,310 people

  2. India

    269,624 ± 12,687 people

  3. El Salvador

    222,793 ± 11,543 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,536,761 Texas residents, followed by India with 269,624 and El Salvador with 222,793.

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Citizenship

96%

2017 Citizenship

96.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 96% of Lubbock, TX residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Lubbock, TX was 96.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Lubbock, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    169k ± 1.39k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    115k ± 6.28k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    22.1k ± 893

In 2017, there were 1.48 times more White Alone residents (169k people) in Lubbock, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 115k Hispanic or Latino and 22.1k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Lubbock, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Lubbock, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Lubbock, TX was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Lubbock, TX are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    4,501 ± 1,114

  2. Vietnam

    4,312 ± 904

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    2,307 ± 762

Lubbock, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.04 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Lubbock, TX awarded 10,948 degrees. The student population of Lubbock, TX is skewed towards women, with 22,036 male students and 22,378 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Lubbock, TX are White (6,561 and 64.6%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (2,136 and 21%), Black or African American (594 and 5.85%), and Asian (426 and 4.2%).

The largest universities in Lubbock, TX by number of degrees awarded are Texas Tech University (7,714 and 70.5%), Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center (2,157 and 19.7%), and Lubbock Christian University (519 and 4.74%).

The most popular majors in Lubbock, TX are Registered Nursing (1,201 and 11%), General Business Administration & Management (520 and 4.75%), and Other Multidisciplinary Studies (460 and 4.2%).

The median tuition costs in Lubbock, TX are $20,966 for private four year colleges, and $5,945 and $17,165 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 344 degrees awarded

  2. 1,074 degrees awarded

  3. 441 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Lubbock, TX was Kinesiology & Exercise Science with 344 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Lubbock, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 7,714 degrees awarded

  2. 2,157 degrees awarded

  3. 519 degrees awarded

$5,945

Median In-State Public

$20,966

Median Private

In 2016, the Lubbock, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was Texas Tech University with 7,714 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

4,692

Degrees Awarded to Men

6,256

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 4,692 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Lubbock, TX, which is 0.75 times less than the 6,256 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Lubbock, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    6,561 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    2,136 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    594 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Lubbock, TX were to White students. These 6,561 degrees mean that there were 3.07 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 2,136 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Lubbock, TX was $135,100 in 2017, which is 0.621 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $131,300 to $135,100, a 2.89% increase. The homeownership rate in Lubbock, TX is 53.4%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Lubbock, TX have an average commute time of 16.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Lubbock, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$47,276

Median Household Income

± $3,409

116k

Number of Households

± 5,871

In 2017, the median household income of the 116k households in Lubbock, TX declined from $47,276 from the previous year's value of $48,671.

The following chart displays the households in Lubbock, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$135,100

2017 Median

± $4,832

$131,300

2016 Median

± $8,091

In 2017, the median property value in Lubbock, TX grew to to $135,100 from the previous year's value of $131,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Lubbock, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Lubbock, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $125k - $150k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Lubbock, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Lubbock, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

53.4%

2017 Homeownership

56.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 53.4% of the housing units in Lubbock, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 56.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Lubbock, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Lubbock, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Lubbock, TX have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

16.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Lubbock, TX have a shorter commute time (16.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.44% of the workforce in Lubbock, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Lubbock, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81%

  2. Carpooled

    12.5%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.91%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Lubbock, TX was Drove Alone (81%), followed by those who Carpooled (12.5%) and those who Worked At Home (2.91%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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