Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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Population
118,251
0.203% 1-year growth
Median Age
30.4

Poverty Rate
28.9%

Median Household Income
$40,577
5.14% 1-year growth
Median Property Value
$174,700
2.58% 1-year growth
Number of Employees
57,170
1.13% 1-year decline

About

In 2018, Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY had a population of 118k people with a median age of 30.4 and a median household income of $40,577. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY grew from 118,012 to 118,251, a 0.203% increase and its median household income grew from $38,594 to $40,577, a 5.14% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY are White (Non-Hispanic) (70.5%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (13.3%), White (Hispanic) (4.93%), Other (Hispanic) (3.57%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (3.3%). 14.8% of the people in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY speak a non-English language, and 90.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Bluegrass Area Development District (Central)--Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY are University of Kentucky (8,125 degrees awarded in 2019), Bluegrass Community and Technical College (4,179 degrees), and Transylvania University (272 degrees).

In 2018, the median property value in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY was $174,700, and the homeownership rate was 44.1%. Most people in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 17.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY was 2 cars per household.

Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY borders Lexington-Fayette County (Outer) PUMA, KY.

About the photo: Lexington, KY

Civics

are the senators currently representing the state of the United States. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

N/A is currently represented by N/A in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from the United States

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for the United States.
Senator from N/AN/A
  1. N/AN/A
    N/A
  2. N/AN/A
    N/A

are the senators currently representing the United States.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in the United States over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from N/A

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the N/A for N/A have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Diversity

Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY is home to a population of 118k people, from which 90.2% are citizens. As of 2018, 11.8% of Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY residents were born outside of the country (14k people).

In 2018, there were 5.3 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (83.4k people) in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 15.7k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 5.82k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common foreign languages spoken in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY are Spanish (9,498 speakers), Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (1,199 speakers), and Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, & Southern Africa (1,002 speakers).

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    83.4k ± 1.62k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    15.7k ± 746
  3. White (Hispanic)
    5.82k ± 911
9.16%
Hispanic Population
10.8k people

In 2018, there were 5.3 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (83.4k people) in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 15.7k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 5.82k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

9.16% of the people in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY are hispanic (10.8k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages
  1. Spanish
    9,498 speakers (8.48%)
  2. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)
    1,199 speakers (1.07%)
  3. Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, & Southern Africa
    1,002 speakers (0.895%)

14.8% of Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY was Spanish. 8.48% of the overall population of Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY are native Spanish speakers. 1.07% speak Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) and 0.895% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

11.8%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
14k people
10.9%
2016 Foreign-Born Population
12.8k people

As of 2018, 11.8% of Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY residents (14k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY was 10.9%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

30
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.7
31
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 1.2

In 2018, the median age of all people in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY was 30.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 30, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 31. But people in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY are getting getting younger. In 2017, the average age of all Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY residents was 31.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    3,930 ± 1,513 people
  2. India
    1,068 ± 799 people
  3. China
    843 ± 710 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY was Mexico, the natal country of 3,930 Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY residents, followed by India with 1,068 and China with 843.

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Citizenship

90.2%
2018 Citizenship
90.9%
2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 90.2% of Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY was 90.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    1,714 ± 239
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    685 ± 173
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    557 ± 166

Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.5 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY is $40,577. In 2018, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY was Louisville/Jefferson County (Northeast) PUMA, KY with a value of $87,149, followed by Boone County PUMA, KY and Louisville/Jefferson County (Southeast) PUMA, KY, with respective values of $77,429 and $74,126.

Males in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,448. The income inequality in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY (measured using the Gini index) is 0.531, which is higher than than the national average.

The economy of Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY employs 57.2k people. The largest industries in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY are Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (6,737 people), Restaurants & Food Services (5,040 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (3,118 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional & commercial equipment & supplies merchant wholesalers ($187,123), Funeral homes, & cemeteries & crematories ($158,826), and Offices of physicians ($149,344).

Wages

Median Household Income

$40,577
2018 value
± $1,436
5.14%
1 Year Growth
± 5.53%

Households in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY have a median annual income of $40,577, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $38,594 in 2017, which represents a 5.14% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$62,405
Average Male Salary in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY
± $12,578
$46,448
Average Female Salary in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY
± $8,415

In 2019, full-time male employees in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY
  1. White
    $47,176 ± $7,464
  2. Two or More Races
    $44,345 ± $64,201
  3. Asian
    $34,623 ± $23,376

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY workers was White. These workers were paid 1.06 times more than Two or More Races workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.531
2019 Wage GINI in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY
0.535
2018 Wage GINI in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY

In 2019, the income inequality in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY was 0.531 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.782% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity

In 2018, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY was Louisville/Jefferson County (Northeast) PUMA, KY with a value of $87,149, followed by Boone County PUMA, KY and Louisville/Jefferson County (Southeast) PUMA, KY, with respective values of $77,429 and $74,126.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

28.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY (31.9k out of 110k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    20,449 ± 1,140
  2. Black
    6,407 ± 550
  3. Hispanic
    4,441 ± 490

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

57.2k
2019 Value
-1.13%
1 Year decline
± -1.13%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY declined at a rate of -1.13%, from 57.8k employees to 57.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY, are Postsecondary teachers (2,258 people), Waiters & waitresses (1,670 people), and Cashiers (1,668 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY, by number of employees, are Postsecondary teachers (2,258 people), Waiters & waitresses (1,670 people), and Cashiers (1,668 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY has an unusually high number of residents working as Miscellaneous life, physical, & social science technicians, including social science research assistants (4.45 times higher than expected), Musicians and singers (4.17 times), and Tour & travel guides (4.17 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY, by average salary, are Physicians ($247,015), Personal financial advisors ($160,852), and Insurance sales agents ($159,956).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

57.2k
2019 Value
-1.13%
1 Year decline
± -1.13%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY declined at a rate of -1.13%, from 57.8k employees to 57.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY, are Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (6,737 people), Restaurants & Food Services (5,040 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (3,118 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY, though some of these residents may live in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY, by number of employees, are Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (6,737 people), Restaurants & Food Services (5,040 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (3,118 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY has an unusually high number of Spectator sports (5.47 times higher than expected), Animal production & aquaculture (4.73 times), and Book stores & news dealers (4.06 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY, by average salary, are Professional & commercial equipment & supplies merchant wholesalers ($187,123), Funeral homes, & cemeteries & crematories ($158,826), and Offices of physicians ($149,344).

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Education

In 2019, universities in Bluegrass Area Development District (Central)--Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY awarded 12,715 degrees. The student population of Bluegrass Area Development District (Central)--Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY is skewed towards women, with 17,387 male students and 23,264 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Bluegrass Area Development District (Central)--Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY are White (9,851 and 80.4%), followed by Black or African American (803 and 6.55%), Hispanic or Latino (502 and 4.1%), and Two or More Races (422 and 3.44%).

The largest universities in Bluegrass Area Development District (Central)--Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY by number of degrees awarded are University of Kentucky (8,125 and 63.9%), Bluegrass Community and Technical College (4,179 and 32.9%), and Transylvania University (272 and 2.14%).

The most popular majors in Bluegrass Area Development District (Central)--Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY are Liberal Arts & Sciences (766 and 6.02%), Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training (509 and 4%), and General Business (494 and 3.89%).

The median tuition costs in Bluegrass Area Development District (Central)--Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY are $38,570 for private four year colleges, and $11,011 and $29,331 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 362 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 346 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 286 degree-majorss awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Bluegrass Area Development District (Central)--Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY was General Marketing & Marketing Management with 362 degree-majorss awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Bluegrass Area Development District (Central)--Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 8,125 degrees awarded
  2. 4,179 degrees awarded
  3. 272 degrees awarded
$11,011
Median In-State Public
$38,570
Median Private

In 2019, the Bluegrass Area Development District (Central)--Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Kentucky with 8,125 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

5,824
Degrees Awarded to Men
6,891
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2019, 5,824 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Bluegrass Area Development District (Central)--Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY, which is 0.845 times less than the 6,891 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Bluegrass Area Development District (Central)--Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    9,851 degrees awarded
  2. Black or African American
    803 degrees awarded
  3. Hispanic or Latino
    502 degrees awarded

In 2019 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in Bluegrass Area Development District (Central)--Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY was White students. These 9,851 degrees mean that there were 12.3 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 803 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY was $174,700 in 2018, which is 0.761 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $170,300 to $174,700, a 2.58% increase. The homeownership rate in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY is 44.1%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY have an average commute time of 17.5 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$174,700
2018 Median
± $4,959
$170,300
2017 Median
± $4,303

In 2018, the median property value in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY grew to to $174,700 from the previous year's value of $170,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY the largest share of households have a property value in the N/A range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$40,577
Median Household Income
± $1,436
48.3k
Number of Households
± 1,337

In 2018, the median household income of the 48.3k households in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY grew to $40,577 from the previous year's value of $38,594.

The following chart displays the households in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

44.1%
2018 Homeownership
43.5%
2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 44.1% of the housing units in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 43.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

17.5 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY have a shorter commute time (17.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.3 minutes). Additionally, 0.839% of the workforce in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2018
  1. Drove Alone (70.7%)
  2. Carpooled (10%)
  3. Walked (8.55%)

In 2018, 70.7% of workers in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (10%) and those who walked to work (8.55%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Health

89.7% of the population of Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY has health coverage, with 48.1% on employee plans, 18.6% on Medicaid, 9.05% on Medicare, 12.6% on non-group plans, and 1.38% on military or VA plans.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Harlan County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18%). Additionally, Leslie County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (43.3%)

Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Coverage

10.3%
Uninsured
48.1%
Employer Coverage
18.6%
Medicaid
9.05%
Medicare
12.6%
Non-Group
1.38%
Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2018, the percent of uninsured citizens in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY declined by 21% from 13% to 10.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 18% prevalence
  2. 17.9% prevalence
  3. 17.8% prevalence

Harlan County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in false, at 18%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in false by county over multiple years.

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