London, KY

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Population

127,352

0.141% decline

Median Age

38.8


Median Household Income

$33,745

2.57% growth

Poverty Rate

27.2%


Number of Employees

44,665

0.765% growth

Median Property Value

$89,300

3.36% growth

About

In 2017, London, KY had a population of 127k people with a median age of 38.8 and a median household income of $33,745. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of London, KY declined from 127,532 to 127,352, a -0.141% decrease and its median household income grew from $32,901 to $33,745, a 2.57% increase.

The population of London, KY is 96% White Alone, 1.32% Hispanic or Latino, and 0.977% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in London, KY speak a non-English language, and 99.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in London, KY are University of the Cumberlands (1,688 degrees awarded in 2016), Union College (313 degrees), and Tri-State Institute of Hair Design (25 degrees).

The median property value in London, KY is $89,300, and the homeownership rate is 68%. Most people in London, KY commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20 minutes. The average car ownership in London, KY is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of London, KY employs 44.7k people. The largest industries in London, KY are Manufacturing (6,436 people), Retail Trade (6,338 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (5,992 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($61,711), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($43,357), and Transportation & Warehousing ($41,719).

Median household income in London, KY is $33,745. Males in London, KY have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,451. The income inequality in London, KY (measured using the Gini index) is 0.457, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$33,745

2017 value

± $1,560

2.57%

1 Year Growth

± 5.63%

Households in London, KY have a median annual income of $33,745, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $32,901 in 2016, which represents a 2.57% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in London, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.

$56,557

Average Male Salary

± $1,518

$41,451

Average Female Salary

± $1,092

In 2017, full-time male employees in Kentucky made 1.36 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Kentucky by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $55,164 ± $10,370

  2. White

    $43,856 ± $923

  3. American Indian

    $34,557 ± $13,648

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Kentucky workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.26 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Kentucky by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for London, KY is from Kentucky.

0.457

2017 Wage GINI

0.455

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Kentucky was 0.457 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.329% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Kentucky was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Kentucky in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Kentucky across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in London, KY was Oldham County, KY with a value of $96,576, followed by Boone County, KY and Bullitt County, KY, with respective values of $78,415 and $62,319.

The following map shows all of the counties in London, KY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

27.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in London, KY (33.6k out of 123k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Females 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    32,576 ± 1,276

  2. Hispanic

    409 ± 229

  3. Black

    385 ± 179

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in London, KY is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

44.7k

2017 Value

± 1,607

0.765%

1 Year growth

± 4.9%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in London, KY grew at a rate of 0.765%, from 44.3k employees to 44.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in London, KY, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (7,492 people), Sales & Related Occupations (4,549 people), and Production Occupations (4,517 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of London, KY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of London, KY, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (7,492 people), Sales & Related Occupations (4,549 people), and Production Occupations (4,517 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, London, KY has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (1.74 times higher than expected), Transportation Occupations (1.69 times), and Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.51 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of London, KY, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($60,179), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($60,095), and Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($58,021).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

44.7k

2017 Value

± 1,607

0.765%

1 Year growth

± 4.9%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in London, KY grew at a rate of 0.765%, from 44.3k employees to 44.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in London, KY, are Manufacturing (6,436 people), Retail Trade (6,338 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (5,992 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of London, KY, though some of these residents may live in London, KY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in London, KY, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (6,436 people), Retail Trade (6,338 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (5,992 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, London, KY has an unusually high number of Utilities (1.48 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.42 times), and Educational Services (1.3 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in London, KY, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($61,711), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($43,357), and Transportation & Warehousing ($41,719).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $71.4B

  2. $17.1B

  3. $17.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Kentucky product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $71.4B, followed by Base metals ($17.1B) and Gasoline ($17.1B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Kentucky products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Kentucky state.

$282B

2015 Value

$398B

Projected 2045 Value

41.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Kentucky trade was $282B. This is expected to increase 41.4% to $398B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Kentucky trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $22.9B

  2. $19.1B

  3. $16.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Kentucky domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $22.9B, followed by Indiana with $19.1B and Tennessee and $16.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Kentucky shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.2% of the population of London, KY has health coverage, with 32.6% on employee plans, 33.9% on Medicaid, 12.2% on Medicare, 10.7% on non-group plans, and 1.81% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of London, KY was $8,004 in 2014. This is a 6.11% increase from the previous year ($7,543).

Primary care physicians in London, KY see 1507 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.803% increase from the previous year (1495 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1561 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 525 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Harlan County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18%). Additionally, Leslie County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (43.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.

1,507 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Kentucky see an average of 1,507 patients per year. This represents a 0.803% increase from the previous year (1,495 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Kentucky in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.

$8,004

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,551

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,016

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,368

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Kentucky (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 6.11%, from $7,543 to $8,004.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.77%

Uninsured

32.6%

Employer Coverage

33.9%

Medicaid

12.2%

Medicare

10.7%

Non-Group

1.81%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in London, KY declined by 23.3% from 11.4% to 8.77%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in London, KY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 18% prevalence

  2. 17.9% prevalence

  3. 17.8% prevalence

Harlan County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky, at 18%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

London, KY is home to a population of 127k people, from which 99.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 0.968% of London, KY residents were born outside of the country (1.23k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of London, KY is composed of 122k White Alone residents (96%), 1.68k Hispanic or Latino residents (1.32%), 1.24k Black or African American Alone residents (0.977%), 1.12k Two or More Races residents (0.883%), 570 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.448%), 479 Asian Alone residents (0.376%), 16 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0126%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in London, KY are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

40

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.3

In 2017, the median age of all people in London, KY was 38.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in London, KY are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all London, KY residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

0.968%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.23k people

0.946%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.21k people

As of 2017, 0.968% of London, KY residents (1.23k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in London, KY was 0.946%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in London, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    32,622 ± 4,418 people

  2. India

    10,932 ± 2,564 people

  3. Cuba

    8,780 ± 2,298 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Kentucky was Mexico, the natal country of 32,622 Kentucky residents, followed by India with 10,932 and Cuba with 8,780.

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Citizenship

99.5%

2017 Citizenship

99.5%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.5% of London, KY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in London, KY was 99.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in London, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    122k ± 31

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    1.68k ± 266

  3. Black or African American Alone

    1.24k ± 276

In 2017, there were 72.8 times more White Alone residents (122k people) in London, KY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.68k Hispanic or Latino and 1.24k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in London, KY as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of London, KY citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in London, KY was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of London, KY are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,893 ± 326

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    874 ± 197

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    803 ± 217

London, KY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.31 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in London, KY awarded 2,026 degrees. The student population of London, KY is skewed towards women, with 3,776 male students and 5,120 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in London, KY are White (1,707 and 85.6%), followed by Unknown (162 and 8.12%), Black or African American (89 and 4.46%), and Hispanic or Latino (17 and 0.853%).

The largest universities in London, KY by number of degrees awarded are University of the Cumberlands (1,688 and 83.3%), Union College (313 and 15.4%), and Tri-State Institute of Hair Design (25 and 1.23%).

The most popular majors in London, KY are Reading Teacher Education (280 and 13.8%), Curriculum & Instruction (261 and 12.9%), and Other Educational Administration & Supervision (161 and 7.95%).

The median tuition costs in London, KY are $23,140 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 261 degrees awarded

  2. 138 degrees awarded

  3. 280 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Masters Degree recipients in London, KY was Curriculum & Instruction with 261 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Masters Degree from schools in London, KY according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,688 degrees awarded

  2. 313 degrees awarded

  3. 25 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$23,140

Median Private

In 2016, the London, KY institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of the Cumberlands with 1,688 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

649

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,377

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 649 men were awarded degrees from institutions in London, KY, which is 0.471 times less than the 1,377 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in London, KY by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,707 degrees awarded

  2. Unknown

    162 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    89 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in London, KY were to White students. These 1,707 degrees mean that there were 10.5 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 162 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in London, KY was $89,300 in 2017, which is 0.41 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $86,400 to $89,300, a 3.36% increase. The homeownership rate in London, KY is 68%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in London, KY have an average commute time of 20 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in London, KY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$33,745

Median Household Income

± $1,560

47.8k

Number of Households

± 1,627

In 2017, the median household income of the 47.8k households in London, KY grew to $33,745 from the previous year's value of $32,901.

The following chart displays the households in London, KY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$89,300

2017 Median

± $3,242

$86,400

2016 Median

± $2,234

In 2017, the median property value in London, KY grew to to $89,300 from the previous year's value of $86,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in London, KY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In London, KY the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in London, KY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In London, KY the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

68%

2017 Homeownership

68%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 68% of the housing units in London, KY were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 68%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in London, KY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in London, KY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in London, KY have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

20 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in London, KY have a shorter commute time (20 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.22% of the workforce in London, KY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in London, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    84.7%

  2. Carpooled

    9.58%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.4%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in London, KY was Drove Alone (84.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.58%) and those who Worked At Home (2.4%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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