Lexington-Fayette, KY

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Population

512,650

1.16% growth

Median Age

36


Median Household Income

$58,069

8% growth

Poverty Rate

17.2%


Number of Employees

262,482

2.32% growth

Median Property Value

$184,700

5.18% growth

About

In 2017, Lexington-Fayette, KY had a population of 513k people with a median age of 36 and a median household income of $58,069. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Lexington-Fayette, KY grew from 506,751 to 512,650, a 1.16% increase and its median household income grew from $53,769 to $58,069, a 8% increase.

The population of Lexington-Fayette, KY is 77.2% White Alone, 10.4% Black or African American Alone, and 6.12% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Lexington-Fayette, KY speak a non-English language, and 95.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Lexington-Fayette, KY are University of Kentucky (7,224 degrees awarded in 2016), Bluegrass Community and Technical College (3,315 degrees), and Asbury University (515 degrees).

The median property value in Lexington-Fayette, KY is $184,700, and the homeownership rate is 59.6%. Most people in Lexington-Fayette, KY commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Lexington-Fayette, KY is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Bluegrass Fair in Lexington, KY

Economy

The economy of Lexington-Fayette, KY employs 262k people. The largest industries in Lexington-Fayette, KY are Health Care & Social Assistance (35,448 people), Retail Trade (32,457 people), and Educational Services (31,703 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($130,539), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($88,167), and Utilities ($72,857).

Median household income in Lexington-Fayette, KY is $58,069. Males in Lexington-Fayette, KY have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $42,907. The income inequality in Lexington-Fayette, KY (measured using the Gini index) is 0.459, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$58,069

2017 value

± $2,539

8%

1 Year Growth

± 5.57%

Households in Lexington-Fayette, KY have a median annual income of $58,069, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $53,769 in 2016, which represents a 8% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Lexington-Fayette, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.

$57,962

Average Male Salary

± $1,619

$42,907

Average Female Salary

± $1,151

In 2017, full-time male employees in Lexington-Fayette, KY made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Lexington-Fayette, KY by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $49,238 ± $9,607

  2. White

    $45,249 ± $983

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $35,077 ± $12,316

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Lexington-Fayette, KY workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.09 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Lexington-Fayette, KY by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Lexington-Fayette, KY is from Kentucky.

0.459

2017 Wage GINI

0.46

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Kentucky was 0.459 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.253% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Kentucky was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Kentucky in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Kentucky across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Lexington-Fayette, KY was Oldham County, KY with a value of $96,576, followed by Boone County, KY and Bullitt County, KY, with respective values of $78,415 and $62,319.

The following map shows all of the counties in Lexington-Fayette, KY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

17.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Lexington-Fayette, KY (83k out of 482k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    56,352 ± 1,710

  2. Black

    16,477 ± 891

  3. Hispanic

    9,729 ± 683

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Lexington-Fayette, KY is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

262k

2017 Value

± 8,267

2.32%

1 Year growth

± 4.3%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Lexington-Fayette, KY grew at a rate of 2.32%, from 257k employees to 262k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Lexington-Fayette, KY, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (15,346 people), Cashiers (7,464 people), and Laborers & Material Movers, Hand (7,362 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Lexington-Fayette, KY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Lexington-Fayette, KY, by number of employees, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (15,346 people), Cashiers (7,464 people), and Laborers & Material Movers, Hand (7,362 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Lexington-Fayette, KY has an unusually high number of residents working as Preschool & Kinder (5.22 times higher than expected), First-Line Supervisors of Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Workers (3.89 times), and Printing Workers (2.85 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Lexington-Fayette, KY, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($82,069), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($71,991), and Legal Occupations ($67,155).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

262k

2017 Value

± 8,267

2.32%

1 Year growth

± 4.3%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Lexington-Fayette, KY grew at a rate of 2.32%, from 257k employees to 262k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Lexington-Fayette, KY, are Health Care & Social Assistance (35,448 people), Retail Trade (32,457 people), and Educational Services (31,703 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Lexington-Fayette, KY, though some of these residents may live in Lexington-Fayette, KY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Lexington-Fayette, KY, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (35,448 people), Retail Trade (32,457 people), and Educational Services (31,703 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Lexington-Fayette, KY has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.91 times higher than expected), Educational Services (1.32 times), and Other Services, Except Public Administration (1.27 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Lexington-Fayette, KY, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($130,539), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($88,167), and Utilities ($72,857).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $71.4B

  2. $17.1B

  3. $17.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Kentucky product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $71.4B, followed by Base metals with $17.1B and Gasoline and $17.1B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Kentucky products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Kentucky state.

$282B

2015 Value

$398B

Projected 2045 Value

41.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Kentucky trade was $282B. This is expected to increase 41.4% to $398B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Kentucky trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $22.9B

  2. $19.1B

  3. $16.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Kentucky domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $22.9B, followed by Indiana with $19.1B and Tennessee and $16.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Kentucky shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.9% of the population of Lexington-Fayette, KY has health coverage, with 52.2% on employee plans, 17.8% on Medicaid, 10.2% on Medicare, 12% on non-group plans, and 1.74% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Lexington-Fayette, KY was $8,004 in 2014. This is a 6.11% increase from the previous year ($7,543).

Primary care physicians in Lexington-Fayette, KY see 1507 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.803% increase from the previous year (1495 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1561 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 525 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Harlan County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18%). Additionally, Leslie County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (43.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.

1,507 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Kentucky see an average of 1,507 patients per year. This represents a 0.803% increase from the previous year (1,495 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Kentucky in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.

$8,004

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,551

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,016

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,368

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Kentucky (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 6.11%, from $7,543 to $8,004.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.07%

Uninsured

52.2%

Employer Coverage

17.8%

Medicaid

10.2%

Medicare

12%

Non-Group

1.74%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Lexington-Fayette, KY grew by 4.37% from 5.82% to 6.07%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Lexington-Fayette, KY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 18% prevalence

  2. 17.9% prevalence

  3. 17.8% prevalence

Harlan County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky, at 18%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Lexington-Fayette, KY is home to a population of 513k people, from which 95.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 6.97% of Lexington-Fayette, KY residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Lexington-Fayette, KY is composed of 396k White Alone residents (77.2%), 53.5k Black or African American Alone residents (10.4%), 31.4k Hispanic or Latino residents (6.12%), 15.2k Two or More Races residents (2.97%), 13.4k Asian Alone residents (2.61%), 2.02k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.395%), 1.34k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.261%), and 145 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0283%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Lexington-Fayette, KY are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

36

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

38

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.2

In 2017, the median age of all people in Lexington-Fayette, KY was 36. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 36, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 38. But people in Lexington-Fayette, KY are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Lexington-Fayette, KY residents was 36.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

6.97%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

6.82%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 6.97% of Lexington-Fayette, KY residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Lexington-Fayette, KY was 6.82%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Lexington-Fayette, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    32,077 ± 4,381 people

  2. India

    11,453 ± 2,624 people

  3. Cuba

    10,669 ± 2,533 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Lexington-Fayette, KY was Mexico, the natal country of 32,077 Lexington-Fayette, KY residents, followed by India with 11,453 and Cuba with 10,669.

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Citizenship

95.3%

2017 Citizenship

94.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 95.3% of Lexington-Fayette, KY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Lexington-Fayette, KY was 94.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Lexington-Fayette, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    396k ± 1.56k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    53.5k ± 2.64k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    31.4k ± 4.34k

In 2017, there were 7.4 times more White Alone residents (396k people) in Lexington-Fayette, KY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 53.5k Black or African American Alone and 31.4k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Lexington-Fayette, KY as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Lexington-Fayette, KY citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.5%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Lexington-Fayette, KY was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Lexington-Fayette, KY are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    9,411 ± 1,363

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    4,942 ± 1,164

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    4,283 ± 953

Lexington-Fayette, KY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.9 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Lexington-Fayette, KY awarded 12,908 degrees. The student population of Lexington-Fayette, KY is skewed towards women, with 20,956 male students and 27,370 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Lexington-Fayette, KY are White (10,077 and 81.2%), followed by Black or African American (886 and 7.14%), Unknown (423 and 3.41%), and Hispanic or Latino (420 and 3.39%).

The largest universities in Lexington-Fayette, KY by number of degrees awarded are University of Kentucky (7,224 and 56%), Bluegrass Community and Technical College (3,315 and 25.7%), and Asbury University (515 and 3.99%).

The most popular majors in Lexington-Fayette, KY are Liberal Arts & Sciences (709 and 5.49%), General Business (464 and 3.59%), and Registered Nursing (381 and 2.95%).

The median tuition costs in Lexington-Fayette, KY are $31,401 for private four year colleges, and $10,173 and $25,023 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 316 degrees awarded

  2. 314 degrees awarded

  3. 268 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Lexington-Fayette, KY was General Psychology with 316 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Lexington-Fayette, KY according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 7,224 degrees awarded

  2. 3,315 degrees awarded

  3. 515 degrees awarded

$10,173

Median In-State Public

$31,401

Median Private

In 2016, the Lexington-Fayette, KY institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Kentucky with 7,224 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

5,835

Degrees Awarded to Men

7,073

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 5,835 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Lexington-Fayette, KY, which is 0.825 times less than the 7,073 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Lexington-Fayette, KY by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    10,077 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    886 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    423 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Lexington-Fayette, KY were to White students. These 10,077 degrees mean that there were 11.4 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 886 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Lexington-Fayette, KY was $184,700 in 2017, which is 0.849 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $175,600 to $184,700, a 5.18% increase. The homeownership rate in Lexington-Fayette, KY is 59.6%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Lexington-Fayette, KY have an average commute time of 20.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Lexington-Fayette, KY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$58,069

Median Household Income

± $2,539

203k

Number of Households

± 6,685

In 2017, the median household income of the 203k households in Lexington-Fayette, KY grew to $58,069 from the previous year's value of $53,769.

The following chart displays the households in Lexington-Fayette, KY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$184,700

2017 Median

± $5,598

$175,600

2016 Median

± $4,466

In 2017, the median property value in Lexington-Fayette, KY grew to to $184,700 from the previous year's value of $175,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Lexington-Fayette, KY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Lexington-Fayette, KY the largest share of households have a property value in the $125k - $150k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Lexington-Fayette, KY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Lexington-Fayette, KY the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

59.6%

2017 Homeownership

59.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 59.6% of the housing units in Lexington-Fayette, KY were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 59.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Lexington-Fayette, KY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Lexington-Fayette, KY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Lexington-Fayette, KY have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

20.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Lexington-Fayette, KY have a shorter commute time (20.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.1% of the workforce in Lexington-Fayette, KY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Lexington-Fayette, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.9%

  2. Carpooled

    9.28%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.67%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Lexington-Fayette, KY was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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