Lubbock, TX

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Population

319,995

0.624% growth

Median Age

31.3


Median Household Income

$49,974

5.71% growth

Poverty Rate

18.8%


Number of Employees

156,804

0.636% growth

Median Property Value

$146,300

8.29% growth

About

In 2018, Lubbock, TX had a population of 320k people with a median age of 31.3 and a median household income of $49,974. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Lubbock, TX grew from 318,011 to 319,995, a 0.624% increase and its median household income grew from $47,276 to $49,974, a 5.71% increase.

The population of Lubbock, TX is 52.9% White Alone, 36.3% Hispanic or Latino, and 6.25% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Lubbock, TX speak a non-English language, and 96.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Lubbock, TX are Texas Tech University (7,860 degrees awarded in 2017), Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center (2,312 degrees), and Lubbock Christian University (479 degrees).

The median property value in Lubbock, TX is $146,300, and the homeownership rate is 56.7%. Most people in Lubbock, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 15.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Lubbock, TX is 2 cars per household.

Lubbock, TX borders Lamesa, TX, Levelland, TX, and Plainview, TX.

About the photo: South Plains Fairgrounds, Lubbock, TX

Economy

The economy of Lubbock, TX employs 157k people. The largest industries in Lubbock, TX are Educational Services (24,064 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (23,591 people), and Retail Trade (16,332 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($65,787), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($60,694), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($50,972).

Median household income in Lubbock, TX is $49,974. Males in Lubbock, TX have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,835. The income inequality in Lubbock, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.479, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$49,974

2018 value

± $2,817

5.71%

1 Year Growth

± 8.66%

Households in Lubbock, TX have a median annual income of $49,974, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $47,276 in 2017, which represents a 5.71% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Lubbock, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Texas.

$67,436

Average Male Salary

± $718

$48,835

Average Female Salary

± $539

In 2018, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $66,902 ± $2,105

  2. White

    $54,641 ± $518

  3. Two or More Races

    $47,698 ± $2,518

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.22 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Lubbock, TX is from Texas.

0.479

2018 Wage GINI

0.479

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Texas was 0.479 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0209% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Lubbock, TX was Rockwall County, TX with a value of $100,595, followed by Collin County, TX and Fort Bend County, TX, with respective values of $96,051 and $91,931.

The following map shows all of the counties in Lubbock, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

18.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Lubbock, TX (55.9k out of 297k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 18 - 24, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    42,321 ± 1,720

  2. Hispanic

    25,234 ± 1,371

  3. Black

    5,561 ± 586

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Lubbock, TX is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

157k

2018 Value

± 7,460

0.636%

1 Year growth

± 6.51%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Lubbock, TX grew at a rate of 0.636%, from 156k employees to 157k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Lubbock, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (19,089 people), Sales & Related Occupations (17,414 people), and Management Occupations (16,131 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Lubbock, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Lubbock, TX, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (19,089 people), Sales & Related Occupations (17,414 people), and Management Occupations (16,131 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Lubbock, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Community & Social Service Occupations (1.54 times higher than expected), Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (1.49 times), and Transportation Occupations (1.28 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Lubbock, TX, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($70,100), Healthcare Practitioners & Technical Occupations ($60,117), and Management Occupations ($55,268).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

157k

2018 Value

± 7,460

0.636%

1 Year growth

± 6.51%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Lubbock, TX grew at a rate of 0.636%, from 156k employees to 157k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Lubbock, TX, are Educational Services (24,064 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (23,591 people), and Retail Trade (16,332 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Lubbock, TX, though some of these residents may live in Lubbock, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Lubbock, TX, by number of employees, are Educational Services (24,064 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (23,591 people), and Retail Trade (16,332 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Lubbock, TX has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (4.25 times higher than expected), Educational Services (1.67 times), and Wholesale Trade (1.65 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Lubbock, TX, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($65,787), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($60,694), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($50,972).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $290B

  2. $217B

  3. $175B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $290B, followed by Gasoline ($217B) and Mixed freight ($175B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$2.15T

2020 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

30.2% growth

In 2020, total outbound Texas trade was $2.15T. This is expected to increase 30.2% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $97.1B

  2. $59.6B

  3. $38.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $97.1B, followed by Oklahoma with $59.6B and California and $38.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

87.5% of the population of Lubbock, TX has health coverage, with 49.3% on employee plans, 15.2% on Medicaid, 8.8% on Medicare, 13% on non-group plans, and 1.26% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Lubbock, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Lubbock, TX see 1670 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1672 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1790 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1012 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

1,670 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Texas see an average of 1,670 patients per year. This represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1,672 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Texas in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

12.5%

Uninsured

49.3%

Employer Coverage

15.2%

Medicaid

8.8%

Medicare

13%

Non-Group

1.26%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Lubbock, TX declined by 2.62% from 12.8% to 12.5%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Lubbock, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Lubbock, TX is home to a population of 320k people, from which 96.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 5.65% of Lubbock, TX residents were born outside of the country (18k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Lubbock, TX is composed of 169k White Alone residents (52.9%), 116k Hispanic or Latino residents (36.3%), 20k Black or African American Alone residents (6.25%), 7.26k Asian Alone residents (2.27%), 5.59k Two or More Races residents (1.75%), 1.08k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.338%), 553 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.173%), and 41 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0128%).

Age

Age by Nativity

30

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

40

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.9

In 2018, the median age of all people in Lubbock, TX was 31.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 30, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in Lubbock, TX are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Lubbock, TX residents was 31.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5.65%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

18k people

5.47%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

17.2k people

As of 2017, 5.65% of Lubbock, TX residents (18k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Lubbock, TX was 5.47%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Lubbock, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,516,437 ± 37,200 people

  2. India

    285,714 ± 13,058 people

  3. El Salvador

    228,916 ± 11,700 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,516,437 Texas residents, followed by India with 285,714 and El Salvador with 228,916.

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Citizenship

96.1%

2018 Citizenship

96%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 96.1% of Lubbock, TX residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Lubbock, TX was 96%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Lubbock, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    169k ± 2.22k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    116k ± 6.63k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    20k ± 1.33k

In 2018, there were 1.46 times more White Alone residents (169k people) in Lubbock, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 116k Hispanic or Latino and 20k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Lubbock, TX as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    4,956 ± 917

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    4,562 ± 1,320

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,825 ± 572

Lubbock, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.09 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Lubbock, TX awarded 11,009 degrees. The student population of Lubbock, TX is skewed towards women, with 21,980 male students and 23,234 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Lubbock, TX are White (6,351 and 62%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (2,254 and 22%), Black or African American (575 and 5.62%), and Asian (403 and 3.94%).

The largest universities in Lubbock, TX by number of degrees awarded are Texas Tech University (7,860 and 71.4%), Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center (2,312 and 21%), and Lubbock Christian University (479 and 4.35%).

The most popular majors in Lubbock, TX are Registered Nursing (1,310 and 11.9%), General Business Administration & Management (569 and 5.17%), and Other Multidisciplinary Studies (483 and 4.39%).

The median tuition costs in Lubbock, TX are $21,594 for private four year colleges, and $6,208 and $17,536 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 1,199 degrees awarded

  2. 462 degrees awarded

  3. 320 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Lubbock, TX was Registered Nursing with 1,199 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Lubbock, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 7,860 degrees awarded

  2. 2,312 degrees awarded

  3. 479 degrees awarded

$6,208

Median In-State Public

$21,594

Median Private

In 2017, the Lubbock, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was Texas Tech University with 7,860 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

4,757

Degrees Awarded to Men

6,252

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 4,757 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Lubbock, TX, which is 0.761 times less than the 6,252 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Lubbock, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    6,351 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    2,254 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    575 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Lubbock, TX were to White students. These 6,351 degrees mean that there were 2.82 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 2,254 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Lubbock, TX was $146,300 in 2018, which is 0.637 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $135,100 to $146,300, a 8.29% increase. The homeownership rate in Lubbock, TX is 56.7%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Lubbock, TX have an average commute time of 15.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Lubbock, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$146,300

2018 Median

± $7,749

$135,100

2017 Median

± $4,832

In 2018, the median property value in Lubbock, TX grew to to $146,300 from the previous year's value of $135,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Lubbock, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Lubbock, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$49,974

Median Household Income

± $2,817

120k

Number of Households

± 5,785

In 2018, the median household income of the 120k households in Lubbock, TX grew to $49,974 from the previous year's value of $47,276.

The following chart displays the households in Lubbock, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Lubbock, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Lubbock, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

56.7%

2018 Homeownership

53.4%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 56.7% of the housing units in Lubbock, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 53.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Lubbock, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

15.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Lubbock, TX have a shorter commute time (15.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.44% of the workforce in Lubbock, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Lubbock, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    78.3%

  2. Carpooled

    13.4%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.03%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Lubbock, TX was Drove Alone (78.3%), followed by those who Carpooled (13.4%) and those who Worked At Home (4.03%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Lubbock, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Lubbock, TX have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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