Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN

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Population

1.3M

0.239% growth

Median Age

39.2


Median Household Income

$57,405

0.22% growth

Poverty Rate

13.2%


Number of Employees

641,740

0.498% growth

Median Property Value

$178,500

5.87% growth

About

In 2018, Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN had a population of 1.3M people with a median age of 39.2 and a median household income of $57,405. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN grew from 1.29M to 1.3M, a 0.239% increase and its median household income grew from $57,279 to $57,405, a 0.22% increase.

The population of Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN is 75.7% White Alone, 14.4% Black or African American Alone, and 4.99% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN speak a non-English language, and 96.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN are University of Louisville (5,172 degrees awarded in 2017), Jefferson Community and Technical College (3,845 degrees), and Sullivan University (1,184 degrees).

The median property value in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN is $178,500, and the homeownership rate is 66.9%. Most people in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Aerial of Louisville

Economy

The economy of Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN employs 642k people. The largest industries in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN are Health Care & Social Assistance (89,126 people), Manufacturing (85,716 people), and Retail Trade (68,565 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($70,362), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($55,222), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($54,906).

Median household income in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN is $57,405. Males in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,811. The income inequality in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.454, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$57,405

2018 value

± $1,456

0.22%

1 Year Growth

± 3.77%

Households in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN have a median annual income of $57,405, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $57,279 in 2017, which represents a 0.22% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.

$58,924

Average Male Salary

± $1,584

$44,811

Average Female Salary

± $1,175

In 2018, full-time male employees in Kentucky made 1.31 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Kentucky by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $51,531 ± $9,168

  2. White

    $46,110 ± $966

  3. Two or More Races

    $40,496 ± $7,177

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Kentucky workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.12 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Kentucky by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN is from Kentucky.

0.454

2018 Wage GINI

0.459

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Kentucky was 0.454 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.02% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for Kentucky was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Kentucky in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Kentucky across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN was Oldham County, KY with a value of $102,033, followed by Boone County, KY and Kenton County, KY, with respective values of $77,429 and $64,441.

The following map shows all of the counties in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

13.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN (166k out of 1.25M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    104,661 ± 2,371

  2. Black

    48,547 ± 1,630

  3. Hispanic

    13,798 ± 971

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

642k

2018 Value

± 13,294

0.498%

1 Year growth

± 2.85%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN grew at a rate of 0.498%, from 639k employees to 642k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (79,181 people), Management Occupations (61,743 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (58,670 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (79,181 people), Management Occupations (61,743 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (58,670 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (1.53 times higher than expected), Material Moving Occupations (1.47 times), and Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.15 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($71,626), Legal Occupations ($67,096), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($66,089).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

642k

2018 Value

± 13,294

0.498%

1 Year growth

± 2.85%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN grew at a rate of 0.498%, from 639k employees to 642k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN, are Health Care & Social Assistance (89,126 people), Manufacturing (85,716 people), and Retail Trade (68,565 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN, though some of these residents may live in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (89,126 people), Manufacturing (85,716 people), and Retail Trade (68,565 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN has an unusually high number of Management of Companies & Enterprises (1.92 times higher than expected), Transportation & Warehousing (1.44 times), and Manufacturing (1.37 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN, by median earnings, are Utilities ($70,362), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($55,222), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($54,906).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $74.6B

  2. $17.8B

  3. $17.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Kentucky product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $74.6B, followed by Base metals ($17.8B) and Gasoline ($17.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Kentucky products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Kentucky state.

$301B

2020 Value

$398B

Projected 2045 Value

32.3% growth

In 2020, total outbound Kentucky trade was $301B. This is expected to increase 32.3% to $398B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Kentucky trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $23.5B

  2. $20.7B

  3. $17.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Kentucky domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $23.5B, followed by Indiana with $20.7B and Tennessee and $17.9B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Kentucky shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.7% of the population of Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN has health coverage, with 52.9% on employee plans, 18.1% on Medicaid, 11.4% on Medicare, 10.9% on non-group plans, and 1.4% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN was $8,004 in 2014. This is a 6.11% increase from the previous year ($7,543).

Primary care physicians in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN see 1507 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.803% increase from the previous year (1495 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1561 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 525 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Harlan County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18%). Additionally, Leslie County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (43.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.

1,507 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Kentucky see an average of 1,507 patients per year. This represents a 0.803% increase from the previous year (1,495 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Kentucky in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.

$8,004

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,551

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,016

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,368

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Kentucky (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 6.11%, from $7,543 to $8,004.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.35%

Uninsured

52.9%

Employer Coverage

18.1%

Medicaid

11.4%

Medicare

10.9%

Non-Group

1.4%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN grew by 10.1% from 4.86% to 5.35%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 18% prevalence

  2. 17.9% prevalence

  3. 17.8% prevalence

Harlan County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky, at 18%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN is home to a population of 1.3M people, from which 96.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 5.18% of Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN residents were born outside of the country (67k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN is composed of 981k White Alone residents (75.7%), 186k Black or African American Alone residents (14.4%), 64.7k Hispanic or Latino residents (4.99%), 29.6k Two or More Races residents (2.29%), 27.3k Asian Alone residents (2.11%), 5.32k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.41%), 2.21k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.17%), and 95 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.00733%).

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.4

In 2018, the median age of all people in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN was 39.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5.18%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

67k people

5.06%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

65k people

As of 2017, 5.18% of Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN residents (67k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN was 5.06%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    27,559 ± 4,063 people

  2. Cuba

    11,069 ± 2,580 people

  3. China

    9,810 ± 2,429 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Kentucky was Mexico, the natal country of 27,559 Kentucky residents, followed by Cuba with 11,069 and China with 9,810.

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Citizenship

96.7%

2018 Citizenship

96.9%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 96.7% of Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN was 96.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    981k ± 3.53k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    186k ± 3.82k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    64.7k ± 4.86k

In 2018, there were 5.27 times more White Alone residents (981k people) in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 186k Black or African American Alone and 64.7k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    26,240 ± 1,979

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    14,606 ± 1,969

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    13,148 ± 1,943

Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.8 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN awarded 15,441 degrees. The student population of Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN is skewed towards women, with 24,919 male students and 31,926 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN are White (11,036 and 72.9%), followed by Black or African American (1,945 and 12.9%), Asian (573 and 3.79%), and Hispanic or Latino (559 and 3.69%).

The largest universities in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN by number of degrees awarded are University of Louisville (5,172 and 33.5%), Jefferson Community and Technical College (3,845 and 24.9%), and Sullivan University (1,184 and 7.67%).

The most popular majors in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN are Registered Nursing (1,138 and 7.37%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (911 and 5.9%), and General Business Administration & Management (777 and 5.03%).

The median tuition costs in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN are $15,108 for private four year colleges, and $8,835 and $22,261 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 718 degrees awarded

  2. 387 degrees awarded

  3. 359 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN was Registered Nursing with 718 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 5,172 degrees awarded

  2. 3,845 degrees awarded

  3. 1,184 degrees awarded

$8,835

Median In-State Public

$15,108

Median Private

In 2017, the Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Louisville with 5,172 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

6,765

Degrees Awarded to Men

8,676

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 6,765 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN, which is 0.78 times less than the 8,676 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    11,036 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    1,945 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    573 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN were to White students. These 11,036 degrees mean that there were 5.67 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,945 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN was $178,500 in 2018, which is 0.777 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $168,600 to $178,500, a 5.87% increase. The homeownership rate in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN is 66.9%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN have an average commute time of 22.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$178,500

2018 Median

± $3,395

$168,600

2017 Median

± $2,539

In 2018, the median property value in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN grew to to $178,500 from the previous year's value of $168,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$57,405

Median Household Income

± $1,456

507k

Number of Households

± 11,327

In 2018, the median household income of the 507k households in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN grew to $57,405 from the previous year's value of $57,279.

The following chart displays the households in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

66.9%

2018 Homeownership

66.8%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 66.9% of the housing units in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 66.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

22.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN have a shorter commute time (22.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.31% of the workforce in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.2%

  2. Carpooled

    8.46%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.94%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN was Drove Alone (82.2%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.46%) and those who Worked At Home (4.94%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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